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Charles Lee: "Why do you persist...? You put us down. We rise again. You end one plot – we forge another. You try so hard... But it always ends the same. Those who know you think you mad and this is why... Even those men you sought to save have turned their backs on you. Yet you fight. You resist. Why?"
Ratonhnhaké:ton: "Because no-one else will!"
—The Templar Charles Lee and Assassin Ratonhnhaké:ton arguing their conflict, 1782.[src]-[m]

The Assassin–Templar War is an ideological, sometime military, conflict between the Assassin Brotherhood and the Templar Order, that has spanned across the entirety of known human history. The two factions often took part in, or even precipitated, military conflict between nations to further their own agendas within their war, largely in the shadows of conventional politics.

Contents

History

Mythical origins

The conflict between the Assassins and the Templars traced back millennia ago, taking its roots in the Isu Civilization, a race of highly advanced precursor who ruled the Earth centuries before Humans.

Creation of the hybrids

During Isu Era, the Isu Authority in Eden launched the Project Anthropos, whose aim to create the human race as a docile slave workforce. The Isu Phanes was the first in succeeding to create humans, but as they weren't subservient, the Isu used Apples of Eden and implanted neurotransmitters into human brains to control them. However, Phanes fell in love with a female human, removing her neurotransmitter, and fled with her to Atlantis. Together, they had a daughter, Eve, the first of the hybrids, a subspecies of humans immune to Pieces of Eden and having access to the Sixth sense.[8]

Some Isu interbred with humans, leading to a generation of hybrids. Other Isu, like Juno and Aita, feared that the human could be the doom of their civilization. In 75 010 BCE, with the hybrid Adam, Eve stole an Apple of Eden and led the Humans in a war against the Isu.[9] Ten years later, the war ended with the Great Catastrophe, a cataclysmic event that destroyed Earth and left only few survivors on the two sides. Isu, hybrids and humans worked together to rebuild the world. The hybrids and humans perpetuated while the last living Isu disappeared on Earth. [10]

Some data linked the hybrids as the ancestors of the Assassin Brotherhood, due to their capacity to resist Pieces of Eden and their Eagle Vision.[11]

Foundation of the Order of the Ancients

The Order of the Ancients

Circa 1334 BCE, the Pharaoh of Egypt Smenkhkare founded the Order of the Ancients, a secret organization dedicated to imposing order and peace on society, as they saw humans as inherently predisposed to chaos and violence. As the Order tried to emulate the Isu civilization, who were seen as gods from different pantheons, the Pieces of Eden were a key part of their New World Order.[12] The Ancients saw the hybrids as a heresy and a source of chaos, referencing them as Tainted Ones, and trying to eliminate them.[13]

Contestation of the Order

With time, the Order of the Ancients infiltrated different empires, influencing their leaders, while some descendants of the hybrids were perceived as heroes and protectors of the people. Many factions were created across the centuries to thwart the influence of the Order.

Achaemenid Empire

For decades, the Order of Ancients had a firm grip on the Achaemenid Empire, influencing its kings. Darius I of Persia and Xerxes I of Persia led two invasions of Greece on the advice of the Order. In 480 BCE, the king Leonidas I of Sparta, a descendant of the hybrids, wielded a spear of Eden and led his troops at the Battle of Thermopylae against the Persians. Even if the king of Sparta was killed with his soldiers at the battle, his sacrifice permitted to the Greek cities to repel the Persians at the Battle of Salamis.[14]

Artabanus killing Xerxes

In 464 BCE, a group composed of the Persian officials Artabanus, Amorges and Pactyas planned to assassinate the king Xerxes to protect Persia from the Order.[2] Feigning a massive attack, Artabanus stealthly approached Xerxes and assassinated the king with a weapon of his creation, the Hidden Blade.[13]

As Xerxes' son Artaxerxes became the new king, Artabanus feared that the Order manipulated him and decided to assassinate the new king. Amorges and Pactyas were against his plan and joined the Ancients to impeach this. Amorges prevented his former friend to kill Artatxerxes and Artabanus was forced to flee Persia with his family as the Ancients tracked them. This led to the deaths of his wife and children by the hand of the Order. With his last son Natakas, Artabanus hid for many years, taking the name of Darius and moving regurlarly.[2]

Greek city-states

Pactyas dying before Natakas, Darius and Kassandra

In 429 BCE, Pactyas led the Order of Hunters in Makedonia to kill the misthios Kassandra of Sparta, deemed as a Tainted One as she was the granddaughter of Leonidas I. Burning the village of Potidaia to attract her attention, the Order was confronted by Kassandra but also Darius and his son who were hiding in the region.[15] The three joined their forces and eliminated the Order of Hunters, killing Pactyas and his lieutenants. After that, Darius and Natakas left Makedonia while Kassandra resumed her odyssey through Greece.[2]

Later, the Order of the Storm led by the hybrid Phila located Darius and Natakas in Achaia, organizing a maritime blockade of the region. Darius sent a letter to Kassandra who helped him once again, destroying the fleet of the Storm and killing Phila and her lieutenants.[16] Together, they decided to settle in the village of Dyme and Natakas and Kassandra had a son Elpidios.[17] As Amorges discovered that, he led an attack with the Order of Dominion on Dyme, killing Natakas and abducting Elpidios.[18]

Kassandra and Darius confronting Amorges

In Messenia, the Order entrusted Elpidios to the Prince Darius who served as his guardian on a small island near Messenia. Searching the child, Kassandra and Artabanus joined their forces to confront the Order of Dominion. During their assault, Darius killed Amorges who revealed in his last breath the location of Elpidios but warning them that he wasn't in safety with Kassandra. Reuniting with her son, Kassandra agreed with Darius to be separate from Elpidios to protect him. Darius went in Egypt with his grandson to investigate the Order of the Ancients while Kassandra stayed in Greece.[19]

Empires of the East

By 333 BCE, the Order of the Ancients allied with the Macedonian king Alexander and gave him a Staff of Eden with the Trident of Eden, permitting his conquest of Achaemenid Empire.[20] A secret Babylonian organization saw Alexander as a great danger. One of its member, Iltani, poisoned Alexander, killing him in 323 BCE. She also tried to recover the Staff but it was buried with Alexander in his tomb in Alexandria, Egypt.[21]

By 221 BCE, the Order of the Ancients reached China and helped the king Qin Shi Huang to reform the first Empire of China. In 210 BCE, the individual known as Wei Yu assassinated the emperor with his spear to end his tyrannical rule.[22]

Hunt of the Medjay

Under the Ptolemaic dynasty, the Order of the Ancients tried to unify Egypt through hellenization. As the Medjay, an elite group who protected the Pharaoh and people of the Old Kingdom, was a symbol of the Ancient Egypt, the Order wanted their elimination.

In 70 BCE, the Ancient Raia hired the mercenary Bion to exterminate the last three bloodlines of the Medjay. After he killed the Medjay Emsaf and Hemon and their families, the last Medjay Sabu of Siwa trained his son Bayek to become a Medjay. He taught him every technics of the group, even the Leap of Faith. Bayek passed his knowledge onto his lover Aya, a descendant of Elpidios. In 56 BCE, Bion killed Sabu and kidnapped Aya, as she was pregnant of Bayek. Bayek killed Bion and Raia, protecting for a time his family from the Order.[23]

Alexandrine Civil War

Main article: Alexandrine Civil War

In 51 BCE, after Ptolemy XII Auletes' death, the Order of the Ancients controlled Egypt via their puppet Pharaoh, Ptolemy XIII. Led by the Roman Proconsul of Cyrenaica Flavius Metellus, the Order had control on the royal court, the Saqqara Nome, the Faiyum Oasis and used the Gabiniani as their military force. In 49 BCE, the Order of the Ancient led a war against the Queen Cleopatra, Ptolemy's sister and wife, as she refused to join them.[24]

Khemu's death

The same year, the Order uncovered an Apple of Eden. Metellus and four other masked Ancients went in Siwa to open the Isu vault under the Temple of Amun. They abducted Bayek and his son Khemu to force the Medjay to open the vault. A fight occurred between Bayek and Metellus, resulting in the accidental death of Khemu. The Ancients fled the Temple leaving Bayek for dead.[25]

After their son's death, Bayek and Aya decided to avenge him. During a year, Bayek tracked the Ancients, killing the nomarch Rudjek[26] and the Oracle of Amun Medunamun, recovering the Apple.[25] Meanwhile, in Alexandria, Aya entered in the service of Cleopatra and her trusty follower Apollodorus, killing the Ancients Actaeon and Ktesos.[27]

Bayek just after he killed Eudoros

After killing the Royal Scribe and Ancient Eudoros[28] and his ally the Phylakitai Gennadios with Darius' Hidden Blade[29], Bayek was made Medjay of all Egypt by Cleopatra, who tasked him to kill the Ancients in the region of the Nile.[24] Bayek killed the Ancients Taharqa[30], Khaliset[31], Hetepi[32] and Berenike[33] while Aya secured and alliance with the Roman Consul Pompey.[34]

In September 48 BCE, after their heavy loss, the Ancients planned to assassinate Cleopatra and executed Pompey. Bayek and Aya protected the Queen against the Ancient's agent Venator and killed him. As they discovered the death of Pompey, they went to Alexandria with the Queen to secure an alliance with the Roman Consul Gaius Julius Caesar.[35] Even if Ptolemy fleet attacked them on their journey, they arrived at the Ptolemaic Royal Palace where Cleopatra met Caesar. Becoming her lover, the Roman consul sided with Bayek and Aya in their confict against the Ancients. In February 47 BCE, Aya and Bayek opened the sealed tomb of Alexander the Great for Cleopatra and Caesar while the Ancients took the Staff of Eden in Alexander's sarcophagus.[36]

Caesar and Cleopatra siding with the Order

Later, the Ancients with Ptolemy army besieged Alexandria. Bayek and Aya helped Caesar and fought on the side of the Romans during the Battle of the Nile.[36] Bayek killed the Ancient and regent Pothinus, while Aya was tasked by Cleopatra to kill Ptolemy. Aya stopped her mission when she saw a crocodile attacked the pharaoh's boat, drowning him. As Bayek defeated the Ancient and Gabiniani leader Lucius Septimius in a duel, he was stopped by Caesar on the advice of Metellus, who secured an alliance between the Order, Caesar and Cleopatra, entrusting them for a time the Staff of Eden. After that, Bayek and Aya were dismissed by the two leaders.[37]

The Hidden Ones versus the Order of the Ancients

With Caesar in their ranks, the Order of the Ancients controlled the Roman Republic. Furious of their misjudgment, Bayek and Aya met the allies they made during their journey: the Captain Phoxidas, Aya's cousin and poet Phanos the Younger, the High-Priest Pasherenptah and the huntress Tahira. Together they decided to form a brotherhood to fight the influence of the Ancients and defended the people against tyrants.[38]

Birth of the Hidden Ones

A dying Metellus before Bayek

As Apollodorus protected the Apple of Eden, the Ancients killed him and took the artifact.[38] With the Staff and the Apple, Metellus and Septimius attacked Siwa, killing Bayek's friend Hepzefa and opening the vault. This activated the powers of the Apple that Metellus used to control Cyrenaica while Septimius secreted the Staff to the Order. Following the Ancients, Bayek went to Cyrene to confront Metellus while Aya went to Alexandria to track Septimius. In the Temple of Mars, Bayek fought Metellus who used the powers of the Apple, but he succeeded to kill the Ancient and took the artifact.[39]

In Alexandria, Aya met the Roman senators Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus and allied with them to fight the Order in Rome as Septimius and Caesar went there. When Bayek hid the Apple of Eden in the den under the Library of Alexandria, he discussed with his wife trying to convince her to stay in Egypt. Understanding that their cause was more valuable than their love, they broke up and officially formed the Hidden Ones, a secret organization dedicated to kill the tyrants of the world to protect human liberty. Bayek became the Hidden Ones's Mentor in Egypt and installed a bureau in Memphis while Aya became the Mentor in Rome.[40]

In 46 BCE, the priest Menkhtu impersonated Medunamun as the Ibis Reborn and formed with the remnant of the Order of the Ancients the Sect of the Ibis Reborn to take control of Egypt. As they entered the Isu complex under the Great Pyramid of Giza, the Hidden Ones killed Menkhtu and his followers.[41]

Assassination of Caesar

Main article: Assassination of Julius Caesar

Aya stabbing Caesar

On 15 March 44 BCE, Aya, Brutus, Longinus and other senators planned the Assassination of Julius Caesar. Aya killed Septimius in a fight and gave the first stab at Caesar before being followed by the other senators and Brutus gave the final blow. Three days later, Aya warned Cleopatra to leave Rome and to become a good queen for Egypt, or otherway she will kill her. Cleopatra followed her warning and dissociated with the Order. Aya renamed herself Amunet to forget her past and dedicate to the Hidden Ones.[42]

After Caesar's death, the Order was led by his adopted son Octavianus. Allying with Marcus Antonius, he tracked the Hidden Ones responsible of Caesar's death, especially Brutus and Longinus. This led on 3 October 42 BCE to the Battle of Philippi, where Augustus and Antonius defeated the troops of Brutus and Longinus, who committed suicide.[43]

Confrontation in Sinai

By 38 BCE, the Order of the Ancients led by the Roman General Gaius Julius Rufio took control of the region of Sinai, pillaging the monuments, temples and inspiring fear in the population. Tahira installed a bureau in Klysma Nome and helped the Nabatean revolt led by Gamilat against the Romans. After the Order killed two Hidden Ones, Bayek arrived in Sinai and helped the bureau and the Nabateans.[44] Bayek assassinated the Ancients Tacito, who executed the population,[45] Ampelius, who blocked the economic roads,[46] and Ptahmose, who organized the pillaging of the temples.[47]

Rufio's last moment

After this, the Order burnt the Klysma bureau and captured the Hidden Ones. Bayek was saved from crucifixion by Amunet. Together they liberated the other Hidden Ones but Tahira died due to her burnings.[48] Bayek and Amunet led an attack on the Roman soldiers to reach their fleet. Bayek infiltrated Rufio ship and killed him, liberating the Sinai from the Order for a time.[49]

Conflicts in Roman Empire

In 30 BCE, Octavianus was the de facto ruler of the Roman Republic and led a military campaign against Antonius and Cleopatra. The leader of the Ancients wanted to capture the queen and kill Caesarion, the son she had with Caesar. On 12 August, Amunet infiltrated the palace and gave to her former ally poison to commit suicide and promised to protect her son, inducting Caesarion as a Hidden Ones. The queen accepted her fate, ruining the plan of Octavius to capture her alive.[50]

By 41 CE, decades after Octavianius founded the Roman Empire, the Order of the Ancients influenced the emperor Caligula, who was a bloodthirsty tyrant. On 21 January, the Hidden Ones Leonius and other members stabbed the emperor to death, liberating for a time the Empire from the influence of the Ancients.[22]

Viking Age

During the 9th century, the Order of the Ancients spread his grip across Francia, England and Norway while the Hidden Ones stayed in the Middle East. The rite in England was led by the Kings of Wessex, beginning with Aethelwulf and later his sons Aethelred and Alfred the Great. Even as a Grand Maegester, Alfred dispised the Order for his worshipping of the Isu as he was a devout Christian. The King secretly planned to reform the Ancients to become a universal order but the Viking invasions slowed his plan.[51]

