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York (Latin: Eboracum; Old English: Eoforwic; Old Norse: Jorvik) during the Anglo-Saxon period, is a city located in North Yorkshire, England. The city served as the capital of the Kingdom of Northumbria during the early Middle Ages, until its conquest by the Vikings in 866.

History

Roman era

York was originally founded as a town named Eboracum during the Roman occupation of Great Britain. Between the 2nd and early 5th century, the Hidden Ones had a bureau based in the city. On 3 February 211, the Hidden One Khloe infiltrated the villa of Emperor Severus and administered poison to him. The emperor died the next day and Khloe succeeded in carrying out an assassination contract.[1]

The Early Middle Ages

Following the departure of the Roman Empire, the city was settled by Saxon settlers, where it became known as Eoforwic.[2] By the early Middle Ages, the town as developed into a city and became part of the Kingdom of Northumbria. Alcuin, a notable scholar who served in the court of Charlemagne, was born in Eoforwic during the 8th century. In 867, the southern part of Northumbria including Eoforwic became a vassal of the Great Heathen Army, a coalition of Vikings that came from Scandinavia. Ricsige was installed as king by Halfdan Ragnarsson and based himself in the city, which was later renamed Jorvik.[3]

Appearances

References

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