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维多利亚女王Queen Victoria,1819年5月24日 – 1901年1月22日)原名汉诺威王朝的亚历山德琳娜·维多利亚Alexandrina Victoria of the House of Hanover),她成为大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国女王,從1837年直至去世。同时,在1876年她还获得了印度女皇的头衔。

她63年的统治生涯被称为维多利亚时代,因工业革命不列颠治世为人们所熟知,在这段时期,大英帝国飞速扩张,凭借文化、政治、科学和军事改变了整个世界。

Victoria's reign of the United Kingdom was the longest of any of British monarch, or any female monarch in history - until the reign of her great-great granddaughter Elizabeth II.[1] Her reign, dubbed as the "Victorian era" was marked by its massive expansion of the British Empire and the Industrial Revolution. During her reign she survived seven attempted assassinations. She was also the only monarch to rule all five continents.[2]

生平编辑

早年生活及統治编辑

維多利亞女王出生於肯辛頓宮,在愛德華王子,肯特公爵,斯特拉特恩出生在倫敦之前,以及維多利亞公主在薩克森-科堡-薩爾費爾在德國出生之前。由於她的父親和祖父的死亡,亚历山德丽娜被母親撫養,她的童年,後來被描述為“相當憂鬱”。

Alexandrina Victoria was born in Kensington Palace in London to Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn and German-born Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld. Due to her father and grandfather's death, Alexandrina was raised by her mother, a childhood she later described as "rather melancholy".[3]

18歲時,她繼承了王位,並於1840年與她的第一代表弟,薩克斯·科堡.哥達的王子.阿爾伯特結婚。他們的九個孩子後來在歐洲結婚成為王室和貴族,並獲得了“歐洲的祖母”的稱號。

She inherited the throne at age 18 and married her first cousin, Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840, becoming Queen Victoria. Contrary to tradition, Victoria proposed to Albert as she was the Queen.[2] She then gave birth to nine children; Victoria, Albert, Alice, Alfred, Helena, Louise, Arthur, Leopold, and Beatrice. Their nine children later married into royal and noble families in Europe, earning her the nickname "the grandmother of Europe".[3]

在阿爾伯特於1861年去世後,維多利亞女王陷入深深的哀悼,消失在公眾眼裡。然而,她的聲望在她統治的後幾年裡恢復了。

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Queen Victoria and John Brown, 1863

After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria plunged into deep mourning and vanished from the public eye. Her popularity recovered, however, in the later years of her reign.[3] In October 1863, Victoria grew close to one of her husband household servants, John Brown. Making rumors spread about their relationship, that the Queen had taken another lover.[4] On 23 and 25 April 1865, Victoria received letters from her uncle, Leopold I of Belgium, to which the Queen felt emotionally moved by. In her reply, sent 27 April, she discussed the betrothal of her daughter, Helena, to Prince Christian of Augustenberg.[5] Two days later, she sent a letter of condolences to Mary Lincoln regarding her husband's assassination.[6] She received a reply from Mrs. Lincoln on 21 May expressing her gratitude for the Queen's condolences.[7] On 13 June, Victoria sent a letter to her eldest son, Albert, regarding names for his unborn son (and her grandson).[8]

On 22 January 1866, Queen Victoria sent a letter to Earl Russell concerning the reopening of parliament. Denying the Earl's request, Victoria expressed her need to continue mourning.[9] On 6 February, Victoria attended the State Opening of Parliament for the first time since Albert's death.[10] On 16 October, Victoria discussed with her son Albert on his visit to Saint Petersburg. The Queen stated in her letter her disdain for the country but understood and respected Albert's decision to be present for the marriage of Princess Elisabeth.[11]

