FANDOM


(参考与注释: 本次编辑通过AWB自动完成)
(补充信息,未翻译)
第1行: 第1行:
{{UC}}{{WP-REAL|zh:东罗马帝国}}{{Era|Revelations|Rbook}}
+
{{Era|Organizations}}
拜占庭帝国,或东罗马帝国(希腊语:Βυζαντινή αυτοκρατορία;拉丁语:Imperium Romanum Orientale。以东罗马帝国为正式国号。)位于欧洲东部,领土曾包括亚洲西部和非洲北部,是古代和中世纪欧洲历史最悠久的君主制国家。
+
{{WP-REAL}}
  +
{{翻译请求}}
  +
{{Faction infobox
  +
|name = Byzantine Empire
  +
|image = 500px-Palaiologos_Dynasty_emblem.svg.png
  +
|founder = [[Constantine I]]
  +
|leader = Emperor
  +
|headquarters = [[Constantinople]]
  +
|related = [[Roman Empire]]<br>[[Templars]]
  +
|religion = {{Wiki|Religion in ancient Rome|Roman Paganism}} (until 391)<br>{{Wiki|Chalcedonian Christianity}} (330 - 1054)<br>{{Wiki|Eastern Orthodox Church|Eastern Orthodox Christianity}} (1054 onward)
  +
|formed = 330
  +
|collapsed = 1453
  +
|notable = [[Constantine XI Palaiologos]]<br>[[Manuel Palaiologos]]}}
  +
The '''Roman Empire''', known historiographically as the '''Byzantine Empire''' or the '''Eastern Roman Empire''' and contemporarily by the common name '''Romania''', was the predominantly [[Greece|Greek]] and Hellenized continuation of the [[Roman Empire]] during {{Wiki|Late Antiquity}} and the {{Wiki|Middle Ages}}.
   
东罗马帝国共历经12个朝代及93位皇帝,首都为新罗马(拉丁语:Nova Roma;希腊语:Νέα Ρώμη,即[[君士坦丁堡]] )。拜占庭帝国的疆域在11个世纪中不断变动。色雷斯、[[希腊]] 和小亚细亚西部是帝国的核心地区;今日的土耳其、希腊、保加利亚、马其顿、阿尔巴尼亚从4世纪至13世纪是帝国领土的主要组成部分;[[意大利]] 和原南斯拉夫的大部、伊比利亚半岛南部、[[叙利亚]] 、巴勒斯坦、[[埃及]] 、利比亚、突尼斯、今阿特拉斯山脉以北的阿尔及利亚和今天摩洛哥的丹吉尔也曾经是帝国的国土。
+
The Byzantine capital, [[Constantinople]], was eventually conquered by the [[Ottoman Empire]] and fell into Ottoman control; until its collapse, the Byzantine Empire had been established for 1123 years.
   
关于东罗马帝国的起始纪年,历史学界仍存有争议。主流观点认为,330年君士坦丁大帝建立新罗马、罗马帝国政治中心东移,是东罗马帝国成立的标志。德国东罗马学者斯坦因以戴克里先皇帝即位(284年;这位皇帝首次将罗马帝国分为东西两半)为东罗马帝国的起始纪年。其他观点分别以476年(西罗马帝国灭亡、罗马帝国皇权统一归于东罗马皇帝)、527年(查士丁尼一世登基)、7世纪(希腊化开始)和8世纪(希腊化完成)为东罗马帝国起始的标志。
+
==History==
  +
===Templar resurrection===
  +
During the early 16th century, as the [[Templars]] were being driven from [[Italy]] by the [[Assassins]], the Byzantine Templars arose in the Ottoman Empire, appealing to members of the Greek population and other Christians who longed to see the Byzantine Empire restored and the Ottoman Empire destroyed. Led by the de jure Byzantine Emperor, [[Manuel Palaiologos]], the Byzantine Templars set up their primary headquarters at [[Derinkuyu]] in Cappadocia, which had for centuries served as a haven for Greeks against Turkish encroachment. The Byzantine Templars' ultimate aim was to uproot the Ottoman Empire, retake control of Constantinople in particular, and ultimately bring the East and West back under a single rule. For a time, however, they remained relatively quiet.
   
