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"Korinth, the city of pots, prostitutes, and not much else."
―Kassandra[src]
Korinthia-Korinth

Korinth

Korinth is a city in Greece and the capital of the Korinthia regional unit in the Peloponnese.

By the 5th century BCE, the city had a population of over 90,000.[1] The Romans burnt the city to the ground in 146 BCE, and later built a new a city on top of the ruins in 44 BCE, making it the provincial capital of Greece.[2]

Geography

A coastal polis, Korinth controlled the Isthmus of Poseidon and the Diolkos which ran through it, due to the Port of Lechaion on the Gulf of Korinth and the Port of Kechries on the Aegean Sea.[3] Above the polis itself towered the Akrokorinth,[4] and the famous Fountain of Peirene graced the center of the polis, near its agora.[5]

Korinth also housed a porneion,[6] and a dromos.[7]

History

Mythology

According to mythology, both Helios and Poseidon wished to claim Korinth as their own. In the end, Helios was given Akrokorinth, while Poseidon got the Isthmus which was named in his honour, and wherein Korinthians built a temple for the god of the seas and oceans.[8]

After his adventures with the rest of the Argonauts aboard the ship Argo, the legendary hero Jason dedicated the ship to Poseidon.[9] Afterwards, Korinth served as the stage for the tragedy involving Jason, his first wife Medea, and second wife Glauke. Following his courtship of Glauke, Medea poisoned her rival,[10] and then murdered her own sons, Mermeros and Pheres.[11]

Korinth was also home of Bellerophon, the son of Korinth's King Glaukos. At the Spring of Peirene upon Akrokorinth, Bellerophon was said to have tamed the legendary pterippus Pegasos.[12]

5th century BCE

Sometime before the Peloponnesian War, the thug lord known only as The Monger decided to take over Korinth. He attempted to threaten and scare people into serving him, and those who wouldn't, he tortured and killed.[13] As the hetairai of the city were widely known and brought wealth into the city, the Monger targeted them during the Peloponnesian War.[13] Due to the intervention of the Spartan misthios Kassandra, and the Spartan general Brasidas, the Monger failed in this attempt and was slain.[14]

Economy

Being connected to both the Aegean Sea and the Gulf of Korinth via its two port, Korinth prospered as the crossroads of trade.[3] In addition to this, the hetairai working in the Porneion of the polis and in the Temple of Aphrodite on the Akrokorinth brought in notable wealth.[4]

Korinth was also famous for is pottery industry, supplied by the many clay pits scattered across Korinthia.[15]

Gallery

Appearances

References

  1. Discovery Tour: Ancient Greece – "The Life of a Greek Woman" – Opening Remarks
  2. Discovery Tour: Ancient Greece – "The Life of a Greek Woman" – Life
  3. 3.0 3.1 Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Korinth
  4. 4.0 4.1 Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Temple of Aphrodite
  5. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Fountain of Peirene
  6. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Porneion
  7. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Dromos
  8. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Temple of Poseidon
  9. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Argo Wreckage
  10. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Fountain of Glauke
  11. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Tomb of Medea's Children
  12. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyKorinthia: Spring of Peirene
  13. 13.0 13.1 Assassin's Creed: OdysseyTo Find a Girl
  14. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyMonger Down
  15. Assassin's Creed: Odyssey

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