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ACOd-Statue-TheseusMinotaur-f

A bronze statue of Theseus slaying the Minotaur

Bronze is an alloy consisting primarily of copper, commonly with about 12–12.5% tin and often with the addition of other metals (such as aluminiummanganesenickel or zinc) and sometimes non-metals or metalloids such as arsenicphosphorus or silicon. These additions produce a range of alloys that may be harder than copper alone, or have other useful properties, such as stiffness, ductility, or machinability.

The discovery of the metal was so significant an historical era was named by the use of it.

History

5th century BCE

During the 5th century BCE in Greece, bronze was a material used in weapons and armor, rendering the formerly used obsidian glass largely obsolete.[1] The city of Chalkis on the island of Euboea was especially renowned for its metalwork with bronze.[2]

The Argive sculptor Polykleitos preferred to work with bronze, and became famous for his art.[3] The Athenian sculptor Phidias also used bronze, most notably in his 10 meter Statue of Athena in the Akropolis Sanctuary of Athens.[4]

Perhaps the most notable building in the ancient Greece in regards to bronze was the Temple of Athena Chalkioikos in the polis of Sparta, Lakonia. The interior of the temple was covered with bronze sheets, and thus it was called Chalkioikos (Bronze House).[5] Another building named after the metal was the Chalkotheke in the Akropolis Sanctuary of Athens.[6]

During the Peloponnesian War, the Spartan misthios Kassandra acquired bronze in varying amounts over the course of her travels.[7]

1st century BCE

In the 1st century BCE Egypt, the use of bronze was less common but still used in the creation of weapons. The Medjay-turned-Hidden One Bayek acquired bronze in varying amounts over the course of his travels, using it to better his gear.[8]

12th century

The Knights Templar minted a currency using various metals, including bronze, for their own use during the Crusades. Later, these coins were obtained by the Assassin Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad from Templar guards, pirate, and duelists in Cyprus and Acre's harbor.[9]

17th century

Bronze was widely used as a material of statues, including the equestrian statue of Henry IV of France. Cast in Florence and shipped to Paris in 1614, the statue was erected at Pont Neuf in 1618. Another bronze statue, this time of Louis XIII was erected in Place des Vosges in 1639.[10]

18th century

Over the course of his career, the French pirate Alonzo Batilla acquired and used multiple bronze implements.[11]

Mythology

In Greek, bronze featured in both in the everyday life, as well as in myths. In the latter, the most notable instances are the jar on Naxos Island wherein the story claimed the Greek god of war Ares was imprisoned,[12] and the club wielded by the bandit Periphetes.[13]

According to the legend, the Argive king Akrisios locked his daughter Danae within a chamber of bronze in an attempt to prevent a prophecy. Despite his attempt, the god Zeus infiltrated the chamber and impregnated Danae, leading to the birth of Perseus and the fulfillment of Akrisios' prophecy. In the same legend, Perseus was also given a mirror-bright bronze shield by the goddess Athena.[14]

Gallery

Appearances

References

  1. Assassin's Creed: Odyssey – Arid Islands. Ubisoft. Accessed 15 June 2018.
  2. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyEuboea: Chalkis City
  3. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyArgolis: Polykleitos' Workshop
  4. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyDiscovery Tour – "Akropolis Sanctuary" – Athena Promachos
  5. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyLakonia: Temple of Athena Chalkioikos
  6. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyDiscovery Tour / The Akropolis of Athens: Chalkotheke
  7. Assassin's Creed: Odyssey
  8. Assassin's Creed: Origins
  9. Assassin's Creed: Bloodlines
  10. Assassin's Creed: Unity
  11. Assassin's Creed: Pirates
  12. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyNaxos: Bronze Vessel of Ares
  13. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyArgolis: Bronze Club of Periphetes
  14. Assassin's Creed: OdysseyA Treasury of Legends
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