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"Roma is the pillar that holds our entire enterprise aloft. She cannot waver; which means neither can you."
―Cesare Borgia to his allies, 1501.[src]-[m]

Rome (Latin and Italian: Roma) is the capital and the largest city of Italy. During the Renaissance, Rome was the capital of the Papal States and headquarters of the Roman Rite of the Templar Order. Also, as part of Rome's liberation, the city became the base for the Italian Brotherhood of the Assassins. During the Renaissance, Rome was divided in four districts: Antico District, Campagna District, Centro District and Vaticano District.


Isu era[]

During the Isu Era, the First Civilization built at least three sites near the future location of Rome. The Isu Jupiter, Minerva and Juno were remembered as the Capitoline Triad and assimilated into gods.[2]

Roman era[]

Kingdom of Rome[]

Archaeological evidence supports that Rome grew from pastoral settlements on Colle Palatino, the future site of the Roman Forum, upon which there are several caves. According to legends, the city of Rome was founded in 753 BCE by the King Romulus, son of the god Mars bred by a she-wolf on the Palatine Hill, which became the place of the royal palace.[3]

Between the 8th and the 7th centuries BCE, a Sabine settlement was installed on the Quirinal Hill before being assimilated by Rome.[4]

Around 600 BCE, King Lucius Tarquinius Priscus ordered the construction of the Cloaca Maxima, one of the world's first major sewage systems.[5]

Republic of Rome[]

In c. 510 BCE, Rome became the heart of a Republic which eventually began to conquer territories through Mediterranean Sea, having influence over Gaul, Hispania, Greece, Egypt and Middle-East.[3] In 456 BCE, a law was passed allowing plebeians to own property on the Aventine Hill, causing the city to quickly grow beyond its walls. After an invasion of the Gauls, a wall was built encircling the hill.[6]

Around 361 BCE, the city of Tivoli allied itself with the Gauls. They remained peaceful for 23 years until the Romans defeated the Gauls and absorbed the village.[7]

Between 144 and 140 BCE, the Praetor Quintus Marcius Rex built the longest aqueduct of the city, running 91 miles.[8] In 62 BCE, Lucius Fabricius built a bridge connecting the Tiber Island to Rome.[9]

In 90 BCE, Tivoli received official Roman citizenship and became a resort destination for the Roman elite who traveled there for its beauty and superb water.[7]

ACO Fall of an Empire, Rise of Another 28

Caesar's assassination

In 49 BCE, a Civil War began between the consuls Pompey and Julius Caesar. The conflict ended with Pompey's death and Caesar becoming the dictator of the Republic, supported by the Order of the Ancients after his campaign in Egypt. On 15 March 44 BCE, Caesar was assassinated in the Theatre of Pompey by forty senators, calling themselves the "Liberatores", who were secretly Hidden Ones. These Liberatores were led by Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus, and helped by the Egyptian Hidden One Aya.[10][11]

Roman Empire[]

After Caesar's death, the Republic was led by Marcus Antonius, Lepidus, and Octavian, Caesar's adoptive son. As Antonius committed suicide after being defeated by Octavian in 30 BCE, Rome became an Empire in 27 BCE, with Octavian ruling as its first Emperor under the title Augustus. During his reign, Augustus constructed many monuments, including finishing the Basilica Julia in honor of his adoptive father and using it as a court of civil law as well as for sessions of the Centumviri who presided over matters of inheritance.[12] He also ordered the construction of the Pantheon by Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa to celebrate his victory over Antonius,[13] and the Mausoleum of Augustus where he would eventually be buried alongside other important individuals.[14]

Between 18 and 12 BCE, the magistrate Caius Cestius constructed a pyramid which bore his name later.[15]

Between 20 and 23 CE under the reign of Emperor Tiberius, the Praetorian Prefect Sejanus constructed the Castra Praetoria to house the nine cohorts of the Praetorian Guard.[16]

On 24 January 41 CE, the Hidden One Leonius assassinated the Emperor Caligula, a puppet of the Order of the Ancients, stabbing him with a dagger in an underground corridor beneath the Palatine Hill.[17] Caligula was succeeded by Claudius, who in 52 CE finished the construction of the aqueduct started by his predecessor.[18]

