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This article is about the Renaissance-era Assassin Order. You may be looking for the Order operating in Roman Antiquity.
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The Italian Brotherhood of Assassins was the Italian Guild of Assassins, existing since their formation during the latter half of the 13th century.

Primarily led by the Auditore family, the Italian Assassins were mainly involved with taking down the corrupt Borgia family, the ruling body of the Templar Order during the Renaissance.

History

Foundation

In 1257, the Venetian explorers Niccolò and Maffeo Polo were invited to stay at the Assassins' fortress of Masyaf by Darim Ibn-La'Ahad, the son of Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad. After training, the two became Assassins themselves, and the elderly Altaïr entrusted them to create Assassins Guilds as well as guarding his autobiographical Codex.[1]

When the Mongols eventually attacked, the Polo brothers left Masyaf towards their trading post in Constantinople, where they were successful in creating an Assassin Guild in 1258. However, during their journey, the Polos had lost the Codex to the Mongols, thus failing in their promise to protect it.[1] In 1259, Niccolò and Maffeo journeyed to the Mongol Empire in an effort to retrieve the Codex, but ultimately failed.[2]

The torch 1

Altaïr passing his Codex to Niccolò Polo

In 1269, the Polos returned to Venice, Italy, where they created an Assassins Guild,[3] and Niccolò trained the latter's son Marco in the ways of the Assassins.[4] The three made another journey to the Mongol Empire two years later,[2] with Marco successfully retrieving the Codex, which they took with them back to Italy in 1295.[4]

Formation of the Auditore

Marco Polo passed the Codex into the hands of fellow Assassin Dante Alighieri. The next year, Dante took on the son - who would later take on the name Domenico Auditore - of a fellow Assassin as an apprentice, and the boy would later, in turn, take both Dante and the Codex to Spain.[4]

In 1321, Dante was killed by the Templars, proving their continuing existence to the Assassins. The Codex was given to Domenico and he was tasked with bringing it to Spain; however, he and his family were attacked by pirates employed by the Templars while being docked in Otranto, prompting Domenico to spread the Codex' pages across several boxes in his ship to prevent the pirates from finding it. Domenico's wife was brutally abused and murdered by the pirates, but Domenico and his son survived.[4]

ACIVilla

The future Villa Auditore, headquarters for over two centuries to the Italian Assassin

Both Marco Polo and Domenico's father were killed by the Templars in 1324 and using Marco's money, Domenico temporarily settled in Florence, pretending to be part of the city's nobility by taking on the name Auditore. In 1327, Domenico bought and renovated a villa in Monteriggioni, which he named the Villa Auditore, that became the headquarters of the Italian Assassins for nearly two centuries.[5]

Under his villa, Domenico built a Sanctuary, where he placed the Armor of Altaïr. To lock it up, he used six Assassin Seals which commemorated six important individuals of the history of the Brotherhood: Darius, Iltani, Wei Yu, Amunet, Leonius and Qulan Gal. He hid the seals in shrines in Florence, Venice, Forlì and San Gimignano.[6] He also built a crypt for his family, with writing about the true story of the Auditore family.[4]

In 1355, the Assassins stole a Shroud of Eden from the French Templar Geoffroy de Charny. Domenico's son, Renato, hid the artifact beneath the Villa.[7] It was recovered a century later by Renato's grandson, Mario, who gave the Piece of Eden to his brother Giovanni in order to protect Monteriggioni after the Florentines, who searched the Shroud, had laid siege on the town. Giovanni gave the artifact to other Assassins.[8]

As Mario stayed in Monteriggioni, Giovanni moved to Florence where he founded a family with his wife Maria. Having four children, he trained his elder son Federico to become an Assassin while hiding the truth to his other child.[9] In 1455, Giovanni saved the young Lorenzo de' Medici who drowned in the Arno. By doing this, he reinforced alliance between the House of Medici and the Auditore, and so the Assassins.[10]

In 1456, Giovanni represented in court in the defense of Paola, the daughter of two Assassins who had killed a guard who attacked her. Giovanni won the case on a self-defense plea. Afterward, Paola joined the Assassins and became the Madame of La Rosa Colta, the most well-connected brothel in Florence.[11] At an uncertain time, the mysterious leader of the thieves' guild of Florence only known as La Volpe became an Assassin.[12]

