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ACOd-banner-Megaris

The banner of Megaris

Megaris, also called the Megarid, was a small state in ancient Greece. Situated on the Isthmus of Poseidon, a narrow corridor providing the only land route between the Peloponnese and Attika, it was a strategic point during the Peloponnesian War.[1] Its capital was Megara.

Accordingly, it was heavily contested between the Athenians and the Spartans. In the opening stages of the conflict, it was occupied by the former resulting in an invasion by the latter. Its economy in this era relied primarily on pottery and pig farming.[1]

History

Owing to its strategic region, Megaris was occupied by Athens since the 7th century BCE. In an attempt to gain a closer position to Athens, the Spartans sought to conquer the region during the Peloponnesian War.[2] In 431 BCE, the Spartan army led by Nikolaos and his step-son Stentor invaded the region, landing near the port of Pagai. The Athenians attempted to blockade the port and surround the Spartans on both sides. Nevertheless, their efforts were thwart by the arrival of the misthios Kassandra, who destroyed the blockade and aided Nikolaos' men in defeating the forces on land.[3]

Kassandra was subsequently tasked by Stentor to aid the Spartans in sabotaging the Athenian war efforts[4][5] as well as eliminating the Athenian-hired mercenary Hyrkanos the Cunning.[6] Once this was done, Kassandra weakened the Athenian forces further by eliminating the leader stationed in Megara.[7]

Regions

The state of Megaris was made up of four regions:

Trivia

  • The emblem of Megaris was a stylized, crowned head of a boar on a shield, referencing the state's dependence on the pig industry.

Gallery

Appearances

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Attika Peninsula. Ubisoft. Accessed 12 June 2018
  2. Assassin's Creed: Odyssey
  3. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyA Journey into War
  4. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyCrumble and Burn
  5. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyThe Athenian Treasure Trove
  6. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyHunting Hyrkanos
  7. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyThe Athenian Leader

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