The Capitoline Hill (Latin: Collis Capitolinus, Italian: Campidoglio) is one of the seven hills of Rome. During the Renaissance, it was located in the Centro District.
Ampelius, a member of the Order of the Ancients under Gaius Julius Rufio, was born on the Capitoline Hill.
Several important Roman temples were built atop the hill, including the Temple of Juno, the Temple of Virtus, and the Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus. In 79, the hill was also home to the Tabularium, the Empire's main archive. In the Middle Ages, it became the city's center of civic government just before receiving a face lift from Michelangelo.