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“罗马是支撑我们整个事业的支柱。她不能动摇,这意味着你也不能动摇。”
―切萨雷·博吉亚对他的盟友说。[来源]


罗马 (Rome,拉丁文与意大利文: Roma)是意大利的首都。在文艺复兴期间,罗马是教皇国的首都,也是圣殿骑士罗马分册的本据点。此外,作为解放罗马的一环,这座城市成为了意大利刺客兄弟会的本据点。在文艺复兴时期,罗马被划分成4个行政区:安提可区坎帕格纳区中央区梵蒂冈区

历史编辑

伊述时代编辑

During the Isu Era, the First Civilization built at least three sites near the future location of Rome. The Isu Jupiter, Minerva and Juno were remembered as the Capitoline Triad and assimilated to gods.[1]

罗马时代编辑

Archaeological evidence supports that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on Colle Palatino, the future site of the Roman Forum, upon which there are several caves. According to legends, the city of Rome was founded in 753 BCE by the King Romulus, son of the god Mars bred by a she-wolf on the Palatine Hill, which became the place of the royal palace. Around 600 BCE, the King Lucius Tarquinius Priscus ordered the construction of the Cloaca Maxima, once of the world's first major sewage systems.[2]

Eventually, the Republic of Rome was founded in c. 510 BCE, which eventually began to conquer territories through Mediterranean Sea, having influence over Gaul, Hispania, Greece, Egypt and Middle-East. In 456 BCE, a law was passed allowing plebeians to own property on the Aventine Hill, causing the city to quickly grow beyond its walls. After a invasion of the Gauls, a wall was built encircling the hill.[2]

In 179 BCE, the Pons Aemilius connecting the west bank of the Tiber to Rome was rebuilt in stone. Between 144 – 140 BCE, the Praetor Quintus Marcius Rex built the longest aqueduct of the city, running on 91 miles. In 62 BCE, Lucius Fabricius built a bridge connecting the Tiber Island to Rome.[2]

FallofanEmpireRiseofAnother16

刺杀凯撒

In 49 BCE, a Civil War began between the consuls Pompey and Julius Caesar. In this conflict, Pompey died and Caesar became the dictator of the Republic. On 15 March 44 BCE, Caesar was stabbed and killed in the Theatre of Pompey by fourty senators, calling themselves the "Liberatores", who secretly were Hidden Ones. These Liberatores were led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, and helped by the Egyptian Hidden One Aya.[3][4]

After Caesar's death, the Republic was led by Marcus Antonius, Lepidus and Octavianus, Caesar's adoptive son. As Antonius committed suicide after being defeated by Octavianus in 30 BCE, Rome became an Empire in 27 BCE with Octavianus as his first Emperor known as Augustus. Under his reign, he constructed many monument. He finished the Basilica Julia in honor of his adoptive father, ordered the construction of the Pantheon to celebrate the victory of Agrippa over Antonius, and the Mausoleum of Augustus where he was buried with other important persons.[2]

Between 18 and 12 BCE, the magistrate Caius Cestius constructed a pyramid which beared his name later.[2]

Between 20 and 23 CE under the reign of the Emperor Tiberius, the Praetorian Prefect Sejanus constructed the Castra Praetoria to house the nine cohorts of the Praetorian Guard.[2]

In the year 41 CE, the Hidden Ones Leonius assassinated the Emperor and Templar puppet Caligula in Rome, whom he stabbed with a dagger.[5] His successor Claudius finished the construction of his aqueduct in 52 CE.[2]

Between 54 and 68 CE, Rome was ruled by the Emperor Nero, who was known for his tyranny and extravagance. In 64 CE, a Great Fire occured in Rome. Some accused Nero to intentionally started the fire to make room for his golden palace on Esquiline Hill. It was also likely that Nero used the aqueducts to build his palace because they did not give water to civilians anymore for a time. As Nero accused the christians to have start the Fire. The Apostle and Jesus' disciple Peter was crucifixied in the Circus of Nero circa 68 CE where he was buried. As Peter was the wielder of a Staff of Eden, a Piece of Eden, all the leaders of christian community and later the Popes kept the artifact.[5]

Under the Flavian dynasty, many monument were constructed by the Emperors. Between 72 and 80 CE, the Colosseum was built as a place of entertainment. The Temple of Vespasian and the Arch of Titus honored the two first Emperor of the dynasty. Domitian ordered the construction of a stadium in Rome.[2]

