Historical Locations is a map overlay feature of Layla Hassan's Animus HR 8.5. It provided extra context to some of the landmarks visited by the Spartan misthios Kassandra in Greece during the Peloponnesian War while Layla was reliving Kassandra's memories.
- 1 Locations
- 1.1 Achaia
- 1.2 Argolis
- 1.3 Arkadia
- 1.4 Attika
- 1.5 Boeotia
- 1.6 Chios
- 1.7 Delos
- 1.8 Elis
- 1.9 Euboea
- 1.10 Ithaka
- 1.11 Keos
- 1.12 Kephallonia
- 1.13 Korinthia
- 1.14 Kos
- 1.15 Kythera
- 1.16 Lakonia
- 1.17 Lemnos
- 1.18 Lesbos
- 1.19 Lokris
- 1.20 Makedonia
- 1.21 Malis
- 1.22 Megaris
- 1.23 Melos
- 1.24 Messara
- 1.25 Messenia
- 1.26 Mykonos
- 1.27 Naxos
- 1.28 Paros
- 1.29 Phokis
- 1.30 Samos
- 1.31 Skyros
- 1.32 Thasos
- 2 Trivia
- 3 Appearances
- 4 References
The abaton was the dormitory where, after a series of rites, the sick would receive visions from Asklepios in a dream. The visions were then interpreted by the sanctuary’s priest-physicians.
The oldest sanctuaries in the city were built on two akropolises (sic) and housed the temples of Athena Polias, Zeus Larisaios, Hera Akraia, and Apollo Pythaios, which was connected to the Bloody Oracle.
Apollo Maleatas and Asklepios shared this sacred place on Mount Kynortion. Starting in the eighth century BCE, people worshipped Apollo as both a physician and as Asklepios's father.
Founded at the foot of two akropolises (sic), Argos has been occupied since prehistoric times. Praised for its heroes, it gained great fame in the fifth century BCE for its talented sculptors.
Asine was destroyed in the seventh century BCE by the Argives for helping Sparta in their war against Argos. After its demise, the Spartans gave Asine citizens compensatory land in Messenia.
Danaos' fifty daughters each received a dagger for their marriages to his brother Aigyptos' fifty sons. Though Danaos commanded his daughters kill their husbands, one chose to save her spouse.
Founded in the ninth century BCE on a hillside, the sanctuary of Hera houses many buildings. The oldest temple dedicated to this goddess, protector of the city, was burned in 423 BCE by Chrysis.
The tomb of the Korinthian tyrant Periander's wife was located near Epidauros. Her husband killed her after a fit of jealousy.
Home of King Agamemnon, Mycenae was one of the oldest cities in Greece. Dating from the third millennium BCE, it's said its walls were the work of Cyclopes. It was abandoned in the fifth century BCE.
Nauplia, meaning "naval station," is the port of Argolis. The Spartans arrived by boat for the Battle of Sepeia after sacrifices yielded unfavorable omens advising them not to cross the Erasinos River.
The hide of this invincible creature could not be burned or pierced by any weapon. Herakles used his cunning to trap it in its den, then strangled it with his own hands. He wore the hide himself.
Herakles's club was made of wood from a wild olive tree near the Saronida sea.
Known for his gigantic size, Hippomedon's claim to fame was participating in the expedition of the seven against Thebes. The ruins of the palace he lived in are still visible.
Argos' King Pheidon was known for his arrogance. He allegedly took the organization of the Olympic Games from Elis, and he was wrongfully credited in helping invent weights and measures.
Polykleitos preferred to work with bronze and the lost-wax casting technique as a sculptor. His known work, titled Kanon, described the perfect system of proportions for each part of the body.
This place was famous in Greece for attracting sick pilgrims. After the sick performed various rituals - fast, bath, and sacrifice - Asklepios would come to them in a dream and bring healing.
In the face of the invading Persians, this Athenian decree saw the evacuation of old men, furniture, goods, women, and children. Then, they boarded two hundred triremes with all able Athenians to fight.
