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Red Scare was the term given to the fear of the potential rise of communism and radical leftism in the United States. The First Red Scare, occurring in the years after World War I, referred to the fear of socialist revolution and political radicalism, while the Second Red Scare, occurring in the late 1940s and continuing into the 1950s, referred to communism influencing society and infiltrating the federal government.

Because of this first round of scaremongering, US Attorney General Alexander Mitchell Palmer initiated the Red Scare and caused the so-called Palmer Raids between November 1919 and January 1920. It was during these raids that Anna and Nadya Orelov – the wife and daughter of Nikolai Orelov – were deported back to Russia.


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