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(小编辑,未翻译)
(翻译中。)
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|formed = 约1099年
 
|formed = 约1099年
 
|hidea = No
 
|hidea = No
|notable = [[加尼耶·德·纳布卢斯]]<br>[[Manuel Pinto da Fonseca]]}}
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|notable = [[加尼耶·德·纳布卢斯]]<br>[[曼努埃尔·平托·达丰塞卡]]}}
The '''Knights Hospitalier''', officially the '''Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta''', and also known as the '''Knights Hospitaller''',<ref name="ACR">''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]]''</ref> the '''Order of St. John''', the '''Knights of the Hospital''', '''the Knights of Malta''', and the '''Chevaliers of Malta''', was one of the Christian orders of the [[Crusaders|Crusades]]. Their emblem is a white cross on either a black or red background.
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'''医院骑士团'''(Knights Hospitalier),正式名称为'''耶路撒冷、罗得岛及马耳他圣约翰主权军事医院骑士团'''(Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta),简称即为“Knights Hospitaller”(医院骑士团),<ref name="ACR">[[刺客信条:启示录]]</ref>又称'''圣若翰骑士团'''(Order of St. John)、'''马耳他骑士团'''(the Knights of Malta)及'''马耳他骑士'''(Chevaliers of Malta),是当年组成[[十字军]]的天主教骑士团之一。医院骑士团的标志为置于黑色或红色背景上的白色十字。
   
The Knights Hospitalier was founded in the city of [[Jerusalem]] around 1099 to provide care for poor, sick, or injured pilgrims to the [[Kingdom|Holy Land]], but became a much more militaristic organization with the onset of the Crusades. Though a distinct entity, the Hospitallers were close allies of the [[Templars|Knights Templar]] from their formation, cooperating as two of the principal factions of the [[Crusaders]], and later providing assistance to the Templars from several bases in the [[Mediterranean Sea]], most notably [[Rhodes]].
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医院骑士团在1099年前后建立于[[耶路撒冷]],目标是护送贫困、病弱以及受伤的朝圣者抵达[[王国|圣地]],但随着十字军东征的爆发而成为了更具有军队性质的组织。尽管分别是两个组织,医院骑士团却是[[圣殿骑士|圣殿骑士团]]自创立以来的亲密盟友,同为十字军中的重要组成部分彼此合作,后来还从大名鼎鼎的[[罗德|罗德岛]]等数个位于[[地中海]]地区的基地为圣殿骑士提供了协助
   
==History==
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==历史==
===Third Crusade===
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===第三次十字军东征===
In the prelude to the [[Third Crusade]], the Hospitallers fought alongside other [[Crusaders]] at the [[Battle of Hattin]] n 1187 against the Saracen army of the [[Ayyubid dynasty|Ayyubid Sultan]] [[Saladin]] of [[Egypt]] and [[Syria]], where they sustained a critical defeat that summarily led to the loss of Jerusalem and virtually all of the [[Levant]] to the [[Saracens]]. The Saracens' recapture of Jerusalem immediately led to calls for a Third Crusade, which opened with a [[Siege of Acre|siege]] of [[Acre]] in 1189 that would last for most of the war.
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[[第三次十字军东征]]爆发之前,医院骑士团曾与十字军其他的下属军队于1187年抵抗[[埃及]][[叙利亚]][[阿尤布王朝|阿尤布]]苏丹[[萨拉丁]]所率领的撒拉森军队,这场战役史称“[[Battle of Hattin|哈丁之战]]”。十字军在这场战役中遭受了沉重的打击,最终战败,将耶路撒冷以及几乎整个[[黎凡特|黎凡特地区]]丢给了[[撒拉森人]]。撒拉森人重新入主耶路撒冷则成为了第三次十字军东征的导火索。随着1189年展开的[[阿卡]][[Siege of Acre|围城战]],第三次十字军东征正式爆发,这场围城战则持续了几乎整场第三次东征战争。
   
