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"Golden-haired Apollo, protector of our streets and public places. We honor you who bade the Great Battos build our city walls beneath the hole in the sky"
―Inscription on a statue of Apollo[src]
ACO Statue of Apollo

Statue of Apollo in Apollonia

Apollo is the ancient Greek and Roman god of music, sunlight, poetry, art and knowledge. He is the son of Zeus and Leto, and the twin brother of Artemis/Diana; Apollo is the father of Asklepios, the god of healing, and thus the grandfather of Hygieia. He is also regarded as one of the Twelve Gods, the major deities of the Greek pantheon.

Influence

Ancient Greece

In Ancient Greece Apollo was said to have slain the mighty snake Python near the Sanctuary of Delphi in Phokis. Following the snake's death within a temple, its skeleton was left there as a reminder, and the occupation of Pythia was born. During the Peloponnesian War in the 5th century BCE the Spartan misthios Kassandra explored the area.[1]

Following the slaying of the Python, the Titan Themis passed the role of the possessor of the Oracle of Delphi onto Apollo, having received it from her own mother, Gaia.[1]

Libya

When the Greeks founded the colony of Cyrenaica in Africa, they brought the worship of Apollo along, building a temple complex in the city of Cyrene. By the 1st century BCE, Apollo was still widely worshipped by ancient Greeks, who regarded him as the patron god of the city.[2]

An oracle of Apollo was also based in Cyrenaica, with its sanctuary located in the Green Mountains region.[2]

Renaissance

During the Renaissance the Villa Auditore in Monteriggioni had a statuette featuring Apollo. It was paired with one of his sister Diana.[3]

Trivia

Gallery

Appearances

References

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