Named after the illuvial plain located in the southern part of the kingdom, Messara was the site of some of the most important cities of the Minoan civilization. Among these were Gortyn, which at the time of the Peloponnesian War was still a thriving city which served as the capital of the Greek islands. In contrast, Knossos, the ancient capital of the Minoans, laid in ruins by this point.
The Kingdom of Messara comprised five regions:
- The emblem of Messara is a stylized map of the fabled labyrinth, also featured on the finery of the pirate ship Iapetos.