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*[[西布兰特]]
 
*[[西布兰特]]
 
*[[阿尔芒·布沙尔]]}}
 
*[[阿尔芒·布沙尔]]}}
The '''Crusaders''' were those [[Europe]]ans who undertook the call-to-arms by the [[Papacy]] to participate in the [[Crusades]], a series of religious wars enacted against the enemies of the Latin Church. The first three, and most prominent, of these conflicts involved a declaration of war upon the Muslim rulers of the [[Kingdom|Holy Land]], aiming to forcefully reclaim it in the name of Christianity. While a majority of Crusaders served personally in the armies of the kingdoms of [[Europe]], the most iconic were members of a number of Christian military orders who worked in unison with these [[Europe]]an kingdoms. These orders were largely founded in the Holy Land itself, ostensibly to protect Christian pilgrims. Amongst their number were counted knightly orders such as; the [[Knights Hospitalier]], the [[Knights Teutonic]], and [[Templars|Knights Templar]].<ref name="AC">''[[Assassin's Creed]]''</ref>
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'''十字军'''(The Crusaders)指的是接受[[教皇]]征召武装起来参加东征圣战的[[欧洲]]军队。十字军发动的一系列东征圣战史称“[[十字军东征]]”,带有浓厚的宗教色彩,意在对抗天主教的敌对势力。最初的三次十字军东征是所有东征中最主要的。这三次十字军东征中,十字军对统治着[[王国|圣地]]的穆斯林统治者宣战,准备以基督的名义使用武力夺回这一地区。尽管十字军主要成员本身是听命于欧洲各国军队的,十字军最具代表性的成员还是当属与欧洲各国协同合作的天主教军事组织。这些军事组织大多在圣地当地建立,宣称会保护基督教朝圣者。这些军事组织多为骑士团,如[[医院骑士团]][[条顿骑士团]][[圣殿骑士|圣殿骑士团]]<ref name="AC">[[刺客信条]]</ref>
   
 
==历史==
 
==历史==
 
===第三次十字军东征===
 
===第三次十字军东征===
{{Main|Third Crusade}}
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{{Main|第三次十字军东征}}
By the year 1191, the Crusaders were commanded by [[Richard I of England]]—better known as Richard the Lionheart—who sought to reclaimed [[Jerusalem]] during the [[Third Crusade]]. The Crusaders won a number of battles at [[Acre]], [[Arsuf]], and Jaffa, yet they ultimately failed to capture Jerusalem. Later, King Richard made peace with the Saracen ruler—[[Saladin]]—on the condition that Christians pilgrims be allowed to freely visit Jerusalem.<ref>''Wikipedia – {{Wiki|en:Third Crusade#Advances on Jerusalem, regicide, and negotiations|Third Crusade}}''</ref>
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1191年,十字军由英格兰国王“狮心王”[[英格兰的理查一世|理查一世]]指挥。理查一世希望在[[第三次十字军东征|这次十字军东征]]中夺回[[耶路撒冷]]。十字军在[[阿卡]][[阿尔苏夫]]与雅法等地取得了一系列胜利,但最后却没能攻占耶路撒冷。之后,理查一世与[[撒拉森人]]的领袖[[萨拉丁]]达成和约,保证基督教的朝圣者可以自由造访耶路撒冷。<ref>维基百科 - ''{{Wiki|en:Third Crusade#Advances on Jerusalem, regicide, and negotiations|第三次十字军东征}}''</ref>
   
The Knights Templar, who were a part of the Crusader army, besieged the [[Assassins|Assassin]] fortress at [[Masyaf]] twice during the Third Crusade, although both attempts ended in failure.
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在这次十字军东征期间,作为十字军军队一部分的圣殿骑士团两次围困了位于[[马斯亚夫]][[刺客]]要塞,但这两次围攻最后都以失败告终。
   
 
[[File:Mentor's keeper 5.png|250px|thumb|1189年,圣殿骑士进攻马斯亚夫]]
 