Between 54 and 68 CE, Rome was ruled by the Emperor Nero, who was known for his tyranny and extravagance. In 64 CE, a Great Fire occurred in Rome. Some accused Nero of intentionally starting the fire to make room for his golden palace on Esquiline Hill. It was also likely that Nero used the aqueducts to build his palace because they did not give water to civilians anymore for a time.[19] As Nero accused the Christians of having started the Fire, the Apostle and Jesus' disciple Peter was crucified in the Circus of Nero circa 68 CE where he was also buried.[20] As Peter was the wielder of a Staff of Eden, all the leaders of the Christian community and later the Popes kept the artifact.[21]

Under the Flavian dynasty, many monuments were constructed by the Emperors. Between 72 and 80 CE, the Colosseum was built as a place of entertainment.[22] The Temple of Vespasian and the Arch of Titus honored the two first Emperor of the dynasty.[23][24] The Emperor Domitian ordered the construction of a stadium in Rome.[25]

During the 2nd century, the Roman Empire knew a Golden Age under the Nerva-Antonine. The Emperor Trajan and his architect Apollodorus of Damascus constructed three monuments to the glory of the Emperor: a market,[26] a column[27] and public baths on the ruins of Nero's Golden Palace.[28] Trajan's successor, Hadrian ordered the construction of a mausoleum bigger than Augustus' one[29] and restored the Pantheon.[13] In 140 CE, a part of the Circus Maximus collapsed, killing 1,112 spectators. The same year, the Empress Faustina the Elder died. Her husband Antoninus Pius erected a temple in her honor on the Roman Forum. 20 years later, the Emperor died and the temple was also dedicated to him.[30] During this century, the Catacombs of Rome were constructed and served as a buried place for the Christians who hid in the city.[31]

At the end of the 2nd century, the Severian dynasty ruled over Rome. To celebrate his victory over the Parthians, the Emperor Septimius Severus constructed an arch near the Colosseum. His sons Geta and Caracalla succeeded him but in 211 CE, Caracalla killed Geta and destroyed all records of Geta's existence, as his representations on the arch.[32] Caracalla ordered the construction of public baths[33] with the Acqua Antoniniana[34] and restored the Porta Tiburtina.[35]

In 259 CE, the Hidden Ones Aquilus assassinated Caïus Fulvus Vultur, a Roman Senator and secret member of the Order of the Ancients, inside the latter's home in Rome to avenge his father Lucius and reclaim the Ankh stolen by Vultur.[36]

In 271 CE, the Emperor Aurelian began the construction of walls around the city, connecting numerous arches and gates. His successor Probus completed his work in 275 CE.[37] In 283 CE, the Temple of Saturn was restored.[38]

At the end of the 3rd century, the Emperor Diocletian constructed public baths on the Viminal Hill.[39] In 308 CE, the Emperor Maxentius began the construction of a basilica in the Roman Forum. After Maxentius was defeated by Constantine I, the basilica was finished by Maxentius' rival,[40] who constructed an arch to remember his victory.[41] As the Praetorian Guard sided with Maxentius during the war, Constantine disbanded it and destroyed the barracks in the Castra Praetoria.[42] The Emperor also built his lavish private baths on the Quirinal hill.[4]

As Constantine authorized the Christian religion, in 326 CE the St. Peter's Basilica was constructed on the site of Peter's death.[20] The Lateran Palace became the principal residence of the Pope.[43]

In 401 CE, Hadrian's Mausoleum was changed into a military fortress.[29] In 410 CE, the King of the Visigoths Alaric I entered Rome by the Porta Salaria with his army and began to sack the city.[44] The Basilica Aemilia was destroyed during the attack[45] and the urns and ashes of Hadian's Mausoleum were scattered by looters.[29] In 476 CE, the Western Roman Empire fell, ending the rule of the Romans on the city.[3]

Middle Ages[]

Gothic-Byzantine War[]

During the 6th century, Rome was disputed between the Ostrogoths and the Eastern Romans. In 536 CE, the Roman general Belisarius entered the city by the Porta Asinaria and took back Rome.[46] A year later, the Ostrogoths besieged the city, cutting the water supply[39] and attacking the Hadrian's Mausoleum.[29] During the Gothic Wars in 545 CE, much of Aurelian Walls were destroyed by the army of the Ostrogoth King Totila.[37] In 546 CE, a traitor opened the Porta Asinaria to the Ostrogoths who sacked the city.[46] In 549 CE, the treason of the Isaurian garrison permitted to the Ostrogoths to enter by the Porta Ostiense and sacked another time the city.[47]

