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阿卡Acre)是地中海东部的沿海城市,坐落于西加利利(Western Galilee)地区,位于以色列北部。

历史编辑

中世纪编辑

1190年,基督教十字军东征持续进行之时,由圣殿骑士团领导的英格兰的理查一世麾下的十字军部队包围了阿卡,并计划在城市的水源中下毒,以扫净全城人口。刺客阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德可以通过杀死负责这一行动的圣殿骑士指挥官,来阻止这一阴谋。[1]

但是到了第二年,城市依旧陷落于围攻的十字军势力中。然后阿卡便作为耶路撒冷王国剩余部分的首都,直到东征结束。[2]

在城中,基督教十字军们建立起了一个行动基地,以此来存放武器及安置部队。有了这个基地,他们就打算向南进军雅法(Jaffa)。他们计划从那里开始全力围攻他们真正的目标——耶路撒冷,他们从欧洲前来就是要以他们宗教信仰的名义夺回这座圣城。[2]

文艺复兴编辑

1511年意大利刺客兄弟会导师——埃齐奥·奥迪托雷在前往马斯亚夫的途中曾在阿卡停留。在那里,城里的平民警告埃齐奥说,去往马斯亚夫的道路上到处都是强盗和“外国雇佣兵”。埃齐奥做了最坏的打算,他相信这些是圣殿骑士的副业。他在给妹妹克劳迪娅·奥迪托雷·达·佛罗伦萨中表达了他的担忧

一年后,埃齐奥和索菲亚·萨尔托也在阿卡停留了一段时间,他们准备前往马斯亚夫,以求打开阿泰尔图书馆[3]

区划编辑

贫民区编辑

1191年,由于近期的围攻,贫民区仍未从众多人员伤亡中恢复过来,许多死者的遗体就躺倒在大街小巷以及阿卡的大门附近。[2]尸臭弥漫在空气中,与此同时,人们还要抗击疾病、绝望、压迫、腐败以及对逝者的回忆。国王理查将整个地区都置于医院骑士团的管辖之下,他们在位于该区最北端的医院骑士团堡垒中进行管理。[2]

Middle District编辑

The Middle District was more lively, in terms of both citizenry and military presence. Richard gave control of the area to the Knights Teutonic.[2] In Acre's Middle District, there was a large harbor port, whose docks possessed many troublemakers and drunken sailors. The paranoid Templar Sibrand, Grand Master of the Knights Teutonic, kept an extremely sharp watch over the district. Rumors eventually reached him, however, that the Assassins had come to take his life. These fears began to cloud his judgement and drove Sibrand to fortify the entire area, including the docks.[2]

Rich District编辑

As King Richard the Lionheart fought Saladin and his Saracen forces, the duty of governing the entire city fell to the regent and liege-lord, William of Montferrat. The Rich District was the center of Montferrat's power, and because of this, it was the district that suffered the most under his rule. Much of the populace complained about their ill treatment, while others plotted his downfall.[2]

Within the beautiful Rich District were notable landmarks such as King Richard's Citadel, of which a small keep within the fortress housed William's quarters. The citadel's interior contained large numbers of guards and archers, and operated like an autonomous, small town within the city.[2] Another landmark in Acre was the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, the largest Crusader church in the city. The building itself concealed a Templar knight in the incomplete spire and also proved to be the highest climbable point in the cities that Altaïr visited.[2]

Trivia编辑

  • The cinematic video shown at the start of Assassin's Creed occurred in Acre.
  • Acre was also the location shown in most of the official pre-release Assassin's Creed trailers.
  • Acre was drastically altered from the first few gameplay demos shown at E3 in 2006. The first version of Acre had a larger area outside the city walls and could be entered while on horseback.
  • Acre's climate was dramatically different from the other settlements, since it was next to the Mediterranean Sea, giving a misty and foggy effect to the streets.
  • The tallest View Point in Assassin's Creed was located in Acre, being the Cathedral of the Holy Cross.
  • Historically, Acre was the last stronghold of the real-life Knights Templar, before they were permanently expelled from the Holy Land.

Gallery编辑

Appearances编辑

References编辑

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