During the 2nd century CE, the Roman Empire knew a Golden Age under the Nerva-Antonine. The Emperor Trajan and his architect Apollodorus of Damascus constructed three monument to the glory of the Emperor: a market, a column and public baths on the ruins of Nero's Golden Palace. Trajan's successor, Hadrian ordered the construction of a mausoleum bigger than Augustus' one and restored the Pantheon. In 140 CE, a part of the Circus Maximus collapsed, killing 1,112 spectators. The same year, the Empress Faustina the Elder died. Her husband Antoninus Pius erected a temple in her honor on the Roman Forum. 20 years later, the Emperor died and the temple was also dedicated to him. During this century, the Catacombs of Rome were constructed and served as a buried place for the Christians who hid in the city.[2]

At the end of the 2nd century, the Severian dynasty ruled over Rome. To celebrate his victory over the Parthians, the Emperor Septimius Severus constructed an arch near the Colosseum. His sons Geta and Caracalla succeded to him but in 211 CE, Caracalla killed Geta and destroyed all records of Geta's existence, as his representations on the arch. Caracalla ordered the construction of public baths with the Acqua Antoniniana and restored the Porta Tiburtina.[2]

在公元259年,无形者阿奎卢斯在罗马城内刺杀了上古维序者卡尤斯·富尔维乌斯·武尔图尔来为他的父亲卢修斯复仇并夺回伊甸十字架[6]

In 271 CE, the Emperor Aurelian began the construction of walls around the city, connecting numerous archs and gates. His successor Probus completed his work in 275 CE. In 283 CE, the Temple of Saturn was restored.[2]

At the end of the 3rd century, the Emperor Diocletian constructed public baths on the Viminal Hill. In 308 CE, the Emperor Maxentius began the construction of a basilica in the Roman Forum. After being defeated by Constantine I, the basilica was finished by his Maxentius' rival, who constructed an arch to remember his victory. As Constantine authorized the Christian religion, in 326 CE the St. Peter's Basilica was constructed on the site of Peter's death. The Lateran Palace became the principal residence of the Pope.[2]

In 401 CE, Hadrian's Mausoleum was changed into a military fortress. In 410 CE, the King of the Visigoths Alaric I entered in Rome by the Porta Salaria with his army and began to sacked the city. The Basilica Aemilia was destroyed during the attack and the urns and ashes of Hadian's Mausoleum were scattered by looters. In 476 CE, the Western Roman Empire fell, ending the rule of the Romans on the city.[2]

中世纪编辑

During the 6th century, Rome was disputed between the Ostrogoths and the Eastern Romans. In 536 CE, the Roman general Belisarius entered in the city by the Porta Asinaria and took back Rome. A year later, the Ostrogoths besieged the city, cutting the water supply and attacking the Hadrian's Mausoleum. During the Gothic Wars in 545 CE, much of Aurelian Walls were destroyed by the army of the Ostrogoth King Totila. In 546 CE, a traitor opened the Porta Asinaria to the Ostrogoths who sacked the city. In 549 CE, the treason of the Isaurian garrison permitted to the Ostrogoths to enter by the Porta Ostiense and sacked another time the city.[2]

During the Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic Church increased their influence in Rome. Around 550s CE, Pelagius I ordered the construction of the Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles to celebrate the victory of the Roman General Narses over the Ostrogoths. At the end of the 6th century, Gregory I built the church Santa Maria in Vallicella. In 609 CE, Boniface IV converted the Pantheon into a church. In 756 CE, the Catholic Church managed to take power in Rome, founding its own state with the Pope as the spiritual leader of Christian Europe.[2]

In 852 CE, after an sack from Muslim raiders, the Vatican was enclosed by the Leonine Walls, composed by the Porta Viridaria and the Porta Cavalleggeri. During the 11th Century, the Church to converte the Ruins of the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina into the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda. During the 12th century, the House of Colonna occupied the area around the Mausoleum of Augustus, which was fortified and converted into part of the Castel Sant'Angelo. At this period, a Commune of Rome was established but evantually failed in 1167 and the Colonna family was disgraced, banished from the city and their fortification was dismantled.[2]

Between the 12th and the 13th century, the Pope Innocent III ordered the construction of the Torre delle Milizie.[2]

During the 13th and the 14th century, the Capitoline Hill became the siege of the communal power with the construction of the Palazzo dei Conservatori as the seat of the Roman magistrates and the Palazzo Senatorio for the judges. On the ruins of the Temple of Juno was constructed the church Santa Maria in Aracoeli.[2]

