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The Emirate of Granada was a Moorish kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula from the 11th to 15th century.

Ruled by the Nasrid dynasty, the emirate ruled the far south of Iberia from the 13th century until it was finally extinguished during the Granada War by the Crown of Castile in 1492, ending a centuries-long period in Spanish history known as the Reconquista.[1]

In its twilight years, it was supported by the Spanish Brotherhood of Assassins while the Spanish Inquisition, under the control of the Spanish Rite of the Templar Order, pushed for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon to wage a protracted war against it. Rather than seeking to exterminate the Moors, the Templars hoped that the conflict would devastate the economy of Castile in a complex scheme to eliminate any possibility that Queen Isabella would fund the expedition of Genoese explorer Christopher Columbus to the New World.[1]

By 1491, when it was far too late for the Assassins to save the emirate from collapse, Italian Assassin Ezio Auditore da Firenze rescued the last emir, Muhammad XII of Granada, from the clutches of the Templars and convinced him to abdicate in order to put an end to the violence and the Templars' plot. With this, the Emirate of Granada, the last Islamic state of Iberia, came to an end.[1]

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