Located southwest of the city on one of the akropolises, this oracle site was dedicated to Apollo. Once a month, a prophetess would convey oracles in the dead of night, after drinking the blood of a lamb.
Tydeus was one of the seven leaders who organized an expedition against Thebes, helping Polynikes regain his city. In the heat of battle, Tydeus ate the brain of one of his enemies, Melanippos.
This Arkadian native was half man, half goat, and protected shepherds and flocks. Since this god was associated with the wild countryside and mountainous settings, several caves were dedicated to him.
Tegea was one of the oldest and most powerful cities in Arkadia. Its first king was famous for killing one of Herakles' sons.
The Agora was the civic heart of Athens. It served as the center of all political, commercial, administrative, social, and legal activity.
Athens achieved glory in the fifth century BCE under Perikles, who made it a great military power at the head of an alliance of cities. It was the birthplace of democracy.
The mint is the place where coins are struck into creation. Round metal disks were prepared and then struck between two matrices to make a coin. Athens' coinage was the most plentiful in Greece.
The state erected a burial mound at the heart of the plain for the 192 Athenians who fell during the Battle of Marathon. The tumulus of the Plataians was located three km north.
It was here that Demeter, disguised as an old woman, is said to have met the daughters of Eleusis' first king, Keleos. She took refuge in his home, teaching rituals of her famed cult in Eleusis.
This building housed a council of 500 members, who were in charge of the city laws.
In the early years of the war, the Spartans invaded Attika's countryside, destroying crops, and burning farms to starve the Athenians and force them to fight on land.
Known for its boulders and stalagmites resembling a herd of goats, this grotto dedicated to Pan is located near Marathon, on the south coast.
Along the road leaving the city were state-funded collective burial mounds for soldiers who died in combat, as well as a number of noteworthy private tombs. Perikles was buried here in 429 BCE.
Also known as Poulytion's home, this was one of the most beautiful in Athens. It was dedicated to Dionysos after the host was sentenced for performing a parody of the Eleusinian Mysteries.
Brothels were located near the Kerameikos quarter, which was named for its numerous pottery workshops.
It was on the road from Eleusis to Megara that Kerkyon forced travelers to wrestle, killing those he defeated. In consequence, he was violently put to death by Theseus.
This hill was home to an altar shared by Poseidon and Athena, honored as protectors of horses, which were used for transport, war, racing, and hunting.
This place tells the story of Lykos, a priest and mythical seer who instituted the cult of Apollo Lykeios. The priest of this cult had a reserved place at the theater of Dionysos.
Marathon owes its name to the fennel thriving in its swamps. It was known for the great battle between 10,000 Greeks and 500,000 Persians in 490 BCE. 6,400 Persians died versus only 192 Athenians.
After the battle of Marathon, the Athenians and their allies erected a marble trophy to mark their victory and the 6,400 Persians killed.
One of the 170 trades in Athens was marble work. Having become a major hub for marble sculpture, Athens attracted artists from across the Greek world. Their protector was Athena Ergane.
The tomb of the Amazon Antiope was located near the temple of Zeus Olympian. Theseus mortally wounded her during the Amazonian invasion of Attika.
Official documents, including the list of military contingents, were posted on this monument dedicated to the eponymous heroes of Athens.
To reduce transport weight, the quarry provided a leveled product that was finished on-site. Blocks were then taken by land and boat for export.
East of Athens, Mt. Pentelikos was the source of the marble used in architectural construction of Perikles' grand project on the Akropolis.
The Odeon showed musical performances and was modeled after the Persian king Xerxes' tent, which was brought back as plunder. It was the largest building in Athens and the first theater to receive a roof.
The boat that was used during the Panathenaic processions was kept near the Areopagus. Equipped with wheels for the occasion, it was pulled like a parade float.
This wooded mountain range seperating Attika and Boeotia was famed for wild boar and bear hunting.
Situated on a hill, this was where Athenians gathered for assemblies. Decrees were ratified budgets voted on, and administration members appointed. It was where citizens could have a voice.
The port was a socially and economically seperate world split into three areas: military ports, commercial ports, and a residential area. It played a critical role in Athens' impact as a naval power.
