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"They call Arkadia the "breadbasket of the Peloponnesian League." Wheat's the most precious resource in the Greek world..."

The banner of Arkadia

Arkadia is a regional unit of Greece and a historical region of the Peloponnese. It was once upon a time known as the "Breadbasket of the Peloponnese" for its great agricultural output.


6th century BCE

Late in the 6th century BCE, Arkadia was ruled by King Iasus, and the land became renowned for his athletic daughter Atalanta. A decree had been enacted that Atalanta could only marry a suitor who defeated her in a footrace, and the penalty for failure was death. After many suitors had been beaten and executed, Atalanta finally lost to Kyros of Zarax, an Olympic champion and protégé of Pythagoras. However, Kyros' victory was only facilitated by an Apple of Eden he had acquired from an apparition of the Isu Aphrodite within the ruined Temple of Aphrodite atop Arkadia's mountains.[1]

5th century BCE

By 5th century BCE the region had become wealthy from its heavy export of agricultural goods, which included wheat, various crops, and honey from its bee farms. Arkadia had the largest agricultural zones of the peninsula during this time and so was popularly named the "Breadbasket of the Peloponnese". Aside from this, animals were also a significant part of its economy, but, reflecting its rustic reputation, it was a contemporary saying that there were more animals in the capital of Tegea than there were people.[2]


Arkadia is the central regional unit of the Peloponnese. Historically a remote, agricultural region, its land is characterized by wide, open fields and meadows.[2] However, significant parts of the area are highlands with mountains large enough to experience blizzards in the winter.[1]


  • Arkadia is considered to be the homeland of the Greek god of wilderness, Pan. There he was also considered a god of crops and fields, and of fertility.