Jesus of Nazareth (c. 4 BCE – c. 30/33 CE) was a 1st century Jewish preacher and carpenter who the central figure of Christianity. His believers, called Christians, view him as the Christ and the Messiah foretold in the Old Testament, believing him to be the "Son of God" who sacrificed himself to cleanse the sins of all humanity before being resurrected from the dead and ascending to Heaven. For this reason, he is commonly referred to as Jesus Christ.
Early Christians wrote down his life and teachings as the New Testament. His miraculous powers were discovered to be due to possessing ancient technology from the First Civilization, including a Shroud of Eden.
However, the Order of the Ancients took notice of his many followers and investigated these groups as well as the miracles being performed by Jesus. After being betrayed by Judas Iscariot, one of his disciples, Jesus was arrested by the Romans under the control of the Order. He was tortured and then crucified on Mount Golgotha in Jerusalem while the Order took the Shroud for themselves. A man known only as "the Wanderer" was believed to have encountered Jesus on his way to Golgotha, though all references to him are unreliable.
Following the crucifixion, the disciples of Jesus were able to recover the Holy Shroud to try to treat his master and bring him back to life. Numerous attempts were made, but they were all futile.[note 1]
Legacy and influence
After Jesus' death, his disciples spread his teachings through Western Asia and the Roman Empire, developing a new religion: Christianity. Christians were intermittently persecuted by Roman Emperors, until Emperor Constantine I halted the persecution and made Christianity the chief religion in the Empire. A church was constructed on the place where Jesus was crucified and buried, becoming an important place of pilgrimage.
Even after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Christianity remained a major religion in the Mediterranean world. In Rome, the bishop of the city became an influential person in European politics, taking the title of Pope and ruling his own State. The Popes' influence was amplified by three pieces of Eden in their possession: the Staff of Eden and two of the three prongs of the Trident of Eden. Many churches, monasteries and basilicas were founded through Europe as the influence of the Church growth. During the 10th century, Denmark was converted by the bishop Poppa to Christianity using a prong of the Trident. As the rivalry between the Popes and the Byzantine Emperors increased, Christianity experienced a Great Schism in 1054 between the Catholic Church, led by the Pope in Rome, and the Orthodox Church, spread in the Byzantine Empire and Russia.
During the Middle Ages, the Christian Kingdoms entered in Holy Wars against the Islamic Caliphates. Among these conflicts were the Crusades, through which the Crusaders tried to take back Jerusalem and the Holy Sepulchre from the Seljukides and later the Ayyubid dynasty and the Mamluks. In 1204, during the fourth Crusade, the Crusaders took Constantinople from the Byzantines and founded a Catholic Latin Empire. The crown of thorns allegedly worn by Jesus was in the possession of the Last Latin Emperor Baldwin II. In 1238, he sold the crown to King Louis IX of France, who stored it in the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris. After the restoration of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople was eventually conquered by the Ottoman Empire in 1453, ending the reign of Constantine XI Palaiologos. Even if the official religion became Islam under the Turks and the Basilica Hagia Sophia was transformed in a mosque, the Orthodox Church was authorized to remain in the city with the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople at its head.
Another one of these conflicts was the Reconquista, when the Spanish Kings took back the territories conquered by the Muslim Army during the 8th century. The war between the Catholics and the Muslims ended with the taking of Granada by the Spanish forces. With the installation of the Spanish Inquisition, any other faiths than the Catholic one were deemed as heretics and punished of death in Spain and later in Portugal.
During the Italian Renaissance, Jesus and other Christian figures were major artistic subjects during this period. Many artists as Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael painted events from the Bible as the Adoration of the Magi or the resurrection of the Christ. Theatrical productions of his life also took place, with Jesus being played by the actor Pietro Rossi in one of these.
