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"2000 years ago, Zhuang Zhou fell asleep. He dreamed he was a butterfly, and woke up unable to decide if he was a man dreaming of a butterfly, or a butterfly dreaming of a man."
―"The Messenger".[src]

Zhuang Zhou (c. 369 BCE – 286 BCE), often known as Zhuangzi, was a Chinese philosopher who lived around the 4th century BCE during the Warring States period, at the height of the Hundred Schools of Thought. As the author of the Zhuangzi, a foundational text of Taoism named after him, he is credited alongside Li Er as a founder of the philosophical tradition.[1]

One of the most famous passages in the Zhuangzi is a philosophical parable on the nature of reality.[2] He claimed to have dreamt that he was a butterfly, but upon waking up, he was unsure of whether he was a man dreaming of a butterfly, or a butterfly dreaming of a man.[3]

Appearances

References

  1. Hanson, Chad. Daoism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University, 28 June 2007. Accessed 22 December 2017
  2. Watson, Burton. Zhuangzi: Basic Writings. 3rd ed., Columbia University Press, 2003.
  3. Assassin's Creed: OriginsThe Empirical Truth: "Oun-mAa Niye Rassoot"
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