During the Middle Ages, the Roman Catholic Church increased their influence in Rome. Around 550s CE, Pelagius I ordered the construction of the Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles to celebrate the victory of the Roman General Narses over the Ostrogoths.[48] At the end of the 6th century, Gregory I built the church Santa Maria in Vallicella.[49] In 609 CE, Boniface IV converted the Pantheon into a church.[13]

Beginning of the Papal State[]

In 756 CE, the Catholic Church managed to take power in Rome, founding its own state with the Pope as the spiritual leader of Christian Europe.[3]

In the middle of the 9th century, Rome became the target of Arab raids. In 849 CE, one of these raids was repelled by the forces of Leo IV at the Battle of Ostia.[50] In 852 CE, to forbid any further raids, the Vatican was enclosed by the Leonine Walls, composed by the Porta Viridaria[51] and the Porta Cavalleggeri.[52] During the 11th Century, the Church converted the ruins of the Temple of Antoninus and Faustina into the church of San Lorenzo in Miranda.[30]

During his papacy, Callixtus II created a small channel through the sealed Porta Metronia for the Acqua Mariana.[53]

During the 12th century, the House of Colonna occupied the area around the Mausoleum of Augustus, which was fortified and converted into part of the Castel Sant'Angelo. During this period, a Commune of Rome was established but eventually failed in 1167 and the Colonna family was disgraced, banished from the city and their fortification was dismantled.[14]

Between the 12th and the 13th century, the Pope Innocent III ordered the construction of the Torre delle Milizie.[54]

During the 13th and the 14th centuries, the Capitoline Hill became the siege of the communal power with the construction of the Palazzo dei Conservatori as the seat of the Roman magistrates[55] and the Palazzo Senatorio for the judges.[56] On the ruins of the Temple of Juno was constructed the church Santa Maria in Aracoeli.[57]

During the 14th century, some accidents occurred in the city. After the Lateran Palace burned in 1307 and 1361, the Pope left it to go to the Hadrian Mausoleum, which became the Castel Sant'Angelo.[43] A passage was created between the Papal residence and St Peter's.[29] In 1348, an earthquake damaged the Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles[48] and the Torre delle Milizie.[54] A year later, another earthquake made a part of the Colosseum collapsed.[22]

In 1400 was built the Rosa in Fiore, one of the most popular brothels in Rome, was also known for its preferential treatment of members of the Vatican.[58] In 1417, the Pope Martin V from the Colonna family ordered the restoration of the Church of the Twelve Holy Apostles.[48]

Modern Era[]


"I say we work here. In Roma. Erode the Borgia’s influence while restoring our own. And in fact, I want to begin right now."
―Ezio to his allies, before beginning the liberation of Rome, 1501.[src]

During the 15th century, Rome became an economic and cultural powerhouse in Europe, even though Florence surpassed Rome as the center of the Italian Renaissance. Due to the rivalry between the two cities, the papacy spent vast amounts of money to create cultural masterworks.[3]

Between 1440 and 1445, the cardinal Antonio de Chavez built the Sant'Antonio dei Portoghesi and annexed the hospice for Portuguese pilgrims.[59]

The Jubilee of 1450 was particularly deadly for the pilgrims. The balustrades of the Ponte Sant'Angelo buckled due to a surging mob of pilgrims making their way to the Basilica San Pietro, leading to a mass drowning.[60] Several hundred pilgrims were also trampled to death moving between churches in 1450. The populace was so traumatized by the insanity of the events unfolding, that performers stayed in the city for several years afterward to help ease Jubilee's withdrawal.[61]

In 1461, Pope Pius II built the Rocca Pia in an attempt to control the population of Tivoli which often rioted. The fortress stood as a symbol of the omnipotence of the papal temporal power. During the Renaissance, Tivoli opened several open-air travertine mines, excavating stone for the palazzos and courtyards of Rome.[7]

Giovanni's fight

Giovanni fighting guards in St Peter's

In 1476, cardinal Rodrigo Borgia, Grand Master of the Italian Templars and a powerful figure in Vatican politics, briefly left the city to discuss his Order's plans to take control of Florence and killing Lorenzo de' Medici, before returning to affirm Papal approval. Assent was given by Pope Sixtus IV, and the Templars were provided with military support for their endeavors.[62]