On 22 May 1867, Victoria announced her plan to award her son Albert, the Order of the Thistle, her son Arthur the Order of the Garter, Prince Victor the Office of Constable of the Round Tower, and Prince Christian the honor of being Ranger of Windsor Park.[12] On 26 June, Lord Charles FitzRoy was invited for lunch on the Queen's behalf.[13] On 14 October, Victoria met with General Charles Grey discussing a possible attack by Fenians. As a precaution, the 93rd Highlanders regiment was placed at Abergeldie.[14] On 16 December, Victoria denied a request from Lord Stanley to observe and advise parliament.[15] On 19 December, after the Queen had moved to a more vulnerable Osborne on the Isle of Wight for the Christmas season, she received a most alarming message from General Grey concerning rumors of an assassination plot against her.[16]

帮助刺客组织编辑

Evie talks with the Queen M4

Queen Victoria meeting Evie Frye

1868年,在白金汉宫举办的一次舞会上,玛丽·安·迪斯雷利向她介绍了伊薇·弗莱,女王表示很高兴见到她。女王提到了伊薇偷走威廉·尤尔特·格莱斯顿的马车一事,但并没有叫警卫逮捕她,反而告诉她尽情享受舞会,尤其是美味的蛋糕。[17] In 1868, while hosting a ball at Buckingham Palace, Victoria had the pleasure of meeting Evie Frye, who was introduced by Mary Anne Disraeli. Victoria remarked that the young Frye was behind the theft of William Gladstone's carriage, but made no effort to have her arrested since she, like the Disraelis, heartily disliked Gladstone. Instead, much to the Assassin's relief, she merely told the young woman to enjoy the ball, especially the cake which was apparently very good.[18]

Honors of a Knight M4

Queen Victoria inducts the Frye twins and Henry Green into the Order of the Secret Garter

第二天,维多利亚接见了伊薇、她的弟弟雅各布亨利·格林。此前弗雷德里克·艾伯兰警官向女王讲述了他们如何挫败了克劳福德·斯塔瑞克的威胁到她生命的阴谋。为了表彰他们的表现,女王当场授予了三人嘉德勋章,封他们为嘉德骑士。在离开之前,维多利亚还特意提醒伊薇她给她留了些蛋糕。[17] The next day, Victoria met with Evie, her brother Jacob and Henry Green, having been told by Sergeant Frederick Abberline of how they thwarted a plot against her life by Crawford Starrick. In recognition of their deeds, she knighted the trio into the Order of the Sacred Garter. Before departing their company, Victoria reminded Evie that she saved some cake for her.[18]

在那之后的某天,一个皇家守卫被人杀死在维多利亚的书房,弗莱姐弟因此被女王召见来调查此事。女王亲自检查了她的保险柜以确定鸽之权杖是否被盗,因为当天晚些时候她将用这柄权杖为一些反对雇佣童工的实业家封爵。双胞胎中的一个离开皇宫去追查另一条线索,不久之后又急忙赶回,警告女王皇宫中有炸弹即将爆炸。然而所谓炸弹只是为了引开注意的障眼法。那个“死掉”的皇家守卫其实是亨利·雷蒙假扮的,他用某种蜘蛛毒液让他看起来像死了一样,这样他就可以偷偷观察女王输入的保险柜的密码,然后轻而易举地将鸽之权杖偷走,并在“炸弹”的掩护下撤离。不过他的计谋最终被识破,他于是挟持阿蒂作人质与弗莱姐弟对峙,但弗莱姐弟最终还是设法刺杀了他,救下了阿蒂,挫败了他的阴谋。[17]

At some point, a royal guard turned up murdered in Victoria's study, in which the Frye twins were called in. Victoria personally inspected her safe, which contained the Scepter of the Dove, which she planned on using to knight several industrialists opposing child labor later in the day. One of the Fryes then left the palace to chase down another lead and later returned to warn the Queen that a bomb was in the palace. However, the bomb turned out to be a hoax and the dead guard was in fact an impostor named Henry Raymond, who merely used spider venom to put himself in a death-like state so he could observe the Queen's combination to the safe so he could steal the Scepter. Though Raymond held young Artie hostage, the Frye twins were able to kill him, saving Artie and thwarting the caper.[19]