====Hunt for the Chalice====
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====追踪圣杯====
While the main force of Hospitallers and Templars were pinned down at Acre, others embarked on a campaign to seize the [[Adha|Chalice]], a mysterious relic rumored to possess the power to unite all factions of the war. The Crusaders joined forces under the Templar leader [[Basilisk]] for this operation, hunting down an [[Assassins|Assassin]] agent to the doorsteps of the Assassin base of [[Alep]] for vital leads on the artifact. Afterwards, they immediately followed with an assault on a village in the outskirts of Alep, massacring virtually all its residents before being routed by a counter-attack by the Assassins.<ref name="ACAC">''[[Assassin's Creed: Altaïr's Chronicles]]''</ref>
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尽管医院骑士团与圣殿骑士团主要的军队都驻扎在阿卡一带,另一部分军队还是登船参与了夺取[[阿德哈|圣杯]]的战役。据传言所说,圣杯是一件神秘神器,拥有将战争中所有参战方都团结一致的力量。他们加入了圣殿骑士领袖[[巴西利斯克]]麾下的部队,一同进行此次行动,为了寻找有关圣杯的重要线索而追踪着一名[[刺客]]探子来到了[[阿勒颇]]刺客基地的门前。随后,他们立刻对阿勒颇周边的一个村庄展开了突袭,杀害了绝大多数的村民,但随后遭到了刺客们的反击。<ref name="ACAC">[[刺客信条:阿泰尔编年史]]</ref>
   
The Knights Hospitalier cooperated with the Templars in their subsequent search for the three keys to the fabled [[Temple of Sand]] thought to be the location of the Chalice, but would be dogged and thwarted every step of the way by the [[Master Assassin]] [[Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad]]. Despite losing all three keys and the map to the temple to Altaïr, the Crusaders managed to locate the temple and launch an expedition into it ahead of the Assassin, only to find that the Chalice, actually a woman by the name of [[Adha]], was not there. Ultimately, in spite of the assistance of the Knights Hospitalier and their eventual capture of Adha, the Templars would fail to see their goals with the "artifact" come to fruition. Their execution of Adha, once they discovered that she held no use for them, only incurred the fury of her lover Altaïr, whose quest for vengeance would lead to the deaths of all Crusaders complicit in her death and the command of the operation.<ref name="ACAC" /><ref name="AC2">''[[Assassin's Creed II]]''</ref>
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医院骑士团随后在寻找传说中的[[Temple of Sand|沙之神殿]]的三把钥匙时与圣殿骑士合作。根据圣殿骑士的猜想,沙之神殿便是圣杯的所在之地。但是寻找钥匙的时候,他们却步步都遭到[[刺客大师]][[阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德]]的阻挠与挫败。尽管阿泰尔从他们手里夺走了三把钥匙以及指明神殿位置的地图,十字军还是找到了神殿,抢在刺客之前向神殿展开了远征,却发现圣杯实际是一个名叫阿德哈的女子,而不是某样安放在神殿内的物品。最后,尽管医院骑士团提供了最大限度的帮助,圣殿骑士最后也抓住了阿德哈,却没能看到这件“神器”发挥力量实现他们的目标。他们发现阿德哈对他们毫无用处之后便处决了她。阿德哈的死激怒了与她相爱的阿泰尔,阿泰尔随后踏上了复仇之路,杀死了所有导致阿德哈去世的十字军成员与这次行动的指挥者。<ref name="ACAC" /><ref name="AC2">[[刺客信条II]]</ref>
   
====Human experiments in Acre====
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====阿卡的人体实验====
In 1191, the Knights Hospitalier was led by the [[France|French]] [[Grand Master of the Knights Hospitalier|Grand Master]] [[Garnier de Naplouse]], who was also secretly one of nine leaders of the [[Templars|Knights Templar]]. Garnier's penchant for human experimentation led to his expulsion from France and subsequently from [[Tyre]] when he repeated this scandal, but he nonetheless maintained his positions within the Hospitaller and Templar orders. He received the patronage and protection of [[Richard I of England|King Richard I]] of [[England]] and was granted control of Acre after that city finally fell to Crusader forces that year.<ref name="AC1 guide">''[[Assassin's Creed: Official Game Guide]]''</ref><ref name="TSC">''[[Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade]]''</ref>
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1191年,暗中身为圣殿骑士九名领袖之一的[[法国]][[Grand Master of the Knights Hospitalier|最高大师]][[加尼耶·德·纳布卢斯]]担任着医院骑士团的领袖。加尼耶对人体实验的喜好使得他被驱逐出了法国,随后又因这一丑行被驱逐出了[[苏尔]],但即便如此他还是保持着自己在医院骑士团以及圣殿骑士组织中的位置。他得到了[[英格兰]]国王[[理查一世]]的资助与保护,得以在1191年阿卡落入十字军控制之后统治阿卡。<ref name="AC1 guide">[[Assassin's Creed: Official Game Guide|刺客信条:官方游戏指南]]</ref><ref name="TSC">[[刺客信条:秘密圣战]]</ref>
   