This gateway marked the entrance of the Akropolis sanctuary. Constructed of Pentellic marble, it had a central building with five gates and was the end of the Sacred Way. Two wings housed paintings.
The goal of this court was to judge objects that had commited murder. The attempt of these legal actions removed the stains of blood spilled in the crime.
The statues of Demeter, goddess of the fruitful earth, and her daughter, Kore, stood near the sacred gate. They kept watch over the road connecting Athens and the Sanctuary of Eleusis.
This statue was carved by Phidias and erected on the Akropolis to commemorate the Battle of Marathon. The tip of Athena's spear and the rest of her helmet were visible from Cape Sounion.
This temple was located on a headland on the island's north side, facing Atika. The shrine hosted a grand feast each year in honor of Athena, the protector of Salamis' farmers and sailors.
The Temple of Zeus at the foot of the Akropolis was a vast temple dedicated to Olympian Zeus. Construction began under the tyrant Peisistratos but was interrupted by the emergence of democracy.
Following Theseus' intervention, King Adrastos of Argos and Sikyon buried the ashes of the seven leaders killed during the expedition against Thebes here.
In the time of Perikles, the misanthrope Timon shut himself away on a farm, in a tower that served as both a refuge and granary.
The Vouliagmeni sinkhole, located near the Attika region, was nicknamed "the Devil's Hole."
It is said that construction of the first bridge between Euboea and the continent began across the Euripos Strait during the Peloponnesian War. Theramenes the Athenian tried to stop its construction.
As leader and seer, Amphiaraos took part in the expedition of the seven against Thebes. According to myth, Zeus threw a thunderbolt, causing the earth to swallow him and his chariot.
The former capital of the legendary Minyan race formed a district of Boeotia. The city's protector, Zeus, and Dionysos were honored there, but it's (sic) most famous sanctuary was to the Charites, also called the Graces.
This was the training ground for athletes, who coated their bodies in olive oil and sprinkled on sand for sun protection and body temperature regulation. After training, it was removed with a strigil.
Established as a hero and seer, Amphiaraos had an oracular sanctuary near Oropos. Patients were treated through dreams. After healing, a gold or silver coin was tossed into the sanctuary's spring.
Lebadeia was mainly known for the Oracle of Trophonios, which was consulted by people everywhere. Neraby (sic) was also a sanctuary of Zeus Basileos, the city's protective deity.
A flagship product of ancient Greece, oil was used in food, personal care, perfumery, and lighting. Physicians also attributed therapeutic properties to it.
Akteon, who was devoured by his dogs after seeing Artemis bathing naked, haunted this rock. An oracle ordered the hero's remains be buried and a statue be erected where annual sacrifices were made.
The statue personified divine retribution and punished excess. Sculpted by Phidias from the block of marble brought by the Persians, they intended to use it as a trophy pedestal after taking Athens.
Chios was the primary source of mastic, a fragrant resin extracted from the mastic tree and used as a varnish and a flavoring. Some wines were mastic-flavored, too.
The city's protector had a temple on the akropolis. Pactyas, a Persian general who defected to Cyrus the Great, took refuge here. Many Chians would not dare to make sacrifices there after his capture.
Dedicated to the island's mythical founder, the archegetes Anios, this sanctuary was where he was honored as a hero.
Banquets were held inside this building on feast days. They increased the population's feeling of religiosity and strengthened the ties between the public and divine spheres.
This island served as the necropolis for Delos because, in 426 BCE, births and deaths were forbidden on the island of Apollo.
This round body of water is one of the main features of Delos' landscape. In antiquity, those who fished in it risked punishment.
Headquarters to the Delian League, the sanctuary held the League's treasury in the Temple of Apollo until its transfer to Athens. It was a prestigious site for pilgrimages, festivals, and games.
Named the Colossus of the Naxians, this statue representing Apollo was erected in front of the largest temple dedicated to him.
This temple was dedicated to Hera, who forbade the world from receiving the pregnant goddess, Leto. Only Delos welcomed her, where she gave birth to Artemis and Apollo.
