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“世界是一幅多彩多樣的編花地毯,一個公正的領袖會為此感到高興,而不是想方設法拆散它。”
―蘇萊曼在1512年與艾吉奧關於對文化和社會觀點不同的對話[來源]

蘇萊曼一世(Suleiman I) (1494 – 1566)是奧斯曼帝國的第十任蘇丹,1520年至1566年在位,是在位時間最長的蘇丹。他是薩利姆一世的兒子。

蘇萊曼是奧斯曼帝國最偉大的統治者之一,在西方以蘇萊曼大帝(Suleiman the Magnificent)聞名,而土耳其人稱他為卡努尼(Kanuni),意即立法者。他開啟了君士坦丁堡的黃金時期。

Suleiman became embroiled in the struggle between the Templars and Assassins during 1511. After a failed kidnap attempt by Byzantine Templars working for Manuel Palaiologos, Suleiman befriended the Italian Assassin and Mentor, Ezio Auditore, who encouraged Suleiman's progressive attitude for peace in the Ottoman Empire.

生平編輯

早年編輯

As his father was last in the Ottoman hierarchy, Suleiman fostered no intentions of becoming Sultan, and instead threw himself into study. He was educated at the University in Istanbul, as well as received private tutoring in Topkapı Palace. At this time, he also had a servant named Ibrahim that he considered to be his best friend.[1]

By the time he was 17, Suleiman's grandfather, Sultan Bayezid II, recognized his great talent, and installed him as the governor of Kefe, a sizable region north of the Black Sea. He would continue to receive several similar positions until 1520.[1]

In 1511, while returning to Constantinople from his Hajj, Suleiman met Ezio Auditore, the leader of the Italian Assassins. Neither of them disclosed their identities to each other at the time, with Suleiman convincing Ezio that he was merely a student, and Ezio simply saying he was searching for inspiration.[1]

As the ship arrived in Galata, and its passengers disembarked, a young lady named Sofia Sartor dropped her packages. Suleiman politely came to her aid, and helped her carry her belongings, bidding the Assassin farewell as he left.[1]

暗殺企圖編輯

Prince's banquet 12

Suleiman greeting the guests at his banquet

Suleiman became the target of a supposed assassination attempt from the Byzantines during a cultural exposition he had organized at Topkapı Palace. Fortunately, the Turkish Assassins had infiltrated the party disguised as Italian minstrels, and were quietly dispatching the would-be killers.[1]

However, a guard noticed a body that an Assassin had failed to hide, and a battle broke out. Ezio ended the fight by killing the final Templar that had been about to attack Suleiman in the midst of the confusion.[1]

Ezio and Suleiman then greeted each other cordially, and introduced themselves by name. After Suleiman ordered the guards to remove the bodies and send the guests home, he requested Ezio's help.[1]

Uneasy meeting 2

Ahmet, Tarik, and Suleiman at the meeting

The next morning, Ezio returned and Suleiman requested him to spy on a meeting he had arranged between his uncle, Shehzade Ahmet, and Tarik Barleti, captain of the Janissaries.[1]

Suleiman explained that his grandfather wanted Ahmet to succeed him on the throne, but the Janissaries, the Sultan's elite soldiers, preferred Suleiman's father Selim.[1]

During the meeting, Tarik assured Suleiman that he would investigate the infiltration, but Suleiman impatiently said that he would do it himself, "for reasons that should be obvious." Ahmet also accused Tarik of planning the attack to make him appear to be a weak and ineffective steward, though Tarik blatantly denied the claims.[1]

調查編輯

Ezio: "You are in a tough spot. But how do the Byzantines fit into this?"
Suleiman: "I had hoped you might know. Would you be willing to help me find out?"
Ezio: "I am tracking them myself. I can help you as long as our interests run parallel."
—Suleiman gaining Ezio's assistance.[來源]
Uneasy meeting 1

蘇萊曼向埃齊奧尋求幫助

Due to his suspicions of Tarik's failure to prevent the Byzantine infiltration, Suleiman proceeded with his investigation, and directed Ezio to the Grand Bazaar, where Tarik spent most of his time.[1]

After discovering that Tarik was supplying weapons to the Byzantine heir Manuel Palaiologos, Ezio returned to Suleiman, who had been playing chess with Ahmet in the Constantine District. Suleiman directed Ezio to the Janissary camp, and requested that he interrogate and kill Tarik, as punishment for his treachery, despite Tarik's past friendship with Suleiman's father.[1]

