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Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis (1738 – 1805) was a British Army officer and colonial administrator. He was one of the leading British generals in the American Revolutionary War.

Biography[]

In 1781, General Cornwallis was ordered to secure a deep water port in Virginia, and chose Yorktown, on the Chesapeake Bay. He had the city fortified by September and awaited supplies from New York,[1] unaware that the Royal Navy was defeated at the Battle of the Chesapeake by the Assassin Ratonhnhaké:ton and the French Navy Comte de Grasse earlier that month.[2][3]

George Washington, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army, secured an alliance with France and decided to attack Yorktown, as he was not prepared for an attack on New York. By 6 October the Continental and French forces had settled around the city and began their siege, using French artillery to bombard and invade the city by 14 October.[1] During the battle, Ratonhnhaké:ton sent his Assassin apprentices to infiltrate and sabotage the British fortifications.[4] The British forces crumbled at last, and Cornwallis surrendered on 19 October.[1]

The loss at Yorktown made the war too costly for Great Britain, and Parliament began peace negotiations after British citizens started voicing disinterest in the conflict.[1]

Appearances[]

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Assassin's Creed IIIDatabase: Battle of Yorktown
  2. Assassin's Creed IIIBattle of the Chesapeake
  3. Assassin's Creed IIIDatabase: Battle of the Chesapeake
  4. Assassin's Creed IIIContracts: "The Saboteur"
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