Brizo, whose name means "to slumber," was a goddess who spoke to men though (sic) prophetic dreams. People in Delos prayed particularly to her to protect boats.
Arranged in a semicircle, these five sacred buildings were mainly used to store offerings and holy materials.
This altar was made of sacrificed ashes mixed with Alpheios River water. On the third day of the Games, 100 oxen offered by the Eleians were killed, giving them sovereignty over the shrine.
This King of Pisa refused to let his daughter marry, as an oracle predicted his son-in-law would kill him. He had suitors go against him in a chariot race, where Pelops beat him with Poseidon's horses.
Elis was created by the merging of villages, forming one of the biggest cities in the Peloponnese. It was especially well known for its sanctuary of Olympia, which gave it prestige and wealth.
Herakles met the centaur Pholos here while hunting the Erymanthian boar. When Pholos opened a jar of wine, other armed centaurs arrived, and Herakles fought them, killing all - including Pholos.
Horse races were some of the most popular and spectacular event of the Olympic Games, featuring races of chariots pulled by two horses (biga) and four horses (quadriga), as well as mounted races.
Located on the coast, Kyllene was a base for the Eleian fleet. Aphrodite and Asklepios were worshipped there with statues made of ivory. The cult of Hermes was particularly popular.
The Leonidaion was a guesthouse with a number of rooms on all sides for important visitors to the sanctuary. Its name is derived from the name of its architect, Leonidas of Naxos.
This complex was made up of a central courtyard surrounded by rooms for changing, washing, and exercising. It had punching balls for boxers, and wrestling and pankration were practiced there.
This rectangular pool was equipped with a water supply and drainage system. The Greek baths were adjacent.
The Olympic Games drew many travelers, many of whom came by sea. Shipwrecks were frequent and a valid excuse for athletes' late arrivals.
The wild olive tree from which Olympic winners' crowns were made was called the olive tree of the "beautiful crown." Branches were cut with a golden sickle.
It was dedicated to Pelops, which inspired the name "Peloponnese." His cult developed into the founding myth of the Olympic Games, and a black ram was sacrificed in his honor every year.
Phidias was the greatest Greek sculptor. He created many masterpieces, including the Olympic sanctuary's gold and ivory statue of Zeus, which was considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
Constructed in the heart of Elis was this important sanctuary. Olympic games were celebrated every four years to honor Zeus and Hera, and brought eternal glory to the winners.
The sixteen women tasked with organizing the Heraia - games for women - each came from an Eleian city. They sacrificed a pig and purified themselves in the spring of Piera before the ceremonies.
Various types of races and contests took place in the stadium. Embankments contained spectators on the 192 m track. This length became a unit of measure the Greeks called the "stadion."
There was a statue of Herakles at the edge of the road from Elis to Olympia, called the Sacred Way. The statue was dedicated by a citizen of Taranto, a Spartan colony in southern Italy.
Kronos, king of the Titans and Zeus's father, was honored in Elis. On the summit of the hill called the Kronion, priests called Basilai offered sacrifices to Kronos at the spring equinox.
Perched on a cliff, the temple was built by Iktinos, the Parthenon’s architect. The offerings of weapons suggest that the god played a role in the clashes between the Arkadians and the Spartans.
Hades, god of the underworld, was rarely honored. His temple in Elis opened just once a year, and only the priest could enter. It is said that this was because people could only go to Hades once.
The temple housed one of the seven wonders of the ancient world: Phidias' statue of Zeus. To close the Olympic games, a procession led to the temple where victorious athletes were crowned.
Cities erected small buildings shaped like temples at the foot of the hill of Kronos. They held valuable offerings that were placed under Zeus' protection, such as weapons, statues, and vases.
Dyspontion was on the mountainous route between Olympia and Elis. It was a community of perioikoi destroyed in 570 BCE by the Eleians due to inhabitants joining Pisa in a revolt against Elis.
Zanes were bronze statues of Zeus that were paid for with the fines of silver imposed on athletes who were found to have cheated. Their names were etched on the pedestals, which was a source of shame.
