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雅典Athens)是希腊的首都和最大的城市。坐落于阿提卡半岛,这里是民主制的发源地,在公元前5世纪,是一个杰出的 城邦,在希腊文化中具有霸主地位。

在一段文化上兴兴向荣的发展后,大多数西方思想的起源就建立在这个时候,雅典被卷入了和他的军事对头斯巴达伯罗奔尼撒战争。数个世纪后,拜占庭帝国灭亡,雅典受到刺客影响根深蒂固的奥斯曼帝国的统治。

历史[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

建城[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

早在新石器时代,雅典就有人类居住,不晚于公元前14世纪,这里的聚居区就已经是迈锡尼文明的一个重要中心,卫城就是一个主要的迈锡尼要塞的遗迹。从7世纪开始,石头建筑越来越多,虽然大部分都是临时搭建的。神话上的建城过程是这样说的,当时波塞冬和雅典娜争夺这座城市的帮助,最后雅典娜赢了,这座城市也因此以她命名。[1]

古典雅典[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

希波战争[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

公元前5世纪,雅典崛起为一个举足轻重的城邦,催生了民主政体。雅典和这个世纪的头五十年与其他城邦结盟,著名的如斯巴达,共同抵御了波斯入侵者,后者雅典成为提洛同盟的领袖。[2]

公元前490年,军人政治家Miltiades率领的雅典人在马拉松战役中击败了大流士一世率领的第一次波斯入侵者。[2]公元前480年,波斯回到大流士之子薛西斯的统治下。在据守温泉关的一股希腊军队被击败后,波斯人占据了雅典,赶走了雅典人。一年后,雅典在温泉关战役后再次被波斯人洗劫。[3]在此期间,卫城的许多早期建筑被波斯军队焚毁。最著名的要数Temple of Athena Polias[1]公元前479年,雅典人和斯巴达人以及他们的盟友在普拉提亚战役中击败了波斯军队。[4]

From this position, Athens began to assert its hegemony over the other Greek city-states, often aggressively. Popularly known as the Golden Age of Athens, this period of Athenian ascendancy witnessed an explosion of cultural and intellectual developments, with philosophers such as Sokrates and his pupil Plato leaving a lasting legacy on the future European academic tradition. Major milestones regarded as the origins of European fields include the works of Herodotus and Hippokrates, called the "Fathers of History and Medicine" by Western scholars respectively.[5]

Under the leadership of the general Perikles, the Golden Age entered its final stage, with his partner Aspasia, a high society hetaera, hosting numerous social events for contemporary artists, philosophers, and politicians.[5]

伯罗奔尼撒战争[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

Those city-states under Athens' suzerainty, eventually started to resent its dominance, and in 431 BCE, a rivalry between Athens and the militaristic Sparta of the Peloponnesian League erupted into open warfare. Wary of the Spartans' infamous reputation as the best warriors of Greece, Perikles refused to meet the enemy in battle, instead having his forces turtle within the city's walls, putting him at odds with fellow statesman Kleon.[5]

Kassandra at Perikles' Symposium, 431 BCE.

In May of that year, the Spartan misthios Kassandra traveled to Athens on the suggestion of Herodotos, who suggested she meet Perikles. There, Perikles requested Kassandra to help him with a number of errands in exchange for the information that she needs.[6] Completing the errands for Perikes; Kassandra rescued his friend Metiochos,[7] escorted the sculptor Phidias safely to the southern island of Seriphos,[8] and also helped influence the ostracization vote of the philosopher Anaxagoras.[9] Afterwards, Kassandra was invited to a symposium hosted by Perikles. It was at this symposium Kassandra met with many influential individuals including: the statesmen Alkibiades; the playwrites Aristophanes and Hermippos; and the sophists Protagoras and Thrasymachos. After speaking to several of them, Kassandra obtained the names of several people who may have encountered Myrrine at some point in the past. She set out from Athens to meet them.[10]

Kassandra returning to a plague struck Athens, 429 BCE

In Autumn two years later, Athens was hit by a deadly plague which left numerous thousands dead. Perikles himself had also contracted the illness, talking with Aspasia she revealed that she sent Phoibe on an errand but she was yet to return. Kassandra left in search of her.[11] However, Kassandra was too late to save her young friend. She had been struck down by Cultist guards. In anger, Kassandra killed them all. She then headed to the Parthenon to find Aspasia, with Hippokrates and Sokrates following close behind.[12] Kassandra made her way up to the Parthenon, meeting Aspasia outside. Following a commotion inside the Partenon, the four of them entered only to find Deimos killing Perikles. After mourning her lover's death, Aspasia left Athens with Kassandra to find her mother. Hippokrates and Sokrates agreed to stay behind and help the people. With the death of Perikles, Kleon was able to seize power of the polis.[13]

Kassandra convening with the Periklean Circle, 424 BCE.

