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The Haitian Revolution was a slave revolt in the French colony of Saint-Domingue that occurred from 1791 to 1804, culminating in the elimination of slavery and the founding of the Republic of Haiti. The revolutionaries were led by several members of the Assassin Order, including Toussaint Louverture and Eseosa.
In early 1801, the Templar Jean-Louis Villatte tried to take advantage of the power vacuum that existed in Haiti and declared himself governor. By early August however, Jean had been deposed and replaced by Louverture, who declared himself absolute ruler of the island.
Although Louverture freed all of the slaves on the island, he also attracted the attention of the French Emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte, who sent his general Charles Leclerc to the island to secure the surrender of the revolutionary leaders. Louverture capitulated and was taken to France as a prisoner while Leclerc restored the colonial hierarchy.
However, Leclerc failed to disarm Louverture's troops and they rose up once again. After Eseosa poisoned Leclerc, Louverture's lieutenant Jean-Jacques Dessalines finally ousted the French from the island, bringing the Revolution to a successful conclusion. In the aftermath, Dessalines became the new leader of Saint-Domingue and declared the island a free republic.