The island was famous for its copper mines. The ore is one the ingredients in the alloy bronze, which was used to make sculptures, domestic items, small coins, and weapons.
This city on the island's west coast was known as the first target during the Persians' raid against Greece. Eretria was violently attacked or six days, with many residents taken to Persia.
Karystos was located at an important meeting point of shipping routes linking the Gulf of Euboea and the Aegean archipelago. It was also known for joining the Persian army in the Persian Wars.
Open-pit mines made ore extraction - done with wedges, pickaxes, and mallets - easier. Once a slab was freed, it could be moved with cranes, pulleys, levers, and rails.
When bought by cities, slaves were used for public services. When bought by private citizens, they did domestic tasks, built buildings, worked in mines and workshops, on farms, or as bankers.
The hollow cast-bronze statue of Zeus or Poseidon—known as the Artemision Bronze—was found off this cape.
This temple dedicated to the goddess was as large as Apollo's sanctuary on the island. Competitions, musical contests, sacrifices, and war dances were held there to honor Artemis.
Melanthios, Odysseus' goatherd, mistook him for a beggar upon his return and hit him. Sure his master had died in Troy, he betrayed him to impress Penelope's suitors.
Odysseus planned the murder of his wife's suitors here upon his return.
The Akropolis of Karthaia housed sacred buildings, including the temples of Apollo and of Athena. Public laws were recorded inside the temple of Apollo, the divine protector of the island.
Located on the west coast of the island and bordering a fertile valley, Poiessa was an important farming area. Its spot was advantage for coastal defense and monitoring maritime traffic to Athens.
Aphrodite had an important role in Keos—especially for magistrates who made offerings and dedications to her. It was thought she would watch over all civic matters and protect their positions.
Prehistoric bones were found inside this cave which reaches depths of 95 meters.
The ancient Greek word "kleptes" lives on as the root word of kleptomania, which describes an impulse to steal—usually without an economic motive.
Early Greek temples were built out of clay and wood. Stone structures weren't adopted until the seventh century BCE.
Chthonios Zeus is the god of the earth credited with bountiful harvests.
This racetrack in the Korinthian agora is one of the oldest, built in the sixth century BCE. Its layout seems to confirm knowledge and the use of pi.
This port was ideally situated at the crossroads of eastern land and sea-trade routes. Aphrodite and Poseidon—whose bronze statues bordered the sea—were venerated there.
The port of Lechaion was artificially made in time of Periander on the Gulf of Korinth. The city was connected to the port by long walls and to the port of Kechries by the Diolkos trackway.
Ameinokles, the Korinthian shipbuilder, was the first Greek to build a trireme. This light, agile model with a rostrum for ramming became the main combat vessel of the fifth century BCE.
The port of Kechries also had a sanctuary of Aphrodite. She was honored there as a goddess of navigation and the sea—not as the goddess of love as on the Akrokorinth.
This ruthless bandit was in the habit of bending trees to tie people to them. When the trees were released, they pulled the unfortunate victims apart. Theseus killed him as punishment.
|One of the most famous temples to the goddess of love towered over the city on the Akrokorinth. Numerous courtesans engaged in their trade inside, contributing greatly to the sanctuary's prosperity.
Fishing has a crucial role in Greek society. It's a staple in their diet - especially for people of modest means. Greeks mastered line, net, and even harpoon fishing.
Astypalaia was the largest city on the island, acting as its political center. It was home to most of the island's population - its most celebrated citizen being the famous Hippokrates.
The purple dye for clothing came from shellfish. Captured alive, they exhaled their colored juices at death. Millions of snails were needed to get a small amount of the special substance.
Olive trees were grown both for their fruit - a staple in Greek diets - and their oil, used for medicine and perfumery. They were picked from the ground after shaking or beating the trees with poles.
The oldest sanctuary of Aphrodite drew just as many sailors while in port as it did pilgrims coming for celebrations honoring the goddess.
When Aphrodite emerged from the sea, Kythera was the first city to welcome her. Fleeing Troy, her son Aineias dedicated a shrine to her there. It is deemed the oldest in the Greek world.
