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"Ramesses—The Victor of Kadesh. The Great General and Conqueror of Lands"
―Writings on a tablet in Ramesses' tomb[src]

Ramesses II (c. 1303 BCE – 1213 BCE), also known as Ramesses the Great and Ozymandias, whose throne name was Ousirmaatre Setepenre, was a pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. He is generally considered one of the greatest and best-known pharaohs, reigning unchallenged for 66 years.


Ramesses' rule was aided by the High Priests of Amun, who, several generations prior, had been made guardians of the Aten by Tutankhamun. During his reign, Ramesses conducted several campaigns into the Levant in an attempt to expand his empire. To this end, Ramesses engaged the Hittite Empire in Kadesh and laid siege to Dapur in Syria.[1]

During his lifetime, Ramesses long reign was celebrated by an unprecedented number of Sed festivals, numbering 13 or 14 by the time of his death. At one point, he also ordered the construction of a well in the southwestern part of the Waset Desert such that the Egyptians who live near the region would never thirst.[1]

After his death, Ramesses was buried in a tomb situated in the Valley of the Kings.[1]


Ramesses and Nefertari put to rest

In 38 BCE, Ramesses' spirit, alongside those of his predecessors, Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Tutankhamun, were seemingly returned to the world of the living by the God's Wife of Amun, Isidora, who had possession of the Aten.[1] Through a portal connected to Ramesses' tomb, the Hidden One Bayek of Siwa was able to gain access to Heb Sed, Ramesses' aspect of the afterlife. There, he met the pharaoh's consort Nefertari, assisting her in recovering numerous artifacts needed to summon Ramesses' soul. After doing so, Bayek defeated the pharaoh, putting both him and Nefertari to rest.[2]

Around this time, one of Ramesses living descendants, Sutekh, was kidnapped by Isidora in her ritual to restore 'balance' to Ma'at.[3]

In 2012, he was included in a mnemonic set in Abstergo Industries' Project Legacy.[4]


  • Ramesses II throne name, Ousirmaatre Setepenre translates as ""The justice of Ra is powerful – chosen of Ra." In the 1st century BCE, a light bow was named after the pharaoh's throne name.[5]
  • Ramesses II is included in the "Obelisks" mnemonic set from the first chapter of the "Rome" pack as he was the original builder of four of the Obelisks in Rome, most notably the Flaminio Obelisk. It was moved from Heliopolis to the Circus Maximus in Rome on order of Emperor Augustus in 10 BCE. It was found and restored in 1587 by Pope Sixtus V, and re-erected in Piazza del Popolo.




  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Assassin's Creed: OriginsThe Curse of the Pharaohs
  2. Assassin's Creed: OriginsThe Curse of the PharaohsThe King of Kings
  3. Assassin's Creed: OriginsThe Curse of the PharaohsThe Curse of the Pharaohs
  4. Assassin's Creed: Project Legacy
  5. Assassin's Creed: Origins