A royalist is a supporter of a particular individual as monarch of a state. The term is closely related to but distinct from a monarchist, who advocates for a monarchical style of government but not necessarily the reign of a particular monarch. Nonetheless, the two are often intertwined.
During the French Revolution, royalists were a faction striving for the retention of the French monarchy in opposition to the goals of the revolutionaries to overthrow it for a republic. Like the revolutionaries, they varied in the intensity of their convictions, ranging from the extremist François-Joseph Carbon, who sought to assassinate Napoleon Bonaparte with a public bombing, to Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de Lafayette, a hero of the American Revolution who believed in a constitutional monarchy.