Templar Conspiracies

At the end of 1476, under the leadership of Grand Master Rodrigo Borgia, the Italian Templars planned to unite all of Italy under their banner by a series of conspiracies. Giovanni investigated rumors about a conspiracy against Milan. One night, Giovanni attacked a group of men led by Rodrigo in Florence. The Grand Master fled the scene, but Giovanni captured a henchman who revealed under torture that the Templars wanted to assassinate the Duke of Milan, Galeazzo Maria Sforza, to weaken the power of Lorenzo de' Medici in Florence. Giovanni tried to stop the Templars but arrived too late; Galeazzo was killed and his death was avenged by a guard. Giovanni continued his investigation in Venice, where he found a cryptic letter from the Templars. He delivered the letter himself in Rome where he met Rodrigo, who asked him to join the Templars. Giovanni refused and killed Rodrigo's men, but broke his hidden blade and was wounded by the Grandmaster.[9]

LMS 1 v

The execution of Giovanni Auditore with his sons by the Templars

After these events, Giovanni made a list of the Templar conspirators and imprisoned Francesco de' Pazzi, a Templar banker who planned to assassinate Lorenzo de' Medici and capture Florence for the Templars. The Templars, however, with the help of Giovanni's friend, Uberto Alberti, arrested Giovanni, Federico and his younger son Petruccio for treason.[13]

Imprisoned in the Palazzo della Signoria, Giovanni tasked his last son Ezio to recover all his affairs and the letter that could prove their innocence.[13] Ezio gave the proof to Uberto as he was unaware of his act of treachery.[14] The next day, Uberto executed on the public place Giovanni and his two sons, fainting that he didn't have the letter. Branded as a traitor Ezio flew the place.[15]

Paola helped Ezio in his quest for revenge. During his stay at the brothel, she taught him stealth techniques such as pickpocketing and blending and later informed him how and when to kill Uberto.[16]

After Ezio killed the Gonfaloniere[17], he fled Florence with his mother and sister Claudia[18] and went to Monteriggioni, where his uncle revealed the truth about his father.[19] Mario taught combat skills and secrets of the Brotherhood to his nephew to convince him to take the place of his father in the search for the Codex pages.[20] Ezio refused to join the Brotherhood but helped Mario to attack San Gimignano, which was controlled by the Templars and killed Vieri de' Pazzi.[21] Learning the Templars plot against Florence, Ezio resolved to kill every single Templar responsible for the death of his father and brothers and continue the search for the Codex pages.[6] Mario decided to train Ezio through Assassins who would hide their affiliation to let Ezio find the truth himself.[22]

FTTF (3)

Ezio asking Lorenzo about the Pazzi conspirators

In 1478, Ezio Auditore was helped by La Volpe who informed him that a Templar reunion would take place under Basilica di Santa Maria Novella.[23] Ezio eavesdropped on the reunion and learned of the Templars' plan to assassinate Lorenzo de' Medici and his brother, which would allow them to take power in Florence.[24] Ezio prevented the murder of Lorenzo and killed Francesco de' Pazzi.[25] After this, the five co-conspirators fled the city. Ezio tracked them down, however, and with the help of Mario's mercenaries, assassinated every Templar involved in the Pazzi conspiracy. These actions made the Medici powerful allies of the Assassins for many years.[26]

In Venice, the Italian Assassins had some agents at the Head of several factions of the city to fight the Templars. Antonio de Magianis was the leader of the thieves' guild and recruited some of its members as Rosa and Perina di Bastian as Assassins.[27] Sister Teodora Contanto found her own religious sect in La Rosa della Virtù, a brothel in the Dorsoduro district.[28] The condottiero captain Bartolomeo d'Alviano led the mercenaries of the city through his barrack in the Castello District.[29]

