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Magna Graecia (English: Great Greece, Italian: Magna Grecia) was the name given by the Romans to the coastal areas of southern Italy. In classical antiquity, the region was extensively populated by Greek settlers, who established communities. Many of these communities would go on to become powerful poleis in their own right.

By the 5th century BCE, the area maintained contact with the Greek islands in the west, such as Thasos, promoting wine trading.[1]

Notable poleis included Croton, Cumae, Gela, Sybaris and Syracuse.

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