[[File:Mentor's keeper 5.png|250px|thumb|1189年,圣殿骑士进攻马斯亚夫]]
The [[Assault on Masyaf|first]], in the year 1189, was led by the Templar [[Haras]], who was a part of the Assassin Order until he betrayed them, hoping to locate the [[Apple of Eden 2|Apple of Eden]]. The [[Defense of Masyaf|second]], in 1191, was led by the Templar [[Grand Master of the Templar Order|Grand Master]] himself, [[Robert de Sablé]]. In all, both sieges were quelled due to the efforts of the Assassin [[Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad]].<ref name="AC" /><ref name="ACR">''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]]''</ref>
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[[马斯亚夫遇袭|第一次围攻]]发生在1189年,由圣殿骑士[[哈拉斯]]指挥。哈拉斯原是刺客兄弟会的成员,后来却背叛了刺客兄弟会,加入了圣殿骑士,希望能找到[[2号伊甸苹果|伊甸苹果]]的下落。[[马斯亚夫防御战|第二次围攻]]发生1191年,由圣殿骑士[[最高大师]][[罗贝尔·德·萨布莱]]亲自临阵指挥。两次围攻都因为刺客[[阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德]]的行动而最终失败。<ref name="AC" /><ref name="ACR">[[刺客信条:启示录]]</ref>
   
 
By the year 1191, the Crusaders had conquered the cities of Jaffa and Acre, and were on the march towards Jerusalem. During this time, Crusader troops could be found patrolling through the [[Kingdom|wilderness]] that divided the cities of Acre, [[Damascus]] and Jerusalem.
 
By the year 1191, the Crusaders had conquered the cities of Jaffa and Acre, and were on the march towards Jerusalem. During this time, Crusader troops could be found patrolling through the [[Kingdom|wilderness]] that divided the cities of Acre, [[Damascus]] and Jerusalem.

2020年2月24日 (一) 10:31的版本

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这篇文章是关于历史上的军事势力的。也许你要找的是同名的Animi角色

十字军(The Crusaders)指的是接受教皇征召武装起来参加东征圣战的欧洲军队。十字军发动的一系列东征圣战史称“十字军东征”,带有浓厚的宗教色彩,意在对抗天主教的敌对势力。最初的三次十字军东征是所有东征中最主要的。这三次十字军东征中,十字军对统治着圣地的穆斯林统治者宣战,准备以基督的名义使用武力夺回这一地区。尽管十字军主要成员本身是听命于欧洲各国军队的,十字军最具代表性的成员还是当属与欧洲各国协同合作的天主教军事组织。这些军事组织大多在圣地当地建立,宣称会保护基督教朝圣者。这些军事组织多为骑士团,如医院骑士团条顿骑士团圣殿骑士团[1]

历史

第三次十字军东征

主要词条: 第三次十字军东征

1191年,十字军由英格兰国王“狮心王”理查一世指挥。理查一世希望在这次十字军东征中夺回耶路撒冷。十字军在阿卡阿尔苏夫与雅法等地取得了一系列胜利,但最后却没能攻占耶路撒冷。之后,理查一世与撒拉森人的领袖萨拉丁达成和约,保证基督教的朝圣者可以自由造访耶路撒冷。[2]

在这次十字军东征期间,作为十字军军队一部分的圣殿骑士团两次围困了位于马斯亚夫刺客要塞,但这两次围攻最后都以失败告终。

Mentor&#039;s keeper 5

1189年,圣殿骑士进攻马斯亚夫

第一次围攻发生在1189年,由圣殿骑士哈拉斯指挥。哈拉斯原是刺客兄弟会的成员,后来却背叛了刺客兄弟会,加入了圣殿骑士,希望能找到伊甸苹果的下落。第二次围攻发生1191年,由圣殿骑士最高大师罗贝尔·德·萨布莱亲自临阵指挥。两次围攻都因为刺客阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德的行动而最终失败。[1][3]

By the year 1191, the Crusaders had conquered the cities of Jaffa and Acre, and were on the march towards Jerusalem. During this time, Crusader troops could be found patrolling through the wilderness that divided the cities of Acre, Damascus and Jerusalem.

The same year, Altaïr set out to eliminate several corrupt men, who were secretly Templars. Several of these men were important Crusaders and Saracens, which almost led to the two factions uniting in an attempt to try and destroy their common enemy. In order to prevent this, Altaïr set out to assassinate the Templar Grand Master, Robert de Sablé, and succeeded in killing him after a long duel, during the Battle of Arsuf, to convince Richard that the Templars were traitors to his army.

