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热拉尔德: "西班牙人现在……对我们的目标表示赞同。新制定的法律可能……能让你在解救奴隶的时候更轻松一点。"
艾芙琳: "这是不是第一次家里比在外更舒服点?"
―1771年,热拉尔德艾芙琳在新奥尔良对话道。[来源]

新奥尔良(英语:New orleans,法语:La Nouvelle-Orléans),是美国路易斯安那州最大的城市,位于路易斯安那州东南部。城南有密西西比河横穿过市。

新奥尔良因在贸易中扮演了十分重要的角色,很快就成为了经济、政治与文化中心。新奥尔良虽由法国人建立,但在历史上曾多次易手。

历史编辑

法国之根编辑

早在17世纪90年代法国探险家与贸易者到来之前,原住民就已定居在后来新奥尔良建立的地方;1718年5月7日,密西西比公司建立了这座城市。早在新奥尔良建立之初,奴隶就已在城市中比比皆是,成为了新奥尔良复杂而多元社会中十分突出的组成部分。[1]

新奥尔良因属于连接密西西比河与墨西哥湾的这一重要贸易路线,很快就发展为地区的首要经济、政治、文化中心。刺客圣殿骑士双方很快都意识到新奥尔良的重要性,先后在新奥尔良建立了分支组织。圣殿骑士组织参与到贸易当中,争夺地区的控制权,试图与当地政府的官员签订秘密协定。[1]

西班牙之治编辑

易手编辑

“ 我会尽可能促成殖民地顺利转交。你的任务就是为殖民地招募足够多的工人——只要兑现你的承诺就好。现在劳动力正处于短缺状态,而我必须保住自己总督的位置。”
―1765年,阿巴底对德·费勒说道。[来源]

自法国在北美爆发的七年战争中战败之后,新奥尔良连同路易斯安那殖民地于1762年根据《枫丹白露条约》被转让给了西班牙,但当地居民对此并不知情。[1]1763年,路易斯安那新任总督让-雅克·布莱斯·阿巴底下令拆除路易斯安那境内的法军据点,准备将路易斯安那交给西班牙政府中的圣殿骑士成员。[2]

AC3L French soldiers

西班牙治下仍旧驻扎在新奥尔良的法军士兵

Roughly a year later, Spain's acquisition of Louisiana was officially announced. The Templar Order used the colony's transfer to gain access to the highest levels of government and extend their operations. Meanwhile, the transition from French colonial control to Spanish occupation left the residents of New Orleans dissatisfied with Spain's weak political authority, as it tried to distance itself from the previous French administrative structures.[1]

This ambiguous and unstable political environment soon enticed the Templars into attempting to take control of New Orleans.[1] In 1765, governor d'Abbadie made a deal with the Templar Rafael Joaquín de Ferrer; d'Abbadie would remain in power, provided he supervised the colony's transfer and supplied de Ferrer with workers for a secret project. However, this scheme was uncovered by the Assassin Aveline de Grandpré, who assassinated the governor during a party held at his mansion.[2]

In 1766, the nobility of New Orleans was targeted by a dissident Assassin from Saint-Domingue named Baptiste, who intended to poison them to help the Templars tighten their grip on the city. This crisis was averted when Baptiste was assassinated by Aveline, putting an end to his plans for New Orleans.[2]

Louisiana Rebellion编辑

主要词条: Louisiana Rebellion
“How blessed we are with a daughter who uses her talents in peace... not to riot in the streets of New Orleans. There is so much unrest since the arrival of the Spanish...”
Philippe Olivier de Grandpré on the consequences of the Spanish occupation, 1768.[来源]

That same year, Antonio de Ulloa, a Templar adviser, arrived in New Orleans to serve as the first Spanish Governor of Louisiana. However, he allowed the French flag to remain over the city, leaving the administration of the territory to French Creole officials while he and his family lived at La Balize, away from New Orleans.[1] In secret, de Ulloa had citizens of low standing kidnapped, sending them to a work camp run by de Ferrer in Chichen Itza, Mexico.[2]

AC3L Barricade

市民反抗德·乌略亚的士兵

In 1768, de Ulloa implemented rigid trade restrictions within the colony, which benefited the Templars and allowed their shipment of workers to continue. This caused French Creoles' opinion of him to drop even lower and led them to rebel against the governor's regime. Riots soon grew commonplace, with citizens setting up barricades and openly challenging Spanish soldiers.[2]

The widespread chaos in the city eventually forced de Ulloa to leave his hiding place, so that he could attempt to negotiate for peace. While en route, his envoy was ambushed by Aveline, who had orders to assassinate the governor; however, she ultimately chose to spare him, and forced Ulloa to go into exile. Following his departure, New Orleans was briefly governed by the French Creoles.[2]