During the 14th century, some accident occured in the city. The Lateran Palace was on fire in 1307 and 1361, deciding the Pope to leave it to go to the Hadrian Mausoleum, becomming the Castel Sant'Angelo. A passage was created between the Papal residence and St Peter's. In 1348, an earthquake damaged the Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles and the Torre delle Milizie. A year later, another earthquake made a part of the Colosseum collapsed.[2]

In 1400 was built the Rosa in Fiore, one of the most popular brothel Rome, also known for its preferential treatment for members of the Vatican. In 1417, the Pope Martin V from the Colonna family ordered the restoration of the Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles. Betwen 1440 and 1445, the cardinal Antonio de Chavez built the Sant'Antonio dei Portoghesi and annexed the hospice for Portuguese pilgrims.[2]

文艺复兴编辑

“我认为我们应该把中心放在罗马这里。削弱博吉亚的影响力,同时恢复我们自己的。说实话,我现在就想开始动手了。”
―在解放罗马开始前,埃齐奥对他的同伴说,1501年。[来源]

在15世纪,罗马成为了欧洲的一个经济与文化强城,即便是佛罗伦萨在意大利的文艺复兴时期胜过罗马而成为了中心。由于两城之间的敌对关系,教皇花费了大量钱财来创作文化艺术作品。[2]

Giovanni's fight

乔瓦尼在圣伯多禄大殿对战卫兵

在1476年,圣殿骑士组织罗马分册最高大师、梵蒂冈政治中的重要角色、枢机主教罗德里戈·博吉亚短暂离开了这座城市,讨论其组织控制佛罗伦萨并刺杀洛伦佐·德·美第奇的计划,并在回来后请求教皇的同意。得到教皇批准后,圣殿骑士得到了军事上的支持。意大利刺客兄弟会得知了罗德里戈的计划,刺客大师乔瓦尼·奥迪托雷·达·佛罗伦萨遂前往圣伯多禄大殿阻止前者。罗德里戈说服乔瓦尼叛变未果,便命令手下卫兵攻击乔瓦尼。乔瓦尼活过了这次行动,但不久后被圣殿骑士特务乌贝托·阿尔贝蒂以泄密为由,与两个儿子一起被吊死在佛罗伦萨。[7][5]

在位期间,西克斯特四世在1473年到1479年间修成了西斯托桥,用以连接中央区与梵蒂冈区。1483年,西斯廷礼拜堂破土动工,作为圣伯多禄大殿旁的教皇礼拜堂。礼拜堂建在梵蒂冈密室之上。1484年教皇去世,一群暴徒洗劫了罗马。弗利统治者、教皇侄子吉罗拉莫·利拉奥的妻子卡特琳娜·斯福尔扎利用士兵与加农炮组织起了梵蒂冈的防御。 [2]

A Glass of Wine with Caesar Borgia - John Collier

博吉亚家族

In 1492, Rodrigo became Pope Alexander VI, and head of the Papal States and Catholic Church. Ruling with his family and the Temlars, he maintained oppression over the city with towers located throughout Rome, which prevented shops from opening. In 1497, Juan Borgia the Younger, Rodrigo's elder son, was assassinated by the courtesan Fiora Cavazza under the order of his own brother, Cesare Borgia who became the Captain General of the Papal Army. His personal assassin, Micheletto Corella killed some of Cesare's enemies. Cesare controlled the city with many Templar agents through Rome, as the thieves of the Cento Occhi and the cultist of the Followers of Romulus, accomplishing different illegal activities: slavery, corruption, smuggling, persecution and murders. Cesare also associated with Juan Borgia the Elder to fund his army and allied with the French noble Octavian de Valois who established his troops in the country side of Rome.[1]

The Assassin Brotherhood also intervened in Rome in the 1490's. Around 1493, the condottiero and Assassin Bartolomeo d'Alviano arrived in the city with his companies installing in a barrack in Rome. His guild controlled the fighting club in the city and recruited the champion Corvo Antonelli in the Brotherhood. In 1496, Bartolomeo allied with the House of Orsini to fight Cesare. In 1497, the Assassin Perotto Calderon was sent under cover in the Borgia court as a courrier but he compromised the Brotherhood when he had an affair with Rodrigo's daughter Lucrezia which resulted to the birth of Giovanni Borgia and the death of Perotto in 1498. The Assassin and Florentine thief La Volpe arrived in Rome and established a guild to fight the Cento Occhi. The Assassin Niccolò Machiavelli served as a diplomate in the Papal court.[1]