Following the Battle of Pylos in the Summer of 425 BCE, Kassandra was captured and held in an Athenian prison. When approached by Deimos, she had a moment to try and reason with him. When the coast was clear, Sokrates and Barnabas arrived to help Kassandra break out. Although she was already ahead of them.[14] Convening with the Periklean Circle at least a month later, a gathering of Perikles' closest friends, Kassandra and the Circle hatched a plan to discredit Kleon.[15] The playwright Aristophanes suggested a play to mock Kleon, however, Aristophanes' actor Thespis had gone missing and so Kassandra helped locate him.[16] However, Thespis refused to act without his muse. Finding out that his muse, Aikaterine, was being threatened by the Cultist Rhexenor, Kassandra dealt with him and Aikaterine was free to resume being Thespis' muse.[17] Kassandra then met with Sokrates at the Pnyx and helped convince the public of Kleon's wrongdoings.[18] She then returned to Perikles' Residence speak to Aristophanes and Sokrates after their successful attempt to damage Kleon's reputation. Kassandra received word that Brasidas had survived the Battle of Pylos and sought her aid for the upcoming Battle of Amphipolis, which she accepted and promptly travelled to.[19]

奥斯曼时代[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

1453年君士坦丁堡陷落拜占庭帝国覆灭,奥斯曼帝国成了希腊的新主人。直到1511年,当地刺客还对新的土耳其政权保持敌视态度,因为在其治下,刺客很难取得大众的信任,让他们相信自己并不为某一个国家而战,而是为了整个人类。[20]

同年,意大利刺客导师埃齐奥接管了君士坦丁堡的行动,奥斯曼刺客被派往雅典振兴希腊分册。这些土耳其刺客成功帮助他们的希腊同僚重建起了雅典人对他们的信任,使他们相信刺客的事业超越了国家感情,优先考虑的是整个人类。[21]

Not long after, Templar agents began paying Ottoman soldiers for the goods of wealthy Athenians, thereby instigating them into open robbery of these citizens' homes. The explicit order of Sultan Bayezid II against such raiding could not dissuade these soldiers from the promise of handsome profits, leading to the intervention of the Ottoman Assassins. After these Assassins defended the Athenians from further robbery, they discovered the Templar background of the affair and assassinated the leaders behind it.[22][23]

Subsequently, remnants of Isu technology were uncovered beneath the acropolis. In response, further Turkish agents were sent by Ezio to guard the site while Assassin scholars conducted a thorough survey.[24]

By the end of 1512, Athens was fully under the control of the Assassin Brotherhood as with the other major cities in the Mediterranean.[20]

地理[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

由于显著的夏季干旱气候,希腊的气候决定了雅典的环境。整个城市分为三个区域,其中的陶工区叫凯拉米克斯[5]


经济[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

公元前5世纪,雅典的经济主要由作为提洛同盟的宗主对其他城邦的税收供养。[5]

幕后[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

画廊[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

登场作品[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

参考与来源[编辑 | 编辑源代码]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Discovery Tour: Ancient Greece – The Akropolis of Athens: "Akropolis Origins"
  2. 2.0 2.1 Discovery Tour: Ancient Greece – Battle of Marathon: "The Greek Reaction"
  3. Discovery Tour: Ancient Greece – Thermopylai: "The Greek Army's Retreat"
  4. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyBoeotia: Battleground of Plataia
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Assassin's Creed: Odyssey
  6. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyWelcome to Athens
  7. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyA Venomous Encounter
  8. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyEscape from Athens
  9. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyOstracized
  10. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyPerikles's Symposium
  11. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyAbandoned By the Gods
  12. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyAnd the Streets Run Red
  13. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyAthens's Last Hope
  14. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyDoing Time
  15. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyThe Resistance
  16. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyAn Actor's Life for Me
  17. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyA-Musing Tale
  18. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyUnearthing the Truth
  19. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyThe Knights
  20. 20.0 20.1 Assassin's Creed: RevelationsMediterranean Defense
  21. Assassin's Creed: Revelations – Mediterranean Defense: "For The People, Part I"
  22. Assassin's Creed: Revelations – Mediterranean Defense: "For The People, Part II"
  23. Assassin's Creed: Revelations – Mediterranean Defense: "For The People, Part III"
  24. Assassin's Creed: Revelations – Mediterranean Defense: "First Civ Problems"

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