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A trireme (Latin: trirēmis "with three banks of oars"; Ancient Greek: τριήρης triērēs, literally "three-rower") was an ancient sea-faring vessel and a type of galley that was used by the ancient maritime civilizations of the Mediterranean, especially the Phoenicians, ancient Greeks, and Romans.
Triremes played a vital role in the Greco-Persian Wars, the creation of the Athenian maritime empire, and its eventual downfall in the Peloponnesian War. In 431 BCE, the Spartan misthios Kassandra became the commander of the Adrestia, a light trireme captained by Barnabas.
Triremes were larger ships than biremes, whereas pentaconters were smallest of the three classes. During the Peloponnesian War in the 5th century BCE the triremes were further classified into light and heavy variants, as well as elite versions of these. The heavy triremes had multiple sails and heavier artillery at their disposal than their lighter counterparts.
- The trireme derives its name from its three rows of oars, manned with one man per oar.
- Characters in Assassin's Creed: Odyssey say trireme with Greek pronunciation. This is slightly false, since trireme is an English word, derived from the Latin word trirēmis. The Greek word for trireme is τριήρης (triērēs).
- ↑ Coates, John F. (2000). The Athenian Trireme. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 127–230.
- ↑ Welsh, Frank (1988). Building the Trireme. London: Constable and Company Limited.
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Bounty on a Spartan Ship
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Assassin's Creed: Odyssey
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Origins