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Phidias (c. 480 BCE – c. 420s BCE) was a Greek sculptor, painter and architect who lived during the 5th century BCE. He was known for creating the colossal statue of Athena which stood the middle of the Akropolis Sanctuary and the Athena Parthenos in the Parthenon in Athens. His Statue of Zeus in the Temple of Zeus within the Sanctuary of Olympia was one of the Wonders of the World.

Biography

In 435 BCE, Phidias finished the work on the Statue of Zeus in the Sanctuary of Olympia.[1]

In 431 BCE, the Spartan misthios Kassandra learned that the Cult of Kosmos wanted Phidias dead.[2] When she reached Athens and met Perikles, he asked her to help Phidias escape the polis. Kassandra escorted Phidias to the island of Seriphos.[3]

Sometime later, Phidias moved on from Seriphos, and by 428 BCE was back in Sanctuary of Olympia, working again in his workshop. There, he met Kassandra again, and asked her help to decode a message.[4]

Phidias was eventually interrogated and tortured by Deimos before being killed.[5]

Trivia

  • Historically, Phidias died in 430 BCE after being imprisoned by political enemies of Perikles, in Athens. Alternatively, it was said that he was put to death by the Eleans after he had completed the Statue of Zeus for them.

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