- "New order never comes without destruction of the old. And if men are made to fear untrammeled liberty, so much the better. A brief taste of chaos will remind them why they crave obedience."
- ―François-Thomas Germain on the reasons for his instigation of the Terror, 1794.[src]
The Reign of Terror, sometimes referred to simply as the Terror, was a period of intense social and political violence in France - and particularly in Paris - during the French Revolution. During the Terror, thousands of people across the country were executed, imprisoned or exiled for perceived crimes of treason against France.
The Terror was secretly planned by François-Thomas Germain, Grand Master of the French Templars and Sage, as the final phase of the "Great Work". Germain and his radical faction within the Order sought to turn the revolution as chaotic and violent as possible; doing so would crush the old social order and lead to a capitalist society in which the Templars could control the populace in far greater secrecy. The people would also fear the concept of revolution, as the Terror made an anarchic revolutionary society appear violent and brutal.
- Main article: French Revolution
After François-Thomas Germain organized the assassination of the Grand Master of the French Templars François de la Serre, Germain took the control of the Templars in France who secretly influencing the French Revolution to depose end the Monarchy. Germain who was a Sage, a reincarnation of the Isu Aita, had a personal grudge with the French Monarchy, as the King Philip IV ordered the destruction of the Templar Order and executed one of his previous incarnation, the Grand Master Jacques de Molay.
Revenge wasn't the only motive of Germain. Influenced by the vision of his past as Jacques de Molay, Germain wanted to reshape at the same time the Templar Order and humankind. Without Monarchy, the Templars could control in the shadows the middle class of the society through Capitalism. As the Grand Master de la Serre opposed him, Germain eliminated him to take control of the Templars.
With the help of his acolytes, Germain succeeded to depose the King Louis XVI of France, collecting the information that prooved he betrayed the Revolution. In January 1793, after a trial, Louis XVI was sent to the guillotine for high treason, and the Jacobins under the Templar Maximilien de Robespierre continued to gain power assuring Germain's plan.
Establishment of the Revolutionary tribunal
In March 1793, a Revolutionary tribunal was established to judge the individuals suspected to act against the Revolution. In April, the newly formed Revolutionary government run by the Committee of Public Safety was tasked to defend France from the threat of invasion and supposed counter-revolutionary activities, and was given increasingly dictatorial powers.
Fall of the Girondins
The divisions increased between the Montagnards, who wanted exceptional measures to stop the violence and a centralized power France with Paris, and the Girondins, who were more moderate and wanted a federal government. The Girondin who had the majority in the Convention tried to arrest the journalist and Montagnard Jean-Paul Marat, but he was liberated. As an act of revenge, Marat used his Journal to demand the arrestation of the Girondins.
On 2 June, François Hanriot, the Commander General of the National Guard in Paris and a Templar puppet, led the Sans-culottes with cannons to the Convention and arrested Girondin deputies. Danton tried to stop this but couldn't reason with Robespierre, who organized the arrest. A team of French Assassins rescued the deputies who were not arrested and smuggled them out of Paris. After the arrest of the Girondins, a federalist uprising began in the South of France, as in the city of Lyon and Marseille, and in Normandy to fight the centralization of power in Paris.
Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat
With the fall of the Girondin, the Montagnards seized control of the Convention but faced opposition from the Sans-culottes like Jacques Roux and his Enragés who demanded social reforms and more radical measures against the enemies of the Revolution. On 13 July, Marat was assassinated by Charlotte Corday, a sympathizer of the Girondins who killed him for his role in the arrest of Girondins. She was arrested by the former Assassin Arno Dorian and guillotined on 17 July. Ironically, she wanted to save people from the guillotine, but her actions only increased paranoia against the enemies of the Revolution, instituting a series of radical measures.
The Law of Suspects
In September 1793, the Law of Suspects passed, whereby any suspected counter-revolutionary was arrested and judged. Important political figures were arrested end executed. In September, the leader of Enragés Jacques Roux was arrested by Robespierre as he was unpredictable for the Templars' plans. He was sent to Saint-Pélagie prison and moved later to the Salpêtrière Hospital. The Templars wanted to keep Roux as a backup plan in case Robespierre fell.
In October, the Girondins who were arrested in June as Jacques Pierre Brissot were guillotined and the former Queen Marie Antoinette knew the fate of her husband on 16 October. In November, the feminist authors and Girondin supporters Marie-Jeanne Phlippon Roland and Olympe de Gouges were executed. Philippe Égalité, a cousin of Louis Capet who voted for his execution was guillotined. The former president of the National Assembly and mayor of Paris Bailly was guillotined as he refused to testify against the former Queen.
