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DTAE Seated Statue of Pan

A marble statue of Pan

Pan is a Greek god of wilderness and all within it. His Roman counterpart is Faunus.

According to the Greek myths, Pan's homeland is Arkadia, where he is also considered the god of fields and groves, and associated with fertility and the growth of all things, and by association, with spring.[1] He is also often considered to be in the company of nymphs. [citation needed]

Description

Described as half-goat, half-man, Pan was considered the protector of shepherds and their flocks[1], but he was also revered by soldiers as the god of panic.[2][3]

Influence and legacy

During the Peloponnesian War, the Spartan misthios Kassandra visited several locations dedicated to Pan throughout the Greek world. These included a cave dedicated to him in Argolis, and another in Attika, as well as a third in Arkadia.[4] In addition to these, the Melissani Cave on the island of Kephallonia was dedicated to the god,[5] as was the Sanctuary of Pan within Thasos City on the island of Thasos.[2]

The city of Alexandria in Egypt, founded in 331 BCE, had the monument Paneum erected for Pan. In 48 BCE, it served as the meeting place for the Medjay Bayek of Siwa and Aya, his wife, after they believed the former had slain their son's killer, the Snake.[6]

Behind the scenes

In many variations of the Greek myths, Pan was considered a son of Hermes or Zeus.

Appearances

References

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