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Chickens in Egypt

The chicken (Gallus gallus domesticus) is a subspecies of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) domesticated by humans. Among the most widespread and common of domesticated animals worldwide, it has been a staple of the human diet for millennia.



In Greek mythology, a soldier named Alektryon was changed into a rooster by the god Ares after Alektryon had failed to warn the god and his paramour, the goddess Aphrodite, of the approaching Helios, aka the rising sun. This story explains why the word ᾰ̓λεκτρῠών (alektruṓn) means 'chicken, rooster' in Greek. [citation needed]

5th century BCE

Brought to Greece by the invading Persians, chickens were quickly adopted by the Greeks for their eggs, which during the Peloponnesian War were valued at 3 drachmae apiece. They were also a source of leather, which was used to craft armors. The roosters were aggressive, attacking anyone in their sight if present during a violent altercation.[1]

A place called Alektryon's Rest was a den of chickens on a small island south of Naxos Island. The chickens there were led by an especially aggressive rooster. In addition to this, A mercenary known as Alektryon the Rooster wandered around Greece with his pet rooster by his side, freeing enslaved chickens.[1]

1st century BCE

During the 1st century BCE chickens were kept by Egyptians living in the rural countryside, where they were used as a source of food and feathers.[2]