In St Peter's, Rodrigo was confronted by the Master Assassin Giovanni Auditore da Firenze, as the Italian Brotherhood of Assassins knew about the Templars' schemes. After failing to turn Giovanni against the Assassins, Rodrigo ordered his guards to kill the Assassin. Giovanni survived but was later hung with two of his sons in Florence by the Templar agent Uberto Alberti to impeach him to reveal their plans.[62][63]

During his pontificate, Sixtus IV built the Ponte Sisto between 1473 and 1479 to connect the Centro District and the Vatican.[64] In 1483 began the construction of the Sistine Chapel, serving as the Pope's chapel near St Peter's. Artists such as Pietro Perugino, Sandro Botticelli and Domenico Ghirlandaio worked on the painting of the chapel. The chapel was constructed on the site of a vault of the Isu.[65] After the death of Sixtus IV in 1484, looters sacked Rome. Caterina Sforza, ruler of Forlì and wife of Sixtus' nephew Girolamo Riario, organized the defense of the Vatican, with cannon fire and soldiers.[66]

Borgia Rule[]

A Glass of Wine with Caesar Borgia - John Collier

The Borgia family

In 1492, Rodrigo became Pope Alexander VI and head of the Papal States and Catholic Church. Ruling with his family and the Templars, he maintained oppression over the city with towers located throughout Rome, which prevented shops from opening.[67]

In 1497, Juan Borgia the Younger, Rodrigo's elder son, was assassinated by the courtesan Fiora Cavazza under the order of his brother, Cesare Borgia who became the Captain-General of the Papal Army.[68] His hitman, Micheletto Corella killed some of Cesare's enemies in the city. Cesare controlled the city with many Templar cultists through Rome, as the thieves of the Cento Occhi and the cultists of the Followers of Romulus, accomplishing different illegal activities: slavery, corruption, smuggling, persecution and murders. Cesare also associated with Juan Borgia the Elder to fund his army and allied with the French noble Octavian de Valois who established his troops in the countryside of Rome.[2]

The Assassin Brotherhood also intervened in Rome in the 1490s. Around 1493, the condottiero and Assassin Bartolomeo d'Alviano arrived in the city with his companies installed in a barrack in Rome. His guild controlled the fighting club in the city and recruited the champion Corvo Antonelli in the Brotherhood.[69] In 1496, Bartolomeo allied with the House of Orsini to fight Cesare.[70]

In 1497, the Assassin Perotto Calderon was sent undercover in the Borgia court as a courier but he compromised the Brotherhood when he had an affair with Rodrigo's daughter Lucrezia which resulted in the birth of Giovanni Borgia and the death of Perotto in 1498.[71] The Assassin and Florentine thief La Volpe arrived in Rome and established a guild to fight the Cento Occhi. The Assassin Niccolò Machiavelli served as a diplomate in the Papal court.[2]

In 1498, Alexander ordered the renovation of the Porta Settimiana, as he wanted the gate to evoke a military vibe.[72]


Ezio fighting Rodrigo in the Sistine chapel

In 1499, the Master Assassin Ezio Auditore da Firenze, Giovanni's son, learned that the Vatican Vault was beneath the Sistine Chapel and confronted Rodrigo in a fight. Defeating him, he used the Papal Staff and an Apple of Eden to open the vault. There, he entered into contact with Minerva who told him about the Great Catastrophe and the Second Disaster.[73] After that, the staff was locked in the vault, and Ezio flew to Rome with the Apple.[74]

In 1500, Cesare Borgia led the Papal Army to Monteriggioni, the headquarters of the Assassins. During the siege, Cesare took the Apple of Eden, captured Caterina Sforza, and killed the leader of the Assassin Mario Auditore, Ezio's uncle.[75] Escaping from the city with the population, Ezio returned to Rome to exact his revenge. At the time, the city had fallen far behind those of Florence and Venice and had grown stagnant in terms of development, due to the influence of the Borgia.[76]

Allying with Machiavelli, Ezio decided to increase their network in the city. To free Rome of the Borgia influence, Ezio killed the overlords of the towers and burned the structures themselves to the ground, taking them over for the Assassin Order afterward and renovating the districts.[67] Claudia Auditore da Firenze, Ezio's sister, took control of the Rosa in Fiore, having information from the men of the Vatican.[77] Ezio helped Bartolomeo in his fight with the French.[78] With la Volpe, Ezio founded La Volpe Addormentata, a tavern that served as the headquarters of the Roman thieves.[79] Ezio also accomplished some assassination contracts for Machiavelli[78] and also tracked the Followers of Romulus to expose their ties with the Borgia.[80]

