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ACOd-Hemlock

Hemlock growing in 5th century BCE Greece

Hemlock is a highly poisonous plant though it has been used medically since antiquity.

History

5th century BCE

Given hemlock's high toxicity, ingestion too much of it would lead to quick death.[1][2] During the Peloponnesian War, the pirates who took over the island of Keos avoided the looming famine by forcing everyone over the age of 60 to drink a concoction made of hemlock, killing them.[3] At another point during the same conflict, the Spartan misthios Kassandra was asked by the healer Hippokrates to gather some hemlock for his elderly patient, Pentheus.[1]

Hemlock was also the poison used in the execution of Sokrates in 399 BCE.[4]

1st century BCE

In the 1st century BCE, a woman by the name of Melina the Hibiscus used hemlock along with hellebore to concoct a poison which caused the sacred crocodiles of Krokodilopolis' Temple of Sobek to become ill, irritable, and bleed from their eyes.[5]

Renaissance

When the Hidden Blade of Italian Assassin Ezio Auditore da Firenze was upgraded to include poison, the poison used was originally a distillation of hemlock, but he later replaced it with henbane.[6]

American Revolution

The deadliness of hemlock was also utilized by the Assassin Ratonhnhaké:ton during the American Revolution, as his arsenal included small knives coated with a poison derived from the hemlock.[7]

Behind the scenes

The same model is used for both hemlock and moly in Assassin's Creed: Odyssey.

Appearances

References

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