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ACOd-Demeter

Statue of Demeter in a field

Demeter was an Isu revered by the Greeks as the goddess of all things related to agriculture. She is regarded as the one who holds earth's fertility in her hands and with Zeus produced Persephone, who ruled over Elysium.

Her Roman counterpart is Ceres.

Mythology

According to stories, at some point the god of underworld Hades, stole Demeter's daughter with the intent to marry her.[1]

Another story recounted how the Greek god of the seas Poseidon chased Demeter. To avoid him, she turned into a mare, but he followed suit, and together they produced the legendary horse Areion.[1]

Places of interest

The Sanctuary of Eleusis was a central location for the worship of Demeter and Persephone, and the Telesterion was where people annually participated in the Eleusinian Mysteries, initiation practices into the cult of Demeter and Persephone. In Athens, a statue featuring the goddess and her daughter stood watch over the road leading from the acropolis to the Sanctuary of Eleusis.[1]

Arkadians raised another statue to Demeter in her guise as a Fury on top of a hill within the Forest of Soron.[1]

In addition to Sanctuary of Eleusis, Demeter was especially honored on the Greek island of Krete, where she introduced a number of discoveries such as the art of growing wheat, prior to spreading them throughout the Greek world. She would later have a temple dedicated to her in the city-state of Gortyn in Messara.[1]

Influence

The Olympic Games held at the Sanctuary of Olympia in Elis were presided over by a Priestess of Demeter, and she was the only woman allowed to witness the events.[2]

Trivia

  • The statue used in-game for Demeter is based on Bertel Thorvaldsen's sculpture of the Greek goddess Hebe.
  • According to the myths, the Titan Kronos devoured every child he begat with his sister-wife Rhea. When Zeus saved his siblings, they accompanied him as the new gods, and became part of the twelve mightiest. In order from oldest to youngest, the children were Hestia, Demeter, Hera, Hades and Poseidon before Zeus.

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References

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