In November 1500, the Templar and astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus wanted to share his scientific discoveries but the Master of the Sacred Palace tried to kill him. Ezio protected him and killed the Master while Copernicus studied the lunar eclipse in Rome.[81]

Ascension 3

The Assassins Brotherhood in Rome

In 1501, during his mission to assassinate Rodrigo and his son, Ezio rescued Caterina Sforza who was imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo.[82] Understanding they couldn't attack Cesare directly, Ezio established the Assassins Guild in Rome and set up its headquarters on Tiber Island to decrease the power of Cesare. By recruiting several Roman civilians as Assassin apprentices, the Brotherhood worked to free Rome of Templar control, killing some of their agents and going on missions through Europe and Asia.[83] Cesare captured the inventor Leonardo da Vinci to force him to construct War Machines while he studied the Apple for Rodrigo. Leonardo decided to help his old friend Ezio by indicating which guard in Rome had the location of the War Machines.[84]

In 1501, the ancient speaking statue of Pasquino was unearthed at Piazza Navona. The citizens used it as a signpost for social parodies and anonymous derogatory comments, which were attached to it for all to read.[25]

In 1502, the King Louis XII of France commissioned the church Trinità dei Monti to celebrate the French invasion of Naples.[85]

Roads lead to 3

The Assassins uniting against Cesare

In August 1503, Ezio killed Juan Borgia the Elder, cutting off Cesare's funds,[86] and Octavian de Valois, removing the French army's support of the Borgia.[87] Ezio also saved the actor Pietro Rossi from Micheletto Corella to obtain the key of the Castel Sant'Angelo.[88] As the new Mentor of the Italian Assassins, Ezio infiltrated the Papal residence and witnessed Cesare's murder of Rodrigo after the latter had refused to give his son the Apple of Eden. The Assassin and the Templar then raced to the location of the artifact in the place of St. Peter's, and Ezio ultimately claimed it first.[89] Over the following months, the Assassins used the Apple to eliminate Cesare's remaining supporters, removing the Templars' control over Rome. During a final battle in the Piazza del Popolo in December, Cesare was defeated by the Assassins and then arrested on the order of Pope Julius II.[90]

The following year, in 1504, Cesare managed to break out of prison but was re-captured by Ezio before he could flee Rome. Julius II subsequently decided to have Cesare moved to a new prison in Spain, whose location was a closely guarded secret. During this time, the Assassins continued to fight the remaining Borgia diehards in Rome.[91] After eliminating them, Ezio hid the Apple of Eden in the Isu vault under Santa Maria in Aracoeli.[92]

In 1506, the Hermeticists led by Ercole Massimo kidnapped Leonardo da Vinci to open the Temple of Pythagoras hidden in the catacombs underneath Rome.[93] Ezio recovered the paintings of his friend and discovered hidden clues on them leading to the location of the Temple.[94] After killing the Hermeticists and saving Leonardo, the duo decided to enter in the Pythagorean Vault inside the Temple, which gave the coordinates for the Grand Temple in North America.[95]

In 1508, Pope Julius II created the League of Cambrai, which served as an anti-Venetian alliance that included Louis XII of France, the Holy Roman Emperor Maximillian I and Ferdinand II of Aragon, intending to curb the Venetian influence in northern Italy. The League was initially a success, but the friction between Julius and Louis caused it to collapse by 1510.[96]

During the war, several fortifications were raised around and inside Rome. A detachment of the Papal Army was sent to build a camp around the Colosseum to protect the southern part of the city and the ruins.[97]


During the early 16th century, two members of the House of Medici became Pope. In 1518, Leo X initiated an architectural completion for a new church to be built in place of the old Saint Pantaleo. The winning architect went by the name of Sansovino but there were complications, the construction slowly ground to a halt and many different individuals tried to finish the church tower for over two centuries.[98] In 1527, Rome was sacked by the imperial troops. Clement VII who was imprisoned in the Castel Sant'Angelo, escaped from the fortress disguised as a tradesman.[99]

During his papacy, Pope Paul III commissioned Michelangelo to improve Capitol Hill to impress the Emperor Charles V. The artist re-designed the facade of the Palazzo dei Conservatori, adding gigantic Corinthian pilaster strips on high pedestals to make it a little less ostentatious.[55] He also designed a double-flighted staircase in front of the Palazzo Senatorio.[56]

In 1542, Paul III established the Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, a system of tribunals for prosecuting anyone with alternate religious beliefs.[100]