In 1498, Alexander ordered the renovation of the Porta Settimiana, as he wanted the gate to evoke a military vibe.[2]

IBAL 4

埃齐奥在西斯廷礼拜堂中对战罗德里戈

In 1499, the Master Assassin Ezio Auditore da Firenze, Giovanni's son, learned that the Vatican Vault beneath the Sistine Chapel and confronted Rodrigo in a fight. Defeating him, he used the Papal Staff and an Apple of Eden to open the vault. There, he entered in contact with Minerva who told him about the Great Catastrophe and about the Second Disaster. After that, the staff was locked in the vault, and Ezio flew Rome with the Apple.[5][1]

In 1500, Cesare Borgia led the Papal Army to Monteriggioni, the headquarters of the Assassins. During the siege, Cesare took the Apple of Eden, captured Caterina Sforza and killed the leader of the Assassin Mario Auditore, Ezio's uncle. Escaping from city with the population, Ezio returned to Rome to exact his revenge. At the time, the city had fallen far behind those of Florence and Venice, and had grown stagnant in terms of development, due to the influence of the Borgia. Allying with Machiavelli, Ezio decided to increase their network in the city. In order to free Rome of the Borgia influence, Ezio killed the overlords of the towers and burned the structures themselves to the ground, taking them over for the Assassin Order afterwards and renovating the districts. Claudia Auditore da Firenze, Ezio's sister, took control of the Rosa in Fiore, having information from the men of the Vatican. Ezio helped Bartolomeo in his fight with the French. With la Volpe, Ezio founded La Volpe Addormentata, a tavern which served as the headquarters of the Roman thieves. Ezio also accomplished some assassination contract for Machiavelli and also tracked the Followers of Romulus to exposed their ties with the Borgia.[1]

In November 1500, the Templar and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus wanted to share his scientific discoveries but the Master of the Sacred Palace tried to kill him. Ezio protected him and killed the Master while Copernicus studied the lunar eclipse in Rome.[8]

Ascension 3

罗马的刺客兄弟会

In 1501, during his mission to assassinate Rodrigo and his son, Ezio rescued Caterina Sforza who was imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo. Understanding they couldn't attack Cesare directly, Ezio established the Assassins Guild in Rome, and set up its headquarters on Tiber Island to decrease the power of Cesare. By recruiting several Roman civilians as Assassin apprentices, the Brotherhood worked to free Rome of Templar control, killing some of their agents and going on mission through Europe and Asia. Cesare captured the inventor Leonardo da Vinci to force him to construct War Machines while he studied the Apple for Rodrigo. lLeonardo decided to help his old friend Ezio by indicating which guard in Rome had the location of the War Machines.[1]

In 1501, the ancient speaking statue of Pasquino was unearthed at Piazza Navona. In 1502, the King Louis XII of France commissioned the church Trinità dei Monti to celebrate the French invasion of Naples.[2]

Roads lead to 3

刺客们联手对付切萨雷

In August 1503, Ezio killed Juan Borgia the Elder, cutting the funds of Cesare. Octavian de Valois knew the same fate. After the death of their general, the French troops flew Rome. Ezio saved the actor Pietro Rossi from Micheletto Corella to obtain the key of the Castel Sant'Angelo. As the new Mentor of the Assassins, Ezio infiltrated the Papal residence and witnessed the assassination of Rodrigo by Cesare as he refused to give him the Apple of Eden. The Assassin and the Templar ran out for the artifact and Ezio recovered it in the place of St Peter's. During the following months, the Assassins and the Templars fought for the control of the city. Ezio used the power of the Apple to defeat the Borgia. In December, after a fight between the two factions on the Piazza del Popolo, the Pope Julius II had Cesare arrested, finishing the Templar influence on the city.[1]

During the year 1504, Cesare tried to escaped from Rome but was captured by Ezio. Cesare was then sent in a castle in Spain. The Assassins continued to fight the Borgia diehards in Rome. After finishing with them, Ezio hid the Apple of Eden in the Isu vault under Santa Maria in Aracoeli.[9][1]

In 1506, the Hermeticists kidnapped Leonardo da Vinci to open the Temple of Pythagoras beneath Rome. Ezio rescued him, and the duo discovered the Pythagorean Vault inside the Temple, which gave the coordinates for the Grand Temple in North America.[10]

