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The Battle of the Hydaspes was fought in 326 BCE between Alexander the Great and King Porus of the Pauravas kingdom on the banks of the Jhelum River (known to the Greeks as Hydaspes) in the Punjab region.

Despite possessing a numerical advantage over Alexander's forces, Porus' troops were outflanked in the left by Alexander's troops, provoking a sense of panic amongst the war elephants in Porus' army. Alexander's cavalry eventually overwhelmed the Indian troops, leading to Porus' surrender.[1][2]

In the aftermath of the battle, Alexander, impressed with Porus' military flair and spirit, allowed him to retain his kingdom. Porus became an ally of Alexander and was appointed as one of the satraps of his province.[1]

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