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The Golden Horn

The Golden Horn (Ottoman Turkish: Haliç) is a horn-shaped inlet on the European side of Constantinople that is fed by two small streams. It was a natural harbor where both Byzantine and Ottoman Empire fleets and commercial ships were anchored.

History

The Golden Horn since the times of the ancient Greek colony of Byzantium has been used as a natural harbor due to its breath and depth.[1]

Under the Byzantine Empire, it was used as a trading harbor and a popular residential area. Its entrance was blocked by a huge chain to stop unwanted ships from entering.[2]

In 1502, Leonardo da Vinci projected a bridge to be built over the Golden Horn for the Ottoman Sultan, Bayezid II. It was intended to be a single span of 240 meters (787 feet), 8 meters (26 feet) wide, and 24 meters (78 feet) high from the water, but it was never built, as the Sultan did not believe a bridge could cross such a distance without breaking.[1]

In 1506, Bayezid invited Michelangelo, a rival of Leonardo, to submit a design for the bridge. However, the young artist refused the Sultan's invitation outright, incensed that Leonardo had been asked first.[1]

Trivia

  • The achievement Almost Flying could be awarded by parachuting off the top of the Galata Tower into the Golden Horn.
  • According to a legend, the founder of Byzantium, Byzas, named the place in honor of his mother, the nymph Keroessa.

Gallery

Appearances

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Assassin's Creed: RevelationsDatabase: Golden Horn
  2. Assassin's Creed: Revelations
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