Kythera Island, or simply Kythera, is an arid Greek island located off the southernmost tip of Peloponnese. Its main settlement was the Kythera Town, located in the central region of the Pilgrim Hill.
5th century BCE
During the 5th century BCE, the island kingdom was renowned for two principal things: its temple dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite, and the local trade of Tyrian purple, a dye made from the murex shellfish. The former attracted pilgrims from all across Greece while the latter was highly respected due to the immense labor required to produce it from the hundreds of thousands shellfish caught. Because of this, Tyrian purple was highly coveted and its export was enormously profitable for Kythera, which came to be known as the 'Home of the Tyrian Purple'.
Both the mythical as well as the commercial facts were abundantly clear on the emblem of the island during the Peloponnesian War: a stylized white dove, the sacred bird of the goddess Aphrodite, standing on a field of Tyrian Purple.
The people of the island, especially sailors and fishermen, were avid worshipers of Aphrodite and often prayed her to watch over them in the surrounding waters, known for being tricky to navigate.
Kythera Island had a dry climate, but still the island was littered with flowers, as they grew in abundance near water sources, and were spread all around in celebration of Aphrodite.
Unified in its dedication of Aphrodite, Kythera Island was separated into three regions, with Aphrodite's Watch keeping an eye on the pass that separated the island from Peloponnese, the Pilgrim Hill consisting of the site of the pilgrimage and the road that led up to the Temple of Aphrodite, and the Skandeia Bay wherein laid Skandeia Harbor and the island's treasury.
Behind the scenes
Historically Kythera's association with Aphrodite exists due to the transmission of the cult of Astarte that began on the island during the Early Archaic Age, when Kythera was originally colonized by the Phoenicians.
- Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Kythera: Shrine of Aphrodite
- Discovery Tour: Ancient Greece – Kythera: "Kytheran Banner"
- Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Worlds: Arid Islands, Kythera Island. Ubisoft. Accessed 18 June 2018.
- Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Kythera: "Kythera Town"
- Assassin's Creed: Odyssey
- Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Kythera: Altar of Aphrodite