Around 1481, Antonio fought the Templar merchant Emilio Barbarigo, who sought to unite every merchant under his banner to control every district of Venice. Antonio launched an attack on Emilio's palazzo but failed, and many thieves were captured as a result.[30] Ezio, who wanted to kill the Templar for his involvement in his father's death, helped Antonio to reconstruct the guild and killed Emilio in 1485.[31] To take control of Venice, the Templars planned to murder the Doge, Giovanni Mocenigo, and have one of their own take his place.[32] Ezio and Antonio failed to prevent the poisoning and the Templar Marco Barbarigo was elected Doge.[33]

In 1486, Ezio returned to Venice and with the help of Antonio and Teodora Contanto killed the new Doge during the Carnavale.[34] Marco's brother, Agostino Barbarigo, an ally of the Assassins, took his place as Doge. The Templars took the Arsenale to make a diversion while they traveled for Cyprus.[35] Bartolomeo d'Alviano attacked the Arsenale but was captured. Ezio saved him and his men and launched a surprise attack on the Arsenale. He killed Silvio Barbarigo and his bodyguard, Dante Moro, who revealed that the Templars were in search of a secret object in Cyprus.[36]

Search for the vault

As the years come, other individuals were inducted in the Brotherhood. The Roman Lucas Bellini followed the footsteps of his parents and became an Assassin.[37] Perotto Calderon was inducted in the Brotherhood and became the mentor of the Venetian Francesco Vecellio.[38] The 19-year-old Florentine Niccolò Machiavelli became an Assassin and led the mercenaries in the city.[39]

Play along 9

Initiation of Ezio Auditore

The Assassins and the Templars were searching for the Codex pages, which contained information about a vault, where an object of immense power was hidden. Only "The Prophet" could open the vault with two Pieces of Eden: the Apple and the Staff. Rodrigo Borgia believed he was The Prophet and wanted to acquire the artifacts for himself. In 1488, the Templars expedition in Cyprus was successful, and they returned to Venice with the Apple, with Rodrigo himself traveling to Venice to retrieve the artifact. After learning that the man responsible for the death of his kin was in Venice, Ezio disguised himself as a guard and confronted Rodrigo. Mario and the others Assassins, who supported Ezio during his quest, joined him in the fight. Rodrigo escaped, but the Assassins obtained the Apple. They revealed to Ezio that they were all Assassins and that Ezio was The Prophet himself. After this, Ezio was officially inducted into the Brotherhood.[22]

The Assassins decided to hide the Apple in Forlì, a city controlled by Caterina Sforza, an ally of the Assassins. Ezio and Niccolò Machiavelli escorted the Apple to Forlì, but the city was attacked by the Orsi brothers, who were hired by Rodrigo to find the map of Girolamo Riario which revealed the location of the Codex pages.[40] During the battle, the Orsi were assassinated, although Ezio was wounded and had lost the Apple. He later learned that the Apple was taken by a Florentine monk with a missing finger, Girolamo Savonarola. Before beginning his investigation on the monk, Caterina gave Ezio the map of her dead husband, which helped the Assassin complete the Codex Wall.[41]

With the years, Ezio became more involved in the Brotherhood. Around 1490, he went to Florence and recruited Girolamo da Lucca, known as the Ghost of Florence for his deadly skills. Girolamo accepted the offer.[42]

In 1491, during his search for the Apple, Ezio helped the Spanish Assassins, who were hunted by the Spanish Inquisition, who in turn, worked for the Templars. He saved the Assassins and rescued the king Muhammad XII of Granada, which stopped the war between Spain and Grenada. He also saved Christopher Columbus from the Templars, who wanted to reach the New World before any other country.[43]

Power to people 2

The Assassins during the revolt against Savonarola

In 1497, Ezio returned to Florence, where Savonarola had taken the Apple, used it to control the leader of the city and exiled the Medici. Ezio, Paola, La Volpe and Machiavelli started a revolt against Savonarola's rule. Ezio killed the lieutenants and the other Assassins led the population against Savonarola. One year later, Ezio retrieved the Apple after Savonarola was attacked by the mob. Just before Savonarola was about to be burned alive in public, Ezio assassinated the monk, as he believed that no one should have to suffer such a horrific fate. Before the population, Ezio demanded to the crowd to follow their own free will, and not anyone else like Savonarola, the Medici, or himself.[44]