Sparta's male education system, the agoge, had a mainly military aim. It was the longest education system in the Greek world, with males age 7-29. Only heirs of royal families didn't participate.
The Perioikoi were a group of Spartan "subcitizens" who lived in the rural areas of Lakonia and Messenia. They had local autonomy, but seem to have been subject to a special tax.
According to tradition, Amyklai was the home of Tyndareus and his two illustrious boys, Kastor and Polydeukes. It was known for its abundance of fruit trees.
Young Spartans performed ritual battles in the island-shaped area. Before combat they sacrificed a black puppy to the god of war Enyalios, and then organized wild boar fights.
The Dromos course was for footraces, but it was also the place where young people were integrated into the city. Young Spartans offered sacrifices at a statue of Herakles when they became adults.
Gorani was the best known marble quarry in Sparta. Very fine-grained, light gray marble was extracted there.
The Perioikoi may not have been equal to Spartan citizens, but they too were involved in the military affairs of the Lakedaimonian army, serving as hoplites.
Mesoa was one of the four villages that united in the eighth century BCE to form the Spartan city-state under the authority of two families of kings: the Eurypontids and the Agiads.
This underwater city, whose first traces of dwellings date back to 5000 BCE, was home to monuments and tombs. It is said to have been engulfed after a series of devastating earthquakes.
Like Mesoa, Pitana was one of the four original villages that formed Sparta. The Agiads, one of Sparta’s royal families, originated there.
The temple of Artemis Orthia near the Eurotas River was one of Sparta's most important religious sites. It was associated with the education of young Spartans, and conducted their initiations.
The temple of Athena Chalkioikos on the akropolis was one of Sparta’s most important monuments. The bronze sheets that decorated its interior gave birth to the name Chalkioikos.
Generally a place of worship for women, this temple was set on a hill opposite the Spartan akropolis. During the god's annual feast, a footrace involving eleven girls was held.
Sparta based its military power mainly on its land troops, preferring to use its allies' naval contributions. Despite this, they used Gytheion as a port.
Mytilene was under Persian domination, but became a loyal ally of Athens after the Greco-Persian Wars. However, faced with the increase in tribute to Athens, it decided to revolt in 428 BCE.
Orpheus was dismembered by Thrakian women, and his corpse was taken to the sea. His head and lyre reached Lesbos, where residents built a tomb for him. It's said lyre music could be heard from inside.
Aptly named "white gold," sea salt was vital for adding flavor to food, but also for conserving, dyeing, and perfumery. The harvesting and trading of sea salt was a strictly systemized business.
Mt. Geraneia, or "crane hill," was named for the flock of cranes that showed Megaros the way to its peak to escape a flood.
Pagai held strategic importance during the Persian War, and played a pivotal role during the Peloponnesian War.
Panormos was renowned for its harbor, an excellent site to drop anchor.
The Persians fought a losing battle at Salamis. The resulting shipwrecks littered the Greek coasts, souvenirs of their defeat.
Apollo was one of the foremost gods in Megara, but this temple didn't necessarily reflect his importance. It was made of weak clay bricks, which eventually crumbled.
The Sanctuary of Athena was built on the Akropolis. Inside were three temples dedicated to worshipping her.
This stone pyramid was built at the city limit in tribute to Apollo Karinos.
Megarians believe the corpse of Ino washed up on the coast after she threw herself into the sea with her son. There is a sacrifice each year in her honor.
To tenderize octopus flesh, ancient Greek fishermen faithfully followed Hippokrates' proverb to give them two sets of seven blows. Octopus was very popular, notably for its aphrodisiac properties.
Inscribed in the fifth century BCE, this famous piece of legislation regulated Gortyn's civil life. It included the management of family affairs affecting inheritance, divorce, adoption, and widowhood.
This palace - the largest of all palaces - was built in the 17th century BCE and is linked to the legend of King Minos. More than 13,000 square meters, it's made up of several rooms around a central courtyard.