Under the approval of the French King, the Spanish commissioned de Ulloa's replacement, General Alejandro O'Reilly to suppress the rebellion and punish those responsible. To prevent any further violence, French Creole leaders urged citizens to avoid military confrontation and accept Spanish authority. In the summer of 1769, O'Reilly arrived in New Orleans without any major interference and executed those that had been at the forefront of the rebellion. He introduced "O'Reilly's Code", which embodied the laws of Castile and of the Indies, thus aligning Louisiana's legal system with that of Spain.[1] In the following years, Spain secured a tighter grip on the colony, but also encouraged free trade and eased the restrictions on the emancipation of slaves.[2]

Elimination of the Templars编辑

“The Templars will never allow slaves to be free! They keep even the rich in bondage - though most people would never suspect...”
―Aveline on the Templars' control over New Orleans, 1768.[来源]
The Prodigal Daughter 5

巴斯克斯麾下的一名征兵人员贿赂西班牙士兵

For a while, the city remained free of Templar machinations, but by 1771, a Templar by the name of Diego Vázquez became active in the region, recruiting Spanish soldiers to his cause through bribery. He intended to seize control of the Louisiana Bayou, which was economically important to New Orleans due to its popularity as a smuggling route. Vázquez's progress was temporarily set back by Aveline that same year, but her absence allowed his troops to recover.[2]

Preferring the British be kept away from Spanish territory, the Governor of Louisiana decided to support the American Patriots in 1776 by having the smugglers send them supplies, an arrangement that the Templars opposed. Vázquez subsequently ordered his men to steal the wares from the smugglers at the nearest opportunity, but in this too he failed, as Aveline would once more obstruct his schemes.[2]

Following the assassination of Vázquez that same year, the Templars' power in New Orleans dwindled, though the "Company Man" remained at large. In 1777, Louisiana's head Templar was revealed to be Madeleine de L'Isle, Aveline's stepmother. After being led to believe that Aveline would join the Templars, Madeleine was killed by her stepdaughter in the Saint Louis Cathedral, temporarily removing Templar influence in New Orleans.[2]

Louisiana Purchase编辑

In the decades that followed, several devastating fires ravaged New Orleans, destroying much of the French colonial architecture. In 1801, Spanish rule ended and the city was handed back to the French, though Spain had made a considerable contribution to its expansion. However, French rule ended two years later when Napoleon Bonaparte sold the colony to the United States, a transaction directed by the United States President, Thomas Jefferson.[1]

城市布局编辑

AC3L New Orleans port

码头

Enclosed by a palisade wall, the city of New Orleans could be roughly divided into three regions. In the southernmost region lay the docks, populated by rough sailors and tense smugglers. One of New Orleans' most important sources of income, the docks housed numerous warehouses and storage facilities, as well the slave trader's holding area, located in the southwest corner of the city.[2]

The central region was the largest, being home to New Orleans' wealthy and powerful. With the Saint Louis Cathedral as its dominating landmark, the district was a testament to the city's prominent position in trade, being dotted with opulent mansions, trees and lush gardens. Decorative features such as gazebos and balconies, as well as courtyards and markets - the French Market near the docks being the most prominent example - were commonplace. During Mardi Gras, masks, lanterns and colorful fabrics were strung up to give the region a festive air.[2]

AC3L poor streets

新奥尔良的贫民区

The northernmost region, largely inhabited by farmers and workers, did not share in the city's wealth, as evidenced by most residences being in a dilapidated state. Animals could sometimes be seen walking around in the streets, which were unpaved and tended to be narrower than those of New Orleans' wealthier neighborhoods. The poor district housed the city graveyard, as well as the military barracks located in the northeast.[2]

A multifarious society, the general populace of New Orleans was varied, with a range of different people inhabiting it. The city's residents were usually, though not exclusively, of French origin, leading them to wear similar styles of clothing; even the servants were often dressed in civilized attire akin to that of their masters, albeit with less vibrant colors.[2]

Notable landmarks in New Orleans included Saint Louis Cathedral, the Place d'Armes, Saint Peter's Cemetery, Congo Square, Madame John's Legacy, the Governor's mansion, the de Grandpré mansion and the de Grandpré warehouse.[2]

琐闻趣事编辑

  • Historically, New Orleans' layout during the 18th century would have followed a grid plan, a type of city plan in which streets run at right angles to each other. However, the level designers did not adhere to this structure too strongly as they found it did not accommodate interesting gameplay.[3]
  • French soldiers were only found in New Orleans, and the Louisiana Bayou, during Sequences 1 and 2. In later sequences, they were replaced by Spanish guards, as Spain had, by then, started to assert its control over the colony.
  • During the short sequence in which Aveline and Gérald escape in a gunpowder carriage, the streets of New Orleans were altered slightly to give the rig more room to move.

画廊编辑

登场作品编辑

参考与来源编辑

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