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The Maroon rebellion was a revolutionary movement instigated by black slaves in the French colony of Saint-Domingue sometime prior to 1735.

Led principally by Augustin Dieufort and supported by Bastienne Josèphe, the madame of La Dame en Rose, the Maroons were based in a coastal cavern located south west of Port-au-Prince.



In 1735, the Maroon hideout was located by a number of overseers, who proceeded to attack the hidden base in an attempt to wipe out the former slaves. The slaves were rescued by Adéwalé, an Assassin who had been recruited by Bastienne to provide the resistance with some assistance, who managed to eliminate the Overseers before they could escape with knowledge of the hideout's location.

Following this, Adéwalé and the rebels proceeded to capture a French slave ship, the Experto Crede, and later made use of it to liberate a number of slave ships traveling throughout the Caribbean.

Over the next two years, the rebellion grew in strength and power; liberated slaves from both the slave ships and those sugar plantations attacked by the Assassin joined the rebellion, until it became clear to Pierre de Fayet, the Governor of Port-au-Prince, that things were getting out of hand.

Aware that the rebels were liberating slave ships, De Fayet gave orders to sink any vessel that the Experto Crede attempted to liberate. One such act took place in 1737, leading to the deaths of hundreds of slaves and, nearly, Adéwalé's own.

Determined that De Fayet should pay, the Assassin resolved to kill the governor. He succeeded, but was subsequently forced to leave Port-au-Prince as it had become too dangerous for him there, and too dangerous for the Maroon for him to be there.[1]


Decades later, during the 1790s, the Assassin Eseosa, the grandson of Adéwalé and Bastienne, played a significant role in the Haitian Revolution against their French masters who, distracted with their war in Europe, eventually surrendered control of the island to the slaves, handing them their freedom.[2]