By 870 CE, a merchant in Bulgar had a Shroud of Eden. The Hidden One Ammon infiltrated his palace to recover the artifact before the Ancients. On his way, he encountered the Norwegian Vikings Sigurd Styrbjornsson and Knud of the Raven Clan who tried to steal the palace. He killed Knud but was mortally wounded by Sigurd who took his Hidden Blade as a trophy but left the Shroud as the Ancients approached the building.[52] Later, the Hidden One and Loki Sage Basim Ibn Ishaq met Sigurd in Constantinople. Recognizing the Viking as a Sage of Tyr, Basim became a friend with Sigurd to find his children who were imprisoned by the Isu Odin before the Great Disaster. With his apprentice Hytham, Basim followed Sigurd in his journey to fight the Ancients and restore the Hidden Ones in Western Europe while also following his own agenda.[53]

In 872 CE, the two Hidden Ones arrived in Fornburg, Sigurd's hometown and became acquainted with his foster sister, the shieldmaiden Eivor Varinsdottir. They explained to her their fight against the Ancients and granted her a hidden blade without inducted her in the Brotherhood.[54] With the Raven Clan, the Hidden Ones attacked the fortress of Kjotve the Cruel, an Ancient who killed Eivor's parents. During the duel between Eivor and Kjotve, Hytham tried to assassinate the Ancient but the Hidden One was wounded by his target and that was Eivor who claimed Kjotve's life.[55] During the attack, Kjotve's son Gorm who was also an Ancient, fled the fight. Later, when Eivor asked the King Harald Fairhair to punish Gorm, the King decided to exile the Ancient.[56]

When Sigurd and Eivor decided to move with other members of the Raven Clan in England, Basim and Hytham followed them and established a bureau in their colony of Ravensthorpe in Mercia.[57] Hytham gathered the intel on the Ancients in England while Eivor killed the targets and took their medallions as proof of her successes for the Hidden Ones.[58] Eivor freed Grantesbridge from the Ancient Wigmund[59] and protected the Lincolnshire from the schemes of the Ancient Herefrith.[60] Eivor also tracked and killed Gorm Kjotvesson in Vinland as he was searching the Grand Temple guided by Juno through a Crystal ball.[61] Eivor handed the artifact to Konwahawíhshon a Kanien'kehá:ka from the tribe of Karonhiakèn:iate'.[62]

As Basim wanted to reveal to Sigurd his Sage nature, they decided to search the Saga Stone and allied with the gnostic scholar Fulke who was secretly an Ancient.[63] She betrayed them and captured Sigurd to experiment on him, cutting his right arm to awake his Sage nature.[64] Basim and Eivor tracked Fulke in the Cent but she fled with Sigurd in the castle of Portcestre in Sussex. With her allies from England, Eivor led the siege of Portcestre with Basim, rescuing Sigurd and killing Fulke.[65]

Seeing the arrival of the Hidden Ones as a way to reform the Order, Alfred took the alias of "A Poor Fellow-Soldier of Christ" and sent letters to Eivor with clues to eliminate the Ancients in Lunden, Jorvik and Winchester. In 878 CE, after Eivor killed all the Ancients in England, Alfred sent a letter to arrange a meeting with her in Athelnay. He revealed all the truth and gave to Eivor his Ancient medallion and the key of his study to show her his great project for the Order. Later, Eivor met Hytham and told him all the truth about Alfred. As the King was not seen anymore as a threat, the Hidden One decided to not kill Alfred.[51]

Alfred's reform profoundly transformed the Order, abandoning the worship of the Isu, promoting the betterment of humankind. By the 10th century, the Order was known as the Templars. As they continued to control societies through mischievous ways, the Hidden Ones fought them.[66]

In 975 CE, the Scandinavian iteration of the Hidden Ones poisoned the harsh King of Svealand Olof Björnsson. Their Mentor Torgny the Lawspeaker elected on the throne Olof's brother, Eric the Victorious, instead Styrbjörn the Strong, who was too much like his father Olof. Taking refuge in the Kingdom of Denmark, Styrbjörn allied with the King Harald Bluetooth who was a member of the Templar Order. Understanding that Styrbjörn was a descendant of the hybrids, Harald gave him the prong of Devotion to lead his army against his uncle. Styrbjörn defeated Palnatoke, the founder of the Jomsvikings, taking the control of the faction with their former leader as his second-in-command.[67]

In 978 CE, a Templar spy infiltrated the Hidden Ones in Dorset. The Brotherhood investigated the matter.[66]

Circa 984 CE, the armies of Styrbjörn and Eric fought at the Battle of Fýrisvellir. The Hidden Ones Thorvald Hjaltason killed Palnatoke and recovered the prong of Devotion after Styrblörn died during the battle. To protect the artifact, Thorvald gave it to the farmer and warrior Östen Jorundsson who hid it near his house.[67]

By the mid-11th century, like the Templars, the Hidden Ones changed their name, becoming the Assassins Brotherhood. One of the first Assassins was active in the Duchy of Normandy.[66]

As public organizations

At the turning point of the 11th and 12th centuries, the Brotherhood and the Order reorganized themselves to become public organizations. In 1090, under the leadership of Hassan-i Sabbāh, the Assassins installed their headquarters in the fortress of Alamut in Persia and establishing a network of strongholds through the Middle-East. In 1129, it was the turn of the Templars under the leadership of the abbot Bernard de Clairvaux to become the Order of the Knights Templar, a monastic-military order officially founded to protect the pilgrims and the Solomon's Temple of Jerusalem. The Templars also established a network of fortresses and a financial infrastructure in Europe and Levant. Even if officially, the Templars sided with the Crusaders and the Assassins with the Saracens, the two factions had members and allies on the two sides. As a result, the two factions fought more directly in battles and sieges.

Assault on Masyaf

Main article: Assault on Masyaf

Templars taking Assassins as hostages

In 1189, during the Third Crusade, the Assassin Haras joined the Templars and led an assault on Masyaf, the headquarters of the Levantine Brotherhood of Assassins. He captured the Mentor Al Mualim and other Assassins as hostages. Al Mualim's disciple, Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad, repelled the Templar attack and killed Haras, saving the Mentor who granted him the title of Master Assassin.[68]

Quest for the Chalice

Main article: Quest for the Chalice

In 1190, as the Templars tried to find the Chalice, an artifact that could unify Holy Land under their banner, Al Mualim assigned Altaïr to recover it before them.[69] As the Chalice was locked in the hidden Temple of Sand, the Grand Master of the Templar Order Basilisk had one of the keys of the Temple. Altaïr traveled in Damascus, Tyre and Jerusalem, collecting the two other keys, stealing the third one and recovering the map leading to the Temple of Sand.[70]

Arriving in the Temple of Sand, Altaïr was confronted by Basilisk who explained that the Chalice was in fact a woman. The two enemies escaped from the collasping Temple, and later fought in Tyre.[71] Wounded, Basilisk revealed that the Chalice was in Jerusalem but also that the Templars planned to poison the water supply of Acre to end the siege.[72] Altaïr twarted the Templar's plot before going to Jerusalem.[73] He discovered that the Chalice was his lover Adha and he decided to leave the Brotherhood for her after his mission.[74]

Altaïr duelling Basilisk

As Harash, the second-in-command of the Assassins, secretly joined the Templars and prepared an attack on Alep, Altaïr killed the traitor.[75] Adha went to Tyre to leave Holy Land with Altaïr, but she was captured by Basilisk. Altaïr fought the Grand Master and killed him, but the Templars left the city with Adha on a ship.[76] Later, the Templars killed her but Altaïr avenged her death.[77]

Hunt for the Nine

Main article: Hunt for the Nine

Templars falling in a trap

In 1191, Al Mualim secretly allied with the Grand Master Robert de Sablé and his lieutenants Tamir, Garnier de Naplouse, Talal, Abu'l Nuqoud, William of Montferrat, Majd Addin, Sibrand and Jubair al Hakim. Together, they discovered Bayek's Apple of Eden in the ruins of the Solomon's Temple. The Templars wanted to use the artifact to control an army which will conquer the Holy Lands.[78] But as Al Mualim wanted the artifact for himself, he sent Altaïr and the brothers Malik and Kadar Al-Sayf to recover the Apple before the Templars. Due to Altaïr harsh actions in the Temple, Kadar died and Malik lost an arm but he recovered the Apple.[79] The Grand Master besieged Masyaf to recover the artifact but the Assassins repelled the Templars by activating a trap.[80]

To secure his plan, Athe Mentor revoked Altaïr from his title of Master for the events in the Solomon's Temple and tasked him to kill the nine Templars to recover his rank.[81] Travelling in Damas, Acre, and Jerusalem, Altaïr killed the eight lieutenants, breaking the Templar influence in these cities, preventing the assassination of the King Richard I of England and thwarting their plan to create an army.[82]

Assassination of Robert de Sablé

With all his men dead, Robert decided to secure an alliance with Richard I and Saladin to ally them against the Assassins as Altaïr killed men in both sides. On 7 September, Robert's lieutenant Maria Thorpe served as a decoy to lure Altaïr in Jerusalem while Robert went to Arsuf to met Richard and Saladin who prepared to battle.[83] After Altaïr discovered the truth, he went to Arsuf and dueled the Grand Master, killing him. In his last breath, Robert revealed the treachery of Al Mualim.[78] Returning to Masyaf, Altaïr killed his Mentor, taking the control of the Brotherhood and recovering the Apple.[84]

Confrontation in Cyprus

Altaïr capturing Maria

In October 1191, the new Grand Master Armand Bouchart decided to relocate his troops on the island of Cyprus where the Templar Archive was located. As his men left Acre, a team of Assassins led by Altaïr infiltrated the city and captured the Templar Maria Thorpe. Altaïr went to Cyprus with the Apple to stop the Templars and took Thorpe as a hostage.[85]

The actions of the Templars on the island provoked the creation of the Cypriot Resistance. In Limassol, Altaïr allied with the Resistance, killing the Templar Fredrich the Red.[86] In Kyrenia, Altaïr killed Bouchart associates, the fanatic Templar Moloch[87], the Dark Oracle[88] and Moloch's twin sons Shalim and Shahar.[89]

Armand Bouchart's death

While Altaïr was in Kyrenia, the Templars began to remove the content of the Archive in Limassol.[90] As one of Armand Bouchart's agent impersonated the Resistance leader Barnabas and misled Altaïr to kill the merchant Jonas, the Assassin was suspected to be a traitor. After the agent killed the Resistance leader Alexander and framed Altaïr, the population turned against the Assassin who used the Apple to convince them that the Templars were their true enemies. The agent was killed by Maria, who joined the Assassins cause during their journey.[91] In the Templar Archive under Limassol Castle, Maria confronted Bourchart but was knocked out. Altaïr killed Bouchart, ending the rule of the Templars on the island.[90]

For the next three decades, the island of Cyprus was under the control of the Assassins. Circa 1228, the Templars attacked the Assassins who protected the Archive. As the Mentor Abbas Sofian didn't send reinforcement, the Templars killed the Assassins.[92]

First Barons' War

By 1215, the Templars influenced the King John of England. As the King refused to apply the Magna Carta, the Assassin Robert Fitzwalter rallied the barons and led a civil war against the King, allying with the Kingdom of France. The Assassin William of Cassingham sided with John and his son Henry as a lesser of two evils as he was against the French alliance.[93]

Mongol Empire

With the rising of the Mongol Empire under Genghis Khan who possessed a Sword of Eden, the Assassins and Templars took interest in the new empire. In 1227, Altaïr, Maria and their son Darim allied with the Mongolian Assassins Qulan Gal and Nergüi to kill Genghis and his son Jochi Khan.[94][95] On 9 April 1241, during the Battle of Legnica opposing the combined forces of Poles and Moravians against the Mongols, a young Templar was captured and brought before Genghis' son, Möngke. The Templar taught him about the Templar Order and Möngke became the founder of the Mongolian Rite of the Templar Order.[96] On 11 December, Nergüi assassinated Genghis' son Ögedei Khan while Qulan Gal killed Chagatai Khan on 1 July 1242.[97][98]

Altaïr using the Apple of Eden against the Mongols

In November 1256, with his great father's Sword, Hülegü Khan led the siege of Alamut. The Assassins surrendered without a fight. A year later, his troops arrived in Masyaf but Altaïr repelled one of their assault using the Apple of Eden. Preparing for years the dismantlement of the Assassins as a public organization, Altaïr ordered the evacuation of Masyaf on 12 August 1257. Before locking himself in his library with the Apple, Altaïr gave his codex and his library keys to the brothers Niccolò and Maffeo Polo, two Venetians explorers that were inducted as Assassins.[99] On their way to found an Assassin Guild in Constantinople, the Polos were attacked by Mongols who stole the Codex. The brothers tried to recover the book for a decade in vain.[93]

By 1259, Möngke Khan became Khan of the Mongol Empire and had the Fear prong. Between February and August 1259, he led the siege of Diaoyu Castle in China. A commander of the Song dynasty who was also an Assassin attacked with his archers the Mongols troops at Diaoyu Castle. The Mongol Bayan killed the Assassin on 10 August. The next day, Zhang Zhi, the Assassin's daughter, infiltrated the Mongol's camp and killed Möngke Khan. Bayan crippled the Assassin apprentice and later joined the Templars as he was inducted by Möngke's son Asutai.[96]

The death of Möngke Khan, who was buried with the prong, led the Mongol Empire in two civil wars with the Assassins manipulating each side. On 14 November 1263, Nergüi assassinated the Prince of Novgrad Alexander Nevsky as he was allied to the Golden Horde.[100] On 8 February 1265, Nergüi killed Hülegü Khan in retaliation for the fall of Masyaf.[101]

In 1271, the Polo's brother went to Asia with Niccolò's son Marco. In May 1275 they arrived before Hülegü's brother Kublai Khan, founder of the Yuan dynasty of China. Marco entered in his service for 17 years and recovered Altaïr's Codex, bringing it to Venice.[93]

Persecution of the Templars

Main article: Persecution of the Templars

In 1307, the Mentor of the French Assassins Guillaume de Nogaret allied with the King Philip IV of France to arrest the Templars. On 13th October, the Master Assassin Thomas de Carneillon and Assassins disguised as Flemish mercenaries attacked the Temple, the Templar headquarters in Paris. The Grand Master Jacques de Molay tasked his advisor to hide a Sword of Eden and his Codex Pater Intellectus before being arrested. The advisor hid the two artifacts in the de Molay's vault before being killed by de Carneillon.[102]

The last Templars burning at the stakes

The Templars were charged with many crimes, including heresy, blasphemy, and the worship of a deity known as Baphomet. In 1312, the Pope Clement V, under the influence of the Assassins, disbanded the Knights Templar in his papal bull, Vox in excelso.[103] Jacques de Molay, who was a Sage of Aita, went to reform the Order as a secret organization and sent nine of his trusted men, who possessed knowledge of the Templars, the Isu, and the Assassins, out into the world to continue his work.[104] De Molay hid in his cell the Heart that enhance the power of the Sword.[105] On 18 March 1314, the Grand Master and Geoffroi de Charney were burnt at the stake before King Philip and Pope Clement, that the Sage cursed until the thirteenth generation.[102]

With the Order officially disbanded, Thomas de Carneillon who was then a Mentor, traveled through Europe for a decade tracking with his Assassin brethren the last Templars. Their actions broke the power of the Templar for a century in Europe.[106]

War in shadows

As the two factions returned to the shadows, their war resumed through conspiracies, political manipulations, and fight by proxy groups. As the two organizations were less centralized, many Templar Rites and Assassin Guilds fought their counter-part at a regional level. Regularly, the Assassins and the Templars implemented themselves in a preexisting conflict between two factions. While under Altaïr's reforms the Assassins focused more on the humankind Freewill rather than peace, de Molay's reforms were corrupted at the end of the 15th century, the Templars seeking control for power and not order.