Rodrigo Borgia, who became Pope Alexander VI in 1492, acquired the Staff of Eden, which when combined with the Apple, could open the vault. The Assassins sent Perotto Calderon as a courier to discover secrets and intercept letters. However the Assassin fell in love with Lucrezia Borgia, the daughter of Rodrigo, and when she became pregnant in 1498, Perotto was imprisoned. The Assassin escaped and took his deformed son to the Shroud of Eden to save him, which was under the protection of the Assassins in Agnadello. Perotto was forced to kill his brothers to heal his son. A group of Assassins was sent to kill Perotto, seen as a traitor to the Brotherhood. After his death, some Assassins, like Rinaldo Vitturi left the Brotherhood due to the misuse of the Shroud.[45]

In 1499, the Assassins collected all of the Codex pages and with the Apple, they discovered that the vault was under the Sistine Chapel. Ezio went to the Vatican and confronted Rodrigo Borgia. After defeating Rodrigo, Ezio spared his life after realizing that killing him would not solve anything. He entered the vault and met a strange being by the name of Minerva, an individual of the First Civilization. She warned the descendant of Ezio, Desmond Miles, that a catastrophic event that would wipe out civilization would occur soon, just like in the past, and that he was the only one who could save the world. After this, a bewildered Ezio left the vault with the Apple and returned with Mario to Monteriggioni. [46]

Liberation of Rome

Vilified 3 v

Destruction of Monteriggioni by Cesare's army

In Monteriggioni, Ezio informed the Assassins and his family of what he found in the vault and the fact that he spared Rodrigo, which Machiavelli considered as a mistake and left the Villa. Enraged by the Assassin victory, Cesare Borgia, Rodrigo's son, rallied his army and attacked Monteriggioni. The attack was short but fierce, and the Templars managed to reclaim the Apple of Eden, kill Mario Auditore, and capture Caterina Sforza. Wounded during the battle, Ezio decided to go to Rome to retrieve the Apple and avenge the attack, but fell unconscious during the travel. Niccolò Machiavelli found him and sent him to Margherita dei Campi, to be healed.[47]

After Ezio regained consciousness, Margherita gave him a new set of robes and equipment offered by Niccolò and informed Ezio that Niccolo wanted to see him. The two Assassins planned to take the Apple and kill Rodrigo and his son. With the help of La Volpe, Bartolomeo d'Alviano and Claudia, who took leadership of the courtesans of Rome, the Assassins had a strong network in Rome. In 1501, Ezio went to Castel Sant'Angelo, to find the Apple and kill his targets, but could only save Caterina.[47]

Understanding that the Borgia power was based on Rome, Ezio decided to induct new apprentices into the Brotherhood, recruited from the population of the city, and attack Cesare's lieutenants and allies such as the Cento Occhi, the Followers of Romulus and the French army led by Octavian de Valois.[47] He created a group of Assassins, led by Francesco Vecellio, which through Italy sabotaged Cesare power, killing his allies and protecting individuals who could oppose against Cesare. They also convinced Rinaldo and other former Assassins to rejoin the Brotherhood.[45] Ezio also sent recruits around Europe and Asia to perform missions, as well as helping other Assassin branches in Barcelona, Calicut, Constantinople and Paris against the Templars, helping rulers in England and the Holy Empire or installing new guilds across Europe.[47]

Ascension 3

The Italian Brotherhood in Rome

In August 1503, the Assassins managed to destroy Cesare's defenses and his War Machines, thwarting Cesare's plans for invasion, and cutting off his funds by killing Juan Borgia as well as the support of the French army with the death of Octavian de Valois. The Assassins found also a key that opened one of the doors in the Castel Sant'Angelo. After Claudia was inducted to the Brotherhood and Ezio became the Mentor of the Brotherhood, Cesare returned to Rome to use the Apple to reverse the situation. As his father refused to give him the Apple and learning that he tried to poison him, Cesare killed his father in a rage. Ezio found the Apple and used it against the remnants of Borgia forces at the end of the year. In December 1503 Cesare was imprisoned by the new Pope, Julius II, who became an ally for the Assassins.[47]

Cesare tried to escape but Ezio stopped him and Cesare was sent to a prison in Spain. The Assassins fought the Borgia's diehards who stayed in Rome. In 1506, Cesare escaped from his prison and rallied an army to conquer Spain, Rome and Italy. Ezio Auditore followed him to Valencia and Viana, where he eventually managed to kill Cesare while he led a siege against a castle. After Cesare's death, the Templars in Italy were eradicated, allowing the Assassins to gain more power and influence, as well as acquiring more allies.[47]

Post-Borgia period

After the destruction of the Templars in Italy, Ezio formed stronger ways of communication for the Assassins from Sicily to Venice and created standardized training methods for new recruits.

