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ACO Klysma Trireme

The trireme docked near the Klysma Quarry

A trireme (Latin: trirēmis "with three banks of oars"; Ancient Greek: τριήρης triērēs, literally "three-rower") was an ancient sea-faring vessel and a type of galley that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the Mediterranean, especially the Phoenicians, ancient Greeks, and Romans.[1][2]

History

Triremes played a vital role in the Greco-Persian Wars, the creation of the Athenian maritime empire, and its eventual downfall in the Peloponnesian War.

In 431 BCE the Spartan misthios Kassandra became the commander of the Adrestia, a trireme captained by Barnabas.[3]

After the 4th century BCE triremes were gradually superseded by the larger quadriremes and quinqueremes. [citation needed]

Triremes were used as late as the Ptolemaic dynasty by Ptolemy's soldiers and Romans alike during the late-1st century BCE.[4]

Qualities

Triremes were larger ships than biremes, whereas pentaconters were smallest of the three classes. During the Peloponnesian War in the 5th century BCE the triremes were further classified into light and heavy variants, as well as elite versions of these. The heavy triremes had multiple sails and heavier artillery at their disposal than their lighter counterparts.[3]

Etymology

  • The trireme derives its name from its three rows of oars, manned with one man per oar.

Gallery

Trivia

  • Characters in Odyssey game refer to Triremes by saying Trireme with a Greek pronounciation. This is slightly false, since Trireme is an English word, derived from the Latin word Trirēmis. The Greek word for Trireme is Triērēs.

Appearances

References

  1. Coates, John F. (2000). The Athenian Trireme. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 127–230.
  2. Welsh, Frank (1988). Building the Trireme. London: Constable and Company Limited.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Assassin's Creed: Odyssey
  4. Assassin's Creed: Origins
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