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The Muses are a group of goddesses who were thought to be the source of knowledge of literature, arts, and science in Greek and Roman mythologies.

History

Regarded as the daughters of the Greek god Zeus, and numbered nine, in the 1st century BCE Egypt the Muses were said to have been recruited by the Egyptian god Osiris. Their names were Kalliope, Kleio, Euterpe, Erato, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia and Urania.[1]

Influence

During the Peloponnesian War, the Spartan misthios Kassandra visited the sanctuary dedicated to the Muses in the Reborn Hills of Boeotia, Greece.[2]

The Mouseion of Alexandria was an institution commissioned by Ptolemy I Soter, and dedicated to the Muses.[3]

Colloquially the term has come to mean anyone or anything that inspires one's work, and as such, is used as a compliment.[4]

Trivia

  • In 48 BCE, the Medjay Bayek of Siwa joined his friend, Phanos the Younger, for a night of celebration at Phanos' house; the poet mentioned how it was "the perfect place for artist and muse to meet!"[5]
  • In 47 BCE, the Medjay Bayek of Siwa investigated murders in Cyrene; a note on one of the bodies specifically named the muse Melpomene.[6]

Appearances

References

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