Italian Renaissance

Main article: Assassination of Galeazzo Maria Sforza
Main article: Pazzi conspiracy
Main article: Venetian Conspiracy
Main article: Battle of Forlì
Main article: Liberation of Rome

By 1321, the Assassin and Florentine writer Dante Alighieri planned to travel in Spain to hide Altaïr's Codex. As he was killed by the Templars on 14 September, his disciple Domenico pursued his mission. The Templars hired pirates to attack Domenico's ship at Otranto to recover the Codex. The Assassin broke the spine of the Codex and placed its pages into various boxes and containers of the ship. The pirates sexually assaulted Domenico's wife Isabetta, before killing her. They also stole the cargo, oblivious of its contains, and threw Domenico and his son Renato overboard.[107]

Domenico and Renato survived and returned to Venice. In January 1324, the Templars killed Domenico's father and Marco Polo as they were Assassins. Discovering their bodies, Domenico relocated in Monteriggioni, a walled-city in Tuscany. Using Polo's fortune, Domenico founded the House of Auditore, impersonating a noble Florentine family of bankers who became the rulers of Monteriggioni. He constructed the Villa Auditore which became the headquarters of the Italian Brotherhood of Assassins. He also trained his son as an Assassin and tried to recollect the Codex pages, becoming a family duty.[107]

By 1355, the Templar Geoffroy de Charny owned the original Shroud of Eden. The Assassins secretly stole the Piece of Eden and sent it to Monteriggioni. Renato Auditore decided to hide the Shroud in the cave under the Villa, staying there for a century.[108]

The Templars about to execute Giovanni and his sons

By 1476, the Roman Rite of the Templar Order was led by Rodrigo Borgia, a cardinal who had a strong influence in Europe. He planned to take the control of Italian city-states through conspiracies and diplomacy. After the Templars assassinated the Duke of Milan Galeazzo Maria Sforza on 26 December[109], the Assassin Giovanni Auditore da Firenze tried to expose them but the Assassin was publicly executed with his sons three days later.[110]

Giovanni's last surviving son, Ezio informally joined the Assassin and tracked the Templars responsible for his family's death, firstly killing the family's traitor Uberto Alberti.[111] On 26 April 1478, the Templar House of Pazzi tried to take over Florence by killing the Assassins' ally and Prince of Florence Lorenzo de' Medici. Ezio thwarted their plot and killed all the conspirators through Tuscany.[112] By 1481, the Templars turned their focus to the Republic of Venice. The House of Barbarigo tried to control all the merchants of Venice, and on 14 September 1485 they poisoned the Doge Giovanni Mocenigo to replace him by the Templar Marco Barbarigo.[113] The Assassins Antonio de Magianis, Teodora Contanto and Bartolomeo d'Alviano fought the Templar influence and received the aid of Ezio Auditore, who killed every Venetian Templars.[114] Marco's brother, Agostino Barbarigo became the new Doge but allied with the Assassins for a time.[115]

Rodrigo and Ezio confrontation

At the same time, the Templars and the Assassins tried to collect the Codex's pages to discover the location of an Isu vault, rumored to contain a powerful weapon.[111] A prophecy hid in the Codex explained that only the Prophet could open the vault with two Pieces of Eden. Borgia believed that he was the Prophet and tried to recover these artifacts.[116] On 25 June 1488, the Templars brought in Venice the Apple of Eden that the Ottoman Templar Cem hid in the Templar Archive of Cyprus.[117] The Assassins and Ezio confronted Rodrigo Borgia who fled the city as he was outnubered. In possession of the Apple, the Assassin revealed that Ezio was the Prophet and inducted him in the Brotherhood.[116]

On 7 July, the Assassins entrusted the Apple to their ally Caterina Sforza, Countess of Forlì. Borgia hired the condottieri brothers Ludovico and Checco Orsi to attack Forlì to collect Girolamo Riario Codex pages' map and the Apple.[118] During the Battle of Forlì, Ezio and the Assassin Niccolò Machiavelli defended the citadel with Caterina against Orsi's troops.[119] Ezio killed the Orsi brothers who had taken the Apple but lost it after falling unconscious due to his wounds. The monk Girolamo Savonarola took the artifact and fled the scene. Before leaving Forlì, Ezio received Codex's pages map from Caterina, permitting him to collect them from the Templars.[120]

On 11 August 1492, Borgia was elected as Pope Alexander VI. The Templars had control on the Papacy and access to the Papal Staff of Eden, the second artifact which can open the vault which was located beneath the Sistine Chapel.[121] To fight the Templars, the Assassins Machiavelli and Perotto Calderon infiltrated the Papal court while Bartolomeo d'Alviano fought the Borgia troops in Rome.[122]

By 1493, the Templar Bonacolto Contarini entered in Florence and used his family's riches to strong-arm merchants and officials to recruit them to their cause. Those who refused were captured and sold as slaves to foreign merchants. Ezio discovered the Templar resurgence in his hometown and called aid to the different Assassin Guilds to stop this. A team of Spanish Assassins worked with the Assassins Corvo Antonelli and Perina di Bastian and killed Contarini, ending the Templar influence.[123]

In 1497, the Assassins and the Templars discovered that Savonarola used the Apple of Eden to take control of Florence. Alexander sent his troops to recover the artifact while the Assassins led a revolt against Savonarola.[124] Ezio killed his nine lieutenant bewitched by the artifact, freeing the citizen from their control. On 8 April 1498, Savonarola was attacked by an angry mob and lost the Apple. As a Templar guard grabbed the artifact, Ezio killed him and took the Apple.[125]

Ezio and Rodrigo last fight

In 1499, the Assassins collected all the Codex pages, and using the Apple of Eden, they located the Vaticano vault.[121] On 28 December, while the Assassins created troubles in Rome, Ezio infiltrated the Vaticano District and confronted Alexander. The Assassin used the Apple of Eden while the Grand Master used the Staff of Eden. Even if the pope had the upper hand, wounding Ezio and taking the Apple, the Assassin defeated him in a fist-fight. Alexander accepted that he wasn't the Prophet but Ezio spared his life. Opening the vault with the two Pieces of Eden, Ezio discovered what it contained: a message of the Isu Minerva who spoke to a man named Desmond about the Great Catastrophe and a Second Disaster.[126] Leaving the vault, Ezio tried to recover the Staff but it was locked underground.[127]

Contrary to his father who used conspiracies to unify Italy under the Templar banner, Cesare wanted to conquer it with his army. Funded by his cousin Juan Borgia the Younger and allying with the French baron Octavian de Valois, Cesare led the Siege of Monteriggioni on 2 January 1500. He killed Mario Auditore, captured the countess Caterina Sforza, and took the Apple of Eden. The city then fell under the Templar influence.[128]

Surviving from the attack, Ezio Auditore relocated in Rome.[129] With Machiavelli, Bartolomeo d'Alviano, La Volpe and his sister Claudia, he established their new headquarters on Tiber Island, expanding their network in the city to liberate Rome.[130] Ezio also inducted in the Brotherhood the citizens harassed by the Borgia, sending them in mission through Europe and Asia.[131] One of Ezio's apprentice, Francesco Vecellio, led a team of Assassins through Italy, breaking Cesare's power.[132]

In August 1503, Ezio assassinated Juan Borgia[133] and the Baron de Valois.[134] Ezio also saved the actor Pietro Rossi who was targeted by the Templar Micheletto Corella on the order of Cesare as he was Lucrezia Borgia's lover. Ezio recovered the Rossi's key to enter in the Castel Sant'Angelo.[135] Without funds and troops, Cesare killed his father to acquire the Apple of Eden 18 August.[136] Ezio recovered the artifact before the Templar and used it to fight his troops until Cesare's arrestation in December by the Pope Julius II, who allied with the Assassins.[137]

Ezio letting Cesare fall to his death

As Ezio saw through the Apple that Cesare will return in power, the Assassin decided to eliminate him.[137] After he hid the Apple in the Colosseum Vault, Ezio confronted Cesare during the battle of Viana the 12 March 1507. Ezio threw Cesare from Viana Castle's walls, ending the influence of the Borgia on the Templars.[138]

Spanish Inquisition

During the Granada War, the Spanish Rite of the Templar Order manipulated the Christian kingdoms to unify Spain while the Spanish Assassins allied with Muhammad XII of Granada, entrusting him an Apple of Eden.[139] They also trained his spy Jariya al-Zakiyya as one of their own. The Assassins also had members in the Christian courts, Raphael Sánchez serving as the treasurer of Queen Isabella I of Castile and Luis de Santángel as the finance minister of King Ferdinand II of Aragon.[140]

In 1483, the Master Templar Tomás de Torquemada became the first Inquisitor General of Spain, leading the Spanish Inquisition and branding the Assassins as heretics to eliminate them. Among his victim was the parents of Aguilar de Nerha who joined the Brotherhood after that.[139] As the Assassin ranks were dwindling due to the Inquisition, the Mentor Benedicto tasked Aguilar and his master María to recruit civilians, Spanish and Moors, who lost close ones due to Templars actions.[141]

In 1489, the Templars branded the family of the Hospitaller Horacio de Heredia as heretics and executed them as they refused to support the Inquisition. The Assassins allied with Horacio to avenge his family and killed the Templar commander Duran. Horacio joined the Brotherhood, infiltrating Templar stronghold due to his link with the Knights Hospitalier.[142]

By 1491, a group of Italian Assassins composed of Ezio Auditore, Niccolò Machiavelli, Girolamo da Lucca and Lucas Bellini went to Spain for a mission and helped their Spanish brethren to fight the Inquisition.[141]

Besieging Granada, the Templars recruited the Assassin Ubayd Alayza who wanted to protect the citizens of the city. Ubayd killed his father, an influential philosopher and astronomer in the Granada court, after he discovered his betrayal.[143] The Templars decided to kidnap Muhammad's son Ahmed to force the Emir to give the Apple. The Assassins tried to save the Prince who was hidden in a village, but the Templar Ojeda captured Ahmed, Benedicto, María and Aguilar.[139]

Aguilar escaping from the Auto-da-fé

In Seville, the three Assassins were condemned to be burnt during a Auto-da-fé. Benedicto died but María and Aguilar escaped from the Templars. In Granada, Torquemada and Ojeda exchanged Prince Ahmed against the Apple but the two Assassins confronted them. Ojeda killed María but was later killed by Aguilar who took the Apple and escaped from Granada. Aguilar entrusted the artifact to Christoffa Corombo, an ally of the Assassins who planned to search a maritime route to Asia by the Atlantic Ocean.[139]

Between 1491 and 1498, the Assassins and the Templars tried to recover the Shattered Staff of Eden through Spain. The Templar Gustavo Ramírez recovered the first section and the Assassin Diego de Alvarado worked with him to find the two other parts. Diego killed Ramirez to give the Staff to Torquemada but was killed after that. In 1498, Torquemada went to the Monastery of Saint Thomas Aquinas in Ávila. Beneath the monastery, Isu ruins contained the Forge that Torquemada used to reconstruct the Staff of Eden. With the Staff, he created an army of tangible holograms. On 16 September 1498, the Assassins killed the Grand Inquisitor and broke the Staff, destroying the ruins with it.[141]

By 1498, Luis de Santángel slowly poisoned Queen Isabella as he saw her influenced by the Templars. Unfortunately, he died before his plan came to fruition.[144]

In 1499, the Templars Garza and Ubayd Alayza captured Assassins sympathizers in Granada. The Spanish Assassins intervened and worked with Ubayd's sister Najma, a Libyan Assassin who wanted to kill her brother for betraying the Brotherhood and their family. As Ubayd rebelled against the Templars as he saw that they didn't protect the population of Granada, Garza killed him. Later, Najma killed Garza and joined the Spanish Brotherhood.[143]

By 1504, Ezio Auditore sent his apprentices to infiltrate the Castillan court. They recovered Santángel's journal and decided to pursue his plan. On 26 November, Isabella died and the Templars lost their influence in Castille.[144]

In 1511, the Templars commandeered the forges of Toledo, their blacksmiths fleeing for Madrid. Ottoman Assassins sent by Ezio reclaimed the forges to their rightful owners.[145] Later, the Templars plotted to kill King Ferdinand II but the Assassins thwarted their plans and killed the Templar leaders in Madrid.[146]

Clash of Empires

Under the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine XI Palaiologos, the Assassins were hunted down. After the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II who had an Apple of Eden, the Assassins could return in number in the city installing Assassin Dens.[147] In 1476, the Templar and Voivode of Wallachia Vlad Tepes led an uprising in Hungary against the Ottoman Empire. Tepes was defeated by the Ottoman Mentor Ishak Pasha. The Mentor established a truce between the Assassins and the Ottoman Empire[148]

By 1481, the two nephews of Constantine XI, Andreas and Manuel Palaiologos joined the Byzantine Rite of the Templar Order and went to Rome to receive the aid of the Grand Master Rodrigo Borgia to conquer their former empire.[149] Mehmet II's son Cem joined the Templars after he failed to procure the throne against his brother Bayezid II. As he wanted to unite the West and the East in one empire, Cem took his father Apple and hid it in the Templar Archive of Cyprus to use it as a means to bargain with Rodrigo Borgia.[149]

In 1495, the Spanish Inquisition acquired The Secret Crusade, Niccolò Polo's journal describing Altaïr's library and the Masyaf Keys. The Byzantine Templars bought the journal and set a trap for the Assassins, making them believed that the journal was still in Spain. Ishak Pasha and his Assassins went to Spain and worked with the Spanish Assassins to recover the journal. Discovering the trap, the Assassins escaped from it and survived.[150] Cem received Polo's journal and informed his nephew Ahmet about what it contained, believing that the library could lead them to the Grand Temple that could destroy the superstitions that keep men divided. Shortly after, the Assassins killed Cem to thwart the Templars' plans and Ahmet received the journal.[149]

In 1502, the Ottoman Assassin Yusuf Tazim and a contingent of Venetian Assassins went to Greece to put an end to the Ottoman–Venetian War. Borgia sent his best killers to break the armistice. The Italian Assassins killed the Borgia guards before they left Rome.[151]

Ezio captured by the Templars

In 1509, an earthquake in Constantinople permitted the Templars to find a Masyaf Key under the Topkapı Palace.[152] As the city was damaged and the Sultan left the city to fight in son Selim, the remnants of Byzantine Empire arrived in Constantinople and tried to take the control of its districts for the Templars. The Assassins and the Templars fought openly regularly in the streets to control the Assassin's dens.[153] In 1510, Ahmet entrusted Polo's journal to the Templar Leandros who took control of Masyaf, forcing miners to find Altaïr's library. In March 1511, the Italian Mentor Ezio Auditore, who also searched the library, arrived in Masyaf but was captured by Leandros.[154] The Templars wanted to execute him but Ezio escaped and killed Leandros, taking Polo's journal.[155]