Garnier conspired with his fellow Templars to acquire the [[Apple of Eden 2|Apple of Eden]] hidden within the [[Ark of the Covenant]] at [[Solomon's Temple]]. It was their dream that this ancient [[Pieces of Eden|artifact]] of the [[Isu]] would allow them to inaugurate their [[New World Order]] by controlling the minds of humanity. However, the Apple was lost to the Assassins thanks to the costly efforts of [[Malik Al-Sayf]], and one of the Templars' conspirators, the Assassin leader [[Al Mualim]] reneged on his secret alliance, coveting the power of the Apple for himself. With the loss of the Apple, Garnier returned to his usual habits of human experimentation, hoping to replicate the effects of the Apple through herbs, surgery, and drugs, of which he achieved a limited amount of success.<ref name="TSC" /><ref name="AC1">''[[Assassin's Creed]]''</ref>
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加尼耶同他的圣殿骑士同僚合谋取得位于[[所罗门圣殿]][[约柜]]内的[[2号伊甸苹果|伊甸苹果]]。利用这件[[伊述]]古代[[伊甸碎片|神器]]控制全人类心智,以此实现他们的[[新世界秩序]]便是他们的梦想。但是,因为[[马利克·阿塞夫]]所做出的巨大牺牲,这个苹果落到了刺客手里,圣殿骑士的合谋者之一——刺客导师[[拉希德丁·锡南|阿尔莫林]]则背弃了他的秘密协定,要将苹果的力量归为己用。失去苹果之后,加尼耶又回归了他人体实验的老行当,希望能够利用草药、手术以及各种药物复制伊甸苹果的能力,并且取得了一定的成功。<ref name="TSC" /><ref name="AC1">[[刺客信条]]</ref>
   
To supply his experiments, Garnier received shipments of prisoners from the [[Saracens|Saracen]] [[slavery|slaver]] [[Talal]], another secret leader of the Templars. Though these slaves were forcibly kidnapped from the streets or their homes, Garnier maintained that these they were his legitimate patients, for they had largely been homeless, drug addicts, lepers, or prostitutes, and that his experiments were meant to heal. Nevertheless in 1191, he was assassinated by Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad on the orders of Al Mualim, who privately sought to [[Hunt for the Nine|eliminate his former Templar allies]] that stood in the way of his power. Altaïr, himself, believed Garnier to be a sadistic man and that his death would end his inhumane experiments.<ref name="AC1" /> While this proved to be true, the Hospitallers' presence in the city persisted, remaining in the city until its downfall.
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为了支持实验进行下去,加尼耶从另一名暗中身为圣殿骑士领袖的人——撒拉森[[奴隶主]][[塔拉勒]]处接来了为数众多的囚犯。尽管这些人其实是被人从街上或家中绑架而来沦为奴隶的无辜之人,加尼耶却因这些人大多不是无家可归,就是吸毒成瘾,患麻风病,出卖身体,而他的实验可以治愈他们,得以让他们成为自己的合法病人。但在1191年,他被受阿尔莫林命令前来的阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德所刺杀。但阿尔莫林的真正目的是借阿泰尔之手,[[猎杀九人|除掉这些昔日曾是他盟友的圣殿骑士]],以免他们在自己通往权力的道路上制造阻碍。阿泰尔自己则认为加尼耶是一个施虐狂,他的死将会终结这些毫无人道可言的实验。<ref name="AC1" />事实即是如此,但医院骑士团在加尼耶去世之后仍留在这里,直到阿卡再次被攻陷为止。
   
===Cyprus===
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===塞浦路斯===
 
In 1192, in the aftermath of the Third Crusade, the Knights Templar purchased the island nation of [[Cyprus]] from King Richard the Lionheart, himself having acquired it after ousting its ruler [[Isaac Comnenus]]. Though the Templars were the official and sovereign rulers of the island, establishing it as their new base, the detachments of the Knights Hospitalier accompanied the Templars in the efforts to consolidate control. [[Cypriot Resistance|Local resistance]] was fierce and the arrival of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad, now the new leader of the [[Levantine Brotherhood of Assassins]], accelerated the rapid decay in Crusader power over the country. By the end of the year, the Templars, alongside their Hospitaller allies, had been utterly ousted from Cyprus.<ref name="ACBL">''[[Assassin's Creed: Bloodlines]]''</ref>
 