During the beginning of the 16th century, two members of the House of Medici became Pope. In 1518, Leo X initiated an architectural completion for a new church to be built in place of the old Saint Pantaleo. The winning architect went by the name of Sansovino but there were complications and construction slowly ground to a halt and many different people tried to finish the church tower over two centuries. In 1527, Rome was sacked by the imperial troops. Clement VII who was imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo, escaped from the fortress disguised as a tradesman.[2]

In 1542, the Pope Paul III established the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, a system of tribunals for prosecuting anyone with alternate religious beliefs. In 1600, the Dominican Friar Giordano Bruno was judged as an heretic and burnt at stake.[11]

In 1601, plague struck the city due to a stagnant river.[2]

现代编辑

In 2012, the Assassin Clay Kaczmarek was tasked to infiltrate the Abstergo laboratory in Rome, as Subject 16 of the Animus Project. Clay remained in the lab for the remainder of his physical life, until the consequences of the Bleeding Effect drove him insane and led him to commit suicide. Clay would then continue to provide assistance within the Animus to his successor, Desmond Miles, via an implanted digital consciousness.[5]

In September 2012, Desmond Miles was captured by the Templars and brought to the same facility in Rome. There, Desmond was marked Subject 17 of the Animus Project, in which Warren Vidic examined the genetic memories of Desmond's ancestor, Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad, for a week.[12] Desmond subsequently escaped from the facility with the help of Lucy Stillman, who in reality was a Templar part of Project Siren. The pair then made their way to an Assassin hideout nearby, where Desmond relived Ezio's memories in order to gain his abilities through the Bleeding Effect.[5] Once Vidic and the Templars located the Assassins, Desmond and his team were forced to relocate to another safer location in Monteriggioni.[1]

On October 10, 2012, Desmond Miles, Lucy Stillman, Rebecca Crane and Shaun Hastings returned to Rome to retrieve the Apple of Eden, after Desmond had relived Ezio's memories in Rome and found that the Assassin had locked the Piece of Eden in the Colosseum Vault, as well as leaving the password to unlock the Vault on the wall of the Sanctuary, where they were stationed.[1]

On December 12, 2012, Desmond returned to Rome, to the same Abstergo laboratory he had been held in months before, to rescue his father who had been captured by the Templar organization. Desmond fought his way to Warren Vidic's office, killing Daniel Cross and many Abstergo guards along the way. There, Desmond managed to rescue his father and kill Vidic using his Apple of Eden, which he also used to escape the laboratory.[13]

As well as this, Abstergo Industries used Rome as a simulated training location in the primary and secondary stages of their Animi Training Program.

The simulation was set in the Centro District, depicting the market square, upon which a great many market stalls had been set up, located in front of the Pantheon and the surrounding residences. Although the Pantheon could be seen, its interior and exterior were inaccesible. The streets themselves were relatively spacious, but the many hidden alleyways allowed people to slip away from the masses with ease.

Rome, like most of the simulated locations in the first and second stage, had two aesthetic variations. As such, it could be utilized during the day or at dusk.

城市布局编辑

城市被划分成四个行政区:中央区安提可区坎帕格纳区梵蒂冈区。除了梵蒂冈区外,其他的区又被再划分成12片区域,每片由一个博吉亚塔楼控制。[1]

罗马的地标有万神殿大竞技场梵蒂冈通道圣天使城堡西斯廷礼拜堂[5][1]

冷知识编辑

  • 游戏中的罗马相对于现实中的罗马,被向右倾斜了大概15°。
  • 在游戏的背景时间里,罗马与佛罗伦萨的建筑风格在历史上是相似的,但《刺客信条:兄弟会》的开发者用之后的巴洛克风格设计了罗马,以让玩家有熟悉感。
  • 刺客信条II》中,埃齐奥从河上爬上圣天使堡的区域在《刺客信条:兄弟会》中是进不去的,栅栏与其他封锁物挡在了城堡与梵蒂冈区之间。
  • 在《刺客信条II》中能看到的处于梵蒂冈通道北边的建筑,没有在《刺客信条:兄弟会》中出现。
  • 《刺客信条》系列中,有两座可被清楚看到、引向罗马的梵蒂冈区的桥:圣天使桥首先架到圣天使堡,然后是维托里奥·埃马努埃莱二世桥,向西架到梵蒂冈区。两座桥在《刺客信条II》里都有,但《刺客信条:兄弟会》缺失了后者。
    • 《刺客信条II》的最终记忆发生在1499年,但维托里奥·埃马努埃莱二世桥1886年才开工建造。这是这个游戏系列迄今为止最大的时间乌龙之一,相差387年。

画廊编辑

登场作品编辑

参考与来源编辑

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