In 1563, the Porta San Pellegrino was rendered unnecessary when the third set of Leonine Walls was constructed, enclosing the existing set.[101]

Baroque period[]

In 1575, construction of the cathedral Santa Maria in Vallicella got underway, which was eventually finished and consecrated in 1599.[49]

Around 1580, the Duchess of Amalfi, who was a descendant of Pope Pius II, was then charged by the order of Theatine with the responsibility of erecting a church in honor of Saint Andrew.[102]

During his papacy, the Pope Sixtus V wished to make use of the remaining shell of the Colosseo to convert the structure into a giant wool factory to employ Rome's prostitutes. However, he died before his plan could become reality.[22]

In 1598, a flood swept away the eastern arch of the Pons Aemilius, the oldest bridge in Rome. City officials deemed it too expensive to fix, as all money was heading into Pope Clement VIII's execution fund.[103]

Between 1594 and 1600, the Dominican Friar and Hermeticist Giordano Bruno was held prisoner in the Castel Sant'Angelo for heresy. In 1600, he was burnt at the stake in the small interior courtyard of the Castel[29]

In 1601, plague struck the city due to a stagnant river of the small channel near Porta Metronia.[53]

During his papacy, Urban VIII remodeled the Porta Aurelia, after which it was renamed Porta San Pancrazio.[104]

In 1638, a massive facelift was begun on Sant'Antonio dei Portoghesi at the hands of Martino Longhi the Younger, converting it into the national church of the Portuguese people.[59]

In 1650, San Andrea della Valle was completed and celebrated the world over for its stunning interior.[102]

Between 1662 and 1675, the modest church of Santa Maria dei Miracoli which house the Carmelite monks was renovated, becoming one of the twin churches of the Piazza del Popolo.[105]

In 1734, San Giovanni dei Fiorentini was finally completed.[98]

Modern times[]

In 1821, the Romantic British poet John Keats spent his final hours in a flat overlooking the Piazza di Spagna before succumbing to tuberculosis.[106]

In 1827, the British embassy was constructed in the sealed Porta Nomentana.[107]

In 1853, the Aurora Equestrian Troupe traveled to Rome to perform for three weeks as its acrobat, Pierrette Arnaud, looked for any sign of Simeon Price.[108]

In 1925, the Italian Ministry of Interior was installed on the Viminal Hill.[109]

In 1960, the spot where the Caserma di Alviano stood was marked for a memorial, but no one was quite sure where the barracks were located, so the idea was scrapped in favor of a park, which was, in turn, scrapped in favor of a fast food restaurant.[110]

In 2007, a construction accident halted temporarily the flow of the Acqua Vergine, the source providing water to the Trevi Fountain, the Villa Borghese, the north and south fountains of the Piazza Navona, and the fountains of Piazza del Popolo.[111]

In 2012, the Assassin Clay Kaczmarek was tasked to infiltrate the Abstergo laboratory in Rome, as Subject 16 of the Animus Project. Clay remained in the lab for the remainder of his physical life, until the consequences of the Bleeding Effect drove him insane and led him to commit suicide. Clay would then continue to assist within the Animus to his successor, Desmond Miles, via an implanted digital consciousness.[17]

In September 2012, Desmond Miles was captured by the Templars and brought to the same facility in Rome. There, Desmond was marked Subject 17 of the Animus Project, in which Warren Vidic examined the genetic memories of Desmond's ancestor, Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad, for a week.[112] Desmond subsequently escaped from the facility with the help of Lucy Stillman, who in reality was a Templar part of Project Siren. The pair then made their way to an Assassin hideout nearby, where Desmond relived Ezio's memories to gain his abilities through the Bleeding Effect.[17] Once Vidic and the Templars located the Assassins, Desmond, and his team were forced to relocate to another safer location in Monteriggioni.[2]

On 10 October 2012, Desmond Miles, Lucy Stillman, Rebecca Crane and Shaun Hastings returned to Rome to retrieve the Apple of Eden, after Desmond had relived Ezio's memories in Rome and found that the Assassin had locked the artifact in the Colosseum Vault, as well as leaving the password to unlock the Vault on the wall of the Sanctuary, where they were stationed.[2]

On 12 December 2012, Desmond returned to Rome, to the same Abstergo laboratory he had been held in months before, to rescue his father following his capture by the Templars. Desmond fought his way to Warren Vidic's office, killing Daniel Cross and many Abstergo guards along the way. There, Desmond managed to free his father and kill Vidic using his Apple of Eden, which he also used to escape the laboratory.[113]