东罗马帝国本为罗马帝国的东半部,以拉丁语和拉丁文化为基础,但与西罗马帝国分裂后,逐渐发展为以希腊文化、希腊语和东正教为立国基础,不同于古罗马帝国和西罗马帝国的新国家。在476年西罗马帝国灭亡前,这个帝国被外人称为“东罗马帝国”。但是,在其上千年的存在期内,它一般被其本国民简单地称为“罗马帝国”(希腊语:Βασιλεία Ρωμαίων),直到1557年德意志历史学家赫罗尼姆斯·沃尔夫为了区分而引入了“拜占廷帝国”作为称呼,并被现代史学上所使用。
+
===Masyaf===
  +
By 1509, the Templars were aware of the five [[Memory Seals|seals]] of [[Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad]]. In this year, after an earthquake shook Constantinople, the Templars discovered one of the seals under [[Topkapı Palace]], as the entrance to the seal's chamber had been opened by the seismic activity.
   
东罗马帝国的文化和宗教对于今日的东欧国家有很大的影响。此外,东罗马帝国在其十一个世纪的悠久历史中所保存下来的古典希腊和罗马史料、著作,以及理性的哲学思想,也为中世纪欧洲突破天主教神权束缚提供了最直接的动力,引发了文艺复兴运动,并深远地影响了人类历史。
+
Following this discovery, the Byzantine Templars became more active and militant in their desire to retake Constantinople and find the remaining four seals. The Masyaf expedition and Topkapı seal were entrusted to Manuel Palaiologos, who by then had been supplanted as Templar leader by the younger and more charismatic Ottoman prince [[Ahmet]].
   
1204年,东罗马帝国首都君士坦丁堡曾被第四次十字军东征攻克,直到1261年收复。1453年,[[奥斯曼帝国]] 攻陷了首都君士坦丁堡,皇帝君士坦丁十一世战死,历时一千余年的东罗马帝国就此灭亡。<ref name = "wiki">[http://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E6%8B%9C%E5%8D%A0%E5%BA%AD%E5%B8%9D%E5%9B%BD 维基百科:东罗马帝国]</ref>
+
[[File:The Wounded Eagle 3.png|250px|left|thumb|Leandros instructing Byzantine soldiers]]
  +
By the beginning of 1511, a Byzantine Templar captain named [[Leandros]] had occupied the region surrounding Masyaf, where the [[library of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad]] was located, though by May 1511, the region had been cleansed of Templars by the [[Mentor]] of the [[Italian Brotherhood of Assassins|Italian Assassins]], [[Ezio Auditore da Firenze]], who was visiting Masyaf to learn more of the Assassin Order.
   
==参考与注释==
+
By this time, the Templars were searching the [[Forum of the Ox]] and the [[Yerebatan Cistern]] in Constantinople for seals, though they were beaten to both of these seals by Ezio.
{{参考列表}}
 