Arriving in Constantinople in May 1511, Auditore allied with the Ottoman Assassin led by Tazim and fought the Templars in the city.[147] The Italian Mentor inducted in the Brotherhood citizens who were harassed by the Byzantines. With them, he killed the Templars Vali cel Tradat, Georgios Kostas, Lysistrata, Cyril of Rhodes, Damat Ali Pasha, Odai Dunqas and Mirela Djuric.[156] The Mentor also helped the thieves, mercenaries and Romanis who were in conflict with the Templars.[157]

Ezio distracting the crowd while Yusuf kill a Templar

In Constantinople, Auditore associated with the librarian Sofia Sartor and recovered the four Masyaf Keys.[158] In the meantime, Ahmet plotted the abduction of his nephew Suleiman by the Byzantines to later save him and become a hero before the population. The Assassins thwarted the Templars plan by infiltrating the party and killing the Templar agents.[159] Suleiman hired Auditore to investigate on the Janissary Tarik Barleti as he suspected him to work for the Templars.[160] In fact, Barleti fainted to join the Templar cause to find their hideout. Auditore killed Barleti on the order of Suleiman but discovered his mistake. The dying Janissary gave to the Assassin the Templars' location in Cappadocia to finish his work.[161]

In March 1512, Auditore arrived at the underground city of Derinkuyu where the Templars preprared the conquest of Constantinople. The Mentor killed the Templar Shahkulu,[162], destroyed the Byzantine gunpowder stock[163] and killed Manuel Palaiologos, recovering the last Masyaf Keys.[164] Auditore discovered the true nature of Ahmet who warned him to give the keys or they will kill Sartor.[165]

The Assassins confronting Ahmet

Before the Mentor return in Constantinople, the Templars captured Sartor and killed Tazim. The Assassins attacked the Harbor of Theodosius where the Templars took refuge. Auditore confronted Ahmet but the Templar convinced him to give the keys against Sartor's life.[166] Meeting at the Galata Tower, the two factions proceeded to the exchange but the Templars used a lure. The two groups fought and Auditore saved Sartor.[167] As Ahmet left the city with the keys. Auditore and Sartor followed him in a carriage. The Assassin took back the keys and while he was deciding if he must spare the Templar's life, the new Sultan Selim arrived and killed his brother, ending the return of the Byzantines.[168]

Portuguese explorations

On September 1500, the Templars manipulated the explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral to ferret the Assassin guild in Calicut. The Assassins poisoned the Portuguese commanders, leading to the depart of Cabral.[169] On Templar advice, King Manuel I of Portugal built a massive fleet for his prize explorer, Vasco da Gama, planning retaliation at Calicut. Assassins in Lisbon discovered his plan and infiltrated the fleet to warn their brethren in India.[170]

On 1 November 1502, Vasco prepared the bombardment of Calicut. The Assassins cleared their guild before the attack, hiding relics, documents, and their families.[171] After the bombardment which killed many civilians, the Assassins rose an army in disguise to fight the Portuguese captains, crippling Manuel's efforts in Calicut.[172]

In 1511, the Templar captain Francisco was in charge of the Order's overseas proselytizing, sending Templars as missionaries in India and diverting King Manuel's money to their cause. The Assassins discovered their actions, stole the money, and killed Francisco.[173] As the Templars bought discoveries to explorers, the Assassins stole the information to challenge their enemies.[174]

Mediterranean Defense

In 1511, the two factions fought to control the cities of the Mediterranean Sea, the Mentor Ezio Auditore sending his Ottoman apprentices to help their brethren. King Louis XII of France, manipulated by his Templars advisors, ordered the banishment of the Assassins from Marseille. The Brotherhood hid its presence, recruited French soldier in their ranks, and killed the Templar advisors.[175] In Tripoli, the explosive expert and ally of the Assassins Pedro Navarro was abducted by the Templars. The Assassins saved him and killed the Templars in the city.[176]

In Bursa, the Templars held hostage the third son of the Sultan, Korkut. The Assassins killed the Templars and saved him.[177] Later, a Turkmen philanthropist organized the kidnapping of his family by the Templars to extort money to the Brotherhood. The Assassins saved the family and killed the philanthropist.[178] In Athens, the Templars bribed the Ottoman guards to loot the goods of the city, making the people questioned the Assassins honesty. The Assassins killed the Templars leader in Athens.[179]

In Tunis, the Templars bribed the Hafsid King Muhammad IV to keep local goods from coming to market, and only Templar approved merchants were allowed to peddle their wares openly. The Assassins stole the bribes and redistributed them.[180] Later, the King imposed quotas and mandates on local farmers that serve Templar goals. The Assassins protected the farmers and killed the extortionists.[181] The Templars bribed ministers of the Hafsid in exchange for loosened restrictions on imports and exports. The Assassins killed the ministers, dissuading others to accept Templar bribes.[182]

In the Mamluks Sultanate, the Templars targets the Assassins. In Alexandria, the Assassins recovered two Memory Seals from the Sultan soldiers. The Templars attacked the Assassins and stole the two artifacts.[183] Later, the Assassins killed the Templars, taking back the seals.[184] In Damascus, the Assassins stole the Templars' money to upgrade their guild in the city.[185]

Tudor England

In 1485, the King Henry VII of England founded the Tudor dynasty. The Templar Margaret of York tried to place on the throne the pretendants Lambert Simnel and Perkin Warbeck but they were arrested.[186] By 1503, the Templars also infiltrated the Star Chamber, England's secret high court.[187] On 23 November, the Assassins poisoned Margaret and allied with the King, pretending to be only hitmen.[186]

After Margaret's death, the Templars urged the people to rise against Henry's throne. The Assassins killed all but one of the Templar who revealed the presence of the Templars in the Star Chamber.[188] The Assassins exposed the Templars and the King offered them a seat in the court.[187]

By 1558, Henry's grand-daughter, Mary I of England, allied with the Templars, burning Protestants in her kingdom. On 17 November, the Assassins killed her and placed on the throne her half-sister Elizabeth I of England, an ally of the Brotherhood who had Altaïr's Apple of Eden.[189]

Ming Dynasty

Main article: 1402 Chinese Assassin purge
Main article: Great Rites Controversy

On 25 July 1402, the Templars influenced the Yongle Emperor to lead a purge againstthe Chinese Brotherhood of Assassins. The Templars launched a massive attack against the Assassins and executed their leader Fang Xiaoru. The Assassin Li Tong and an apprentice escaped the purge, taking with them an Apple of Eden. On 12 August 1424, Li Tong assassinated the emperor who attempted to suppress an uprising near the Gobi Desert.[190]

The Chinese Assassins purge

In 1521, after the death of the Zhengde Emperor, the Templar eunuchs known as the Eight Tigers led by Zhang Yong placed the Jiajing Emperor as their puppet emperor. They took the opportunity to eliminate the Chinese Brotherhood in Beijing, repelling them from the Forbidden City.[191] In 1524, during the Great Rites Controversy, the Tigers attacked the headquarters of the Assassin in the Maijishan Grottoes and killed many Assassins in China, forcing the Mentor Wang Yangming to hide.[192]

As the last two Assassins in China, the new Mentor Zhu Jiuyuan and the Assassin Shao Jun went in Italy to have the aid of the retired Mentor Ezio Auditore. In Venice, Templar agents killed the Jiuyuan and Jun arrived alone before in Auditore's villa in Tuscany. First reluctant, the former Assassin trained Jun and fought with her the Templar agents. Before she left for China, Ezio entrusted her a Precursor box, a Piece of Eden.[193]

In 1526, Jun returned to China and reconnected with Yangming who was reinstated as Mentor. The Assassins killed the Tigers Gao Feng[194], Ma Yongcheng[195], Yu Dayong[196], and Wei Bin.[197] In 1529, Yong killed Wang and took the box, sending it out of China. A year later, the Tigers forced the Empress Zhang, Jun's former friend, to set a trap to the Assassin.[198] Arriving in the Forbidden City, Jun confronted the Tiger Qiu Ju and killed him.[199]

Shao Jun defeating Zhang Yong

In 1532, Yong planned to let the Mongols led by Altan Khan passed the Great Wall to assure his power in China.[200] Jun thwarted his plan and killed the last Tiger. Becoming the new Mentor, Jun rebuilt the Brotherhood. In 1567, she ordered the assassination of the Jiajing Emperor, making him believed he drank the Elixir of life while it was, in fact, mercury, killing him.[201]

Conflicts in Europe

In 1348, a group of Templars known as the Brothers of the Cross was in the German city of Essen which was hit by the plague. As the group promised his protection against the disease, the German Assassin Lukas Zurburg investigated as he believed they had the Ankh, a fable Piece of Eden. In 1350, the Brothers of the Cross and Zurburg disappeared.[190]

During the Hundred Years' War, the Templars sided with the English, having one of their members, John Duke of Bedford becoming the regent of France for his nephew the young King Henry VI. The Duke Philip III of Burgundy also joined the Templar ranks. The Mentor of the French Assassins Queen Yolande of Aragon tried to place her son-in-law Charles on the throne. As a prophecy mentioned that a young woman would be sent by God to save France, the Assassins contacted Jeanne d'Arc, who had a high count of Isu DNA. Trained by the Assassins and wielding de Molay's Sword of Eden and the Heart, Jeanne led the French Army against the English, breaking the Siege of Orléans the 8 May 1429.[105]

On 23 May 1430, during the Siege of Compiègne, the Templar John II of Luxembourg captured Jeanne d'Arc. While hiding the Sword in the Temple, the Templar Pierre Cauchon charged Jeanne with sorcery and condemned her to be burned at the stake. On 30 May 1431, the Assassins saved Jeanne, the former prostitute Fleur willingly taking her place on the stake. Jeanne granted her the Heart to give her strength. The artifact was later thrown in the Seine as the executioner Geoffroy Thérage believed it was the holy heart of Jeanne.[105]

After the Swabian War between Switzerland and Holy Roman Empire, the Grand Master Rodrigo Borgia hired some of the Swiss mercenaries as captains in Rome. The Assassins abducted them and sent them before Emperor Maximilian who cut his funding to the Borgia.[202] In 1502, Borgia sent bribes to Elector of Saxony Frederick III to prevent him to construct the University of Wittenberg. The Assassins stole the money and donated anonymously the money to Frederick to construct the University.[203]

In Paris, as King Louis XII was in a war against Ferdinand II of Aragon, the Borgia placed three Templars as ministers. They captured an Assassin who discovered their plan against the Orsini.[204] They tortured him to have information. As the Templars targeted the religious reformist Desiderius Erasmus, the Assassins saved him and discovered about their brother captivity.[205] The Assassins interrogated Georges d'Amboise who gave the names of the three Templars ministers. The Assassins eliminated them and tried to save their brother.[206] Before dying, the Assassin revealed that he gave false information to the Templars and also to be wary of the Orsini.[204]

Giovanni fighting Templars

In 1515, the Templar Dei Petrucci had an Apple of Eden. A retired Ezio sent his apprentices Giovanni Borgia and Hiram Stoddard in Florence to recover the artifact but they failed. Later, the Brotherhood recovered the artifact.[207] In 1527, a more experienced Giovanni and the Hermeticist Maria Amiel found in Paris the second half of Book of Abraham for the Assassin Bombastus.[208] On their journey to Basel, they stopped in Troyes and were tracked by the Templar known as The Viper. Giovanni killed him and fled with Maria in the woods where Templars attacked them. Giovanni succeeded to drive them off.[209]

By 1581, the Templars affiliated with Ivan Ivanovich, son of the Tsar Ivan IV of Russia. On 19 November, the Assassins killed Ivanovich but his death was recorded as an act of anger of his father.[189]

Reaching new lands

With the Age of Discovery, the two factions established guilds and rites to assure their presence in this unexplored area, sometimes allying or fighting the indigenous populations. After the rule of the Borgia, the Templars were more focused on educated the ruling class than took the power themselves while the encounter between Ezio and Minerva pushed the Assassins to search more about the Isu and their artifacts.

Spanish conquest of America

Ponce de León's death

By 1521, the Governor of Puerto Rico Juan Ponce de León was manipulated by the Templars to find the Fountain of Youth, a Piece of Eden localized in Florida. The Brotherhood sent the Assassin Miguel Ramón Carlo de Lugo, a Puerto Rican exiled by Ponce, to convince the Governor to turn back. As he refused, the Assassins shot him with poisoned arrows.[190]

By 1533, the Spanish Assassin Gonzalo Pardo was sent to infiltrate the army of the Templar puppet Francisco Pizarro, becoming one of the favorite conquistador's killer. Pizarro captured the Inca Emperor Atahualpa and executed him. As Pardo failed his mission to save the Emperor, he began to drink.[210]

In 1536, Pizarro and the high ranking Inca official Tuti Cusi organized the assassination of the Emperor Manco Inca Yupanqui. However, Cusi's daughter-in-law Quila uncovered the conspiracy. With Pardo's aid, she stopped Cusi who was killed by the Assassin.[211]

In 1541, the Assassins killed Pizarro in his palace in Lima.[189]

Sengoku period

By 1549, the Templar and Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier set his sights on Japan, seeing an opportunity to spread both Christianity and Templar influence on the island. However, the Templars' attempts to find new recruits were frequently hindered by the constant wars between clans, as well as their hostility toward outsiders. The Templars were also heavily opposed by the Japanese Assassins, who worked to prevent the spread of their influence in Japan and recruited individuals among the ranks of the ninja and samurai. The Assassins allied with Tokugawa Ieyasu, a daimyo opposed to the Templars' influence in Japan.[93]

By 1578, the Templars inducted the daimyo Uesugi Kenshin who was killed by the Assassin Hattori Hanzō.[212] By the 1590s, the Templars had managed to recruit the kunoichi Mochizuki Chiyome, a noblewoman who had created an all-female group of ninja agents in her service as the spymaster of her uncle-in-law, Takeda Shingen. Through Chiyome, the Templars gained a vast information network that helped spread their philosophy throughout Japan. However, Chiyome was eventually assassinated by Hanzō after he tracked her down to her residence in Shinano.[213]

Salem witch trials

In June 1692, during the Salem witch trials, the English Assassins Thomas Stoddard and Jennifer Querry search a Piece of Eden in Salem. The Templar magistrate William Stoughton who conducted the trials encouraged the Salem townsfolk to hunt and kill the Assassins.[214] Captured, the Assassins discovered that the Piece of Eden was in fact Dorothy Osborne, a young girl possessed by the Isu Consus who told to Stoddard to seek "the ones with greater knowledge". As Stoughton wanted to create other precursors' oracle, Osborne sacrificed herself in the flame. The Templar killed Querry, but Stoddard was saved by the Templar Samuel Parris who wounded Stoughton.[215]

Search of the Observatory

In 1673, the Grand Master of the West Indies Rite Laureano de Torres y Ayala came into contact with the Aita Sage Thomas Kavanagh who worked on the plantation of the Templars' ally Peter Beckford. The Templars needed him to open the Observatory, a complex constructed by Aita to see through the eyes of anyone by using a Crystal Skull and Blood vials. The West Indies Assassins led by the Mentor Bahlam abducted the Sage and brought him to their headquarters in Tulum. Later, the Assassins let Kavanagh left the hideout even if he refused to lead them to the Observatory.[216]

The Assassins attempting to rescue Roberts from the Templars

In 1715, Torres turned the British Assassin Duncan Walpole against the Brotherhood. On his journey to Havana, Walpole was killed by the pirate Edward Kenway who impersonated the Assassin-turncoat and sold the information on the Assassin hideouts to the Templars, permitting them to attack the Brotherhood headquarters in the Caribbean[217] As the Templars captured the Aita Sage Bartholomew Roberts, the Assassins tried to rescue him in the streets of Havana but they were repealed by the Templars.[218] Anyway, Roberts escaped from the Templars and Kenway was demasked.[219]

Later, Kenway became the captain of his own ship the Jackdaw[220] and killed the Templar Julien du Casse, taking his hideout in Great Inagua.[221] Kenway became involved in the Assassin-Templar war through the Assassin Mary Read who wanted to induct him in the Brotherhood. In 1716, the Templar ally and slaver Laurens Prins led an attack on Tulum. Kenway aided the Assassin to repeal the guards and became a hitman for the Brotherhood even if he searched the Observatory for himself.[222] Through the Caribbean Sea, Kenway killed the Templars Lucia Márquez, Kenneth Abraham, Hilary Flint, Jing Lang and Vance Travers who planned to attack the Brotherhood, making amends of his mistake and recovering Templar keys to unlock the Templar Armor in Great Inagua.[223]

In 1717, the pirate Assassin Samuel Bellamy attacked Laurens Prins' ship the Whydah and took the Fragment of Eden. He entrusted the artifact to the pirate Alonzo Batilla who later gave it to the pirate Olivier Levasseur. As the Templar Woodes Rogers tried to recover it in 1718, Batilla attacked the Templar ship to give enough time to Levasseur to escape with the Fragment.[224]

During his chase for the Observatory, Kenway killed Prins and the Templar pirate-hunters John Cockram, Josiah Burgess and Benjamin Hornigold. In 1719, Kenway associated with Roberts who became the pirate Black Bart and entered in the Observatory at Long Bay, Jamaica. Roberts took the Crystal Skull and betrayed Kenway, sending in Kingston's prison.[225]

In 1720, the Templars interrogated Kenway but he refused to give the location of the Observatory. Meanwhile, Kenway's quartermaster Adéwalé joined the Assassin and convinced the Mentor Ah Tabai to rescue Kenway. In March 1721, Ah Tabai liberated Kenway, Read, and the pirate Anne Bonny from the prison but Read died due to illness.[226] To honor her death, Kenway joined the Assassins and repealed a Templar attack on Tulum.[227]

Torres' last moment

With Bonny as his new quartermaster, Kenway tracked the Templars in the Caribbean Sea. He stabbed Rogers who gave him the location of Roberts.[228] Near Príncipe, Kenway killed the Sage and threw his body in the ocean to impeach the Templars to recover it.[229] With the Crystal Skull, Kenway tracked Torres in Havana but only found his bodyguard El Tiburón, that Kenway killed.[230] As the Templars entered in the Observatory, Kenway killed Torres, destroying the Rite. Ah Tabai returned the Crystal Skull in the Observatory and tasked Assassins to protect the place until the arrival of a new Sage.[231] The Assassins left Tulum and relocated to Kenway's mansion at Great Inagua, protecting them from further Templar attacks.[232]

Search of the Isu Temples

In 1723, Edward Kenway returned in Bristol to kill the Templar who attacked his family farm a decade ago. He killed his former father-in-law Emmett Scott and Wilson who were Templars. As he was about to burn alive Matthew Hague, the son of the Templar Aubrey Hague, Kenway received a pardon from the Prime Minister Robert Walpole who also assigned him as his senior assistant Reginald Birch, who was, in fact, a Templar. [233]

Edward Kenway's death

For years, Birch tried to recover Kenway's journal which contained information on the Grand Temple. Birch even courted Edward's daughter Jennifer Scott and interrogating Edward's young son Haytham to discover the journal location. On 3 December 1735, Birch sent mercenaries to raid the Kenway Mansion, killing Edward and recovering the journal. Jennifer was captured and sent to Damascus as a slave while Birch trained Haytham to become a Templar.[234]

By 1735, a Templar Admiral had Ezio's Precursor box and was about to deliver it to Bastienne Josèphe, the Madam of La Dame en Rose in Port-au-Prince. Adéwalé attacked the Templar's ship and recovered the artifact but wrecked on the island of Haiti after a storm.[235] Helping Josèphe and the maroon rebellion, the Assassin granted the box to the Madam in 1737.[236]

By 1751, Josèphe entrusted the artifact to François Mackandal, the Mentor of the Saint-Domingue Brotherhood of Assassins. Using it to decipher the Voynich manuscript, Mackandal located an Isu Temple in Port-au-Prince and sent his apprentice Vendredi to investigate the place. The Assassin triggered the Seismic Temple, creating an earthquake, and Vendredi was trapped in the Temple. The Colonial Master Templar Lawrence Washington, who had followed the Assassin, proposed to help him if he gave the location of Mackandal's camp. Vendredi accepted but was killed by Washington who infiltrated the camp and stole the box and the manuscript.[237]

In 1752, Washington entrusted the box to the Templar Samuel Smith and the manuscript to the Templar James Wardrop. Shortly later, Washington was killed by the Colonial Assassin Shay Cormac[238] and two years later, Cormac assassinated Smith[239] and Wardrop recovering the two artifacts for the Mentor Achilles Davenport.[240]

Haytham confronting Miko

In 1753, Haytham went in Corsica to kidnap the young rebel Lucio Albertine who could decipher his father's journal. Albertine was protected by the leader of the British Assassin Miko. Haytham defeated him and brought Albertine to the then Grand Master Birch.[234] A year later, Haytham killed Miko with his own Hidden Blade at the Theatre Royal and recovered the Grand Temple Key on him.[241] With the death of their leader, the Assassins left London and relocated their headquarters in Crawley while the Templars took control the capital.

Haytham was sent to the British colonies to find the Grand Temple. Aboard the Providence, the Templar was followed by the Assassin Louis Mills who threw painted cargo overboard permitting to the Colonial Assassins' flagship the Aquila to track them. Haytham killed Mills and the Providence escaped from the Assassins by passing in a storm.[242]

In Boston, the Assassins hired mercenaries to steal the research of the Templar William Johnson on the Grand Temple. With the Templar Thomas Hickey and the initiate Charles Lee, Haytham attacked the mercenaries and recovered Johnson's research.[243]

Purge of the Colonial Assassins

Main article: Great Purge (1757-1763)

Shay cornered by the Assassins

During the Seven Years' War, the Assassins sided with the French and their natives' allies while the Templars aligned with the British Empire to unify the colonies. By 1756, Shay Cormac was left for dead by the Assassins after he stole the Voynich manuscript to impeach them to find other Seismic temples as he accidentally triggered the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.[244] He was found in the Arctic water by the men of the Templar George Monro who decided to rescue him even if he was an Assassin and the Templar took the manuscript.[245]

Healed by Barry and Cassidy Finnegan, Cormac worked with Monroe and the Templar Christopher Gist who became his quartermaster on his ship the Morrigan.[246] Fighting the Assassin-affiliated gangs in New York City[245], Cormac killed the Assassins' ally Le Chasseur and discovered their plot to poison the officials of New York.[247] With the Templars, Cormac destroyed the poison stocks of the Assassins and discovered the true allegiance of his new allies.[248]

Haytham crippling Achilles

In 1757, the Assassin Liam O'Brien killed Monroe and took the manuscript.[249] Cormac, who officially joined the Templars, began to eliminate his former brethren Kesegowaase, Adéwalé, Hope Jensen and Louis-Joseph Gaultier, Chevalier de la Vérendrye.[250] In 1760, in the Arctic Temple, Cormac and the Grand Master Haytham Kenway confronted O'Brien and the Mentor Davenport. During the argument, the Assassins accidentally triggered the Temple. During the earthquake, O'Brien died from a fall and Cormac recovered the manuscript while Kenway spared Davenport's life to warn the Assassins about the Seismic Temples. Before leaving, the Grand Master shot the Mentor in the leg, crippling him for life.[251]

During the following years, Cormac searched the Precursor box through the world while the Templars continued the purge of the Assassin in the colonies. In 1763, Kenway led an attack on the Assassin headquarters in the Davenport Homestead. The Templars spared Davenport's life on the condition that he spent the rest of his life in exile at the Homestead.[252] In 1768, the Templars ambushed the Aquila with three British frigates and she was nearly destroyed. Her captain, the Assassin Robert Faulkner beached the ship in the Davenport Homestead's bay.[253]

Search of the Prophecy Disk

In 1751, the Templar Rafael Joaquín de Ferrer seduced Rhona Dinsmore, the leader of the Assassin bureau of Havana, and stole a map indicating the location of Chichen Itza, an ancient Mayan city constructed on Isu Temples.[254] The leader of the Louisiana Rite Madeleine de L'Isle, known as the "Company Man", took control of the excavation site, bringing slaves from North America to serve as labors while promising them freedom.[255]

In 1758, de L'Isle succeeded to make the Mentor François Mackandal publicly burnt at the stake. His apprentice Agaté fled to Louisiana where he became the Mentor of the local guild. Another Mackandal disciple, Baptiste, allied with the Templars, impersonating Mackandal in the Louisiana Bayou and creating his own cult to track Agaté.[256] Years before, the former slave Jeanne stole the Heart of the Brotherhood, an Isu artifact owned by the Saint-Domingue Brotherhood. As she was the placée of the merchant Philippe de Grandpré of New Orleans, De l'Isle married him to approach Jeanne to interrogate her. By 1757, De l'Isle manipulated Jeanne to leave New Orleans.[257] Before going to Chichen Itza, Jeanne gave the Heart to Aveline, the daughter she had with Philippe, who became an Assassin as Agaté recruited her.[258] De L'Isle was aware of her step-daughter allegiance but faint to not knowing to better manipulate her for her own benefit.[259]

Aveline confronting de Ulloa

In 1765, Aveline uncovered the slaves traffic of the Company Man. She killed the Templars' puppet governor Jean-Jacques Blaise d'Abbadie[260] and Baptiste, who planned to poison the nobles of New Orleans to begin a slave revolt.[256] In 1768, the Templar Antonio de Ulloa was appointed as the new governor of Louisiana. Aveline provoked the Louisiana Rebellion, obliging the Templar to leave the city. The Assassin spared his life against information on the Templars plan.[261]

While killing de Ferrer[262] and the Templar Diego Vázquez[263], Aveline completed the Prophecy Disk which was in Chichen Itza and reconnected with her mother.[264] By 1776, de L'Isle poisoned her husband with foxglove as he discovered Templars' interference in his business, resulting to his death. At the same period, de L'Isle tasked Aveline to save the former slave George who secretly worked for the Templars.[265] A year later, Aveline confronted George who became an officer of the British Army in New York and mortally wounded him. The dying Templar revealed the true nature of Aveline's step-mother.[266]

Aveline killing Madeleine

In 1777, Aveline confronted de L'Isle who tried to convinced her to join the Templars.[267] As the Assassin tried to speak with her Mentor, Agaté believed she joined the Templars and fought her. Aveline defeated her Mentor and spare his life but Agaté committed suicide.[268] Aveline tricked the Templars that she joined the Order. Reunited at the Saint-Louis Cathedral, Aveline killed her step-mother and all the Rite during her induction ceremony. Completing the Prophecy Disk with the Heart of the Brotherhood, she saw the record of Eve's election as leader of Human rebellion.[269]

American Revolution

During the American Revolution, the Templars tried to make the British colonies independent of the Crown through negotiation and manipulation to have their own state. As the Templars wanted to open the Grand Temple, the Isu Juno contacted through a Crystal Ball the Kanien'kehá:ka Ratonhnhaké:ton, Haytham Kenway's illegitimate son.[270] The Isu ordered to Ratonhnhaké:ton to stop the Templars by joining the Assassins and recovering the Grand Temple Key. The young boy became the new apprentice of the old Mentor Achilles Davenport, taking the name of Connor to operate among the colonists.[271]

On 5 March 1770, the Templar Charles Lee provoked the Boston Massacre to accelerate the independence while Connor tried to stop him.[271] In Boston, Connor associated with the Sons of Liberty to free the colonies from the Templars and the British, participating in many events of the Revolution like the Boston Tea Party.[272] During the following years, Connor killed the Templars William Johnson[273], John Pitcairn[274] and Thomas Hickey. During the American Revolutionary War, Connor protected the Commander of the Continental Army George Washington who was targeted by the Templars as they wanted to replace him by Lee.[275]

Connor and Haytham establishing a truce

By 1777, the Templar Benjamin Church betrayed the Order and the Continental Army as he stole goods for the British Army. As Kenway and Connor tracked Church, the father and the son decided to make a truce between the faction leading to the death of Church.[276] Kenway and Connor continued to work together but their alliance was broken when the Grand Master revealed that it wasn't Lee who burnt down Connor's village years ago but Washington. As Lee manipulated the villagers of Kanatahséton to attack the Patriots, Connor prevented the conflict but was forced to kill his cousin Kanen'tó:kon who was turned against him by Lee.[277] On 28 June 1778, Lee sabotaged the defense of the Patriots in Monmouth to undermine Washington reputation. Connor helped the Patriots during the Battle of Monmouth and exposed Lee's treason to Washington, who passed the Templar in the court-martial.[278]

During the War, Connor's apprentices fought the Templars in the differents States, dislodging them from Montreal, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, Delaware and Maryland. The Assassins killed the Templars George Dorrance, Johann Rall, Johann de Kalb and their ally Hugh Jackson. They also arrested the Templar allies Samuel Elbert and Robert Howe and prevent the Templars to kill the journal editor Shepard Kollock, the governor Dunmore and Emily Geiger.[279] In 1778, Connor confronted the Templar Nicholas Biddle who was an admiral of the Continental Navy. After deafeating him, Connor alloweded the dying Templar to sink with his ship the USS Randolph.[280]

Connor killing Charles Lee

In 1781, Connor ordered the bombardment of Fort George, the Templar headquarters in New York City, to infiltrate the place to kill Lee. Kenway tasked Lee to flee the fort with the Grand Temple Key while he confronted the Assassin. The Grand Master let Connor killed him as he couldn't murder his own son.[281] A year later, Connor confronted Lee who was the new Grand Master of the Colonial Templars. Even if the Templar fled to Boston, Connor killed Lee and recovered the Key. Later, Juno contacted him and tasked him to hide the Key, something he hid, secreted it in the tomb of his Mentor's son, Connor Davenport.[282]

In 1784, Connor tried to induce the former slave Patience Gibbs but she fled and was captured by the Templar Doctor Edmund Judge who wanted to recover her mother's charm, a Piece of Eden. Connor asked the aid of Aveline de Grandpré who killed Judge and convinced Gibbs to joined the Brotherhood.[283]

In 1785, the Assassins killed the Templar Jonathan Trumbull who was the governor of the Connecticut.[279]

Reforms during the Long nineteenth century

At the dust of the 18th century, the two factions evolved to have a different impact on society. The Templars, who were trapped in the titles of nobility and the offices Church and State, reformed to use Capitalism to control the masses in the shadows, becoming industrialists and economists. On the other hand, the Assassins developed a sense of social duty, helping directly the common people rather than only eliminating oppressors.

Tentative of truce during the French Revolution

By 1776, the French Assassin Charles Dorian and the Grand Master of the French Templars François de la Serre tried to promote peace between the two factions. Even when Dorian was assassinated by the Templar Shay Cormac to recover the Precursor box, the Grand Master adopted the Assassin's son Arno and raise him as his own without inducted him into the Order. Arno became a close friend with François' daughter Élise who was trained to become the next Grand Master. Growing up, the two began to have a romantic relationship.[284]

Jennifer Scott giving her brother's pendant to Élise de la Serre

In 1788, Élise was tasked by the Carrolls, a British Templar family, to recover Haytham Kenway's letters, containing his dream to conciliate the Assassins and the Templars. In the Kenway Mansion, Élise met Jennifer Scott who gave the letters and Haytham's necklace, expecting the young Templar to continue her brother's dream. As the Carrolls wanted to destroy the letters to impeach the peace between the two factions, Élise protected them and killed May Carroll in the process. Returning in France, Élise allied with the British Templar Frederick Weatherall and the former Assassin Bernard Ruddock to pursue the end of the Assassin-Templar War. In reality, Ruddock worked for the Carrolls who hired him years ago to kill Élise's mother Julie as she wanted to gradually change monarchy in France.[285]

On 5 May 1789, the Grand Master de la Serre and the French Mentor Mirabeau established a truce between their respective groups in the wake of the French Revolution.[286] The same night, the Grand Master was killed on the order of François-Thomas Germain, a Sage of Aita and a former Templar who was cast out by de la Serre as he promoted the reformation of the Order on the ideas of Jacques de Molay and wanted to overthrow the monarchy.[287] Taking the title of Grand Master, Germain and his allies eliminated the last Templars loyal to the de la Serres, targeting Élise as she was the legitimate Grand Master.[285]

Even with the death of Mister de la Serre, Mirabeau maintained the truce with Germain's faction, preventing the Assassins to target Templars. During the Women's March on Versailles, the radical Templars infiltrated the protesters to incite violence against the royal family. As they wanted to kill the leader of the march Théroigne de Méricourt, the Assassins protected her and escorted the protesters to the gates of Paris.[288]

On 4 January 1791, the Assassin Council ended the truce with the Templars. Arno, who became an Assassin after he failed to deliver the letter which could warn Mister de la Serre, was tasked to investigated de la Serre's murder.[289] His first targets were the killers of his warden, the Templars Charles Gabriel Sivert and the Roi des Thunes.[290][291] After killing them, the Assassin discovered their link to Germain without knowing he was a Templar.[292] The Sage manipulated Arno to kill Chrétien Lafrenière, the last Templar loyal to de la Serre, making him believe that he was the leader of the radical Templar.[293] Discovering his mistake, Arno later eavesdropped on a secret meeting between Germain and his lieutenants.[294] As they planned to kill Élise, Arno intervened to save her.[295]

Arno and Élise appearing before the Assassin Council

Reconnecting with Élise, Arno proposed her to work with the Assassins to stop the radical Templars, an offer she accepted. Even if Mirabeau was agreed to ally with the young Templar, the other members of the Council disagreed, especially Arno's master Pierre Bellec.[296] On 2 April 1791, as Mirabeau refused to change his mind, Bellec poisoned the Mentor to frame Élise and impeached the alliance. When Arno discovered the truth, he confronted his master who proposed to join him to rebuild the Brotherhood. As Arno refused, the two Assassin fought, leading to Bellec's death. With the death of two of its members, the Council refused to ally with Élise and Arno was forbade to track Germain.[297]

During summer 1792, the radial Templar Flavigny organized the hoarding of the foods arriving in Paris, inciting the mobs to be violent. Méricourt investigated and asked the Assassins to help her. After rescuing her from Flavigny's men, they worked together to localize the foods and the Assassins killed Flavigny.[298]

Arno Dorian confronting Germain and his guards at the king's execution

During the 10 August 1792, the radical Templars led an attack on the Tuileries Palace. As the Council feared the Templars recovered Mirabeau's correspondence with the king Louis XVI, indicating locations and secret of the Brotherhood, Arno was tasked to destroy the letters. After he burned them, Arno saw during his escape the captain Frédéric Rouille, one of Germain's lieutenants.[299] Without the permission of the Council, Arno resumed his track with Élise, killing the radical Templars Rouille, Marie Lévesque and Louis-Michel le Peletier.[300][301][302] Confronting Germain at the Execution of Louis XVI the 21 January 1793, Arno let the Templar fled as he protected Élise from the radical Templars. Furious that the Sage escaped, the young Templar broke her partnership with the Assassin.[303] Later, the Council discovered the actions of Arno and excommunicated him from the Brotherhood.[304]

Germain placed one of his lieutenant Maximilien de Robespierre at the head of Committee of Public Safety, launching the Reign of Terror against the enemies of the French Republic. When the Girondists were arrested in July 1793, the Assassins saved some of them and smuggled them out of Paris.[305] As the Templar general Marcourt organized a coup against the Assembly, the Assassins, warned by Thomas-Alexandre Dumas, infiltrated a tournament and killed Marcourt and his conspirators.[306] In November, the Assassins saved Robespierre's spy Didier Paton from the guillotine after he was condemned by his master for discovering the Templar Order. Paton became a member of the Brotherhood and his notes permitted to identify Templars.[307] On 10 February 1794, the Templar decided to free Jacques Roux to expand the Reign of Terror with the Enragés. The Assassins killed Roux after a failing attempt.[308] On 5 April, the Brotherhood tried to save their ally Georges Danton who was condemned to death by Robespierre. The orator refused as he knew that Robespierre's reputation will die with him. As his last wish, Danton tasked the Assassins to protect his friends from the Templars.[309] In May, Robespierre tried to expose the Brotherhood by showing Mirabeau's Assassin relics to the population but the Assassins removed them from the Panthéon before the Templars could take it.[310]

Dorian killing Germain

Meanwhile, Arno and Élise resumed their partnership to kill Germain.[304] In Versailles, Arno killed the Templar Aloys la Touche who oversaw the public execution of the city.[311] Discovering the implication of Robespierre, the two lovers discredited the Templar before the population to force him to give information on Germain.[312] On the 28th July 1794, before his arrestation by the Convention, Robespierre revealed to Arno and Élise that Germain hid in the Temple of Paris.[313] In the vault of Jacques de Molay, the two confronted the Sage who used de Molay's Sword of Eden. During the fight, the Piece of Eden released a blast that killed Élise and wounded Germain. Arno finished the Sage but in his last breath, the Templar affirmed that his death wouldn't change his plan to reshape humanity.[314] The same night, the Assassins raided the Jacobin Club to kill the last Templars who tried to flee Paris.[315]

After Élise's death, Arno became acquainted with Weatherall to recover Kenway's letters. When Ruddock took Élise's handmaiden Hélène as a hostage to recover the letters for himself, Weatherall killed him. Receiving the letters, Arno was later reintroduced in the Brotherhood and tried to honor Élise's memory by ending the war between the two factions.[285] The new Master Assassin prevented many times the last radical Templars to expose the Brotherhood and eliminated their members who infiltrated the Council of Five Hundred.[316]

In 1801, ten years after the Saint-Domingue Assassins began the Haitian Revolution to free the slaves, the Templar Jean-Louis Villatte declared himself governor of the island. He was deposed and replaced by the Assassin and general Toussaint Louverture.[317]

Fight for the Koh-i-Noor

By 1805, the Ottoman sultan Selim III owned the Koh-i-Noor, a piece of Eden shaped like a diamond. The Black Cross Tavis Olier went to Tripoli in Libya to recover the artifact but he was imprisoned. His replacement, Solomon Bolden resumed his mission and worked with Jan van der Graff, an agent of the French emperor Napoléon I who also searched the diamond. The two were ambushed by the Libyan Assassin Ahkbar who wanted the Piece of Eden for himself. He killed Bolden and imprisoned Graff with Olier.[318]

The Assassins surrounding Jan van der Graff after he killed Ahkbar

During three years, Olier trained Graff to become a Black Cross and sacrificed his life, permitting Graff to escape the prison. After Ahkbar killed Selim to take the diamond, the Templar confronted him. Even if the Assassin turncoat used the power of the diamond to trick the Templar, Graff saw through the illusion and killed him. When the Libyan Assassins arrived, the Black Cross lured them saying he wasn't a Templar and only wanted to take revenge on Ahkbar. He gave them an empty box, keeping the Koh-i-Noor for the Templars.[319]

By 1830, the Maharaja Ranjit Singh of the Sikh Empire acquired the Koh-i-Noor and hid it in the Isu ruins of Tosha Khana under his summer palace at Amritsar. On 27 June 1839, the British Master Templar Francis Cotton planned to assassinate the Maharaja to recover the artifact and permitting to the East India Company and the Templars to take control of India. The Mentor of the Indian Brotherhood Hamid sent the Master Assassin Arbaaz Mir to foil the Templars plan.[320]

Durga appearing before Cotton and Soora

With the help of his servant Raza Soora, Mir infiltrated the palace and enter in contact with Singh's granddaughter Pyara Kaur. Even if Cotton killed the Maharaja, Mir, Soora and Kaur confronted the Templar who stole the artifact. In the fight, Kaur activated the power of the Koh-i-Noor, and she was possessed by the Isu Durga. Horrified, Cotton shot on the artifact, shattering it. An energy blast was released, creating a projection of a tiger that killed Cotton. After this, the reconstructed diamond was entrusted to Hamid and Mir and Kaur became lovers.[320]

In 1841, Cotton was succeeded by William Sleeman, a Templar who suppressed the Thuggee believing they had a connection with the Assassins. In Cotton's office, Sleeman found Ezio Auditore's precursor box and files on the Indian Brotherhood.[321] With the Templar Alexander Burnes, they abducted Hamid and recover the Koh-i-Noor. Mir freed his Mentor and followed Sleeman in Tosha Khana.[322] In the temple, the Templar combined the two artifacts revealing a map indicating another artifact near Herat, in Afghanistan. As Mir dodged Sleeman's bullet, the Isu ruins collapsed while the two men fled.[323]

Sleeman taking Kaur hostage before Mir

While the citadel of Herat was attacked by Afghans, Mir followed Sleeman in the Isu Temple and arrived before him to the vault pedestal. Captured by the Templar, the Assassin was sent to at Katasraj Temple to be kept by Burnes.[324] Mir freed himself, taking the two artifacts and defeating Burnes in a duel.[325][326] In Amritsar, the Templars led by Sleeman took over the summer palace, taking Kaur as a hostage to bargain the pieces of Eden. Mir infiltrated the palace and confronted Sleeman during the exchange, Kaur stabbed the Templar, permitting the Assassin to flee with her and the Koh-i-Noor while Sleeman kept the precursor box. After that, Mir entrusted the diamond to the British Assassin Ethan Frye to hide it in India.[327]

Conflict in Canada

Ludger Duvernay freed by his brothers

During the 19th century, the Château Clique, a group of wealthy families in Lower Canada, was a leading faction of the Templars in the country. In 1832, the Canadian Brotherhood of Assassins financed the journalist and fellow Assassin Ludger Duvernay to post several articles accusing the Canadian administration of serving the Château Clique. The Templars sent Duvernay in prison but he was freed by the Assassins.[190]

In 1834, Duvernay founded the Saint-Jean Baptiste Society to unify Quebec and gain independence from Canada. On 24 June, during a soirée reuniting the members of the society, a Templar agent infiltrated the party and killed one of the Duvernay's allies. The Templar agent was knocked out by Duvernay's associate Larose.[328]

Fight for London

Main article: Liberation of London

Crawford Starrick, ruler of London

By the 1860s, without the presence of the Assassins for over a century in London, the British Templars controlled all the city. The Grand Master and industrialist Crawford Starrick controlled the city society through his company Starrick Industries and the help of his Templar lieutenants John Elliotson, Pearl Attaway, Philip Twopenny and James Brudenell. He also hired the criminal Maxwell Roth to form the Blighters, a Templar-affiliate gang, to control the streets of London.[329]

In 1860, the Indian Assassin Jayadeep Mir failed to assassinate the Templar Tjinder Dani, a task his father Arbaaz accomplished. As a lesser punishment, Jayaddeep was sent to London by his master Ethan Frye to spy on the Templars. In September 1862, after Frye killed the Templar Robert Waugh, Jayadeep infiltrated a group of Templar led by Cavanagh who tried to recover an Apple of Eden in Metropolitan Railway's excavation site. The Assassins failed to recover the artifact but Cavanagh was killed by the Templar Marchant on the order of Starrcik as the Templar planned to overthrow him with the Apple.[330]

In February 1868, the Apple was entrusted to the Templar scientist David Brewster who studied it in his lab in Croydon, a city under the control of the industrialist Templar Rupert Ferris. After Frye died of illness, his twin children Jacob and Evie were sent to kill Ferris and Brewster and to recover the Apple.[331] They succeeded but the artifact was destroyed by an explosion during an experience.[332]

Jacob and Evie Frye killing Starrick

Without the permission of the Council, the twins Frye went to London and joined their forces with Jayadeep. They founded their gang the Rooks to fight the Blighters and killed their Templar leaders convincing the Blighters to join their ranks.[333] While Jacob killed Starrick's lieutenants, Evie tried to recover a Shroud of Eden hid in London by the Assassin Edward Kenway a century ago. During her quest, Evie assassinated the Templar Lucy Thorne who searched the Shroud for Starrick.[334] When the Grand Master infiltrated Buckingham Palace to kill the Head of the State and took the Shroud in the palace vault, Jacob, Evie and Jayadeep intervened and killed Starrick, keeping the Shroud hid in the vault. For this, the Queen Victoria knighted the three Assassins.[335]

After the death of their Grand Master, the Templars in London were divided into many factions trying to take the control of the city. One of these factions organized the assassination of the Prime Minister Benjamin Disraeli and the bombing of Westminster but the Fryes foiled their plans.[336] Another Templar faction was led by the British India Company's official Brinley Ellsworth. Ellsworth planned to assassinate his childhood friend, the former Maharaja Duleep Singh as he tried to claim his throne to restore Punjab independence.[337] The Fryes protected Singh and recovered the Punjab gold stolen by the Templars and the Company.[338] When Evie was about to kill Ellsworth, Singh refused and the Assassin let the Templar fled to India.[339]

American Civil War and Reconstruction Era

During the American Civil War, the Templars profited from the political chaos to regain power in the United States, manipulating the Confederate States, while the Assassins tried to end the war. In New York City, the Grand Master William M. Tweed was the boss of the Tammany Hall, the Democratic Party political machine in the city.[20]

On 13 July 1863, the Templars orchestrated the New York City draft riots to discredit the Mayor and the Governor to take control of the city. During these events, Varius, the only Assassin operating in the city, infiltrated the Aztec Club of 1847 to steal the Prong of Faith and give it to the General Ulysses S. Grant to end the war. The Templar Cudgel Cormac confronted the Assassin and used the artifact to defeat him. As he was about to finish the Assassin, Cormac was paralyzed with his air rifle by Eliza, Tweed's servant who discovered his Templar plots. Later, Varius inducted Eliza into the Brotherhood and she entrusted the prong to Grant.[20]

On 14 April 1865, near the end of the war, the Templar puppet and actor John Wilkes Booth shot the president Abraham Lincoln, who died the next morning. The Assassins tracked Booth and killed him the 26 April.[189]

In 1871, Tweed was exposed for corruption and Eliza brought evidence leading to his arrestation.[20]

When Grant became president, the Templars infiltrated his administration, granted him access to Ezio Auditore's precursor box and pages of the Voynich manuscript to master the power of the prong. In 1872, as Grant's opponent Horace Greeley discovered the Templars and stole the precursor box, the Order poisoned him and sent the Templar Alice to finish the job and take back the box. Alice stole the artifact but the Pinkerton agent Tommy Greyling prevented her to kill Greeley.[340]

Alice confronted by Tommy Greyling and Evie Frye

When Alice went to London to recover pages of the Voynich manuscript in the British Museum, Greyling tracked her, associating with Mark Twain and the Assassins Evie Frye and Jayadeep Mir. With the help of the Blighters, Alice infiltrated the Museum and stole the pages but was surrounded by Greyling and Frye. The Templar escaped and took a ship to the United States but Greyling confronted her. Without another way, Alice jumped into the Atlantic Ocean with the pages, presumably dying.[340]

Russian Empire

During the dusk of the Russian Empire, the Templars influenced the ruling House of Romanov while the Russian Assassins formed the Narodnaya Volya, a group of revolutionaries seen as terrorists by the power. On 13 March 1881, after five previous attempts, the Assassin Ignacy Hryniewiecki killed the Tsar Alexander II with a bomb. His son, Alexander III also aligned with the Templars and was entrusted with a Staff of Eden that he used as a sceptre. The new Tsar began to arrest the Assassins in Russia.[341]

Tsar Alexander III about to kill Orelov

On 1 March 1887, a group of Assassins, among which was Aleksandr Ulyanov, tried to kill Alexander III but failed. The captured Assassins were hanged in public. On 29 October 1888, the Assassin Nikolai Orelov infiltrated the imperial train to kill the Tsar and took the Staff. The Assassin stabbed Alexander in the abdomen before the train derailed near Borki station. In the wreckage, the Tsar beat Orelov and left him barely alive. The wound inflected to Alexander by the Hidden Blade provoked a kidney's inflammation, killing the Tsar on 1 November 1894.[341]

In 1908, the Templar and mystic Grigori Rasputin stole the Staff of Eden and brought it to a Templar facility in Tunguska. After capturing and interrogating the Templar Dolinsky, Orelov and two other Assassins infiltrated the facility to steal the Piece of Eden. During the mission, they also had the support of the scientist Nikola Tesla who was discredited by the Templar Thomas Edison who stole his Apple of Eden during the War of Currents. While Orelov touched the Staff and saw calculations, Edison activated the Wardenclyffe Tower in the United States, provoking the explosion of the facility. The Staff was destroyed and Orelov was the only survivor.[342]

Orelov showing the shard of Eden to his wife Anna

Later, Rasputin found a shard of the staff, giving him influence on the Romanov family and granted him invulnerability. On 29 December 1916, the Assassins poisoned, stabbed, and shot the Templar, unknowingly buried him with the shard. A year later, the Tsar Nicholas II of Russia informed Orelov about that and the Assassin recovered the shard preventing the Templars and even the Brotherhood to have it.[343]

Wars of the 20th century

At the dawn of the 20th century, the Templars formulated the "Plan", to control both workers and employers through capitalism. In 1937, they founded Abstergo Industries, a pharmaceutical company that will become their public front to control the economy and sciences. In the meantime, the Assassins were more involved in military conflicts, acting as soldiers or spies. This led some members of the Brotherhood to break the Creed to fight the Templars.

World War I

The Assassin medic before Erich Albert

During the World War I, Templars and Assassins served on both sides, serving in the army and intelligence services. During the Christmas Truce of 1914 between the British and German soldier, the German Templar and general Erich Albert asked the help of a British medic to heal his soldiers. To thanks him, Albert offered him his Templar's ring only to discover that the medic was an Assassin. The medic activated his blade and killed the Templar.[43]

In 1916, the Templars in London were led by the Master Spy, a German Templar who was also a Sage of Aita. While recovering intelligence for the German Empire, the Master Spy converted the Templars as Instruments of the First Will, a group dedicated to bringing back Aita's wife, the Isu Juno, to rule Humanity. Lydia Frye, the last Assassin operating in the city, was tasked by Winston Churchill to stop the spies' ring. Frye foiled their plan and killed the Sage.[344]

Russian Revolution

In 1917, the Assassins supported Vladimir Lenin in the Russian Revolution, overthrowing Tsar Nicholas II and creating the Soviet Union. With the end of the Empire, the Templars infiltrated the Soviet government to take control of the new regime.[343]

Anastasia killing the Templar through the Bleeding Effect

By July 1918, the Romanov family had been put under house arrest at Ipatiev House in Yekaterinburg where they kept Ezio Auditore's precursor box. On the night of 17 July, the Brotherhood sent the Master Assassin Nikolai Orelov to recover the artifact before the Templars.[345] While the Templars led by Yakov Yurovsky executed the Romanov family to strengthen their power, Orelov protected the daughter of the former Tsar, Anastasia who had the box. When the artifact touched the Staff of Eden's shard that bore Orelov, Anastasia experimented a Bleeding Effect, seeing the memories of the Chinese Assassin Shao Jun who owned the box four centuries ago.[346] Orelov took the box and the young orphan with him to cure her, as he felt responsible for what happened.[347]

Taking a train to join the Brotherhood, Orelov and Anastasia were hunted by the Templars who boarded the train to kill her. The Assassin killed the Templars and escaped with Anastasia.[348] In September 1918, the two arrived in Kazan. While the young woman stayed hidden with the box, Orelov met his ally Leon Trotsky to secure a way to Moscow. As he wanted Anastasia dead, Trotsky betrayed Orelov and warned the Templars who captured the Assassin to interrogate him.[349] Using Jun's skills and memories, Anastasia killed the Templars and saved Orelov.[350]The Two-Faced Girl Together, they escaped from the Templars in the city and took a boat on the Volga, meeting the Assassins in Moscow.[351]

In 1928, four years after Lenin's death, the Templar's puppet Joseph Stalin became the leader of the Soviet Union. During his leadership, he led a purge against the Assassins in the Russian Academy of Sciences, forcing their Mentor to hide.[352]

Inter-war period

Between the World Wars, Assassins and Templars tried to eliminate each other. The Black Cross Albert Bolden eliminated many Assassin cells throughout the World during this period.[353]

On 12 March 1925, the Assassins killed the Chinese Grand Master Templar and leader of the Kuomintang Sun Yat-sen. His death led the Shangai Rite and China unstabled for years.[353]

In 1936, the British Assassin Norbert Clarke eliminated the Templar branch in the city of Tallin in Estonia.[354]

Spanish Civil War

During the Spanish Civil War, the Templars supported logistically both sides of the conflicts, the Republicans with the Soviet Union led by the Templar's puppet Joseph Stalin and the Nationalists with the Nazi Germany led by the Templar's puppet Adolf Hitler. Some Assassins sided with the Republicans to stop the war, acting on the front.[354]

In 1937, the Brotherhood sent Norbert Clarke to reinforce the cell of the Assassin Ignacio Cardona. On his way, Clarke met the rogue Templar Rufus Grosvenor, an Instrument of the First Will who stole the Koh-i-Noor to the former Black Cross Albert Bolden. Grosvenor manipulated Clarke to commit suicide and impersonated him to approach the Assassins. He convinced Cardona to unlock the power of the artifact as the Assassin had a high rate of Isu DNA. Cardona realized too late the deception of the Instrument. As Grosvenor turned his cell against him, Cardona was forced to team up with Bolden who tracked Grosvenor as he killed his family during the stealing of the Koh-i-Noor.[354]

Cardona using the Koh-i-Noor against Grosvenor

Later, Cardona, Bolden and some Spanish revolutionaries confronted Grosvenor and the former Assassin team in a war-torn village. Cardona and Bolden faced up Grosvenor and Glaucia Acosta, Cardona's teammate and lover, in the village's church. The Instrument handed the Koh-i-Noor to Cardona and asked him to use it to save his friends. The Spanish Assassin used the artifact against Grosvenor and project an illusion making him believed that the diamond was destroyed. During the church's collapse, Grosvenor and Acosta escaped while Cardona left the Piece of Eden in the ruins. Bolden promised Cardona to stay in Spain to protect the artifact and not work for the Templars as long as they supported Stalin and Hitler.[354]

World War II

During the 1930s, the Templars favored the rising of Hitler and the Nazi party to further their plan to create a global conflict to bring the New World Order. The Templars manipulated Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Stalin and Winston Churchill to ally against Hitler during World War II.[355]

In 1940, during the Blitz, the American Assassins Boris Pash and Julia Dusk tasked the Assassin descendant Eddie Gorm to infiltrate the SS to uncover the Uranprojeckt, the German nuclear weapon project. After two years, Gorm blew his cover by taking hostage the Dr. Werner Heisenberg, the head of the Uranprojekt. He revealed that the project was a cover for Die Glocke, a project led by the Templar and Obergruppenführer Gero Kramer in Vemork, Norway. Gorm was exfiltrated by Dusk before the SS could kill him.[356]

On 27 February 1943, Gorm, who was formally inducted in the Brotherhood, and Dusk participated in Operation Gunnerside. While Gorm served as a diversion and tried to kill Kramer, Dusk and the commando sabotaged the heavy water storages of Vemork. Gorm was defeated by Kramer who tied him to Die Glocke, a machine designed by Nikola Tesla powered by hiss Apple of Eden to read the Genetic memory of an individual.[356] Kramer wanted to find Piece of Eden through Gorm's ancestor memories but Die Glock exploded and Dusk saved Gorm before escaped.

Gorm and Dusk recovering Tesla's Apple

On 15 July, Pash ordered Gorm and Dusk to infiltrate Książ Castle and kill Kramer while his team of Assassin attacked the underground facilities to sabotage the Project Riese to create superweapons with Tesla's Apple of Eden. Gorm killed Kramer and recovered the Apple while Pash's team eliminated all the Templars in the facilities.[357] With Kramer's death and the loss of the Apple, the Templar Inner Sanctum accepted the Project Rainbow of the Templar scientist John von Neumann to stop the war as they lost control of their puppets on each side of the conflict. He made a truce with Pash to use Die Glocke, the Apple and Tesla's knowledge to time travel and kill Hitler before his rising. As Gorm and Dusk discovered Pash's betrayal, Dusk tried to destroy the Apple by blowing herself with a hand grenade, but the artifact was recovered by Pash.[357]

On 28 October, Pash and Neumann prepared the Project Rainbow on the USS Eldridge near Philadelphia. As they were ready to launch the experiment, Gorm infiltrated the ship and killed Tesla to sabotage the project before committed suicide. As the experiment didn't work, Neumann was forced to join the Manhattan Project to develop nuclear weapons for the US to stop the war. The Templars kept the Apple, ending the truce with Pash.[357]

On 30 April 1945, the Allies surrounded Berlin and the Nazis were o the verge of defeat. Hitler planned to kill a body double to disappear and joined the Templars with a Piece of Eden. The Assassins infiltrated the Führerbunker and killed Hitler. The death of Hitler permitted the end of World War II but the Templars achieved their goal to create a new international order.[358]

Cold War

After World War II, the Russian Assassin was able to reorganize the Academy of Sciences. They were freed of Templar influence and, on 5 March 1953, they succeeded to kill Joseph Stalin using poison. As their Mentor was dead, the Assassins lost their influence on the Russian government. The last Russian Assassins hid in their Science Cities.[359]

Picture of the Bloodstone Unit

On 8 February 1957, the Assassin Boris Pash and Alekseï Gavrani went to the Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C.. While Gavrani neutralized the guards, Pash met the Templar John von Neumann who was dying from cancer. As he passed, Pash took Tesla's Apple of Eden which was in the Templar possession. The Assassin and director of the Central Intelligence Agency William King Harvey found the Bloodstone Unit, a cell of Assassins led by Pash to carry out missions during Cold War. Under the cover of the Project BLUEBIRD, Pash brainwashed the Assassins with the Apple of Eden to create obedient soldiers who could break the Creed to win the war against the Templars. Among its members were Gavrani and Julia Gorm, Eddie's daughter.[360]

By 1963, Harvey worked secretly for the Templars and planned the assassination of the U.S President John F. Kennedy as he had an Apple of Eden. Harvey manipulated the Bloodstone Unit to participate in the plot, sending them in Vietnam to uncover information on the Templar's plan. On 2 January 1963, the unit captured the Templar Cooper who infiltrated the U.S military during Vietnam War. After torturing him, the Assassins discovered that the South Vietnamese President Ngô Đình Diệm was a Templar puppet. As Gavrani was opposed to such violence, Pash dismissed him for being weak-willed. On 2 November, the Bloodstone Unit organized a coup in South Vietnam, leading to the death of his president.[360]

Greer holding the Apple of Eden confronted by Gavrani

On 22 November in Dallas, the Bloodstone Unit assassinated President Kennedy. One of its members William Greer took the president Apple but was confronted by Gavrani who wanted to stop his former unit. Incapacitating Greer, Gavrani recovered the Apple and brought it back to Harvey, oblivious of his Templar allegiance and his role in the conspiracy. Harvey decided to manipulate Gavrani to dismantle the Bloodstone Unit and force Pash to hand over him Tesla's Apple of Eden.[360]

On 30 July 1964, the USS Maddox crew attacked the North Vietnamese Army while disguised as South Vietnamese combatants. The attack was a distraction while Gavrani approached the Bloodstone Unit base at Hòn Mê the next day. The Unit buried Tesla's Apple and left the base while the Assassin Dhogura burnt the evidence. In a fight, Gavrani killed his former teammate before continuing his track. On 2 August, Gavrani met the rest of the unit Ninh Bình. As Zenia, Pash's lover, was pregnant and wounded, Gravrani made a deal with Pash: medical assistance for Zenia in trade for the Apple's location. When Pash accepted, Gorm arrived, killing Gavrani and Doni but Pash and Zenia escaped from her.[361]

On 4 August, Harvey received Pash and Zenia on the USS Maddox. In exchange of the Apple, the Templar doctor Warren Vidic took charge of the pregnant woman who died while giving birth to her daughter Nathalie. Harvey revealed his true allegiance and explained that Nathalie would be raised by Vidic to ensure that Pash would now serve the Templars and ordered him to give them all his research on the Project BLUEBIRD and the concept of genetic memories uncovered by Pash.[361]

On 21 April 1971, the Haitian Assassins killed François Duvalier, the President of Haiti who was a puppet of the Templars.[189]

Modern Times

At the end of the 20th century, the Assassins changed their ways of fighting the Templars, ceased to use violence to change regimes, and instead focused their attention on stopping the manipulation of the Templars through the co-optation of regimes and corporations. The development of technology on genetic memory, however, triggered another shift in the conflict.