In 1192, in the aftermath of the Third Crusade, the Knights Templar purchased the island nation of [[Cyprus]] from King Richard the Lionheart, himself having acquired it after ousting its ruler [[Isaac Comnenus]]. Though the Templars were the official and sovereign rulers of the island, establishing it as their new base, the detachments of the Knights Hospitalier accompanied the Templars in the efforts to consolidate control. [[Cypriot Resistance|Local resistance]] was fierce and the arrival of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad, now the new leader of the [[Levantine Brotherhood of Assassins]], accelerated the rapid decay in Crusader power over the country. By the end of the year, the Templars, alongside their Hospitaller allies, had been utterly ousted from Cyprus.<ref name="ACBL">''[[Assassin's Creed: Bloodlines]]''</ref>
   
===Modern era===
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===到现代为止的经历===
 
After the loss of Acre, the Hospitalier base relocated to [[Rhodes]]. In the early 16th century, the knightly order was responsible for capturing a number of Assassins and imprisoning them in the [[Palace of the Grand Master]]. In response, the [[Mentor]] [[Ezio Auditore da Firenze]] sent a team of [[Ottoman Brotherhood of Assassins|Ottoman Assassins]] to rescue their allies. Despite their success, the Hospitallers soon afterwards killed the [[Master Assassin]] [[Castor]], an act that provoked an Assassin assault on the Hospitalier stronghold. Their compound was burned to the ground, and the Assassins seized control of the island, establishing [[Assassin Dens|Dens]] there thereafter.<ref name="ACR">''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]]''</ref>
 
After the loss of Acre, the Hospitalier base relocated to [[Rhodes]]. In the early 16th century, the knightly order was responsible for capturing a number of Assassins and imprisoning them in the [[Palace of the Grand Master]]. In response, the [[Mentor]] [[Ezio Auditore da Firenze]] sent a team of [[Ottoman Brotherhood of Assassins|Ottoman Assassins]] to rescue their allies. Despite their success, the Hospitallers soon afterwards killed the [[Master Assassin]] [[Castor]], an act that provoked an Assassin assault on the Hospitalier stronghold. Their compound was burned to the ground, and the Assassins seized control of the island, establishing [[Assassin Dens|Dens]] there thereafter.<ref name="ACR">''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]]''</ref>
   
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To this day, the Hospitalier Order still exists as the Catholic {{Wiki|en:Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Sovereign Military Order of Malta}} and as the four Protestant orders of the {{Wiki|en:Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem|Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem}}.
 
To this day, the Hospitalier Order still exists as the Catholic {{Wiki|en:Sovereign Military Order of Malta|Sovereign Military Order of Malta}} and as the four Protestant orders of the {{Wiki|en:Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem|Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem}}.
   
==Emblem and attire==
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==徽记与服装==
 
Like the Knights Templar, the emblem of the Knights Hospitalier consisted of a cross, only the colors differed, with a white cross on a black background as opposed to a red cross on a white background. Alternatively, they also utilized a white cross on a red background, which eventually became the design of their flag of Malta.
 
Like the Knights Templar, the emblem of the Knights Hospitalier consisted of a cross, only the colors differed, with a white cross on a black background as opposed to a red cross on a white background. Alternatively, they also utilized a white cross on a red background, which eventually became the design of their flag of Malta.
   
 
The standard armor and uniform of the Knights Hospitalier during the Crusades was nearly identical to that of other Christian military orders, such as the Knights Templar and the Teutonic Knights, bearing their emblem at the center. Regular soldiers typically donned black gambesons with a white cross over their chainmail while sergeants wore surcoats of the same design instead. The highest-ranking soldiers, such as the captains, exclusively equipped themselves with plate armor, a great helm, and in solidarity with the others soldiers, a black surcoat with a white cross over the armor.<ref name="AC1" /> Other Hospitallers instead donned red surcoats with white crosses instead, favoring the order's alternative emblem, with the garrison of Hospitallers on Cyprus being notable examples of this practice.<ref name="ACBL" />
 