   
  +
===Constantinople===
  +
[[File:Cistern_2.png|thumb|250px|Two Byzantines in the Yerebatan Cistern]]
  +
As the Templars plotted to overthrow the Ottomans, many Byzantine soldiers were present in Constantinople by mid-1511. These soldiers rivaled the [[Ottoman Brotherhood of Assassins|Ottoman Assassins]], and by the month of May, they had seized all of the [[Assassin Dens]] for themselves aside from two, with them being one in [[Galata District|Galata]], and one in the [[Imperial District]], near the [[Grand Bazaar]].
  +
  +
Shortly after Ezio's arrival in the city, the Templars launched an attack on both of the remaining dens, and though they were routed at Galata, they managed to take the den at the Grand Bazaar. However, this would prove to be a temporary victory, as the Assassins retook the den shortly after. Over the 11 months that Ezio spent in the city, he managed to retake the dens one by one and severely weaken the Templars, until March 1512.
  +
  +
Following this, Ezio left for Cappadocia in search of Palaiologos, who possessed the last seal. Ultimately, Ezio killed Manuel and claimed the seal for himself, though, as he was about to leave, Ahmet arrived on a ship with Byzantines, revealing that he was the true mastermind behind the Masyaf expedition, and that he would take Ezio's friend, [[Sofia Sartor]], hostage.
  +
  +
Unable to reach him, Ezio was forced to pursue Ahmet back to Constantinople, where he discovered Ahmet had indeed taken Sofia hostage in her bookstore, in the process killing the leader of the Assassins Guild, [[Yusuf Tazim]], to whose back he pinned a taunting note addressed to Ezio, with a dagger. Ezio rallied the Assassins Guild for a retaliatory attack on the [[Harbor of Theodosius]], where Ezio once again confronted Ahmet, who threatened to kill Sofia unless the seals were all handed over at the [[Galata Tower]].
  +
  +
After a tense handover on the battlements of the old [[Genoa|Genovese]] walls adjoining the Tower, Ahmet pointed out what appeared to be Sofia with a burlap sack over her head being held by a Byzantine soldier at the top of the Tower. Upon rescuing her, Ezio realised she was a [[Azize|decoy]] and Sofia was actually being hanged in a remote square, seemingly too far to reach, but using a parachute, Ezio was able to glide over and save Sofia from suffocating. Promising her answers later, they both hijacked a nearby carriage and took off into the countryside after Ahmet, who was on his way to Masyaf to open the vault. After a prolonged chase through the countryside, Ezio and Ahmet were discovered by Ahmet's brother [[Selim I|Selim]] and his Janissaries. After informing Ahmet of their father, [[Bayezid II]]'s decision to abdicate to him, Selim threw Ahmet to his death over a cliff edge, thus destroying the Byzantine Templar Order.
  +
  +
===Cappadocia===
  +
[[File:The_Spy_3.png|thumb|left|250px|Ezio eavesdropping on Manuel and Shahkulu]]
  +
During the early 16th century, the Templars set up their headquarters in Cappadocia, after being driven from their previous base in [[Rome]] by the Assassins. There, the Templars set up prisons and instated themselves as the rulers of the city, filling the streets with Byzantine soldiers.
  +
  +
Palaiologos resided in Cappadocia for some time after his family lost their hold on the Byzantine throne. He, along with his bodyguard and fellow Templar, [[Shahkulu]], governed much of the city and held power within its walls until Ezio's arrival.
  +
  +
==Trivia==
  +
*The frequently spoken name "Byzantine" is an anachronism, as this name was given to the Eastern Roman Empire by later historians, in order to distinguish between it and ancient Rome. As such, the Byzantines would have referred to themselves as "Romans", "Greeks" and/or "Hellenes" (''Romaioi'', ''Graikoi'' and ''Ellines'' in Greek respectively) since they were the political continuation of the Roman Empire in the east, as well as the direct heirs and guardians of Hellenic civilization. Despite the word Byzantine first being used roughly thirty years after the events of ''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]]'', and widespread use of the word not occurring until the 19th century, Manuel Palaiologos and many other characters still use the term, likely for the sake of audience recognition.
  +
*Once Ezio had liberated all of the [[Assassin Dens|Templar Dens]] and completed the [[Master Assassin]] memories, Byzantine soldiers would rarely be encountered in Constantinople, aside from a few lingering patrols in the [[Constantine District]], the bodyguards of Templar officials once [[Social Stealth#Notoriety|notoriety]] was high enough, and patrols of Byzantines that would occasionally appear and ambush him (usually consisting of two or three militia and a [[Varangians|Varangian]]).
  +
  +
==Gallery==
  +
<gallery captionalign="center" position="center" spacing="small" widths="180">
  +
ACR Soldier Art HD.png|Concept art of a Byzantine soldier
  +
Byzantine Gunman Artwork.jpg|Concept art of a Byzantine Gunman
  +
Byzantine Leader Artwork.jpg|Concept art of a Varangian
  +
Manuel Palaiologos.png|Manuel Palaiologos, heir to the Byzantine throne
  +
Leandrosrenderhd.png|Leandros
  +
Guard-byzantine-ACR.png|Byzantine Militia
  +
Guard-varangian-ACR.png|Byzantine Varangian
  +
Guard-almogavar-ACR.png|Byzantine Almogavar
  +
ACR Byzantine Bombman render.png|Byzantine Bombman
  +
ACR Byzantine Gunman render.png|Byzantine Gunman
  +
</gallery>
  +
  +
==Appearances==
  +
*''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]]''
  +
  +
==参考与注释==
  +
*''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]]''
  +
{{ACR}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:BaiZhanTingDiGuo}}
 