During the 16th century, Rome was separated into four districts. Falling into disrepair under the Borgia rule, the Assassin Ezio Auditore invested to reopen shops and fight the Templars' influence.[2]

Antico District[]

Main article: Antico District

Named because of the many Roman ruins inside it, the Antico is the southern district of Rome. The Roman Forum, the Colosseum, and the remnants of the baths recalled the city's Roman past. Among other landmarks were the Lateran Palace, the first papal residence, and La Volpe Addormentata, the Thieves guild disguised as an inn. Three Borgia towers controlled the district.[2]

Campagna District[]

Main article: Campagna District

Situated at the east of the city, the Campagna District is characterized by its farmlands, sparse settlements, and the presence of military encampments. The Mercenary guild took their headquarters at the Caserma di Alviano while the French troops installed themselves in the Castra Praetoria. There are also four Borgia towers that controlled the Campagna.[2]

Centro District[]

Main article: Centro District

As the urban center of Rome, this district is densely populated. Among the houses and the churches, the Pantheon and the Mausoleum are the last landmarks of the Roman era while the Capitoline Hill overlooks the district. The Tiber River crosses the district from the North to the South, separating the poorer Trastevere from the east part of the Centro. The city's courtesans establish the Rosa in Fiore, having nobles and clergymen as clients. On the Tiberina island, the Assassins set up their guild, permitting them to use the Roman sewers to travel through the city. The cityscape is dominated by five Borgia towers.[2]

Vaticano District[]

Main article: Vaticano District

In the Northern part of the city, the Vaticano District is the political and religious center of Rome, with the papal residence of the Castel Sant'Angelo and St Peter Cathedral. As one of the richer districts, many clergymen and papal guards cross its streets.[2]


As well as this, Abstergo Industries used Rome as a simulated training location in the primary and secondary stages of their Animi Training Program.[114]

The simulation was set in the Centro District, depicting the market square, upon which a great many market stalls had been set up, located in front of the Pantheon and the surrounding residences. Although the Pantheon could be seen, its interior and exterior were inaccessible. The streets themselves were relatively spacious, but the many hidden alleyways allowed people to slip away from the masses with ease.[114]

Rome, like most of the simulated locations in the first and second stages, had two aesthetic variations. As such, it could be utilized during the day or at dusk.[114]


  • In-game, the city was tilted roughly 15 degrees to the right from its real counterpart.
  • In an interview, developers mentioned Rome to be four times bigger than Venice, despite in reality being only three times bigger.
  • While Rome and Florence's architecture were historically similar during the game's time period, the developers of Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood designed Rome with its later Baroque style to be more familiar to their audience.
  • The area where Ezio climbed up to the Castel Sant'Angelo from the river in Assassin's Creed II was unreachable in Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood, with fencing and blockades along the Castello and Vaticano district.
  • The buildings seen north of the Passetto di Borgo in Assassin's Creed II did not appear in Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood.
  • In the Assassin's Creed series, there were two bridges that could clearly be seen that led into the Vaticano district of Rome: the Ponte Sant'Angelo, leading first into Castel Sant'Angelo, and the Ponte Vittorio Emanuele II, which lay west of the Ponte Sant'Angelo. While both bridges could be seen in Assassin's Creed II, the Ponte Vittorio Emanuele II was missing in Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood.
    • While the final memory of Assassin's Creed II took place in 1499, construction on the Ponte Emanuele did not begin until 1886. This is one of the largest anachronisms in the series to date, and an oversight of 387 years.