骑士团组织

In addition to Crusaders that served under the Kingdom of France, Holy Roman Empire, and the Kingdom of England—the last who were commonly called Lionheart Crusaders after the epithet of their king, Richard the Lionheart[4]—there were a number of independent military orders founded in the Holy Land. Three of these, the Knights Templar, the Knights Hospitalier, and the Knights Teutonic became the iconic face of the Crusaders.[1] The majority of Knights Hospitalier were themselves composed of Frenchmen and the Teutonic Knights, Germans.[1]

圣殿骑士团

主要词条: Knights Templar

Throughout history, the Templars had existed in one form or another, and during the Crusades, they felt the need for support from the Catholic Church. With this, they turned into a monastic-military organisation, with the stated objective of protecting pilgrims in the Holy Land.

However, their actual objective was to look for the Pieces of Eden, one of which they had found in the Temple of Solomon in the year 1191, and to also eliminate the influence of their enemies, the Assassins.

In regards to leadership, by the year 1191, they were led by Robert de Sablé, who was responsible for finding the Apple of Eden. He planned to conquer the Holy Land from the Muslims and then drive out the other Crusaders as well, in order to end the war. Leaders of both the other major knightly factions, several important Saracen individuals, and even the leader of the Assassins, Al Mualim, were involved in this goal.[1]

圣殿骑士

The Templars had well trained knights who were posted throughout the Holy Land, in Crusader and Saracen cities alike. They wore similar armor to Guard Captains, though their armor sported a Templar cross, instead of the prancing lion, which was the usual Crusader symbol.

They were highly skilled and aggressive fighters, often breaking their enemy's defense with ease. Templar Knights would never run away from a fight, and would also choose to fight to the death. In total, there were at least sixty such knights, all of whom were killed by the Assassin Altaïr.[1]


医院骑士团

主要词条: Knights Hospitalier

The Knights Hospitalier, also known as the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta, the Order of St. John, the Knights of the Hospital, and the Chevaliers of Malta, were one of the Christian orders of the Crusades. Their emblem was a white cross, often on a black background.

The Knights Hospitalier were founded in the city of Jerusalem to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims to the Holy Land, but became a much more militaristic organization with the onset of the Crusades.

By the year 1191, the Grand Master of the Knights Hospitalier was Garnier de Naplouse, secretly also a Templar. After the Templars had lost the Apple of Eden to the Assassins, Garnier began experimenting on his sick patients with herbs, to try and replicate the mind-controlling effects of the Apple.[1]

条顿骑士团

主要词条: Knights Teutonic

The Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem, more commonly known as the Teutonic Knights, were a monastic-military order of German origin that participated in the Third Crusade. Their emblem was a black cross against a white background.

During the Crusade, the Teutonic Order aided King Richard I of England in the conquest of Acre, and were later positioned in the city's Middle District.

The first Grand Master of the Knights Teutonic, Sibrand, was also secretly a member of the Templar Order, and he planned to use the Crusader fleet in Acre to blockade the city and prevent the European kingdoms from sending reinforcements, allowing the Templars to conquer the Holy Land.[1]

士兵

主要词条: Guards

By 1191, the Crusaders controlled the city of Acre and had guards stationed throughout the Kingdom, the region between Acre, Jerusalem, Masyaf and Damascus.[1]

Regular guards

Regular guards were the most commonly found Crusader guards throughout the Holy Land. They wore no helmets and had only padded armor, called a gambeson or aketon. Being the weakest Crusader guards, though their strength lay in numbers. They were also the most cowardly guards and would flee when their opponent began to triumph over them.[1]

Guard sergeants

Guard sergeants were equipped with chainmail, tabards and wore a helmet, and were often found leading guard patrols, as well as having more combat experience than regular soldiers. They were also braver than the regular guards, but would still flee from an opponent if they killed several higher ranking guards.[1]

Guard Captains

Captains were the strongest guards, and wore chainmail armor with tabards, surcoats, splinted mail gauntlets and various knight helms. They would rarely run away from a fight and could present a challenge to even the toughest fighters.[1]

琐闻趣事

旗帜

  • There were several flags spread throughout the Holy Land in Assassin's Creed, of which the following were related to the Crusaders:
    • King Richard flags
    • Teutonic flags
    • Hospitalier flags
    • Templar flags
    • Jerusalem crosses

画廊

参考与来源

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