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France (Latin: Francia) is a country situated in Western Europe, which shares a border with, among others, Italy, Germany, Netherlands, Switzerland, and Spain.

As one of the most central and biggest powers on the European continent, France's social and political affairs have often been influenced by the Assassin Brotherhood and Templar Order since at least the Middle Ages. It was also notably the country where the Order of the Knights Templar, as a military order, was both founded and disbanded.

History

Isu Era

During the Isu Era, the First Civilization built at least two sites containing artifacts near the future location of Paris.[1] After the Great Catastrophe, the Isu were no more and their former slaves, the humans, spread across the world.[2]

Classical Antiquity

During the era of Classical Antiquity, France was known as Gaul and were populated by various Celtic tribes. Between 58 and 50 BCE, the Roman army led by the consul Julius Caesar conquered the Gaul which became a part of the future Roman Empire.[3] The city of Lugdunum was the capital of the Roman Gaul and also the headquarters of the Liberalis Circulum, the Roman counterpart of the Hidden Ones, a secret Brotherhood dedicated to protect the free will of humanity. In 259 CE, the Liberalis Circulum fought against their sworn enemies, the Order of the Ancients, to recover the Ankh, a piece of Eden who could temporarily reviving dead.[4]

During the 3rd century, the presence of Christianity increased in Gaul. Denis, the bishop of Paris, was martyred and beheaded, but according to legend, he walked to the village of Catolacus with his head between his hand before collasping. The village became known as Saint-Denis.[5]

Middle Ages

In 481 CE, the province of Gaul was established as the Kingdom of Francia, five years after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. In 800, the Kingdom became a part of the empire of Charlemagne. The Frankish capital of Paris was also a target for two important raids in the Viking expansion across Europe. The first was an invasion led by the legendary Swedish king Ragnar Lothbrok in 845, resulting in the plunder and occupation of the city, which only came to an end when Charles the Bald gave the invaders 7,000 lives of silver and gold.[6] The second would involve a much larger force of 30,000 to 40,000 Vikings under the command of Rollo. During the raid, Raven Clan shieldmaiden Eivor Varinsdottir managed to infiltrate the city and form alliances inside.[7] Charles the Fat eventually allowed the raiders to sail up the River Seine to raid Burgundy to avoid a complete sacking of the city.[8]

In 1129, the Council of Troyes officialized the foundation of the Order of the Knights Templar, the new iteration of the Order of the Ancients. They became a powerful faction in Europe and Middle East. In 1307, King Philip IV of France, who was heavily in debt to the Templars, was manipulated by the French Assassins into disbanding the Templars by accusing them of heresy. King Philip arrested hundreds of Templars, and burned their Grand Master Jacques de Molay at the stake, driving the Order back underground.[9][1]

From 1337 to 1453, France became involved in the Hundred Years' War with England, fighting for control over the French throne. England repeatedly led expeditions into French soil, which dealt a huge toll of the economy and the nation's morale. In response, the French built the Bastille in the late 14th century to defend Paris from the English threat, playing a vital role in internal conflicts.[10]

In the 1400s, Jeanne d'Arc acquired a Sword of Eden, and led French soldiers to victories in the war. In 1431, she was captured and executed by the English, while opportunistic Templars took the Sword.[11]

Renaissance

Paris during the Renaissance

During the Renaissance, France was ruled by King Louis XII from his capital in Paris, though he was drawn away from the throne by his military conquests. During his absence, he left his foreign ministers in command, not knowing that they were working for the Borgia.[12]

In the early 1500s, a French Army, under the command of Octavian de Valois, was employed by Cesare Borgia, the Captain General of the Papal Armies, in order to help unite Italy under the Papal banner.[13]

Age of Enlightenment

During the Age of Enlightenment, France, in competition with Spain and England, sought to build up their Empire by capturing territories in Africa and, to a lesser extent, the West Indies.

France aided the Thirteen Colonies during the American Revolutionary War: the Marquis de Lafayette served as George Washington's aide-de-camp from 1777, and the French Navy, under Admiral De Grasse, was instrumental in securing victory.[14]

French Revolution

Main article: French Revolution

Eventually, numerous troubles in their homeland led to the French having their own revolution in 1789,[15][1]and control of France ultimately fell to one Napoleon Bonaparte, a skilled military Commander in possession of an Apple of Eden. From 1804 to 1815, Napoleon ruled over France and Western Europe as an Emperor.[16]

Belle Époque

After the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871, France enjoyed a period of peace and prosperity which would last until 1914. Dubbed as 'Belle Époque', Paris underwent technological advances which led to increase in size, economic power as well as the improvement of life quality.[17]

In 1889, the construction of the Eiffel Tower was completed, with the landmark becoming the symbol of France's new engineering prowess and of the Époque itself.[17]

Appearances

References

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