However, after the assassination, Ezio returned Topkapı Palace and revealed to Suleiman that Tarik had been innocent. With his dying words, Tarik had revealed that he had merely been posing as a traitor in order to ambush the Byzantines at Cappadocia. Suleiman grieved the loss, and lamented that he should not have been so quick to judge.[1]

Mixed tiding 3

Ahmet speaking with Suleiman

After their exchange, Suleiman promised to arrange a ship to transport Ezio to the Byzantine base in Cappadocia. Ahmet appeared shortly afterwards, distressed that the Janissaries had pinned Tarik's murder on him, and convinced that his father would banish him as a result.[1]

Ahmet soon spotted Ezio, and apologized for interrupting their meeting. Realizing the danger of revealing Ezio's identity, Suleiman instead introduced the Assassin as "Marcello", a European advisor from Kefe.[1]

After Ahmet requested for "Marcello" to leave, Suleiman calmed his uncle, assuring him that they would find the true killer.[1]

背叛編輯

When Ezio returned, he had learned that Ahmet was the Templar Grand Master, and had kidnapped his friend Sofia Sartor. After the Assassins stormed the Arsenal where Ahmet was hiding, Suleiman arrived and overheard his uncle's confrontation with Ezio.[1]

Ahmet declared his desire for a New World Order, by finding the Grand Temple and destroying the "superstitions that keep men divided." Later on, he would also admit to being behind the assault in Topkapı Palace, though he had not intended for Suleiman to be killed, merely captured, for him to be "rescued" by Ahmet afterwards.[1]

Discovery 9

Suleiman ordering a Janissary to stand down

As Ahmet left, Suleiman came out of hiding to speak to Ezio. He admitted his uncle's sincerity, but found his fantasies to be dangerous. He also disagreed with the concept of removing the differences between men, saying that they should be celebrated instead of suppressed.[1]

The Janissaries arrived to restore order, and moved to attack Ezio to protect Suleiman, though Suleiman quickly ordered them to stand down. Continuing, Suleiman requested Ezio to spare his uncle after rescuing Sofia, though he admitted that his father would not do the same in his position.[1]

Indeed, some time later, when the new Sultan Selim returned with his army, he killed Ahmet. Though Selim threatened to have Ezio killed as well, at Suleiman's recommendation, the Assassin was merely banished from the city.[1]

Later, when Ezio returned to Constantinople to tie up loose ends at the Assassins Guild, Suleiman prevented his father from harming him, and promised that Ezio's time in the city would be brief.[2]

晚年編輯

In 1520, a tragedy robbed Suleiman's father of the Sultanate, and Suleiman - who was 26 at the time - succeeded him. His reforms greatly improved the Empire's bureaucratic system, which would later be described as a "well-oiled engine," despite its significant size.[1]

During his rule, Suleiman expanded his Empire to its furthest points, stretching it from Algeria to the Persian Gulf, and from Austria down to Egypt. Respecting the diversity of those under his authority, he was always careful to honor their cultures, traditions, and religions.[1]

個性特點編輯

“I suppose the moral of any story matches the temper of the man telling it.”
―Suleiman, 1511.[來源]

Suleiman was a kind, polite, and thoughtful man, from his youth until old age. Ezio once described him as a "remarkable boy with a magnificent mind," and he was regarded highly by many of his countrymen.[1]

Shadows v 2

Suleiman speaking with his uncle

Despite his uncle being favored over his father for the Sultanate, Suleiman maintained close ties with Ahmet. Indeed, he saw no problem with the decision, and once commented to his uncle that "Grandfather has chosen you, and his word is kanun (law). What is there to argue about?"[1]

Initially, Suleiman dealt harshly with treason, and asked Ezio to kill Tarik for the blatant disrespect for Sultan Bayezid II. However, upon later discovering Tarik's innocence, he grew more tolerant, and even asked Ezio to spare Ahmet's life if he was able, despite knowing his ill intentions.[1]

Ever a scholar, Suleiman spent much of his time in study or travel, and once even held a large cultural exposition in Topkapı Palace, in which he invited foreign minstrels to perform. His appreciation and respect for other cultures extended into his rule as Sultan, and was attributed to be the reason he could maintain such a large Empire.[1]