The standard armor and uniform of the Knights Hospitalier during the Crusades was nearly identical to that of other Christian military orders, such as the Knights Templar and the Teutonic Knights, bearing their emblem at the center. Regular soldiers typically donned black gambesons with a white cross over their chainmail while sergeants wore surcoats of the same design instead. The highest-ranking soldiers, such as the captains, exclusively equipped themselves with plate armor, a great helm, and in solidarity with the others soldiers, a black surcoat with a white cross over the armor.<ref name="AC1" /> Other Hospitallers instead donned red surcoats with white crosses instead, favoring the order's alternative emblem, with the garrison of Hospitallers on Cyprus being notable examples of this practice.<ref name="ACBL" />
   
==Trivia==
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==琐闻趣事==
 
*The French-inspired "Knights Hospitalier" has generally been preferred in the [[Assassin's Creed (series)|''Assassin's Creed'' series]] over the English "Hospitaller", being the exclusive variant used in ''[[Assassin's Creed]]'' and ''[[Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade]]''. However, the order is instead referred to as "Knights Hospitaller" in the [[Mediterranean Defense]] minigame of ''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]].''
 
*The French-inspired "Knights Hospitalier" has generally been preferred in the [[Assassin's Creed (series)|''Assassin's Creed'' series]] over the English "Hospitaller", being the exclusive variant used in ''[[Assassin's Creed]]'' and ''[[Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade]]''. However, the order is instead referred to as "Knights Hospitaller" in the [[Mediterranean Defense]] minigame of ''[[Assassin's Creed: Revelations]].''
 
*In the story trailer of ''Assassin's Creed'', the Hospitalier overseeing the execution of an individual who was killed by Altair wears an armor with a cape with the Hospitalier insignia similar to Robert de Sable but no such guard could be fought in the game's final version.
 
*In the story trailer of ''Assassin's Creed'', the Hospitalier overseeing the execution of an individual who was killed by Altair wears an armor with a cape with the Hospitalier insignia similar to Robert de Sable but no such guard could be fought in the game's final version.
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*In the Captain's Cabin minigame of ''[[Assassin's Creed: Rogue]]'', several ships feature the alternative emblem of the Knights Hospitaliers: a white cross on a red background. Flags and banners inside the cabin instead feature the original emblem of the Hospitaliers: a white cross and a black background.
 
*In the Captain's Cabin minigame of ''[[Assassin's Creed: Rogue]]'', several ships feature the alternative emblem of the Knights Hospitaliers: a white cross on a red background. Flags and banners inside the cabin instead feature the original emblem of the Hospitaliers: a white cross and a black background.
   
==Gallery==
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==画廊==
 
<gallery captionalign="center" position="center" spacing="small" widths="180">
 
<gallery captionalign="center" position="center" spacing="small" widths="180">
 
AC1 Hospitalier Soldier.png|A Hospitalier soldier
 
AC1 Hospitalier Soldier.png|A Hospitalier soldier
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</gallery>
 
</gallery>
   
==Appearances==
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==登场作品==
 
*''[[Assassin's Creed]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Assassin's Creed]]'' {{1st}}
 
*''[[Assassin's Creed: Altaïr's Chronicles]]''
 
*''[[Assassin's Creed: Altaïr's Chronicles]]''
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*''[[Assassin's Creed: Rebellion]]'' {{Mo}}
 
*''[[Assassin's Creed: Rebellion]]'' {{Mo}}
   
==Sources==
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==来源==
 
*''[[Assassin's Creed: Official Game Guide]]''
 
*''[[Assassin's Creed: Official Game Guide]]''
   
==References==
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==参考==
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Reflist}}
 
{{Templars nav}}
 
{{Templars nav}}

2019年7月11日 (四) 08:48的版本

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医院骑士团(Knights Hospitalier),正式名称为耶路撒冷、罗得岛及马耳他圣约翰主权军事医院骑士团(Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of Malta),简称即为“Knights Hospitaller”(医院骑士团),[1]又称圣若翰骑士团(Order of St. John)、马耳他骑士团(the Knights of Malta)及马耳他骑士(Chevaliers of Malta),是当年组成十字军的天主教骑士团之一。医院骑士团的标志为置于黑色或红色背景上的白色十字。

医院骑士团在1099年前后建立于耶路撒冷,目标是护送贫困、病弱以及受伤的朝圣者抵达圣地,但随着十字军东征的爆发而成为了更具有军队性质的组织。尽管分别是两个组织,医院骑士团却是圣殿骑士团自创立以来的亲密盟友,同为十字军中的重要组成部分彼此合作,后来还从大名鼎鼎的罗德岛等数个位于地中海地区的基地为圣殿骑士提供了协助