  1. Assassin's Creed: Atlas
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.9 Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Roma
  4. 4.0 4.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Colle Quirinale
  5. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Cloaca Maxima
  6. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Aventino
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Tivoli
  8. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Acqua Marcia
  9. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Ponte Fabricio
  10. Assassin's Creed: Project LegacyHolidays: Chapter 1 – Ghosts of Christmas Past
  11. Assassin's Creed: OriginsFall of an Empire, Rise of Another
  12. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Basilica Giulia
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: The Pantheon
  14. 14.0 14.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Mausoleo di Augusto
  15. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Piramide Cestia
  16. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Castra Praetoria
  17. 17.0 17.1 17.2 Assassin's Creed II
  18. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Acquedotto Claudia
  19. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Nero's Golden Palace
  20. 20.0 20.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Basilica di San Pietro
  21. Assassin's Creed IIGlyphs –Instruments of Power
  22. 22.0 22.1 22.2 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Colosseo
  23. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Tempio di Vespasiano
  24. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Arco di Tito
  25. 25.0 25.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Piazza Navona
  26. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Mercati di Traiano
  27. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Colonna Traiana
  28. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Terme di Traiano
  29. 29.0 29.1 29.2 29.3 29.4 29.5 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Castel Sant'Angelo
  30. 30.0 30.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Tempio di Antonino e Faustina
  31. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Catacombe di Roma
  32. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Arco di Settimio Severo
  33. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Terme di Caracalla
  34. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Acqua Antoniniana
  35. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Tiburtina
  36. Assassin's Creed 3: Accipiter
  37. 37.0 37.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Mura Aureliane
  38. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Tempio di Saturno
  39. 39.0 39.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Terme di Diocleziano
  40. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Basilica di Massenzio
  41. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Arco di Constantino
  42. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Castra Praetoria
  43. 43.0 43.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Palazzo Laterano
  44. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Salaria
  45. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Basilica Emilia
  46. 46.0 46.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Asinaria
  47. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Ostiense
  48. 48.0 48.1 48.2 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Santi Apostoli
  49. 49.0 49.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Santa Maria in Vallicella
  50. Assassin's Creed: ValhallaDatabase: Aelfred
  51. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Viridaria
  52. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Turrionis
  53. 53.0 53.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Metronia
  54. 54.0 54.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Torre Milizie
  55. 55.0 55.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Palazzo dei Conservatori
  56. 56.0 56.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Palazzo Senatorio
  57. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Basilica di Santa Maria in Aracoeli
  58. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Rosa in Fiore
  59. 59.0 59.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Sant'Antonio dei Portoghesi
  60. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Ponte Sant'Angelo
  61. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Jubilee Performers
  62. 62.0 62.1 Assassin's Creed: Lineage
  63. Assassin's Creed IILast Man Standing
  64. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Ponte Sisto
  65. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Cappella Sistina
  66. Assassin's Creed IIDatabase: Caterina Sforza
  67. 67.0 67.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodNew Man in Town
  68. Assassin's Creed: Ascendance
  69. Assassin's Creed: Rebellion – Bio of Corvo Antonelli
  70. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Bartolomeo d'Alviano
  71. Assassin's Creed: Project LegacyItalian Wars: Chapter 4 – Perotto Calderon
  72. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Settimiana
  73. Assassin's Creed IIIn Bocca al Lupo
  74. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodMass Exodus
  75. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodVilified
  76. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodAs Good As New
  77. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodHigh-Stakes Negotiation
  78. 78.0 78.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodBetween a Rock and a Hard Place
  79. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDouble Agent
  80. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodRoman Underground
  81. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Copernicus Conspiracy - Close the Book
  82. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodGuardian of Forlì
  83. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodMan of the People
  84. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodAn Unexpected Visitor
  85. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Trinita dei Monti
  86. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodIn and Out
  87. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodAu Revoir
  88. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodIntervention
  89. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodAn Apple a Day
  90. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodAll Roads Lead To...
  91. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood (novel)
  92. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodA Seed
  93. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - The Da Vinci Disappearance - A Roll of the Dice
  94. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - The Da Vinci Disappearance - Decoding Da Vinci
  95. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - The Da Vinci Disappearance - The Temple of Pythagoras
  96. Assassin's Creed: Identity - Database: War of the League of Cambrai
  97. Assassin's Creed: Identity
  98. 98.0 98.1 Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: San Giovanni dei Fiorentini
  99. Assassin's Creed II - Database: Giuliano de' Medici
  100. Assassin's Creed movie – Family Tree DNA
  101. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Porta Viridaria
  102. 102.0 102.1 Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: San Andrea della Valle
  103. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: Ponte Emilio
  104. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: Porta Aurelia
  105. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: Santa Maria dei Miracoli and Santa Maria di Montesant
  106. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: Piazza di Spagna
  107. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: Porta Nomentana
  108. Assassin's Creed: The Engine of History – The Magus Conspiracy – Chapter 9
  109. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: Colle Viminale
  110. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: Caserma di Alviano
  111. Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Database: Acqua Vergene
  112. Assassin's Creed
  113. Assassin's Creed III
  114. 114.0 114.1 114.2 Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood - Multiplayer