Located near the future Messene, Andania was home to king Aristomenes, the general who rose up in the second Messinian War against the Spartans. They say his ghost haunted Spartans after his death.
Keadas was a chasm that had seen many death. People sentenced to die and Sparta's captured enemies were thrown into its depths. Aristomenes was thrown twice, but managed to make a legendary escape.
The cult of Artemis was widespread over the Kyklades. She was worshipped notably under the name Artemis Hekaerge, meaning "striking from a distance."
In the guise of a young girl and hunter, Artemis guided the various life stages just as she helped in combat. Before battle, Greeks offered a sacrifice to her under the name Agrotera (huntress).
Most of the island was composed of granite - a material like marble - that was used in architectural construction and sculpture in antiquity.
Taverns sold wine and vinegar. Divided in three different types - dry, sweet, and sweet mix, wine could also be flavored with honey, resin, spices, herbs, and even sea water.
Apollo's twin sister enjoyed hunting and as always armed with a bow she used against deer and men. Her arrows were said to bring about sudden death.
Naxos Island is peppered with places that have been pinpointed as important in Zeus' youth. The god of men and gods had been everywhere, including the Cave of Mt. Zas on Naxos.
Ariadne, in love with Theseus, was abandoned by the hero on Naxos after he returned to Athens. She was killed by the wrathful Artemis for defiling a sacred place dedicated to the goddess.
Poseidon's two sons, the Aloadai, were buried on the island. The strong, bold giants threatened the gods by piling up mountains to reach Olympos.
As the largest of the Kyklades, Naxos was known for its marble and emery. It was also the birthplace of Dionysos, and where Ariadne was abandoned by her beloved Theseus.
The sanctuary of Zeus was located on the island's highest point. It was built where Zeus hid from his father, Kronos, until he was old enough to fight the Titans.
The Naxians dedicated a temple to Dionysos to ensure the fertility of their vines and first-rate wine production on the island. Several times a year, festivities were held to honor the god.
Paros' marble was the most famous in ancient history. With an exquisite white color and a ghostly transparency, it was used throughout the world for the most prestigious sculptures and buildings.
Thanks to its marble quarries, Paros was considered the richest of the Kyklades, and therefore paid the highest tribute (to) the Delian League. It was often in rivalry with the neighboring city of Naxos.
The Athenians dedicated this treasury to Apollo as the first fruits from the Persians at the Battle of Marathon.
The Bouleuterion was the seat of a small local council which had judicial and financial powers. They met there every six months.
This building was a meeting and dining place that was decorated with paintings commemorating the fall of Troy and the return of the victorious Greek heroes.
This monument was dedicated in 465 BCE to cemmorate the battle of Marathon, which took place 30 years prior.
According to the Delphians, this rock was where a woman bearing the nickname Sibyl settled to sing her prophesies. It was said her inspiration came from within.
The Heraion of Samos and the Heraion of Argos were the largest sanctuaries dedicated to Hera in the Greek world. Samos' sanctuary was one of the very first temples made of stone.
In Greek mythology, Achilles was hidden in childhood on Skyros and disguised as one of King Lykomedes's daughters. It was an attempt to elude the fatal destiny he met during the Trojan War.
The quarries of Aliki supplied the most beautiful marble on the island. The deposit's proximity to the sea made extraction and exportation easier. The site was mined continuously throughout antiquity.
The akropolis mine supplied silver lead. Used to produce pure silver, one of the elements used to mint coins, it contributed greatly to the city's wealth.
As the protector of the city, Herakles was the most important god in Thasos. He was called Herakles Soter - the savior. As such, he had his own sanctuary and was featured on Thasian coins.
The agora is the heart of the city. Both a commercial and political hub, it's a gathering place for citizens. The agora houses numerous administrative, commercial, and religious buildings.
Mountainous Thasos was the most prosperous island in the region. Rich from its mines and forests, its marble deposits and wine were also lucrative. Its territory encompassed the entire island.
The theater was built in a natural dip on the akropolis and offered a beautiful view of th esea. Erected in the fifth century BCE, it was where the writer Hegemon invented a form of parody.