In the 11th and 12th century, the Levantine Brotherhood of Assassins built nine of their citadels among these mountains, recognizing the formidable defense they offered. Among these castles was the one based in Masyaf, and these fortresses would remain unconquered by Saracens and Crusaders alike until they finally fell to the Mongol Empire in the thirteenth century.
- Assassin's Creed (first appearance)
- Assassin's Creed: The Secret Crusade
- Assassin's Creed: Revelations