历史

第三次十字军东征

第三次十字军东征爆发之前,医院骑士团曾与十字军其他的下属军队于1187年抵抗埃及叙利亚阿尤布苏丹萨拉丁所率领的撒拉森军队,这场战役史称“哈丁之战”。十字军在这场战役中遭受了沉重的打击,最终战败,将耶路撒冷以及几乎整个黎凡特地区丢给了撒拉森人。撒拉森人重新入主耶路撒冷则成为了第三次十字军东征的导火索。随着1189年展开的阿卡围城战,第三次十字军东征正式爆发,这场围城战则持续了几乎整场第三次东征战争。

追踪圣杯

尽管医院骑士团与圣殿骑士团主要的军队都驻扎在阿卡一带,另一部分军队还是登船参与了夺取圣杯的战役。据传言所说,圣杯是一件神秘神器,拥有将战争中所有参战方都团结一致的力量。他们加入了圣殿骑士领袖巴西利斯克麾下的部队,一同进行此次行动,为了寻找有关圣杯的重要线索而追踪着一名刺客探子来到了阿勒颇刺客基地的门前。随后,他们立刻对阿勒颇周边的一个村庄展开了突袭,杀害了绝大多数的村民,但随后遭到了刺客们的反击。[2]

医院骑士团随后在寻找传说中的沙之神殿的三把钥匙时与圣殿骑士合作。根据圣殿骑士的猜想,沙之神殿便是圣杯的所在之地。但是寻找钥匙的时候,他们却步步都遭到刺客大师阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德的阻挠与挫败。尽管阿泰尔从他们手里夺走了三把钥匙以及指明神殿位置的地图,十字军还是找到了神殿,抢在刺客之前向神殿展开了远征,却发现圣杯实际是一个名叫阿德哈的女子,而不是某样安放在神殿内的物品。最后,尽管医院骑士团提供了最大限度的帮助,圣殿骑士最后也抓住了阿德哈,却没能看到这件“神器”发挥力量实现他们的目标。他们发现阿德哈对他们毫无用处之后便处决了她。阿德哈的死激怒了与她相爱的阿泰尔,阿泰尔随后踏上了复仇之路,杀死了所有导致阿德哈去世的十字军成员与这次行动的指挥者。[2][3]

阿卡的人体实验

1191年,暗中身为圣殿骑士九名领袖之一的法国最高大师加尼耶·德·纳布卢斯担任着医院骑士团的领袖。加尼耶对人体实验的喜好使得他被驱逐出了法国,随后又因这一丑行被驱逐出了苏尔,但即便如此他还是保持着自己在医院骑士团以及圣殿骑士组织中的位置。他得到了英格兰国王理查一世的资助与保护,得以在1191年阿卡落入十字军控制之后统治阿卡。[4][5]

加尼耶同他的圣殿骑士同僚合谋取得位于所罗门圣殿约柜内的伊甸苹果。利用这件伊述古代神器控制全人类心智,以此实现他们的新世界秩序便是他们的梦想。但是,因为马利克·阿塞夫所做出的巨大牺牲,这个苹果落到了刺客手里,圣殿骑士的合谋者之一——刺客导师阿尔莫林则背弃了他的秘密协定,要将苹果的力量归为己用。失去苹果之后,加尼耶又回归了他人体实验的老行当,希望能够利用草药、手术以及各种药物复制伊甸苹果的能力,并且取得了一定的成功。[5][6]

为了支持实验进行下去,加尼耶从另一名暗中身为圣殿骑士领袖的人——撒拉森奴隶主塔拉勒处接来了为数众多的囚犯。尽管这些人其实是被人从街上或家中绑架而来沦为奴隶的无辜之人,加尼耶却因这些人大多不是无家可归,就是吸毒成瘾,患麻风病,出卖身体,而他的实验可以治愈他们,得以让他们成为自己的合法病人。但在1191年,他被受阿尔莫林命令前来的阿泰尔·伊本-拉阿哈德所刺杀。但阿尔莫林的真正目的是借阿泰尔之手,除掉这些昔日曾是他盟友的圣殿骑士,以免他们在自己通往权力的道路上制造阻碍。阿泰尔自己则认为加尼耶是一个施虐狂,他的死将会终结这些毫无人道可言的实验。[6]事实即是如此,但医院骑士团在加尼耶去世之后仍留在这里,直到阿卡再次被攻陷为止。

