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Phidias (c. 480 BCE – c. 420s BCE) was a Greek sculptor, painter and architect who lived during the 5th century BCE. He was known for creating the colossal statue of Athena which stood the middle of the Akropolis Sanctuary and the Athena Parthenos in the Parthenon in Athens. His Statue of Zeus in the Temple of Zeus within the Sanctuary of Olympia was one of the Wonders of the World.

Biography

In 435 BCE, Phidias finished the work on the Statue of Zeus in the Sanctuary of Olympia.[1]

In 431 BCE, the Spartan misthios Kassandra learned that the Cult of Kosmos wanted Phidias dead.[2] When she reached Athens and met Perikles, he asked her to help Phidias escape the polis. After meeting Phidias in his workshop, Phidias told her of the plot to murder him – lightly veiled under the idea of a legal trial to imprison him. Needing to leave, Kassandra asked him where he would be safe to which he suggest an island south of Athens, Seriphos. A friend of Phidias', Theras lived on the island and could provide Phidias with shelter. At nightfall, Phidias was able to sneak out and meet Kassandra at the Port of Piraeus. Aboard the Adrestia, Kassandra escorted him to Seriphos safely. Docking at Chora on the island, Phidias and Kassandra parted ways.[3]

Sometime later, Phidias moved on from Seriphos, and by 428 BCE was back in Sanctuary of Olympia, working again in his workshop. There, he met Kassandra again, paranoid at the constant threat the Cult posed. He had received a Spartan scytale and asked for Kassandra's help to decode the message. He tasked Kassandra to look for the symbol on the Statue of Zeus in the Temple of Zeus. However once that symbol had been decoded they mystery only unraveled further. The coded message referenced other statues, which Kassandra agreed to travel to and help decode all the messages.[4] The other statues were located in Kythera, Thasos, and Samos. They were of Aphrodite, Theagenes, and Poseidon respectively. Once Kassandra had found all the symbols she returned to Phidias.[5]

ACOD Deimos Torture Phidias

Phidias' hand being stabbed by Deimos

During the time that Kassandra was searching for the symbols, Phidias was interrogated and tortured by Deimos, the Cult's enforcer, for information on the mysterious symbols. The only things Phidias was able to say about them was "Itira! Korgath! Metin!" for that was all he was able to glean in the short time he had studied them. Unsatisfied with his constant blubbering, Deimos beat the sculptor to death.[6]

Legacy

Upon returning from her task, Kassandra discovered Phidias to be brutally murdered. She lamented that she shouldn't have left him alone.[7] His Statue of Zeus at Olympia later became known as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.[1]

Personality and traits

Phidias and Perikles shared a close friendship, bonding over their love for Athens. However when Phidias learned of people out to kill him, he became a recluse locking himself in his workshop. He was also incredibly paranoid, as at the first sight of Kassandra he dropped his hammer in fright. Due to not traveling by sea very often, Phidias suffered from mild sea sickness.[3]

Phidias was also known to be possessive of his belongings, carving "I belong to Phidias!" on a mug of his.[1]

Equipment and skills

Phidias was a skilled sculptor, creating his masterpiece the Statue of Zeus at Olympia in 435 BCE. He created some of his most masterful creations out of chryselephantine – wood overlaid with gold and ivory. With a chisel and hammer he could accurately recreate lifelike sculptures.[1]

Phidias was also shown to be intelligent and have a penchant for puzzle solving, deciphering a Spartan scytale even without obtaining the other symbols needs to decipher it.[6]

Trivia

  • Historically, Phidias died in 430 BCE after being imprisoned by political enemies of Perikles, in Athens. Alternatively, it was said that he was put to death by the Eleans after he had completed the Statue of Zeus for them.

Gallery

Appearances

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Discovery Tour / Gods of Olympia: Workshop of Phidias
  2. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyThe Serpent's Lair
  3. 3.0 3.1 Assassin's Creed: OdysseyEscape from Athens
  4. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyThe Message, the Stick, and the Artist
  5. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyArt Leading Life
  6. 6.0 6.1 Assassin's Creed: OdysseyThree Symbols Entombed
  7. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyPieces of the Puzzle

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