The Law of Suspects could apply to any agents of the government, such as Didier Paton, a patriotic spy who denounced many suspects and was arrested by Robespierre for discovering the Templar Order. The Assassins rescued him during his execution and recovered his notes on the Templar Order before inducting him into the Brotherhood.
During the Terror, the British Templar known as the Crimson Rose and his allies saved other Templars who were condemned to be guillotined. The Chevalier d'Éon, unaware of the Crimson Rose allegiance, recruited the former Assassin Arno Dorian to help the Templar in his quest. Together they saved the Templar Comte de Choisy. Later d'Éon discovered the true identity of the Rose and revealed it to Arno, who killed all the Templars linked with the Crimson Rose.
By 1793, the Templar Aloys la Touche was appointed chief of the execution in the city by Robespierre, executing even the persons who stole food to survive. The former Assassin Arno Dorian killed La Touche on the scaffold before the population of Versailles.
In February 1794, the Templars wanted to release Jacques Roux to increase the Terror in Paris. A team of Assassins went to Salpêtrière Hospital to kill Roux, but they were captured. A second-team rescued the first one and killed the leader of Enragés.
Execution of the Exagérés and the Indulgents
With the destruction of the Enragés, a new radical group arose called the Exagérés, led by Jacques Hébert, who wanted to further the Terror. Georges Danton led the Indulgents, who wanted to stop the Terror. In March, the two groups were tried and condemned as enemies of the Republic. Robespierre especially wanted Danton dead as he and his friends compared Robespierre disfavourably to a dictator. François Hanriot found in Danton's correspondence the name of his supporters who weren't arrested. The Exagérés were executed at the end of March.On 4 April, Danton, Desmoulins, Fabre d'Églantine, and others were sent to the Guillotine. The Assassins sought to rescue Danton, but he refused as his death would mean the Fall of Robespierre and asked the Assassins to save his friends. The Assassins obeyed his last will and succeeded in their missions. The Assassins also killed Andrés de Guzmán who was responsible for the fall of the Girondins. With the death of Danton, Robespierre's popularity began to decrease.
- Main article: Thermidorian Reaction
Later, Arno allied with his Templar step-sister and lover Élise, François de la Serre's daughter. Together, Arno and Élise worked to end the Terror in Paris and framed Robespierre of wanting to execute his political rivals.
On 10 June, Robespierre increased the Terror, calling for a purge of all the members of government who perpetrated massacres around France. One of them, Jean-Lambert Tallien, was on a list which was found by Arno. So, Tallien led a group of deputies and the Convention voted for the arrestation of Robespierre and his acolytes on 27 July.
A fight between the Commune and the Convention spread throughout the city. Robespierre and his men took refuge in the Hôtel de Ville. While the troops of the Convention led by Paul Barras surrounded the building, Arno and Élise infiltrated the Hôtel de Ville to interrogate Robespierre. After Élise shot Robespierre in the jaw, he wrote the information indicating that Germain was in the Temple. Then, the two lovers fled from the building while the troops of the Convention arrested Robespierre and his band.On the next morning, Robespierre and his men, like Saint-Just and Hanriot, were guillotined at the Place de la Révolution. Their deaths marked the beginning of the Thermidorian Reaction, a phase in which the French people revolted against the Reign of Terror’s excesses. Some factions like the Muscadins took revenge on the Sans-culottes and killed them.
While Robespierre and his acolyte were executed, Arno and Élise infiltrated the Temple to confronted Germain who possessed a Sword of Eden, a Piece of Eden from the Isu. During their fight, Élise was killed by a blast of the Sword of Eden but Arno assassinated Germain. In his last word, Germain expressed the fact that even if he died, the Great Work was accomplished as he reshaped humankind.
On the night of July 29, Théroigne de Méricourt led an attack of the convent of Jacobins where the last remnants of Germain's faction took refuge. The Assassins helped Théroigne and killed the Jacobin leaders, ending their control on France.
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – Heads Will Roll
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – The Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Assassin's Creed: Unity – Les Enragés
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – Heads Will Roll
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – Crimson Sunset
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – Rise of the Assassin
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – Roux's Remains
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – Danton's Sacrifice
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – Retribution for a Rabble-Rouser
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – The Supreme Being
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – The Fall of Robespierre
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 Assassin's Creed: Unity – Jacobin Raid
- ↑ Assassin's Creed: Unity – The Temple