Sideeffects

Francesco Vecellio leaving a wounded Niccolò di Pitigliano

In 1509, Bartolomeo d'Alviano fought in the Battle of Agnadello to protect the Shroud against the army of Louis XII of France. Bartolomeo was captured and his cousin, Niccolò di Pitigliano, took the artifact for himself. In 1510, Francesco Vecellio tracked Niccolò in Lonigo, created a revolt against the condottiero. With a team of Assassins, Francesco stroke the manor, mortally wounded Niccolò and took the Shroud for the Brotherhood.[45]

During these more peaceful times, Ezio Auditore left for Masyaf to search for Altaïr's library. During his absence, Claudia led the Assassins and contacted Desiderius Erasmus, the Mentor of the Northern European Assassins, who was concerned about the work of Martin Luther which could trouble the peace in Europe. Upon Ezio's return, he decided to retire and appointed Lodovico Ariosto as the new Mentor.[48]

In 1519, Giovanni Borgia, the son of Perotto Calderon and Lucrezia Borgia, who became an Assassin, went to Mexico with the troops of Hernán Cortés to find a Piece of Eden, a Crystal Skull which was used by the Aztecs for sacrifices. During the Night of Sorrows, Giovanni stole the artifact and brought it to Bombastus. Later in 1527, Giovanni was sent to Paris to search the second half of the Book of Abraham, which contained occult knowledge. Giovanni, with Maria Amiel, took the second half and discovered Pythagorean symbols. The two lovers went to the Temple of Pythagoras and contacted an individual from the First Civilization, Consus.[45]

Modern times

By 2012, an Assassin cell led by Adriano Maestranzi operated in Florence.[49] That year, Adriano would frequently correspond with Assassin leader William Miles. On 5 September 2012, Adriano tracked down William's son, Desmond, who had been captured and taken to Rome by the Templars and called William for further instructions. Adriano offered to rescue Desmond with his team, but was stopped by William, who assured him that his mole in Abstergo Industries would keep Desmond safe.[49]

As William's team attempted to flee Italy, Harlan Cunningham, a member of the Italian cell, received a text from William on 16 October, telling him that the Templars were onto them and that they were going into hiding. On 25 October, Harlan was again contacted by William, who asked for his assistance in escaping Italy. At 9:51 am on 27 October, Harlan led an ambush on Abstergo's tactical Delta Team, killing several of the Templar agents and allowing William's team to escape from the Templars' tail. Harlan sent William a text at 10:38 am, informing him that they only lost one Assassin in the skirmish and that one of the Templars had "lost it" during the battle.[49]

After William's team had entered the Grand Temple, Adriano learned that the Templars were attempting to hack into the Assassins' systems to track their location. On 27 November, he sent an e-mail to William stating that he had decided a "hostile takeover" was in order, and had his cell prepare for a raid on the Abstergo headquarters in Rome.[49]

On 28 November 2012, at 5:08 pm, Harlan sent a message to William from the Provincial road SP11 in Italy, informing him that they had infiltrated the Abstergo campus and killed four hackers along with some guards, and destroyed their servers, which meant Abstergo could not track William. After returning to the safe house in Florence on 29 November, Harlan discovered that he or another member of the cell had been tracked back to the base. He sent a message to William at 10:42 pm, informing him that an attack was imminent, but that Adriano was refusing to leave.[49]

The following morning, at 6:27 am, a Templar strike team led by Juhani Otso Berg attacked the hideout. Once they reached inner sanctum where Adriano was located, he used a bomb to blow up the hideout, killing himself alongside most of the Templar strike team, save for Berg himself.[49][50] The explosion also destroyed the Assassins' files, preventing their contents from falling into Templar hands. Harlan, the only Assassin survivor, fled to Bologna, and, on 1 December at 12:20 pm, sent a message to William informing him of what happened, and that he was "going dark". William responded by telling him to stay strong.[49]

Appearances

Generally, the robes worn by the Italian Apprentices' hearkened back to those worn by the Levantine Assassins, being white and accompanied by a red sash around the waist. If the Apprentice attained the rank of Assassin he or she would be given white Assassin robes, similar to those of Ezio's own.

