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Sun Wen (孫文; 1866 – 1925), best known to the West as Sun Yat-sen (孫逸仙), was a Chinese revolutionary and politician who led the Xinhai Revolution. He served as the Provisional President of the Republic of China in 1912 and co-founded the Kuomintang after the revolution, serving as its first leader.

Along with his wife Soong Ching-ling, Sun was also a member of the Templar Order, serving as the Grand Master of the Chinese Rite. On 12 March 1925, he was killed by members of the Assassin Brotherhood. His death led to a crisis among the Templars as the Chinese Templars, now led by Stirling Fessenden, had difficulties appeasing the political tensions that were quickly growing in China between the rival factions.[1]

In 1927, in an attempt to once again pacify the country under their rule, the Inner Sanctum decided to propose to the new leader of the Kuomintang, Chiang Kai-shek, to join their ranks. Despite the warnings of Sun's widow about the generalissimo's ambitions, they also offered Chiang to become the successor of Sun Yat-Sen as the new Grand Master of the Chinese Rite. Chiang ultimately rejected the offer, announcing his decision directly to the Templar leaders on the same day of his massacre of the communists in Shanghai.[1]

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