- "2000 years ago, Zhuang Zhou fell asleep. He dreamed he was a butterfly, and woke up unable to decide if he was a man dreaming of a butterﬂy, or a butterfly dreaming of a man."
- ―"The Messenger".[src]
Zhuang Zhou (c. 369 BCE – 286 BCE), often known as Zhuangzi, was a Chinese philosopher who lived around the 4th century BCE during the Warring States period, at the height of the Hundred Schools of Thought. As the author of the Zhuangzi, a foundational text of Taoism named after him, he is credited alongside Li Er as a founder of the philosophical tradition.
One of the most famous passages in the Zhuangzi is a philosophical parable on the nature of reality. He claimed to have dreamt that he was a butterfly, but upon waking up, he was unsure of whether he was a man dreaming of a butterfly, or a butterfly dreaming of a man.
- Assassin's Creed: Origins (mentioned only)