A few prominent Assassins within the Italian Brotherhood eschewed the more traditional attire; among these were the Mentor Niccolò Machiavelli, Bartolomeo d'Alviano, Claudia Auditore, Paola, Antonio de Magianis, Teodora Contanto, La Volpe and Rosa.

Techniques

Initiation Rome 1

An Apprentice being inducted as an Assassin

The Italian Assassins were trained in stealth, combat, pickpocketing, blending and parkour and used most of the tactics created by the Levantine Brotherhood. The Apprentices started off with only a hidden blade but could acquire armor and more weapons as they gained experience. They could also obtain the hidden gun, and were allowed to carry crossbows after attaining the rank of Assassin. The Italian Assassins used a variety of weapons, like swords, maces, heavy weapons, crossbows, poisons, throwing knives, bow and arrows, and daggers.

Members

Middle Ages

Renaissance

Modern Times

Allies and puppets

Renaissance

World War II

Appearances

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade
  2. 2.0 2.1 Assassin's Creed: RevelationsDatabase: Niccolò and Maffeo Polo
  3. Assassin's Creed Encyclopedia
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 Assassin's Creed IIPaying Respects
  5. AC2Database: Villa Auditore
  6. 6.0 6.1 AC2Change of Plans
  7. Assassin's Creed: Project LegacyHolidays: Chapter 1 – Ghosts of Christmas Past – \sec_level_04\unsorted\ – Monteriggioni, Italy
  8. Assassin's Creed: Project LegacyItalian Wars: Chapter 3 – Mario Auditore – Under Our Noses – Willpower
  9. 9.0 9.1 Assassin's Creed: Lineage
  10. AC2Four to the Floor
  11. AC2Database: Paola
  12. Assassin's Creed: BrotherhoodDatabase: La Volpe (Brotherhood)
  13. 13.0 13.1 AC2Jailbird
  14. AC2Family Heirloom
  15. AC2Last Man Standing
  16. AC2Fitting In
  17. AC2Judge, Jury, Executioner
  18. AC2Arrivederci
  19. AC2Casa Dolce Casa
  20. AC2Practice Makes Perfect
  21. AC2What Goes Around
  22. 22.0 22.1 AC2Play Along
  23. AC2See You There
  24. AC2Novella's Secret
  25. AC2Farewell Francesco
  26. AC2With Friends Like These
  27. Assassin's Creed: Rebellion – Perina bio
  28. AC2Database: Teodora
  29. AC2Database: Bartolomeo d'Alviano (Assassin's Creed II)
  30. AC2That's Gonna Leave a Mark
  31. AC2Everything Must Go
  32. AC2Birds of a Feather
  33. AC2Infrequent Flier
  34. AC2Having a Blast
  35. AC2An Unpleasant Turn of Events
  36. AC2Two Birds, One Blade
  37. AC: RB – Lucas bio
  38. Rome: Chapter 2 – Giovanni Borgia – Haunted – Mentor
  39. AC2Database: Niccolò Machiavelli (Assassin's Creed II)
  40. AC2Battle of ForlìA Warm Welcome
  41. AC2BoFCheccomate
  42. AC: RB – Girolamo bio
  43. Assassin's Creed II: Discovery
  44. Assassin's Creed IIBonfire of the Vanities
  45. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Project_Legacy
  46. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named AC2
  47. 47.0 47.1 47.2 47.3 47.4 47.5 Assassin's Creed: Brotherhood
  48. Assassin's Creed: Revelations novel
  49. 49.0 49.1 49.2 49.3 49.4 49.5 49.6 Assassin's Creed: InitiatesDesmond Files
  50. Assassin's Creed: Rogue

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