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ACO Tomb of Alexander 5

Painting depicting Aristotle with an adolescent Alexander

Aristotle (384 BCE – 322 BCE) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist. He was Plato's chief disciple and at one point, the tutor of Alexander the Great.

Biography

Aristotle was born in 384 BCE in Stagira, a city in central Makedonia. At the age of seventeen, he came to Athens and studied under Plato at the Platonic Academy. He spent twenty years in the school until Plato's death in 347 BCE. After traveling throughout Greece, he came to serve in the court of Philip II of Macedon in 343 BCE, becoming a tutor to his son Alexander.[1]

In 335 BCE, Aristotle returned to Athens to establish his own school, the Lykeion, which became the city's second center of learning. At the school, he set up a library which later became the model for the Library of Alexandria in the Ptolemaic Kingdom.[1]

After Alexander's death in 323 BCE, Aristotle, denounced for impiety, was forced to flee Athens and sought refuge in Euboea, dying a year later.[1]

Legacy

Aristole had a shrine dedicated to him near Alexandria in Egypt which, by the 1st century BCE, had fallen into ruin and was used a gathering sight for the locals. Paintings depicting his tutoring of a young Alexander could also be found in the latter's tomb in Alexandria.[2]

In 1497, during the Bonfire of the Vanities, the Preacher, one of Girolamo Savonarola's nine lieutenants, stated that Savonarola condemned the teachings of both Plato and Aristotle, remarking that the only good thing they owed them was bringing forward many arguments which they could use against the heretics and that they and other philosophers were in Hell.[3]

Appearances

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Assassin's Creed: OdysseyDiscovery Tour / School of Greece - Philosophy: Classical Philosophers
  2. Assassin's Creed: Origins
  3. Assassin's Creed II
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