The Golem was a giant being who roamed the city of Prague during the late 16th century, hunting noblemen and alchemists, for which he was feared as a monster. On one occasion he sought to murder the alchemist Edward Kelley but a chance encounter with Kelley's stepdaughter Elizabeth Jane Weston compelled the Golem to abort his attempt.
Active towards the end of the 16th century, the Golem was widely feared as an elusive monster who terrorized the people of Prague, then the seat of the Holy Roman Emperor Rudolf II. He especially targeted noblemen and alchemists, and such was the fear he instilled that many did not dare to openly walk the streets even during the day. One elderly contemporary who discussed the rumors with Edward Kelley while the latter was escorting his stepdaughter Elizabeth Jane Weston to Prague Castle blamed the crisis on Rudolf II, denouncing him as a weak ruler who granted too many freedoms, thereby permitting the monster's unchecked slaughters.
One night around 1693, Rudolf II summoned all of the alchemists in his employ to discuss the monster plaguing their city. Sometime afterwards, when Kelley, Weston, and the other alchemists departed from Prague Castle just before dawn for the alchemists' residences, the Golem set his sights on Kelley. Ever fearful of the danger, the company were escorted by guards. As dawn approached, they finally arrived at the house of the last alchemist before Kelley's own home.
Unbeknownst to them, the Golem had stalked them to that very house and lurked in the adjacent alley. Before he could launch his ambush, however, the anxious Weston bumped into him by accident after taking two steps into the alley. The sudden encounter exposed the Golem's presence to Kelley and the nearby guards, and, acknowledging to Weston that she had just saved her father's life, he fled the scene, escaping after he leapt into the Vltava.
Personality and characteristics编辑
The mass hysteria that gripped Prague at the end of the 16th century over the monster they called the Golem was not unfounded, and many of the eyewitness reports, while incredulous, were not the least bit exaggerated. The Golem was indeed a giant being of a body that was wholly black and sinewy who committed murders throughout the city. Across his forehead were the Hebrew letters "אמת" ("EMET"), and the profile of his head and face itself were squarish and rugged, giving him a rock-like appearance. Even his voice was guttural. Though humanoid, his abnormal features and serial killings led to the people he terrorized to envision him as a demon. Edward Kelley, one of his targets, proposed that he might have been a homunculus.
Though a monster to his victims, the Golem's mental capacity was not animalistic. Capable of speech, intelligent enough to communicate with Weston, and possessing the skill to sneak upon his unsuspecting targets from the shadows while evading all guards, he was clearly sapient.
- 在威廉·罗伯特·伍德曼的记忆中，提到了古斯塔夫·迈里克最著名的作品《傀儡》（Der Golem）：一本“讲述布拉格魔像独特故事的书。”