|This article is about the island. You may be looking for the city.|
The island is famous for mastic, the fragrant resin produced by the trees in the area. Another product considered of exceptional quality is the wine produced on the island, available to wealthy citizens in places like Athens.
During the 5th century BCE, the island was home to the Daughters of Artemis, a cult who worshipped the Greek goddess of the hunt, Artemis. The Spartan misthios Kassandra visited the island during the Peloponnesian War.
The island of Chios was made up of three regions: