16,423 Pages



Hemlock growing in 5th century BCE Greece

Hemlock is a highly poisonous plant though it has been used medically since antiquity.


5th century BCE

Given hemlock's high toxicity, ingestion too much of it would lead to quick death.[1][2] During the Peloponnesian War, the pirates who took over the island of Keos avoided the looming famine by forcing everyone over the age of 60 to drink a concoction made of hemlock, killing them.[3] At another point during the same conflict, the Spartan misthios Kassandra was asked by the healer Hippokrates to gather some hemlock for his elderly patient, Pentheus.[1]

Hemlock was also the poison used in the execution of Sokrates in 399 BCE.[4]

1st century BCE

In the 1st century BCE, a woman by the name of Melina the Hibiscus used hemlock along with hellebore to concoct a poison which caused the sacred crocodiles of Krokodilopolis' Temple of Sobek to become ill, irritable, and bleed from their eyes.[5]


When the Hidden Blade of Italian Assassin Ezio Auditore da Firenze was upgraded to include poison, the poison used was originally a distillation of hemlock, but he later replaced it with henbane.[6]

American Revolution

The deadliness of hemlock was also utilized by the Assassin Ratonhnhaké:ton during the American Revolution, as his arsenal included small knives coated with a poison derived from the hemlock.[7]

Behind the scenes

The same model is used for both hemlock and moly in Assassin's Creed: Odyssey.



Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.

Fandom may earn an affiliate commission on sales made from links on this page.

Stream the best stories.

Fandom may earn an affiliate commission on sales made from links on this page.

Get Disney+