Development of the Animus

Miles giving the Animus' blueprints to Voronina

In the 1970s, the Templar and Dr. Warren Vidic created the Animus, a device used to read the genetic memories of an individual; he based his creation on previously discovered Isu technology. One of his first test subjects was Nathalia, Boris Pash's daughter. In 1977, while exploring the memories of her parents, she discovered that she was a hostage of the Templars. She fled Vidic's lab, taking Tesla's Apple of Eden and the Animus' blueprints. She met the American Assassin William Miles and gave him the blueprints.[361] Miles went to Moscow to meet an Assassin cell but he was tracked by Templars. He was saved by the Russian Assassin Medeya Voronina from the laboratory of Protvino. In thanks to her, he gave her the blueprints asking her to create an Animus in their facilities.[362]

In 1980, Vidic launched the Animus Project, tracking Assassin's descendants to put them in the Animus and finding Pieces of Eden. They also used the Animus to brainwash individuals and released them to become sleeper agents in the Brotherhood to destroy the Assassins. Among them were Daniel Cross, the great-grandson of the Assassin Nikolai Orelov, and Maxime Gorm, Julia's son.[343][361]

Mary Lynch committing suicide with the help of Joseph

In 1986, to recover Aguilar's Apple of Eden, the Templar localized his descendant the Assassin Mary Lynch to put her in the Animus. In Baja California, as the Templars led by Alan Rikkin were on their way to capture her, Mary tasked her husband Joseph to kill her to impede the Templars' attempt to recover the Apple. As their son Callum misunderstood the scene, Joseph ordered his son to flee because the Templars could use him to find the Apple. Callum escaped from the Templars while Joseph was captured and sent to the Abstergo Foundation Rehabilitation Center in Madrid. He was put in an Animus but resisted synchronization with his ancestors, refusing to let the Templars discover the secrets of his bloodline. As a result, he suffered neurological damages and became blind.[139]

By 1991, while the Templars plotted to end the USSR, the Russian Assassins in Protvino created their Animus but the Assassins who tested it became mad because of the Bleeding Effect and were locked in the facilities. Voronina decided to become the only test subject while many Assassins left Protvino as they saw the project as a waste of time.[363]

Great Purge

Main article: Great Purge

By 1998, after his release by Abstergo, Daniel Cross became a petty criminal and a drug addict, suffering from the Bleeding Effect by experimenting with the memories of his ancestor Nikolai Orelov. After a confrontation in a bar of Philadelphia with a civilian, he was found by the Assassin Hannah Mueller who mistook him to be an Assassin from the training camp.[341] She brought him before the camp director Paul Bellamy who tried to heal him from the Bleeding Effect and make sense of his hallucinations about Tunguska. Cross's brainwashing led him to join the Assassin and to meet their leader, the Mentor.[342]

Cross killing the Mentor

On 6 November 2000, while the Assassin supported Al Gore and the Templars George W. Bush for the U.S. presidential election, Cross met the Mentor in his facility in Dubai. Just as the Templars had programmed him, Cross killed the Mentor and revealed the location of the Assassins facilities across the World. The Templars launched simultaneous attacks on the Assassins, nearly eradicating the Brotherhood.[343] The training camp of Kyushu was attacked by the Epsilon squad led by Maxime Gorm who killed the Assassin leader Yuri. The Assassin Hajime Shimada escaped the slaughter with Yuri's son Tomo Sakagawa.[361]

Even though they killed many Assassins during the Great Purge, the Templars captured some of them to explore their genetic memories. One of them was Paul Bellamy. The other Assassins who escaped the purge continued to work in small cells to avoid detection by the Templars. Among these cells were the Science City of Protvino and the Farm, an Assassin compound located in the Black Hills of South Dakota led by William Miles.[364]

In 2011, Cross led a group of Templars in a raid on an Assassin hideout. Mueller who was there gave time to the other Assassins to flee and tried to resonate Cross. Cross responded by killing his former friend.[365]

Search of Ezio's Apple

Daniel Cross reading the Prophet's Codex

On 19 October 2002, under the Bolshoi Theatre, Daniel Cross infiltrated the hidden library of Ivan the Terrible which served as a repository for generations of Assassins leaders. Posing as an Assassin's replacement as a sentry, Cross recovered the Prophet's Codex written by the Mentor Ezio Auditore. Reading it to Warren Vidic via his earpiece, Cross learned about the meeting between Auditore and Minerva in the Vatican Vault five centuries ago. Cross left the library with the Codex and killed the Assassin sentry.[366]

In 2005, William Miles, the de facto Mentor of the Assassins, forced his apprentice Lucy Stillman to cut her ties with the Brotherhood to infiltrate Abstergo Industries. Later she was contacted by Vidic who hired her to work in the Animus Project laboratory in Rome.[367] Forbidden to leave the laboratory, Stillman secretly sent blueprints of the Animus to the Assassins Rebecca Crane who created the Animus 2.0. Stillman's isolation from the Brotherhood made her vulnerable to Vidic's manipulation, making her a mole for the Templars.[368] In 2010, another Miles' apprentice, Clay Kaczmarek, hacked the personal computer of Alan Rikkin, Abstergo's CEO and one of the Guardians of the Templars. He uncovered the files about the Animus Project and sent them to the Brotherhood.[369]

Eye-Abstergo

By 2011, the Templars wanted to launch Eye-Abstergo a satellite with Altaïr's Apple of Eden programmed to localize individuals with Isu DNA. In the facilities under the Denver International Airport, Daniel Cross led an experiment involving the satellite. Cross, influenced by the Apple, killed all the Abstergo employees in the facilities and the artifact was destroyed during the experiment. To replace the lost Piece of Eden, the Templars searched for Ezio Auditore's descendants for the Animus Project to localize his Apple.[370]

As Kaczmarek was a descendant of Auditore, Miles decided to send him undercover to infiltrate the Animus Project and reconnected with Stillman. On 1 February 2011, Clay was captured by Abstergo and became the Subject 16 of the Animus Project.[367] By over-exposure to the Animus, Kaczmarek suffered from the Bleeding Effect and had visions of Juno asking him to prepare the path of the future Subject 17 Demond Miles, William's son who left the Brotherhood decade ago. Discovering Stillman's betrayal and he was about to die, Kaczmarek obeyed Juno, create an AI in the Animus' memory core to help Desmond. With his blood, he drew Glyphs as clues for Desmond before committing suicide on 8 August 2012.[371]

Desmond Miles in the Animus monitoring by Warren Vidic and Lucy Stillman

On 1 September, the Templars captured Desmond as he was a descendant of the Mentor Altaïr Ibn-La'Ahad and Auditore. Brought to the Animus Project laboratory, Desmond was put in the Animus to explore the memories of Ibn-La'Ahad to recover a map of Pieces of Eden. During the sessions, Stillman became friendly with Desmond to further the Templar plan. On 7 September, a team of Assassins tried to rescue Desmond but they were killed by the Templars. Stillman revealed her Assassin allegiance to Desmond.[372]

The next day, Desmond accessed his ancestor memory with the map. The Templars fainted to order his death permitting Stillman to falsely save his life.[372] While Desmond began to develop Eagle Vision through the Bleeding Effect, Vidic tasked Stillman to activate the Project Siren: orchestrated the escape of Desmond to join the Assassins and explore Auditore's memories to find the Apple more easily. Stillman and Desmond fled the Abstergo laboratory with the Animus' memory core.[373]

Vidic confronting Lucy and Desmond

Joining the Assassins Rebecca Crane and Shaun Hastings in the Rome hideout, Desmond accepted to join the Assassins. Exploring Auditore's memories, Desmond increased his skills through the Bleeding effect and discovered Kazcmarek clues as Crane put Abstergo Animus's memory core in her Animus. The Assassins were also searching about the memory of the meeting between Auditore and Minerva in the Vatican Vault. The Isu spoke directly to Desmond, showing him the Great Catastrophe and warning him about a Second Disaster. Stillman sent a message to Vidic who led an attack on the Assassin hideout. Desmond killed the guards but Vidic left the scene. Taking the Animus with them, the Assassins went on the road to find another safehouse.[373]

During this time, the Templars tried to kill the last Assassins. On 10 September, they eliminated an Assassin cell in Brisbane and infiltrated the cell of Sao Paulo. On 12 September, Cross led an attack on the cell of Whistler in Canada killing all the Assassins excepted one of them who fleed.[374] The Templars launched the Animi Training Program, using the Animus to train Abstergo operatives with the Bleeding Effect. One of the recruits was Juhani Otso Berg, former of the Finnish Special Forces who succeeded in the first stage and became a Templar.[375]

Desmond stabbing Lucy

Arriving in Monteriggioni, Stillman's cell installed their hideout in the Sanctuary under the Villa Auditore while Desmond explored Ezio's memories in Rome to localize his Apple to prevent the Second Disaster. On 10 October, the team localized the artifact in the Colosseum Vault and went there. hen Desmond touched the Apple, the Isu Juno contacted him and showed him that if Stillman gave the Apple to the Templars, the World will burn. Desmond killed Stillman and fell into a coma.[375] The Assassins William Miles and Harlan Cunningham arrived in the vault and William decided to put his son in the Animus to save him.[374]

While William and the cell traveled planned their escape from Italy, the Templars tried to localize the Assassins. Without Vidic's permission, Cross tracked the Assassin but was later joined by the Delta Team led by Theodore Rizzo. On 27 October, William's cell arrived at the Florence airport. Delta Team tried to capture them but they were ambushed by Assassins led by Cunningham. The Assassin lost one of them but the Delta Team suffered many casualties. As Cross tried to reach Desmond, the contact with the Apple provoked a seizure, leading Cross to kill three members of the Delta Team, among them Rizzo. William and his cell took a jet to Syracuse n New York while the other Assassins went to their hideout in Florence.[374]

Desmond facing Daniel Cross

On 30 October, Desmond regained consciousness and the Assassins arrived at the Grand Temple in New York to prevent the Second Disaster.[376] As they needed three Isu power sources to access the locked room, Hastings hacked Abstergo's mainframe and located a power source in an office in New York City. The Templars discovered the hacking and wanted to capture Desmond during the stealing. On 16 November, Desmond infiltrated the building but was ambushed by Cross who tracked the Assassins without the Templars' permission. Desmond knocked out Cross with the power source and return to the Grand Temple with his cell.[377] Cross's interference foiled the capture of Desmond by a Templar agent who brought back Cross to Philadelphia.[374]

On 28 November, Cunningham's cell infiltrated an Abstergo campus in Italy where hackers tried to track William's cell. The Assassins killed four of them and destroyed their servers. As the Assassins returned to their hideout in Florence, they were tracked by Berg who led the Sigma Team. On 30 November, the Templars attacked the hideout. Cunnigham escaped while the other Assassins were killed. The leader of the hideout Adriano Maestranzi activated a bomb to destroy the Brotherhood files and killed himself and all the Sigma Team but Berg, who suffered burns that left facial scarring.[374] Despite the numerous losses, Berg was promoted as a Master Templar and became a member of the Inner Sanctum.[376]

On 2 December, William's cell went to Sao Paulo as they discovered that a woman had an Isu power source. Templars led by Cross followed the cell to capture them. During an MMA fight in the Stadium, Cross killed the woman to take the power source but Desmond beat him and stole the source before returning to the Temple.[378]

Desmond using the Apple on the Templars to save his father

On 11 December, William was in Cairo and stole the third power source in the museum but he was captured the next day by Berg and the Sigma Team.[374] The Assassin was brought to the Animus Project laboratory and Vidic sent a video to Desmond bargaining his father's life against the Apple of Eden. Desmond, Crane and Hastings went to Rome to save William. On 14 December, Desmond entered the laboratory, killed Cross and Vidic before saving his father and taking the power source. Without any Apple of Eden for the Eye-Abstergo, the Templars were obliged to cancel the project.[379]

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  211. Assassin's Creed (comic)Issue 10
  212. Assassin's Creed: Memories – Uesugi Kenshin
  213. Assassin's Creed: MemoriesMochizuki Chiyome
  214. Assassin's Creed (comic)Issue 2
  215. Assassin's Creed (comic)Issue 4
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  223. Assassin's Creed IV: Black FlagThis Old Cove
  224. Assassin's Creed: Pirates
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  226. Assassin's Creed IV: Black FlagTo Suffer Without Dying
  227. Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag...Everything Is Permitted
  228. Assassin's Creed IV: Black FlagA Governor No Longer
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  238. Assassin's Creed: RogueBy Invitation Only
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  241. Assassin's Creed IIIA Deadly Performance
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  263. Assassin's Creed III: LiberationThe Last Dance
  264. Assassin's Creed III: LiberationReturn to Mexico
  265. Assassin's Creed III: LiberationAn Urgent Favor
  266. Assassin's Creed III: LiberationA Fool's Errand
  267. Assassin's Creed III: LiberationAbandoning Pretense
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  291. Assassin's Creed: UnityLe Roi Est Mort
  292. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Silversmith
  293. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Prophet
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  295. Assassin's Creed: UnityTemplar Ambush
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  297. Assassin's Creed: UnityConfrontation
  298. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Food Chain
  299. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe King's Correspondence
  300. Assassin's Creed: UnitySeptember Massacres
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  303. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Execution
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  305. Assassin's Creed: UnityPolitical Persecution
  306. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Tournament
  307. Assassin's Creed: UnityHeads Will Roll
  308. Assassin's Creed: UnityLes Enragés
  309. Assassin's Creed: UnityDanton's Sacrifice
  310. Assassin's Creed: UnityMoving Mirabeau
  311. Assassin's Creed: UnityRise of the Assassin
  312. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Supreme Being
  313. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Fall of Robespierre
  314. Assassin's Creed: UnityThe Temple
  315. Assassin's Creed: UnityJacobin Raid
  316. Assassin's Creed: UnitySpiked Bourbon
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  324. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: IndiaWhat Lies Beneath
  325. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: IndiaThe Thief Within
  326. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: IndiaThe Escape
  327. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: IndiaThe Rescue
  328. Assassin's Creed: Project LegacyDATA-DUMP S00.S02 – Comme À La Guerre
  329. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateDatabase: The Blighters
  330. Assassin's Creed: Underworld
  331. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateA Spanner in the Works
  332. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateA Simple Plan
  333. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateGang War (Whitechapel)
  334. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateA Thorne in the Side
  335. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateA Night to Remember
  336. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateOperation: Westminster
  337. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateThe Last MaharajaA Good Shot
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  344. Assassin's Creed: SyndicateThe Master Spy
  345. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: RussiaDawn of the Tsars
  346. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: RussiaRed Fury
  347. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: RussiaPower from the Past
  348. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: RussiaThe Train of Revolution
  349. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: RussiaA Friendly Hand
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  351. Assassin's Creed Chronicles: RussiaReunited
  352. Assassin's Creed: InitiatesDatabase: Fading Hope
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  355. Assassin's Creed IIGlyphs – Titans of Industry
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  357. 357.0 357.1 357.2 Assassin's Creed: Conspiracies Volume 2: Project Rainbow
  358. Assassin's Creed IIGlyphs – The Bunker
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  362. Assassin's Creed: InitiatesDatabase: A Brash American
  363. Assassin's Creed: InitiatesDatabase: Post Soviet Science
  364. Assassin's Creed: RevelationsTraining
  365. Assassin's Creed III21st century conversations
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  369. Assassin's Creed: Revelations]The Lost ArchiveAbstergo
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  377. Assassin's Creed IIIModern Tower
  378. Assassin's Creed IIIThe Stadium: MMA Night
  379. Assassin's Creed IIIReturn to Abstergo

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