It originated from the secession of thirteen colonies of British North America in protest against the United Kingdom. With their victory in the American Revolution, the colonies were able to firmly establish themselves as a new federal republic known as the United States of America.
As the United States became a global superpower, its government and military has been the means of enforcing Abstergo's will. On its behalf, it invaded Iran, Guatemala, and Chile, and backed the dissolution of the Russian Parliament.
Early history and the French and Indian War
The "Thirteen Colonies" were the colonial possessions of the Kingdom of Great Britain, situated on the eastern coast of North America, during the early 17th century. Sandwiched between French Canada and the Spanish Main, the Thirteen Colonies represented, for a long time, the entirety of Great Britain's colonial territories.
In 1754, the Seven Years' War erupted in Europe, inevitably leading to conflict between the colonial territories; the French and Indian War. This ended in 1763, and saw the original Thirteen Colonies joined by the newly annexed territories of French Louisiana and Florida.<div class="Assassin's Creed: Rogue"/>
American Revolutionary War
During the 18th century, the thirteen colonies of Britain in the New World revolted against their British oppressors and raised an army, which would be referred to as the Continental Army. The Continental Congress promoted George Washington to its Commander-in-Chief, and in 1775, the American Revolutionary War began between the Continental Army and British Army, due to high taxation, and, to a lesser extent, little Parliamentary representation. On July 4, 1776, the Founding Fathers signed the Declaration of Independence, therefore founding the United States.
In the shadows of the conflict, the Assassins and Templars waged a secret war on both sides of the Revolution. Ratonhnhaké:ton, an Assassin originally hailing from the Kanien'kehá:ka tribe, allied himself with Washington, Samuel Adams and other leaders of the American revolutionaries to continue his own personal conflict with the Templars, who fought on both sides of the conflict.
In 1783, the Continental Army under Washington stood victorious over their British adversaries, and the two nations signed the Treaty of Paris, securing the independent existence of the United States of America.
American Civil War
Between 1861 and 1865, the country experienced a civil war, so the nation was divided by north, the union, and south, the confederacy. The 16th president, Abraham Lincoln, was a notorious figure during this period, however, he was assassinated by Templar-affiliate John Wilkes Booth, at the end of the war.
The rise of American industry
By the end of the 19th century, the United States emerged as a leading center of industrial and technological innovation. No man better exemplified this status than Thomas Edison, a prolific inventor and businessman. Unknown to all but a few, Edison was a Templar, and used his influence and connections to ensure his own financial success and discredit his opponents, particularly his fellow inventor Nikola Tesla.
As Tesla intended to supply many American households with unlimited electricity, with the aid of an Apple of Eden, Edison and the Templars used whatever means they could in order to take it from his hands and turn it against him. Later on, this Apple found its way into the hands of another titan of American industry, Henry Ford.
Ford, along with another Templar, Ransom Olds, revolutionized modern manufacturing through the perfection of the assembly line. As such, it allowed automobiles to be produced at a cost affordable enough for the middle-class American to own, but it also practically guaranteed Templar control of the American economy for the foreseeable future.
By 1910, Ford, Olds, and their fellow Templars put into place a plan designed to ensure their control of not only the United States, but of the entire world through political, military, and economic means. In 1937, these same Templars, along with sitting President (and fellow Templar) Franklin D. Roosevelt, founded Abstergo Industries as a front for their organization, which remained a relatively anonymous corporation until the last decades of the 20th century.
War for the Presidency
Since its introduction, the Assassins and Templars waged a secret political struggle to gain control over the United States via its Presidency. In 1933, Franklin D. Roosevelt became the first known Templar to assume the Presidency, and in the process, he obtained the same Apple of Eden that Washington wielded nearly two centuries before him. Following this, Roosevelt co-founded Abstergo Industries alongside several other Templars in 1937, and orchestrated World War II along with Winston Churchill, Joseph Stalin, and Adolf Hitler.
In 1961, John F. Kennedy assumed the office of the American Presidency and did not share the Templars' and Abstergo's goals. When Kennedy planned a joint venture to the Moon – where an Apple of Eden was located – with the Soviet Union, the Templars planned Kennedy's assassination. On 22 November, Kennedy was shot by the Templar sleeper agent Lee Harvey Oswald whilst the President was driving through Dallas, Texas. Kennedy's driver and Secret Service agent, William Greer, who was trained by Abstergo using another Apple of Eden, stole the Apple that belonged to Kennedy in the confusion that ensued, and the Vice President and secret Templar Lyndon B. Johnson assumed the office.
The 37th President, Richard Nixon, was a Templar puppet and was influenced into supporting the deposition of the Democratically-elected Chilean President, Salvador Allende. Allende was subsequently replaced by Augusto Pinochet, another pawn of Abstergo.
Gerald Ford, who succeeded Nixon, was also influenced by the Templars, who used his government cabinet to support the military junta of Argentina. Under the rule of the junta, American corporations transferred their debt to the people of Argentina, and thousands of its opponents were killed.
During the late 1990s, the Assassins and Templars were engaged in a solely political war for the Presidency, with the Assassins supporting candidate Al Gore and the Templars using George W. Bush as their puppet. On 6 November 2000, the Templar sleeper agent Daniel Cross met with the Mentor of the Assassins, and, following a subconscious command implanted into his mind by Warren Vidic, killed him forthwith. Daniel later returned to Abstergo Industries in Philadelphia, where he was experimented on during his youth, and was tortured into revealing the locations of the Assassin hideouts he had visited.
Following this, it allowed the Templars to initiate the "Great Purge", which was a scheme designed to eradicate the Assassin hideouts specified. With the Mentor dead and the Assassins in disarray, the Templars were successful in placing George W. Bush in the Presidential office. By 2010, the Templars still held influence over the Presidency. By 2014, the Order has a Grand Master in the United States.
In an alternate timeline created by an Apple of Eden, Washington's newly formed Kingdom of the United States ruled over the former British colonies, brutally, with the help of his following allies: Benedict Arnold, Israel Putnam, and Benjamin Franklin. Washington even had plans to extend his holdings to Europe, starting with an invasion of Britain. This reality was short-lived, however, with the arrival of Ratonhnhaké:ton and the death of the country's ruler: King Washington.
- The Thirteen Colonies did not make up the entirety of the British holdings on the Eastern American coastline. There were at least seven other colonies; Newfoundland, Rupert's Land (the area around the Hudson Bay), Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, East Florida, West Florida, and the Province of Quebec that did not rebel during the American Revolutionary War.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Rifts
- ↑ Assassin's Creed III
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Assassin's Creed II - Glyphs
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Assassin's Creed: Revelations - Abstergo Files
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: The Fall - Issue #3
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: The Fall - Epilogue
- ↑ AbstergoIndustries.com
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity
- ↑ Assassin's Creed III - The Tyranny of King Washington