At the end of the 15th century, some clergymen criticized the Catholic Church for its luxury and wanted to reform social life. Between 1494 and 1498, the monk Girolamo Savonarola, with an Apple of Eden, took the control of the city of Florence, establishing the Bonfire of the Vanities to purge the city from its arts and luxurious objects. In 1517, the German priest Martin Luther, inspired by Savonarola's writings, criticized the fact to pay for the absolution of sins. He was excommunicated by the Church but his new visions of religion created a new branch of Christianity in Europe: Protestantism. This separation created conflicts between the Kingdoms that stayed Catholic and the ones that adopted Protestantism. In England, the Queen Mary I persecuted the protestant before her half-sister Elizabeth took the crown and reestablished the protestant faith. The same events occurred in France during what was known as the War of Religion. The King Henry IV of France converted himself to Catholicism to stabilized his kingdom.
With the European explorations and colonizations, Christianity reached the other continents during the 16th century. In Asia, principaly China, Japan and India, the Catholicism expanded with the Portuguese Empire and the Society of Jesus. In Americas, the French and Spanish Empire developed Catholicism in their colonies while the British Empire and the Dutch Republic spread the Protestantism. Despite Christianity expanded around the world, its legitimacy on the creation of the World was questionned with the developement of Science. The astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus presented the first correct model of Heliocentrism and the naturalist Charles Darwin published many writings on the Theory of Evolution. The contestation of the Christianity could also take a radical turn as during the French Revolution when the Revolutionnaries led a politics of dechristiniasation, destroying churches and basilicas, as in Saint-Denis.
The Shroud used to heal Jesus was later considered as a sacred relic. In the mid-14th century, the French Templar Geoffroy de Charny was in possession of a Shroud purported to be the same one used on Jesus, before the Italian Brotherhood of Assassins stole it from him in 1356. The Shroud was hidden by Renato Auditore beneath his Villa in Monteriggioni, before his descendant Mario displaced it to Agnadello in 1454. The Shroud was taken by Niccolò di Pitigliano during the Battle of Agnadello in 1509, but a year later it was taken back by the Assassin Francesco Vecellio. During the 20th century, the Baguttiani family of Milan was in possession of the Shroud. On Christmas Day 1944, the Templar agent Keith Scipione bought the Shroud from the Baguttiani for Abstergo Industries, the public front of the Templar Order. It was used by the Templar Álvaro Gramática for the Phoenix Project before being destroyed in 2014.
Behind the scenes
In Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag set during the so-called Golden Age of Piracy, a number of individuals use the period-specific "Jaysus" as a mild profanity; Jaysus was a popular spelling of the name "Jesus" during the 17th and 18th centuries.
- Assassin's Creed (mentioned only)
- Assassin's Creed II (glyphs only)
- Assassin's Creed: Initiates (mentioned only)
- Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag (mentioned only)
- Assassin's Creed: Unity (mentioned in Database entry only)
- Assassin's Creed: Origins – The Curse of the Pharaohs (indirect mention only)
- Assassin's Creed: Valhalla (mentioned only)
- Assassin's Creed Valhalla: Blood Brothers (mentioned only)
- Although several religious books narrate the resurrection of Jesus as a fact, in the Assassin's Creed universe this cannot be corroborated since the Shrouds of Eden cannot bring the deceased back to life.
- Assassin's Creed II – Glyph 7: "Keep On Seeking, And You Will Find"
- Assassin's Creed – Assassination (Majd Addin)
- Assassin's Creed: Unity – Database: 09. Potential "Sage" List
- Assassin's Creed: Initiates
- Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood
- Assassin's Creed
- Assassin's Creed II
- Assassin's Creed: Last Descendants – Fate of the Gods
- Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade
- Assassin's Creed: Unity – Database: Sainte-Chapelle
- Assassin's Creed: Revelations
- Assassin's Creed II: Discovery
- Assassin's Creed: Rebellion
- FamilyTreeDNA (28 October, 2016). Assassin's Creed DNA – The Inside Story: Explore Historical Timeline. Family Tree DNA. Archived from the original on October 30, 2016. Retrieved on April 26, 2021.
- Assassin's Creed: Unity – Database: Statue of Henri IV
- Assassin's Creed: Memories
- Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag
- Assassin's Creed: Syndicate
- Assassin's Creed: Unity – Dead Kings
- Assassin's Creed: Project Legacy