塞浦路斯

In 1192, in the aftermath of the Third Crusade, the Knights Templar purchased the island nation of Cyprus from King Richard the Lionheart, himself having acquired it after ousting its ruler Isaac Comnenus. Though the Templars were the official and sovereign rulers of the island, establishing it as their new base, the detachments of the Knights Hospitalier accompanied the Templars in the efforts to consolidate control. Local resistance was fierce and the arrival of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad, now the new leader of the Levantine Brotherhood of Assassins, accelerated the rapid decay in Crusader power over the country. By the end of the year, the Templars, alongside their Hospitaller allies, had been utterly ousted from Cyprus.[7]

到现代为止的经历

After the loss of Acre, the Hospitalier base relocated to Rhodes. In the early 16th century, the knightly order was responsible for capturing a number of Assassins and imprisoning them in the Palace of the Grand Master. In response, the Mentor Ezio Auditore da Firenze sent a team of Ottoman Assassins to rescue their allies. Despite their success, the Hospitallers soon afterwards killed the Master Assassin Castor, an act that provoked an Assassin assault on the Hospitalier stronghold. Their compound was burned to the ground, and the Assassins seized control of the island, establishing Dens there thereafter.[1]

In 1522, the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman, an ally of the Assassins, succeeded in expelling the Hospitallers from Rhodes. He failed, however, to eradicate the Order, as they reorganized themselves on Malta and prevented the Ottoman forces from conquering the island in 1565. This event sparked a longtime grudge between the Hospitalier and the Ottoman Empire.[8]

After 1675, the Hospitalier in Malta had been severely damaged by a plague and lacked for resources and defences. During the Seven Years' War, the Templar Shay Cormac used his fleet to send some troops to the island.[9]

In 1747, Grand Master Manuel Pinto da Fonseca wrote a letter to Grand Master Reginald Birch of the British Rite of the Templar Order beseeching him for the aid of Templar agents in the Hospitallers' struggle against the Ottoman Empire, the Kingdom of France, and the Assassins.[8]

In 2011, the Animi Training Program of Abstergo Industries featured a simulated location of the Knights Hospitalier fortress of Rhodes in the 16th century, when the Hospitallers held sovereignty over the island.

To this day, the Hospitalier Order still exists as the Catholic Sovereign Military Order of Malta and as the four Protestant orders of the Alliance of the Orders of Saint John of Jerusalem.

徽记与服装

Like the Knights Templar, the emblem of the Knights Hospitalier consisted of a cross, only the colors differed, with a white cross on a black background as opposed to a red cross on a white background. Alternatively, they also utilized a white cross on a red background, which eventually became the design of their flag of Malta.

The standard armor and uniform of the Knights Hospitalier during the Crusades was nearly identical to that of other Christian military orders, such as the Knights Templar and the Teutonic Knights, bearing their emblem at the center. Regular soldiers typically donned black gambesons with a white cross over their chainmail while sergeants wore surcoats of the same design instead. The highest-ranking soldiers, such as the captains, exclusively equipped themselves with plate armor, a great helm, and in solidarity with the others soldiers, a black surcoat with a white cross over the armor.[6] Other Hospitallers instead donned red surcoats with white crosses instead, favoring the order's alternative emblem, with the garrison of Hospitallers on Cyprus being notable examples of this practice.[7]

琐闻趣事

  • The French-inspired "Knights Hospitalier" has generally been preferred in the Assassin's Creed series over the English "Hospitaller", being the exclusive variant used in Assassin's Creed and Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade. However, the order is instead referred to as "Knights Hospitaller" in the Mediterranean Defense minigame of Assassin's Creed: Revelations.
  • In the story trailer of Assassin's Creed, the Hospitalier overseeing the execution of an individual who was killed by Altair wears an armor with a cape with the Hospitalier insignia similar to Robert de Sable but no such guard could be fought in the game's final version.
  • The Knights Hospitalier in Assassin's Creed: Bloodlines wear the white cross over red color alternative color scheme instead of the original white cross over black design of Hospitallers in Assassin's Creed. This is anachronistic since this color scheme was not adopted before the fall of Acre in 1291.
  • In the Captain's Cabin minigame of Assassin's Creed: Rogue, several ships feature the alternative emblem of the Knights Hospitaliers: a white cross on a red background. Flags and banners inside the cabin instead feature the original emblem of the Hospitaliers: a white cross and a black background.

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