Operation Westminster

Queen Victoria expresses her gratitude for the Frye twins' service

之后维多利亚又传唤弗莱姐弟来帮助她应付由圣殿骑士发起的一系列恐怖袭击,圣殿骑士试图用这种方式夺回伦敦的控制权。在弗莱姐弟阻止了包括炸毁国会大厦的多起袭击后,维多利亚女王向他们表示了感激,并希望他们能继续帮助她巩固大英帝国的统治。然而这对双胞胎刺客委婉地声明他们的信条不允许他们支持帝国的扩张。伊薇还建议女王放弃他的帝国主义信仰,维多利亚则表示尊重并理解他们的立场。女王按他们所立下的功劳奖赏了他们,随后向他们告别,从此分道扬镳。[17]

Victoria later summoned the Frye twins to request their aid in thwarting a faction of Templars attempting to regain their power in London through acts of terrorism. Once the plot was thwarted, including an attempt to bomb Parliament, Victoria offered the Fryes her gratitude and expressed her hope that they will continue to assist her in strengthening the British Empire. However, the twin Assassins politely state that their Creed forbids them from assisting in the expansion of the Empire. Evie suggested that the Queen put an end to her imperialist beliefs. Victoria understood and respected their position. She provides them with rewards for their deeds before bidding them farewell.[20][21][22][23]

Later life and death编辑

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Queen Victoria with Abdul Karim, c. 1893

In the last fourteen years of her life, Queen Victoria befriended her Indian servant Abdul Karim.[24] She eventually died on 22 January 1901, with Abdul by her side. Upon her death, her eldest son and successor Albert – now Edward VII – ordered Abdul return to India and all correspondence between him and the Queen be burned.[25]

Personality and traits编辑

Queen Victoria was hemophiliac, as were her family; hence, she named the disease the "Royal Malady". She also stood at exactly 5 feet tall.[2] Victoria composed herself in a regal manner. As a wife she was affectionate and loving and was devastated when her husband Albert passed away, so much so that she always wore her mourning clothing from then on.[5] The Queen shut herself away for five years just to mourn.[10]

The Queen was also known to have a high libido, as stated by one of her diary entries: "I will NEVER forget such a night!!! His passion and affection (...) aroused such feelings (...) as I would never before have hoped to know!"[26] She was also headstrong and opinionated, as she protested her strong dislike for both the country of Russia and of a potential name of her unborn grandson.[8][11] She did not think very highly of William Gladstone either.[18]

画廊编辑


Appearances编辑

参考与来源编辑

  1. Wikipedia 维基百科全书上的Queen Victoria
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 XIXth Century Search Engine6 things you were dying to know about Queen Victoria
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Assassin's Creed: SyndicateDatabase: Queen Victoria
  4. XIXth Century Search EngineWho Is the Mysterious John Brown?
  5. 5.0 5.1 Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "April 27, 1865"
  6. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "April 29, 1865"
  7. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "May 21, 1865"
  8. 8.0 8.1 Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "June 13, 1865"
  9. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "January 22, 1866"
  10. 10.0 10.1 Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "February 6, 1866"
  11. 11.0 11.1 Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "October 16, 1866"
  12. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "May 22, 1867"
  13. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "June 26, 1867"
  14. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "October 14, 1867"
  15. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "December 16, 1867"
  16. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateRoyal correspondence: "December 19, 1867"
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 17.3 刺客信条:辛迪加
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 Assassin's Creed: SyndicateA Night to Remember
  19. Assassin's Creed: Syndicate - Murder at the Palace!
  20. Assassin's Creed: Syndicate - Operation: Dynamite Boat
  21. Assassin's Creed: Syndicate - Operation: Locomotive
  22. Assassin's Creed: Syndicate - Operation: Drive for Lives
  23. Assassin's Creed: Syndicate - Operation: Westminster
  24. XIXth Century Search EngineThe End of Human Zoos in Sight?
  25. Wikipedia 维基百科全书上的Abdul Karim (the Munshi)
  26. XIXth Century Search EngineCan A Woman Propose?

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