歷史上的蘇萊曼編輯

簡介編輯

蘇萊曼一世,或譯蘇里曼一世(奧斯曼土耳其文:سليمان اول、現代土耳其文:I. Süleyman,1494年11月6日-1566年9月5/6/7日),是奧斯曼帝國 第10位、也是在位時間最長的蘇丹(1520年-1566年在位),兼任伊斯蘭教最高精神領袖哈里發之職。由於蘇萊曼一世的文治武功,他在西方被普遍譽為蘇萊曼大帝(奧斯曼土耳其文:محتشم سليمان、現代土耳其文:Muhteşem Süleyman,拉丁語:Suleimanus Magnificus),而他在奧斯曼帝國國內和東方則被譽為卡努尼蘇丹蘇萊曼(奧斯曼土耳其文:قانونى سلطان سليمان、現代土耳其文:Kanuni Sultan Süleyman、阿拉伯語:السلطان سليمان القانوني‎),“卡努尼”意為“立法者”,因為他在位時完成了對奧斯曼帝國法律體系的改造。蘇萊曼大帝是歐洲16世紀的一位傑出的君主,在他的統治下,奧斯曼帝國在政治、經濟、軍事和文化等諸多方面都進入極盛時期。蘇萊曼大帝親自統帥奧斯曼軍隊征服了基督教重鎮貝爾格萊德、羅得島 和匈牙利的大部分,奧斯曼人的擴張態勢一直到1529年的維也納之圍才被暫時遏制。蘇萊曼大帝在與波斯 (今伊朗)薩非王朝的戰爭中佔領了大半個中東地區,並將西至阿爾及利亞的北非大部地區納入奧斯曼帝國版圖。蘇萊曼大帝在位期間,奧斯曼帝國艦隊稱霸地中海、紅海和波斯灣。

作為一個龐大帝國的舵手,蘇萊曼大帝親自開創了社會、教育、稅收和刑律等方面的立法改革。他主持編撰的權威法典(或卡農)奠定了在他逝世後帝國數個世紀的法律制度基礎。

蘇萊曼大帝不但憑藉他自己的努力成為一名出色的詩人和金匠,他還是文化的大資助人。他在位時期是奧斯曼帝國藝術、文學和建築的黃金時代。

蘇萊曼大帝打破奧斯曼人的傳統,迎娶了一位奴隸出身的後宮羅克塞拉娜,成為他的皇后許蕾姆蘇丹。許蕾姆蘇丹不僅在帝國後宮有很大的影響力,還積极參与蘇萊曼大帝的政治生活。他們的孩子塞利姆皇子在蘇萊曼大帝歸真後繼任蘇丹之位。

年輕有為編輯

蘇萊曼出生於黑海之濱的特拉布宗,具體日期可能是1494年11月6日。他的母親是亞武茲蘇丹塞利姆一世的皇后(後成為皇太后)艾謝·哈芙莎蘇丹,於1534年逝世。蘇萊曼7歲時,被送往帝都伊斯坦布爾 托普卡珀宮的皇家學校學習科學、歷史、文學、神學和兵法。蘇萊曼年輕時,與一名奴隸易卜拉欣結下友誼,易卜拉欣日後成為蘇萊曼最信任的顧問之一,並曾任大維齊爾。從17歲開始,年輕的蘇萊曼先後擔任卡法(今烏克蘭費奧多西亞)和馬尼薩的總督,並在帝國故都埃迪爾內短期任職。父親塞利姆一世歸真後,蘇萊曼返回帝都伊斯坦布爾繼位,成為奧斯曼帝國第10任蘇丹。幾周後,威尼斯共和國駐奧斯曼帝國公使巴爾托洛梅奧·孔塔里尼對年輕的蘇丹作了如下描述:“他25歲的年紀,身材高挑而硬朗,外表柔弱。頸部稍長、面容瘦削、鷹鉤鼻,留着一簇小鬍子和少許鬍鬚,儘管略顯蒼白,卻依然神采奕奕。他被譽為英明之主,好學之士,所有人都想受益於他的統治。他的頭巾也大得出奇。” 一些史學家宣稱蘇萊曼年輕時仰慕馬其頓的亞歷山大大帝 ,並受其影響,立志建立一個囊括東西方的帝國,這成為他日後頻繁征戰亞洲、非洲和歐洲的思想動力。

瑣事編輯

畫廊編輯

引用編輯

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