{{DEFAULTSORT:BaiZhanTingDiGuo}}
  +
[[en:Byzantine Empire]]
 
[[Category:所有页面]]
 
[[Category:所有页面]]
 
[[Category:派系]]
 
[[Category:派系]]
第20行: 第63行:
 
[[Category:欧洲国家]]
 
[[Category:欧洲国家]]
 
[[Category:国家]]
 
[[Category:国家]]
+
[[Category:昔日帝国]]
[[en:Byzantines]]
 
{{References}}
 

2019年2月14日 (四) 10:40的版本

Eraicon-Organizations

Smallwikipedialogo

刺客徽章 兄弟会需要你的帮助!

本条目包含未翻译内容。您可以帮助刺客信条 维基来 翻译这个条目

The Roman Empire, known historiographically as the Byzantine Empire or the Eastern Roman Empire and contemporarily by the common name Romania, was the predominantly Greek and Hellenized continuation of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages.

The Byzantine capital, Constantinople, was eventually conquered by the Ottoman Empire and fell into Ottoman control; until its collapse, the Byzantine Empire had been established for 1123 years.

History

Templar resurrection

During the early 16th century, as the Templars were being driven from Italy by the Assassins, the Byzantine Templars arose in the Ottoman Empire, appealing to members of the Greek population and other Christians who longed to see the Byzantine Empire restored and the Ottoman Empire destroyed. Led by the de jure Byzantine Emperor, Manuel Palaiologos, the Byzantine Templars set up their primary headquarters at Derinkuyu in Cappadocia, which had for centuries served as a haven for Greeks against Turkish encroachment. The Byzantine Templars' ultimate aim was to uproot the Ottoman Empire, retake control of Constantinople in particular, and ultimately bring the East and West back under a single rule. For a time, however, they remained relatively quiet.

Masyaf

By 1509, the Templars were aware of the five seals of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad. In this year, after an earthquake shook Constantinople, the Templars discovered one of the seals under Topkapı Palace, as the entrance to the seal's chamber had been opened by the seismic activity.

Following this discovery, the Byzantine Templars became more active and militant in their desire to retake Constantinople and find the remaining four seals. The Masyaf expedition and Topkapı seal were entrusted to Manuel Palaiologos, who by then had been supplanted as Templar leader by the younger and more charismatic Ottoman prince Ahmet.

The Wounded Eagle 3

Leandros instructing Byzantine soldiers

By the beginning of 1511, a Byzantine Templar captain named Leandros had occupied the region surrounding Masyaf, where the library of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad was located, though by May 1511, the region had been cleansed of Templars by the Mentor of the Italian Assassins, Ezio Auditore da Firenze, who was visiting Masyaf to learn more of the Assassin Order.

By this time, the Templars were searching the Forum of the Ox and the Yerebatan Cistern in Constantinople for seals, though they were beaten to both of these seals by Ezio.

Constantinople

Cistern 2

Two Byzantines in the Yerebatan Cistern

As the Templars plotted to overthrow the Ottomans, many Byzantine soldiers were present in Constantinople by mid-1511. These soldiers rivaled the Ottoman Assassins, and by the month of May, they had seized all of the Assassin Dens for themselves aside from two, with them being one in Galata, and one in the Imperial District, near the Grand Bazaar.

Shortly after Ezio's arrival in the city, the Templars launched an attack on both of the remaining dens, and though they were routed at Galata, they managed to take the den at the Grand Bazaar. However, this would prove to be a temporary victory, as the Assassins retook the den shortly after. Over the 11 months that Ezio spent in the city, he managed to retake the dens one by one and severely weaken the Templars, until March 1512.

Following this, Ezio left for Cappadocia in search of Palaiologos, who possessed the last seal. Ultimately, Ezio killed Manuel and claimed the seal for himself, though, as he was about to leave, Ahmet arrived on a ship with Byzantines, revealing that he was the true mastermind behind the Masyaf expedition, and that he would take Ezio's friend, Sofia Sartor, hostage.

Unable to reach him, Ezio was forced to pursue Ahmet back to Constantinople, where he discovered Ahmet had indeed taken Sofia hostage in her bookstore, in the process killing the leader of the Assassins Guild, Yusuf Tazim, to whose back he pinned a taunting note addressed to Ezio, with a dagger. Ezio rallied the Assassins Guild for a retaliatory attack on the Harbor of Theodosius, where Ezio once again confronted Ahmet, who threatened to kill Sofia unless the seals were all handed over at the Galata Tower.

After a tense handover on the battlements of the old Genovese walls adjoining the Tower, Ahmet pointed out what appeared to be Sofia with a burlap sack over her head being held by a Byzantine soldier at the top of the Tower. Upon rescuing her, Ezio realised she was a decoy and Sofia was actually being hanged in a remote square, seemingly too far to reach, but using a parachute, Ezio was able to glide over and save Sofia from suffocating. Promising her answers later, they both hijacked a nearby carriage and took off into the countryside after Ahmet, who was on his way to Masyaf to open the vault. After a prolonged chase through the countryside, Ezio and Ahmet were discovered by Ahmet's brother Selim and his Janissaries. After informing Ahmet of their father, Bayezid II's decision to abdicate to him, Selim threw Ahmet to his death over a cliff edge, thus destroying the Byzantine Templar Order.

Cappadocia

The Spy 3

Ezio eavesdropping on Manuel and Shahkulu

During the early 16th century, the Templars set up their headquarters in Cappadocia, after being driven from their previous base in Rome by the Assassins. There, the Templars set up prisons and instated themselves as the rulers of the city, filling the streets with Byzantine soldiers.

Palaiologos resided in Cappadocia for some time after his family lost their hold on the Byzantine throne. He, along with his bodyguard and fellow Templar, Shahkulu, governed much of the city and held power within its walls until Ezio's arrival.

Trivia

  • The frequently spoken name "Byzantine" is an anachronism, as this name was given to the Eastern Roman Empire by later historians, in order to distinguish between it and ancient Rome. As such, the Byzantines would have referred to themselves as "Romans", "Greeks" and/or "Hellenes" (Romaioi, Graikoi and Ellines in Greek respectively) since they were the political continuation of the Roman Empire in the east, as well as the direct heirs and guardians of Hellenic civilization. Despite the word Byzantine first being used roughly thirty years after the events of Assassin's Creed: Revelations, and widespread use of the word not occurring until the 19th century, Manuel Palaiologos and many other characters still use the term, likely for the sake of audience recognition.
  • Once Ezio had liberated all of the Templar Dens and completed the Master Assassin memories, Byzantine soldiers would rarely be encountered in Constantinople, aside from a few lingering patrols in the Constantine District, the bodyguards of Templar officials once notoriety was high enough, and patrols of Byzantines that would occasionally appear and ambush him (usually consisting of two or three militia and a Varangian).

Gallery

Appearances

参考与注释

除了特别提示,社区内容遵循CC-BY-SA 授权许可。